Maria Gavrilo

Maria Gavrilo
Association Maritime Heritage: Explore & sustain (AMH), Saint-Petersburg, Russia · Nature Heritage & Specially Protected Areas Commission

PhD

About

143
Publications
21,818
Reads
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786
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - January 2016
Independent Researcher
Position
  • Research Director
July 1999 - February 2002
Russian State Arctic and Antarctic Museum
Position
  • Scientific Secretary
August 1984 - January 2012
Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (143)
Article
Full-text available
Since the last Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) effort to review biological effects of mercury (Hg) on Arctic biota in 2011 and 2018, there has been a considerable number of new Arctic bird studies. This review article provides contemporary Hg exposure and potential health risk for 36 Arctic seabird and shorebird species, represent...
Article
Full-text available
Plastic pollution has been reported to affect Arctic mammals and birds. There are strengths and limitations to monitoring litter and microplastics using Arctic mammals and birds. One strength is the direct use of these data to understand the potential impacts on Arctic biodiversity as well as effects on human health, if selected species are consume...
Article
Russian High Arctic archipelagos still lack knowledge on the freshwater ecosystems and biodiversity. Here, we present results of the freshwater bodies’ survey of the nine islands in the Franz Josef Land archipelago, north-eastern Barents Sea, carried out in August 2016. Freshwater lakes and streams along with associated coastal habitats were examin...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic data are useful for detecting sudden population declines in species that are difficult to study in the field. Yet this indirect approach has its own drawbacks, including population structure, mutation patterns, and generation overlap. The ivory gull (Pagophila eburnea), a long-lived Arctic seabird, is currently suffering from rapid alterati...
Data
Supplementary data to "Six pelagic seabird species of the North Atlantic engage in a fly-and-forage strategy during their migratory movements"
Article
Atlantic black-legged kittiwakes Rissa tridactyla tridactyla breeding in the Barents Sea have long been considered to winter in the North Atlantic region. Here, we present the first evidence of bi-directional and transpolar migrations of kittiwakes breeding in the south-eastern Barents Sea. Using geolocators, we revealed previously unknown migratio...
Article
Full-text available
Each winter, the North Atlantic Ocean is the stage for numerous cyclones, the most severe ones leading to seabird mass-mortality events called ‘‘winter wrecks.’’ During these, thousands of emaciated seabird carcasses are washed ashore along European and North American coasts. Winter cyclones can therefore shape seabird population dynamics by affect...
Article
Full-text available
Tracking data of marine predators are increasingly used in marine spatial management. We developed a spatial data set with estimates of the monthly distribution of 6 pelagic seabird species breeding in the Northeast Atlantic. The data set was based on year-round global location sensor (GLS) tracking data of 2356 adult seabirds from 2006-2019 from a...
Article
Full-text available
Bird migration is commonly defined as a seasonal movement between breeding and non-breeding grounds. It generally involves relatively straight and directed large-scale movements, with a latitudinal change, and specific daily activity patterns comprising less or no foraging and more traveling time. Our main objective was to describe how this general...
Article
Migratory seabirds are exposed to various pollutants throughout their annual cycle. Among them, mercury (Hg) is of particular concern given large impacts on animals’ health. Recent studies suggest that winter is a critical period for seabirds when contamination by Hg can be higher than other times of year. However, individuals within and between sp...
Conference Paper
Data were obtained in Open Ocean: Arctic Archipelagos–2019 expedition (19.08–15.09.2019). 2830.6 km were surveyed in the Barents, Kara, and Laptev seas from R/V Professor Molchanov (transect width was 2 km from the open bridge or 1 km from the pilot bridge, here data adjusted to 1 km). Animals were also recorded whenever observed during anchoring a...
Article
Full-text available
Data on the fishes of the high-latitude Severnaya Zemlya archipelago (the North Land) is presented. The archipelago is located in the Arctic on the border between the Kara Sea and the Laptev Sea. The ichthyofauna of the archipelago has not been studied; therefore, even small collections are of interest. Fish samples were obtained during the expedit...
Article
Full-text available
Vize Island, located in the northern part of the Kara Sea (79°30’N, 76°59’E), is one of the least studied islands of the Russian High Arctic in terms of its biota. Hundreds of live and freshly dead individuals of Larch Budmoth Zeiraphera griseana (Hübner, 1799) were observed on this island from 16 July–2 August 2020. This is the first and the only...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This literature review assesses information to 2020 on plastic ingestion by Arctic seabirds
Article
Full-text available
Marine plastic is a ubiquitous environmental problem that can have an impact on a variety of marine biota, such as seabirds, making it an important concern for scientists and policy makers. Although research on plastic ingestion by seabirds is increasing, few studies have examined policies and long-term monitoring programs to reduce marine plastic...
