Maria Gouveia-Pereira

Maria Gouveia-Pereira
ISPA Instituto Universitário | ISPA · UIPCDE – Research Unit on Cognitive, Developmental and Educational Psychology

About

59
Publications
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515
Citations

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Background: Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) have been associated with a greater risk of later criminal offending. However, existing research in this area has been primarily conducted in Western developed countries and cross-cultural studies are rare. Objectives: This study examined the relationship between ACEs and criminal behaviors in young...
Article
Deliberate self-harm (DSH) in adolescence is a predictor of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs). However, there is still a lack of research systematizing the association between DSH and STBs. Therefore, our main goal was to analyze if DSH diversity and severity predicted suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Our sample comprised 237 Portuguese...
Book
A Terapia Familiar apresenta-se como uma área de estudo multidisciplinar que procura compreender o funcionamento das relações de casal e familiares, centrando a sua intervenção no meio familiar em que o indivíduo se move. Baseada numa perspetiva sistémica, a Terapia Familiar contempla modelos de intervenção eficazes, que recorrem à ativação das com...
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A Escala de Avaliação da Coesão e Flexibilidade Familiar, desenvolvida no âmbito do estudo do Modelo Circumplexo dos Sistemas Conjugais e Familiares, permite avaliar o funcionamento familiar através de um diagnóstico relacional. Este instrumento está subdividido em seis subescalas que permitem uma avaliação dos níveis equilibrados e disfuncionais (...
Article
With the increased awareness about deliberate self-harm, the understanding of its social representations can be important for clinical intervention and prevention. However, there is still a lack of instruments to assess the social representations of the functions of these behaviors. This research focuses on the validation of the Questionnaire of Re...
Article
Research has recognized the importance of understanding the social representations about the functions of deliberate self-harm, particularly in the context of clinical intervention. In addition, parents can play a relevant role in the rehabilitation of adolescents with these behaviours. However, there are few studies that focused on the description...
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Deliberate self-harm (DSH) is a public health problem that mainly affects adolescents and young adults. Evidence suggests that multiple methods are used with a self-aggressive intent. The present article focuses on the development and factorial validation of the Inventory of Deliberate Self-harm Behaviours for Portuguese adolescents. This instrumen...
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This study aimed to describe the social representations about the functions of deliberate self-harm and to compare these representations from adolescents with and without a history of deliberate self-harm and adults without a history of these behaviours. We conducted a qualitative study involving the thematic analysis of forty-one semi-structured i...
Article
The aim of this study was to analyze the predictive risk factors for self-harm in adolescents with and without suicidal ideation. 600 adolescents answered a questionnaire about self-harm and suicidal behaviors. A logistic regression analysis was conducted. Over half of the individuals with deliberate self-harm (DSH) presented significant suicide ri...
Article
This article presents an international study of pro/antisocial behavior in young adults (SOCIALDEVIANCE1820). This is an ongoing cross-continental longitudinal research project that includes data and researchers from multiple countries across five continents. It aims to explore the intercultural universality of the risk and protective factors assoc...
Article
Introduction: The understanding of the social representations about the functions of deliberate self-harm can be an important factor for the comprehension of this phenomenon. Nonetheless, only a few studies focused on this topic and specifically on the social representations from adolescents with and without a history of deliberate self-harm and t...
Article
The present article focuses on the validation of the Questionnaire of Social Representations about the Functions of Deliberate Self-Harm for adults. The understanding of the social representations about deliberate self-harm can be relevant for clinical intervention and prevention. However, there is still a lack of instruments to assess these repres...
Article
The relation between family and low self-control is usually studied within linear hypotheses. In this study, we intended to test the familial origin of self-control under a curvilinear hypothesis. This is a cross-sectional study, with a sample of 448 adolescents and young adults. Data analysis was based on correlation and regression-based statistic...
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This study evaluates the psychometric properties of the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale IV (FACES IV) Package which contains three scales: FACES IV; Family Communication Scale (FCS); and Family Satisfaction Scale (FSS). Participants were 553 Portuguese adults (184 males and 369 females), between the ages of 19 and 57. An item redu...
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Amongst the various explanations for a delinquent career, the family occupies a place of choice. Despite literature indicating to us that the family plays a crucial role, there are other authors, who show us The General Theory of crime, that claims to explain that self-control is a central variable in delinquent behavior. In addition, other researc...
Article
Both future orientation and impulsivity are intrinsic parts of an adolescent’s self-control, and empirical evidence clearly establishes them as crucial features on the origin of juvenile deviant behavior. However, we do not yet fully understand how these variables relate in explaining deviant conduct. In the present study, we tested a mediation mod...
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This study presents the development and analysis of the psychometric properties of the Deviant Behavior Variety Scale (DBVS). Participants were 861 Portuguese adolescents (54 % female), aged between 12 and 19 years old. Two alternative models were tested using Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Although both models showed good fit indexes, the two-facto...
Article
