María Manuela González

María Manuela González
Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria | ULPGC · Departamento de Análisis Económico Aplicado (DAEA)

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24
Publications
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Publications

Publications (24)
Article
While port efficiency has been broadly researched in recent years, studies analyzing effectiveness are more recent. Both efficiency and effectiveness play an important role in assessing port performance. As some authors state, we can relate efficiency to “doing things right,” whereas effectiveness refers to “doing the right things.” In this chapter...
Article
Specialisation is a common strategy followed by ports to face the challenges of globalisation, changes in the naval industry and maritime operations. The main objective of this research is to determine if specialisation and size of ports have an impact on port efficiency. We estimate the efficiency of 27 Spanish ports during the 2001–2011 period us...
Article
The importance of water in life and health of population, especially in developing countries, justifies the comparative study of the performance of undertakings providing potable water and waste water collection. The main objective of this research is to investigate if the decentralization process has led to an improvement of the efficiency in the...
Article
Extensive use of containerized cargo has caused technological changes in the maritime industry and consequently port transformations. To face these new challenges, port reform processes were designed, coming to Latin America in the 90s. The main objectives were the modernization of ports and the promotion of competition and efficiency. However, the...
Article
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Las empresas de servicio de agua potable y de aguas residuales deben gestionarse de manera eficiente para contribuir a mejorar la calidad de vida de la población. En este trabajo se mide la eficiencia técnica de empresas de varios países latinoamericanos en el periodo 2003-2006 a través de 4 modelos, empleando un enfoque paramétrico. El resultado m...
Article
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En Venezuela, el servicio de suministro de agua potable y recolección de las aguas servidas en los 330 municipios del país, es prestado por 17 empresas operadoras. Todas ellas se supone que asumen los criterios de: calidad, eficiencia, confiabilidad, equidad, no discriminación y rentabilidad. El gobierno nacional ha llamado a incrementar la eficien...
Article
In Africa, the main objective of the port sector is to improve trade competitiveness and to reduce government expenditures. Nevertheless, the reform process in African ports is complex due to some factors, which adversely influence their ability to further develop and affect port efficiency. This paper examines this process and the factors that are...
Article
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Los servicios de suministro de agua y de recolec-ción de aguas residuales han venido siendo obje-to de estudio en los últimos años motivado a que la Organización de las Naciones Unidas, declaró el acceso al agua como derecho humano. En Ve-nezuela estos servicios son prestados por 17 em-presas, a pesar de ser competencia municipal. La normativa vige...
Article
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El servicio público de agua ha venido siendo objeto de estudio en los últimos años motivado a diferentes razones. El agua es administrada por diversas organizaciones que van desde el sector público (administración local, regional o nacional) al privado (abarcando todo el proceso o parte de ellos), así como organizaciones comunitarias, cooperativas,...
Article
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The purpose of this paper is to further an understanding of the port sector through a systematic analysis of the existing studies assessing the economic efficiency and productivity of the sector. The emphasis is on the measurement methodologies, the variables used and the results in terms of the various port activities as well as on the relevance o...
Article
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Most of the literature on the efficiency effects of regulatory reforms ignores the gradual nature of the implementation of these reforms. This article describes a new simple data manipulation that minimizes data requirements to measure econometrically the impact on efficiency of each stage of multi-stages regulatory reforms. The approach can easily...
Article
This paper quantifies the evolution of technical efficiency in port infrastructure service provision in the major Spanish port authorities involved in container traffic. It also analyzes the extent to which port reforms that took place in the 90’s had an impact on the efficiency of the Spanish container ports. Because of the multi-output nature of...
Article
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This paper examines the recent decentralization of governance in Indonesia and its impact on local infrastructure provision. The decentralization of decisionmaking power to local jurisdictions in Indonesia may have improved the matching of public infrastructures provision with local preferences. However, decentralization has made local public infra...
Article
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La finalidad de este trabajo es profundizar en el conocimiento del sector portuario a trav�s de un an�lisis sistem�tico de los estudios que eval�an la eficiencia en este sector, destacando la metodolog�a y las variables empleadas y los resultados en t�rminos de la eficiencia de las actividades portuarias y de su relaci�n con otros factores como el...
Article
Railway restructuring and privatization have now become a mainstream policy option in many developing countries. This paper provides the first analysis of the efficiency payoffs of railway reform for two developing countries, Argentina and Brazil. We track down the evolution of the performance of the private operators in both countries since reform...
Article
This paper shows how measures of relative efficiency performance could promote yardstick competition between port infrastructure operators. The illustration is based on a study of the efficiency effects of the Mexican 1993 Port Reform. It covers 1996–99 and relies on a stochastic production frontier to show that Mexico's ports achieved 2.8–3.3% ave...
Article
Full-text available
One important issue facing reformers considering the restructuring of the seaports and freight railways sectors of a developing country is the creation of competition � or, alternatively, avoiding the creation or preservation of monopoly power. In seaports a crucial distinction is often that between intraport and interport competition; in freight r...
Book
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The economy of the Canary Islands, one of the most responsive of the last forty years in Spain, is the object of study of this work, which is part of the framework of collaboration that the BBV Foundation and the Valencian Institute for Economic Research (IVIE) to study of the Spanish regional economy. The Islands took off in the 1960s, and their d...