• Home
  • Maria-Jose Iriarte-Chiapusso
Maria-Jose Iriarte-Chiapusso

Maria-Jose Iriarte-Chiapusso
Universidad del País Vasco / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea and Basque Foundation for Science (Ikerbasque)

PhD

About

234
Publications
53,405
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,819
Citations
Citations since 2017
49 Research Items
1482 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
Additional affiliations
February 2013 - present
Ikerbasque - Basque Foundation for Science / University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU)
Position
  • Professor
January 2013 - present
January 2002 - present
IKERBASQUE - Universidad del País Vasco / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea
Position
  • Research Professor

Publications

Publications (234)
Article
Full-text available
El País Vasco es considerado una de las regiones más adecuadas para el estudio sobre la relación entre los cambios ambientales y las adaptaciones humanas a lo largo del Pleistoceno, tal y como demuestra el gran número de investigaciones que se han llevado a cabo en las últimas décadas. No en vano, funciono como corredor para las poblaciones humanas...
Article
Full-text available
Multiple factors have been proposed to explain the disappearance of Neandertals between ca. 50 and 40 kyr BP. Central to these discussions has been the identification of new techno-cultural complexes that overlap with the period of Neandertal demise in Europe. One such complex is the Châtelperronian, which extends from the Paris Basin to the Northe...
Chapter
Full-text available
Los Azules Cave is located in Contranquil, municipality of Cangas de Onís (Asturias). It is placed in the southern slope of the Llueves Mount. It was discovered in 1971, and excavated by Juan A. Fernández Tresguerres between 1973 and 1992. It is one of the most important archaeological cave sites in Cantabrian Region. Furthermore, Los Azules is the...
Research
Full-text available
The Gravettian is an Upper Palaeolithic technocomplex whose knowledge has most evolved over the last few years in the geographical area known as Basque Crossroad (the zone located between the westernmost end of the Pyrenees and the eastern half of the Cantabrian Range). This phase expanded in the region over eight millennia, between the 33,000 cal...
Article
Full-text available
Sites corresponding to Marine Isotope Stage 5 (MIS 5) and MIS 4 like Artazu VIII, with a continental record but no hominin imprints or carnivore activities, are very scarce in the Iberian Peninsula. The Artazu VIII cave fill (Arrasate, northern Spain) was discovered in 2013 and is presented here for the first time, including detailed stratigraphic...
Chapter
Full-text available
For one hundred years the Asturian has been the main reference point for the Mesolithic of northern Spain at both national and international levels. However, from the very beginning of research, some Basque counterparts to the eastern Asturian shell middens were added to the list and were very soon studied by T. de Aranzadi, J. M. de Barandiaran,...
Book
El propósito de este libro es ofrecer una visión conjunta del rico patrimonio histórico-arqueológico con que cuenta Rioja Alavesa y fomentar su visita, cuidado y respeto. En él se expone brevemente el resultado de más de ochenta años de excavaciones arqueológicas en esta zona, donde se ha trabajado de manera intensiva desde que, en 1935, se descubr...
Article
In order to better understand the causes and geographic patterns of Neanderthal demise it is necessary to broaden the focus of existing Neanderthal studies to include new sites from understudied regions, particularly those containing multi-level fossil and lithic records, and to improve regional-scale Neanderthal extinction frameworks using multipl...
Chapter
Full-text available
En este trabajo se hace una presentación de las investigaciones arqueológicas desarrolladas en el yacimiento de Aranbaltza (Barrika, Bizkaia), uno de los escasos yacimientos paleolíticos al aire libre conservados en la región cantábrica. Su registro es especialmente rico en ocupaciones realizadas por grupos de neandertales, desde finales del Pleist...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, the Gravettian in the Basque Country has ceased to be a poorly known bridge between the Aurignacian and the Solutrean and has acquired its own personality. Progress in fieldwork and laboratory studies, the discovery of new sites in rock-shelters and in the open air, changes in the location pattern of the sites, and better knowled...
Article
The Iberian Peninsula is considered one of the most well-suited regions in Europe to develop studies on the relationship between environmental changes and human adaptations across the Late Pleistocene. Due to its southwesternmost cul-de-sac position and eco-geographical diversity, Paleolithic Iberia was the stage of cyclical cultural/technological...
Article
The so-called Basque crossroads constitutes a small region disposed on both slopes of the western Pyrenees, with one part on the north of the Iberian Peninsula and another, on the southwest of present-day France. Throughout the Pleistocene, it has been the main path for human populations to transit between the Iberian Peninsula and the rest of Euro...
Article
