Maria Isabella Leone

Maria Isabella Leone
LUISS Guido Carli, Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali | Luiss · Department of Business and Management

PhD in Management

About

30
Publications
4,830
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
397
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2015 - March 2016
LUISS Guido Carli, Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali
Position
  • Co-director of the Master in Open Innovation and Intellectual Property

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
Building on the theories of knowledge recombination, we argue that the external acquisition of technologies acts as a boundary spanning mechanism that impacts on the recipient firm’ subsequent technology development. The effect is moderated by two additional mechanisms, namely the retention of star scientists and the experience in upstream strategi...
Book
Full-text available
The disruptive effects of the knowledge economy paradigm based on technological innovation and creativity is still growing: even during the pandemic crisis, creative and digital competences are sought in diversified entrepreneurial sectors, in particular commercial services that are developed in urban contexts, increasingly intertwined with craft a...
Article
Full-text available
Il contributo analizza i caratteri di una politica urbana che incorporara concetti e approcci tipici dell'innovazione sociale. Con questo obiettivo, esamina un caso studio, 'Un acceleratore per l'economia di territorio', promosso dal comune di Milano con una serie di partner locali e inserito nel framework governativo del Fondo per l'innovazione so...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines how the success of reward-based crowdfunding (RBCF) is affected by two narrative styles—namely “results in progress” (RIP) and “ongoing journey” (OJ)—and by the entrepreneur’s RBCF experience. Our findings reveal that greater success in collecting funds is achieved by RBCF campaigns that are communicated through RIP narrative st...
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus disease‐19 (COVID‐19) has stimulated urgent innovative responses to tackle the current crisis and unveil new trajectories enabling recovery as early as possible. In the quest for solutions to the pandemic, organizations have been forced to join efforts with an unprecedented number of different stakeholders, including competitors, rising...
Article
Full-text available
When engaging in licensing, companies may either use standard agreements or may embed the licensing deals into broader partnerships. Whether these alternative schemes are more frequently associated with particular types of licensors and licensees and whether they imply different outcomes for the two parties is still underinvestigated in the relevan...
Article
A remarkable growth in the value of trademark licencing has been recently recorded. Our paper contributes to the understanding of this under-explored phenomenon using a dataset newly released by the USPTO. Our study analyses the evolution of licencing activities in the U.S. during the 2003–2017 period, the characteristics of these trademarks and ag...
Article
“Certainly to be able to walk into the room with IP […] that is an advantage” The paper explores trends and features of one of the most visible IP management practices, IP licensing, in the context of start-ups, accessing external technology at the outset of their lifetime. In particular, it compares start-ups and incumbent firms, in terms of licen...
Article
Full-text available
Technology licensing agreements potentially can create future appropriability problems. Drawing on the appropriability literature,we argue that the inclusion of a grantback clause in technology licensing agreements is an attempt to balance the gains from and protection of the focal firms' technologies.We hypothesize that the closer the licensed tec...
Article
This article introduces the distinction between thin and thick contracts to the investigation of licensing-in as a mechanism for technological learning. Thick contracts include a clause specifying that the licensors are obligated to assist the licensees in assimilating and integrating the technology. Drawing on a sample of 133 licensees and an equa...
Article
As patent licensing has become the prime driver of technology trade, understanding the rationales behind a properly-defined payment structure of the agreements is essential. Specifically, among the other remuneration components, upfront fees are critical in license negotiations since they imply a significant initial investment by the licensee and r...
Article
Albeit the phenomenon is currently widespread, the role of licensing in the financing of innovation has been under-investigated by scholars so far. Anecdotal evidence, instead, suggests that in some circumstances licensors is required to further develop the licensed technology which the licensee may finance by paying an upfront fee. Thus, the need...
Article
Full-text available
Licensing is one of the most commonly observed inter-firm contractual agreements. Drawing on the resource-based view of the firm and contract economics, we argue that the inclusion of a grant-back clause in licensing agreements emerges as a consequence of licensor and licensee firms’ requirements to balance the needs to protect their technological...
Article
Drawing on contractual economics and innovation management, licensing-in is hypothesized to accelerate licensees' invention process. Studying a matched dataset of licensees and non-licensees, licensees are shown to be faster at inventing, but the effect is negated if the license includes a grant-back clause, shifting incentives from licensee to lic...
Article
Drawing on contractual economics and innovation management, licensing‐in is hypothesized to accelerate licensees' invention process. Studying a matched dataset of licensees and non‐licensees, licensees are shown to be faster at inventing, but the effect is negated if the license includes a grant‐back clause, shifting incentives from licensee to lic...
Article
Full-text available
The market for technology plays a crucial role in firms’ technology strategy as a way to undertake search in the available technological space. Drawing on innovation search theory and the literatures on licensing and absorptive capacity (AC) we address the issue of the factors that affect how technologically distant from the existing technological...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we examine the impact of technology licensing-in on firm invention performance. Studying a sample of 266 licensees and matched non-licensees using a two-part model specification, we find that licensees are more likely to introduce inventions than their non-licensee counterparts. This holds both if we consider invention in general, an...