Background: Teachers' legitimacy is central to school functioning. Teachers' justice, whether distributive or procedural, predicts teachers' legitimacy. Aims: What is still do be found, and constitutes the goal of this paper, is whether unjust treatment by a teacher affects the legitimacy of the teacher differently when the student knows that th...
Article
Belief in a Just World research found evidence that one feels threatened whenever one witnesses an innocent victim suffering, often resorting to secondary victimization to neutralize the observed injustice. However, literature has neglected the explanatory power of adolescent deviant behavior in victimization processes. This study (n = 284 students...
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According to the General Theory of Crime ineffective parenting practices are the major cause of low self-control, which, in turn, will be the main responsible of the development of delinquent behaviors. On the present research we aim to analyze these claims, in other words, we will test the influence of family functioning on self-control, and analy...
Article
The study of humanness as a dimension of social judgment has received extensive attention over the past decade. While the common reported finding is that people attribute more human characteristics to their ingroup than to the outgroup, similar tendencies are expected to be tempered for minority groups when judging the host society. In Study 1, car...
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The purpose of this study is to analyze how family systems infl uence adolescents' suicidal ideation. The participants were 534 adolescents (51.1% female and 48.9% male), with ages ranging from 14 to 18 years (M=16.18; SD=1.14). The instruments used were the following: Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale, Psychological Separation Inve...
Article
Background. The current paper is based on two different approaches. One is the relational model of authority (Tyler & Lind, 1992), which addresses the effects of justice perceptions on the legitimacy of authorities and behavioural compliance. The other is Emler and Reicher's theory (1995, 2005), which explains the involvement of adolescents in deli...
Article
Two factors increase the threat for individuals’ belief in a just world (BJW) posed by an innocent victim: the degree of the observer’s explicit endorsement of BJW and the fact that the victim shares a common identity with the observer. In this paper, we aim to investigate whether or not these two factors (BJW and ingroup identification) have an in...
Article
Este artigo teve como objectivo pré-testar um conjunto de características associadas à dimensão moralidade. Neste sentido, foram avaliadas 102 características associadas a esta dimensão, em duas dimensões de avaliação, desejabilidade e unicamente humano, por uma amostra de 106 estudantes universitários. As médias, as medianas, os desvios-padrão, os...
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Research in the justice field, namely in the field of the Relational Model of Authority (Tyler & Lind, 1992) have showed that the more people perceive authorities as fair, the more they legitimate those authorities and adopt pro-active behaviours towards the group. In this research our hypothesis is that adolescents’ perceptions of injustice about...
Article
Research in the justice field, namely in the field of the Relational Model of Authority (Tyler & Lind, 1992) have showed that the more people perceive authorities as fair, the more they legitimate those authorities and adopt pro-active behaviours towards the group. In this research our hypothesis is that adolescents' perceptions of injustice about...
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Full-text available
This study analysis the relationship between perceptions of the justice of teacher' behaviour and (a) the legitimation of school authority and (b) the legitimation of institutional authorities outside school. 448 adolescent students participated in the study. In a questionnaire participants were asked about (a) perceptions of the justice of teacher...
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The main purpose of this research is to analyze what strategies are pursued in order to protect self-esteem when it is threatened by a negative self-evaluation of school competence. Participants were 838 secondary-school students from the seventh to the ninth grades. Data were collected using Harter’s Self-Perception ProŽ le for Adolescents, togeth...
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Given the importance of suicidal behavior in adolescents are concerned, the analysis of the meanings associated with suicide in the specific area of their social construction becomes a pertinent task. Various research projects underline the fact that the way people construct explanations for events is not merely based on beliefs and experiences of...
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Several studies showed that adolescent peer group play an important role at different levels: they are a source of instrumental and emotional support, developmental tasks resolution and construction of identity (Alves Martins, 1998; Gouveia-Pereira, 1995, 1998; Palmonari, Pombeni & Kirchler, 1990; 1991; 1992 & Sherif, 1984). Following the research...
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Neste artigo apresentamos uma pesquisa sobre as atitudes dos adolescentes acerca da autoridade escolar e institucional. Argumentamos que a escola é uma fon-te de experiência neste domínio, proporcionando às crianças a sua primeira experiência das regras institucionais e as suas relações com os pares como fontes de referência no processo de construç...
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Three studies explore the intergroup differentiation of heterogeneity as a strategy for validation of polemical social representations. The first study examines this strategy of validation in a context of simple intergroup differentiation. In the second study the context is one of open political conflict The last study, also in a political context,...
Article
Full-text available
The porpose of this investigation is to study the adolescent's social representations about aids, and how the adolescent's social identification can influence them. About social representations we study sociological ancorage (variable sex), following the ideas of Doise (1992), who says that the positions that subjects have in social relations influ...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
To examine the intercultural universality of the protective and risk factors related to pro/antisocial behavior and psychosocial adjustment during early adulthood.