This paper reviews the past distribution of Aleppo pine woodlands in the Ebro Basin, Northeastern Iberia, from the Mesolithic to Modern times based on wood charcoal data. The aim is to detail the chronological timing and the drivers explaining the long-term presence of Aleppo pine woodlands and associated thermophilous flora. The available charcoal...
Article
Located at the center of the Cantabrian coast in a sedimentary terrace currently at the sea shore, the site of Bañugues (Gozón, Asturias) is one of the key places for studying the first settlements of the Iberian North. In the present work, we show the results of the geoarchaeological study undertaken on the bay of Bañugues and on the stratigraphic...
Article
Full-text available
In the excavation of Ezkuzta's cave (Azpeitia/Guipúzcoa; in northeastern Cantabrian corridor) three made smoothed rods (french. baguettes demi-rondes) of cervidae's antler (reindeer?) were found: two completes and fragments of the third one. His formulae of decoration correspond with some of Isturitz and of other sites of the french Pyrenees: they...
Article
El Cierro Cave possesses one of the few sequences in SW Europe in which archaeological levels cover the transition from the late Pleistocene to the early Holocene. Information contributed by the palynological and anthracological studies indicates that this transition was marked by a steady expansion of broadleaf woodland and a reduction in herbaceo...
Article
Full-text available
During the course of the excavations of the San Quirce open-air archaeological site in Spain, an unusual negative structure was identified in the Holocene level dated ca. sixth millennium cal BC. A fire pit alongside a single post-hole and intense fire-burning activity was recorded. Yet, the most striking feature of the structure is the absence of...
Article
Full-text available
The role of pollen and small mammal records in the palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of the societies that inhabited the Cantabrian Region during Greenland Stadial 2 has gained relevance in the last twenty years. In response to the scarcity of long non-anthropogenic sedimentary sequences that cover the entire Greenland Stadial 2 (with the exceptio...
Article
Full-text available
Archaeological site of Karea (Aia, Gipuzkoa) was discovered in 2007 by Antxieta Jakintza Taldea (a Basque cultural-speleological aggrupation from Azpeitia -Gipuzkoa-). This site has two contiguous cavities where different archaeological remains were discovered: Karea-A and Karea-B. Karea-A, which has small dimensions and an easy entrance, was excav...
Article
Full-text available
Carpinus betulus L. is a mesic, usually considered late-successional tree widely distributed in Europe, but almost absent from Iberia, where it is generally assumed that disappeared during the coldest stages of the Würm. High-resolution pollen analyses were carried out in ¹⁴C dated sediments from a drowned estuary (ria) and a small mountain lake. C...
Article
Full-text available
This study is a contribution to the knowledge of ancient avifauna in the Iberian Peninsula. 1,786 bird bones have been recovered from Artazu VII (Arrasate, northern Iberian Peninsula), with 239 remains identified to Order/Family and 519 to Genus/Species level, belonging to, at least, 12 taxa: Buteo lagopus, Aquila chrysaetos, Perdix perdix, Coturni...
Article
Full-text available
El presente trabajo se ha centrado sobre la Cuadrilla de Ayala (Álava), donde se han localizado ocho poblaciones relictas de vid silvestre en diversos hábitats. Se ha comprobado su carácter dioico durante el periodo de floración. Se han identificado las principales especies parásitas existentes sobre estas parras y las principales componentes de su...
Article
En este trabajo se estudia una columna polínica obtenida en el yacimiento de Sansol (Muru-Astrain, Navarra), en la que se documentan sendas ocupaciones correspondientes a la I y EL Edad del Hierro. Caracteriza al Paisaje Vegetal del entorno del yacimiento una antropización intensa, que se refleja en el masivo clareamiento de la cubierta arbórea, la...
Article
Full-text available
We present a paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic reconstruction based on microfaunal assemblages preserved at Lezetxiki II Cave (Arrasate, Basque Country, Iberian Peninsula) and synthesize previously published and new chronological work from the cave to better understand the environmental history of the region. The stratigraphic sequence of this s...
Article
Full-text available
Aranbaltza is an archaeological complex formed by at least three open-air sites. Between 2014 and 2015 a test excavation carried out in Aranbaltza III revealed the presence of a sand and clay sedimentary sequence formed in floodplain environments, within which six sedimentary units have been identified. This sequence was formed between 137–50 ka, a...
Data
Lithic assemblages from Aranbaltza III sequence. (PDF)
Data
Stratigraphy and sedimentology of Aranbaltza III sequence. (PDF)
Data
3D reconstruction of the wooden pointed tool (.obj file with texture). (ZIP)
Data
3D reconstruction of the other wooden tool from U4 (.obj file with texture). (ZIP)
Article
Full-text available
Eurasian wild grapewine, a threatened phytogenetic resource bound to humanity history. The present article, focused on the Eurasian wild grapevine, the dioecious parental of the present cultivars, shows the ancient uses of this vine in the past and its importance as a plant genetic resource in the genetic improvement of existing varieties and to r...
Article
Full-text available