Article
Full-text available
https://arctox.cnrs.fr/en/home/ Mercury (Hg) is a natural trace element found in high concentrations in top predators, including Arctic seabirds. Most current knowledge about Hg concentrations in Arctic seabirds relates to exposure during the summer breeding period when researchers can easily access seabirds at colonies. However, the few studies f...
Article
Full-text available
Marine plastic is a ubiquitous environmental problem that can have an impact on a variety of marine biota, such as seabirds, making it an important concern for scientists and policy makers. Although research on plastic ingestion by seabirds is increasing, few studies have examined policies and long-term monitoring programs to reduce marine plastic...
Article
Full-text available
There is the qualitative and quantitative composition of the macrozoobenthos of streams, rivers and lakes in the southern tip of the Yuzhny Island of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago is considered. Its main components are mayflies of the family Baetidae, stoneflies of the families Nemouridae, Capniidae, caddisflies of the family Limnephilidae, diptera...
Article
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We explored the implications of reaching the Paris Agreement Objective of limiting global warming to <2°C for the future winter distribution of the North Atlantic seabird community. We predicted and quantified current and future winter habitats of five North Atlantic Ocean seabird species (Alle alle, Fratercula arctica, Uria aalge, Uria lomvia and...
Book
Full-text available
Bird migration is a grand natural phenomenon which results in a redistribution of biomass and energy flows on the planet. This phenomenon is studied through collection, analysis and interpretation of specific data on the movements of different species of birds in different seasons on different continents. In this regard, Northwest Russia occupies a...
Article
Full-text available
Sharing the same wintering grounds by avian populations breeding in various areas may synchronize fluctuations in vital rates, which could increase the risk of extinction. Here, by combining multi-colony tracking with long-term capture-recapture data, we studied the winter distribution and annual survival of the most numerous Arctic seabird, the li...
Article
Full-text available
Continental slopes – steep regions between the shelf break and abyssal ocean – play key roles in the climatology and ecology of the Arctic Ocean. Here, through review and synthesis, we find that the narrow slope regions contribute to ecosystem functioning disproportionately to the size of the habitat area (∼6% of total Arctic Ocean area). Driven by...
Article
Full-text available
Aim In migratory species, individuals often use fixed and individual‐specific migration strategies, which we term individual migration strategy fidelity (IMSF). Our goal was to test if guillemots have flexible or fixed individual migration strategies (i.e. IMSF), if this behaviour is consistent across large parts of the genus’ range and if they wer...
Article
Despite the limited direct anthropogenic mercury (Hg) inputs in the circumpolar Arctic, elevated concentrations of methylmercury (MeHg) are accumulated in Arctic marine biota. However, the MeHg production and bioaccumulation pathways in these ecosystems have not been completely unraveled. We measured Hg concentrations and stable isotope ratios of H...
Book
Full-text available
В издании описаны результаты проекта по систематическому планированию приоритетных для охраны районов в морях Российской Арктики, инициированного WWF России и выполненного в 2015–2017 гг. Впервые на русском языке подробно описана методика систематического природоохранного планирования с помощью платформы Марксан. Приведены общее описание и характер...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Working Group on the Integrated Assessment of the Central Arctic Ocean (WGICA) aims to provide a holistic analysis of the present and future status of the ecosystem and human activities therein. Data collection in the Central Arctic Ocean (CAO) has been inconsistent both spatially and temporally, which can limit the ability to conduct comprehen...
Article
Full-text available
The monodontids—narwhals, Monodon monoceros, and belugas, Delphinapterus leucas—are found in much of the Arctic and in some subarctic areas. They are hunted by indigenous subsistence users. In the past, some populations were substantially reduced by commercial hunting and culling; more recently, some populations have declined due to uncontrolled su...
Article
Plastic pollution is a ubiquitous global environmental problem. Plastic ingestion by seabirds is an increasing issue even in remote areas, such as the Arctic, yet research and monitoring of plastic ingestion in Arctic seabird populations is limited and there are large knowledge gaps for many geographic regions. There is currently no standard techni...
Article
Full-text available
The black-legged kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla, hereafter kittiwake) is a small pelagic seabird and is the most numerous gull species in the world. It has a circumpolar distribution, and breeds in the arctic and boreal zones of the Northern Hemisphere. It’s breeding distribution is widespread and ranges across the North Atlantic from the west coast t...
Article
Full-text available
Chironomids of the Diamesinae subfamily from the Russian Arctic were studied using both morphological characters and molecular data. Adult males of Diamesa urvantsevi sp. nov., D. amplexivirilia Hansen, Arctodiamesa appendiculata (Lundström) from Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago and D. arctica (Boheman), Pseudokiefferiella sp. from Vaigach Island were...