Article
Full-text available
The design of an appropriate remuneration structure is one of the crucial aspects of patent license negotiation. However, with few exceptions, literature about licensing has paid scarce attention to the determinants of the contractual remuneration structure. Moreover, the licensee’s perspective has been often neglected. The aim of this paper is to...
Article
Full-text available
Patent valuation is one of the most relevant issues within the studies on the management of intellectual property rights. As firms rely more and more on external sources of innovation, the need for reliable measurements of what is traded becomes essential. Patent valuation is especially challenging primary because of the great uncertainty affecting...
Article
Full-text available
Technology inward licensing plays a crucial role in firm's technology strategy as a way to undertake trajectories of search in the available technological space. The links between licensing and the patterns of firms' technological diversification are still underdeveloped in the economics and management literature. The aim of our study is to explore...
Article
Full-text available
Although the licensing phenomenon has gained attention over the last decades, the role of licensing contracts as a source of external finance for innovation has been under-investigated by scholars so far. Empirical evidence, instead, suggests that accessing capital is among the most common reasons to out-license. In some circumstances licensors is...
Article
Nowadays licensing practices have increased in importance and relevance driving the widespread diffusion of markets for technologies. Firms are shifting from a tactical to a strategic attitude towards licensing, addressing both business and corporate level objectives. The Open Innovation Paradigm has been embraced. Firms rely more and more on colla...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The indirect effects of the knowledge economy, innovation and creativity are growing: the economy is "culturalizing" by increasing the immaterial content of goods and services; cultural and creative competences - non-fungible by definition - are sought in diversified sectors, in particular commercial services that are developed in the urban context, increasingly intertwined with craft and digital manufacturing, with new media, design, art and fashion. For this reason, the attention of researchers and policy makers on measuring the benefits produced by economic activities is shifting beyond the analysis of the mere structural performance of the sectors, towards a reading of the overall impact on territorial and social ecosystems on which the initiatives and companies are included, which can sometimes produce indirect effects in unexpected areas (spill-over effect). In Italy and in Europe these ecosystems become the real asset on which new creative SMEs base their entrepreneurial model: on the artisan quality of the productions, marked by the strong link with proximity creative projects, with new sensitivity linked to the themes of social and environmental sustainability. These companies become "places of innovation" as platforms where job opportunities for individuals and populations with different skills grow, where their birth and growth in peripheral areas represents a goal of public administration as a tool to combat exclusion and a redemption tool for entire neighborhoods and the communities that live there. In the vision of an urban economic development that is sustainable and capable of supporting processes of "collective Intelligence" and construction of multi-faceted links of proximity to produce well-being, wealth and opportunities for individual fulfillment. The project is based on the objective to discuss if, through social innovation methods it is possible to overcome the classic paradigm of economic development policies towards a place-based territorial development (see Barca et al., 2012). The hypothesis we want to test and verify is if this policy design approach overcomes the focus on sectors and targets the “classic approaches” to regional development, channeling all efforts into surveying contexts, places, and different actors, that due to their accurate knowledge of local problems and peculiarities, play a crucial role in determining territorial development. This will be discussed by looking at particular case studies, focusing on at definition and management of interests of multiple stakeholders through incremental processes of collective intelligence, based on experimental activities carried out in the local context (Mulgan, 2019; Mulgan, 2007; Jessop et al., 2013; Geometta et al., 2005). The second objective is discussing the validity of urban recovery policies that are strongly oriented towards small-and medium-sized enterprises, and local economies as preponderant themes in order to respond to the COVID-19 related urban crisis. Urban SMEs in the retail sector, as well as craft and small manufacturing businesses, represent in our hypothesis a privileged target of an urban agenda aimed at steering proximity as the key element for an offer calibrated on a neighborhood scale, and as vehicles of systemic innovation in sectors considered at the margins of political agendas for a considerable amount of time. Given the small size of these activities and their economic turnover, the role of urban and local policies becomes decisive in preserving urban economies in their entirety. In this sense, it is therefore necessary to rethink policies and services for traditional innovation and in a place-based perspective. With these objectives, in the light of the analysis on the targets discussed above, it will be necessary to describe multiple levels of policy on which to address the project accompanied by the description of specific business use cases. From an observation of the strategies and some entrepreneurial practices being tested, we have selected three possible approaches: ● Supporting widespread skills to intercept urban consumption patterns and in the development of commercial and artisanal services active in the digital market-place; ● Designing collaborative paths of acceleration and local experimentation through new technologies; ● Manage place-making paths aimed at coordinating and enhancing the spatial dimension of local economies.
Project
To increase our understanding of Generative Appropriability in the context of technology licensing -- looking a the effect of grant-back clauses