The Artazu VII site (Arrasate, northern Iberian Peninsula) is a fossiliferous deposit that was discovered unsystematically at the Kobate Quarry in 2012. During the following year, all the vertebrate remains attributed to the upper Pleistocene (~ 93 ka) were recovered in an emergency excavation project. Here, we describe, for the first time, the sma...
Article
Full-text available
The exploitation of ungulates in the Cantabrian region during the Upper Palaeolithic is characterized by the appearance of progressively specialized hunting strategies, especially during the Magdalenian. This specialization focused on either Iberian ibex or red deer, depending on environmental or topographic features. Red deer, for instance, was hu...
Article
Full-text available
Artazu VII palaeontological site (Arrasate, Gipuzkoa) is one of the few deposits in the Iberian Peninsula in which humans did not intervene in its formation as the site acted as a natural trap. The vertebrate remains recovered are in a very good state of preservation and display great biodiversity. The large mammal assemblage from Artazu VII is stu...
Poster
Full-text available
Agent-Based Modelling provides a simulation approach for for gathering the fragmented knowledge we have to identify probability-based most likely scenarios for the living conditions and dynamics of the Gravettian societies of Northern Spain (cf. Banks et al., 2013). Referring on anthropological models (e.g. Kelly, 1995) and closely aligned with the...
Book
Full-text available
Level 4 of the cave of Pico Ramos (Muskiz, Bizkaia) is a shell midden occupied by the humans who visited the cave during the 6th and 5th millennium cal BC. This volumen includes the following studies: excavation, stratigraphy, chronology and materials; Holocene sea-level; vegetation, use of fuelwood and agriculture; identification and exploitation...
Article
Full-text available
The present article is focused on the need to get in Spain a legal figure of legal preservation for the phytogenetic resource Eurasian wild grapevine, the dioecious parental of the cultivated varieties. It shows its different habitats in the Iberian Peninsula. The main ampelographical characteristics of these grapevines and their sanitary status ar...
Article
Full-text available
Late Pleistocene palaeontological sites without human intervention are limited in the Cantabrian region, and even more so those with a good state of preservation and rich biodiversity. A new vertebrate fossiliferous locality discovered at Kobate Quarry (Arrasate, northern Iberian Peninsula) is presented in this article. This site, in which remains...
Article
The origin of the Eurasian grapevine, Vitis vinifera L. and the different steps in the development of viticulture from the wild grapevine to the modern varietal situation in the Iberian Peninsula are reviewed here. The ancestors of Vitis vinifera subs. sylvestris, the only representative of the Vitis genus in natural Eurasian and North African ecos...
Article
The reconstruction of the Cantabrian Gravettian and its palaeoenvironmental sequence is based on cave stratigraphies, which generally indicate a very rigorous climate (intense cold, occasionally dry and other times attenuated by the humidity). However, as open-air deposits are increasingly studied (Ametzagaina, Irikaitz and Mugarduia South), other...
Article
Full-text available
En este trabajo se hace una introducción al único taxón euroasiático de vid silvestre, Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris, al proceso de su domesticación y a las causas antrópicas quehan mermado drásticamente las poblaciones de esta subespecie, desde la Península Ibérica hasta Afganistán. Asimismo, se hace referencia al problema de la pérdida de biod...
Article
Full-text available
Bronze Age studies carried out in the Cantabrian Region have traditionally focused on prestige goods and funerary contexts. As a result of this, the lack of information about daily activities, subsistence strategies, and human settlement on a regional scale is evident in the state of art. However, current research has achieved new discoveries in re...
Article
Full-text available
It has traditionally been thought that movement of human groups across the Pyrenees would have been difficult in the Palaeolithic, although there are data contradicting this view. It may even be proposed that a Pyrenean region existed in the Palaeolithic with specific cultural traits and a series of sites, especially in the Magdalenian. The existen...
Book
Full-text available
Catálogo de la exposición celebrada en 2016 en el Museo de San Telmo (Donostia/San Sebastián): "San Adrián: El túnel del tiempo. De la última glaciación al camino de Santiago a través de la Historia de Gipuzkoa".
Article
Full-text available
Este breve texto explica, en clave historiográfica, los motivos por los cuales los modelos territoriales aplicados desde mediados del siglo XX a la ecúmene paleolítica en la Península Ibérica continúan aún distorsionando nuestra visión. El paradigma del hábitat durante el Paleolítico superior en una cavidad situada a baja altitud se ha ido replican...
Article
Isotopic records from Greenland ice cores have revealed a number of centennial to millennial-scale climatic fluctuations affecting the eastern North Atlantic during the Lateglacial/Holocene transition. Most of them appear directly correlated with quantitative temperature changes reconstructed for a very climate-sensitive locality in NW Iberia, Lagu...