Article
Full-text available
The first steps have been taken to study microplastics in the beach areas of the Arctic seas and the southern part of the Far East. Researches have shown that the average concentration in the areas studied is about 1 particle per kilogram of beach ground which is significantly lower than in other regions of the world. However due to the difficult a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago (SZA) is the last sizeable archipelago on Earth discovered in 1913 by the Russian expedition on the icebreaking transports Taimyr and Vaigach. SZA separates two marginal seas of the Arctic Ocean, the Kara Sea in the west and the Laptev Sea in the east, and its coastal zone from the biological and ecological standpoints...
Article
Full-text available
Microplastic in the Arctic and Russian Far East Coastal Ground Ya.Yu. Blinovskaya, O.A. Kulikova, E.A. Mazlova, M.V. Gavrilo Far Eastern Federal University, 690950 Vladivostok, Russia, Oil and Gas Russian State University Named After I.M. Gubkin, 119991 Moscow, Russia, "Marine heritage" Association, 199106 Saint Petersburg, RussiaThe first steps ha...
Article
Full-text available
Identifying drivers of population trends in migratory species is difficult, as they can face many stressors while moving through different areas and environments during the annual cycle. To understand the potential of migrants to adjust to perturbations, it is critical to study the connection of different areas used by different populations during...
Chapter
Full-text available
- The breeding population of ivory gull in the Arctic is declining in parts of its range. Especially dramatic is the situation in Canada, where 70% of the population has been lost since the 1980s. - Satellite tracking of ivory gulls breeding in Canada, Greenland, Svalbard and Russia show that southern Davis Strait and northern Labrador Sea is an in...
Article
Full-text available
A global analysis recently showed that seabird breeding phenology (as the timing of egg-laying and hatching) does not, on average, respond to temperature changes or advance with time (Keogan et al. 2018 Nat. Clim. Change 8, 313–318). This group, the most threatened of all birds, is therefore prone to spatio-temporal mismatches with their food resou...
Preprint
Full-text available
Seabirds provide ecosystem services, notably as human food in many Arctic regions, major tourist attractions, as well as being an important link to the Arctic food web and returning nutrients from the oceans to coastal areas. Changes in seabird populations and diversity will affect regional sustainability for Arctic communities and ecosystems. The...
Preprint
Full-text available
Seabirds provide ecosystem services, notably as human food in many Arctic regions, major tourist attractions, as well as being an important link to the Arctic food web and returning nutrients from the oceans to coastal areas. Changes in seabird populations and diversity will affect regional sustainability for Arctic communities and ecosystems. The...
Article
Full-text available
In the original publication of the article, the linear discriminate Eq. (1) was mistyped. We provide below the correct equation to use to discriminate male and female in Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea (Phipps, 1774).
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Neelov A.V., Sirenko B.I., Smirnov I.S., Gagaev S.Yu., Golikov A.A., Andreev M.P., Gavrilo M.V. To the 60th anniversary of the Russian studies of Antarctic ecosystems // Materials of the Jubilee Reporting Scientific Session on the 185th Anniversary of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (St. Petersburg, Russia, November 13-1...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Морская среда Арктики испытывает быстрые изменения, связанные с трансформацией климата в переходную эпоху. В то же самое время Арктика привлекала и привлекает повышенное влияние как арена крупных промышленных проектов, военный плацдарм и является новой областью развития туризма. В связи с этим становится актуальным системное планирование района осо...
Article
Full-text available
1. The aim of the present study is to assess a conservation priority area (CPA) network proposed for the Russian Arctic seas (47 areas) with regard to underlying oceanographical features and to discuss further development of marine conservation planning. 2. The oceanographical features included in the analysis were obtained from the literature or i...
Article
Full-text available
1. The natural environment of the Arctic is changing rapidly owing to climate change. At the same time in many countries including Russia the region is attracting growing attention of decision‐ makers and business communities. In light of the above it is necessary to protect the biodiversity of the regional marine ecosystems in the most effective w...
Article
Full-text available
The Russian Arctic National Park is a marine Protected Area playing a significant role in conservation of rare and protected endemic species of the Arctic fauna and flora, included in the IUCN Red List and/or in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation. The Russian Arctic National Park is considered to be: (1) the major ground for the reproducti...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we report the phylogenetic relationship of RABV circulating in Russia. A total of 81 new isolates obtained from different regions of Russia in 2008 - 2016 were partially sequenced. Evolutionary analysis based on 100 representative sequences of rabies virus N-gene fragments (1110 nt) with sample time span ranging from 1977 to 2016 was...
Article
Full-text available
The research of environment components radioactive conditions has been conducted in a due course of complex research works in the framework of 63rd RV Academic Mstislav Keldish cruise in the area of Cape Zhelanie and area of ice dome of Northern island of Novaya Zemlya archipelago. According to the results of landscape-geochemical and radio-glaciol...
Article
Full-text available
Multidisciplinary investigations carried out in the Cape Zhelaniya area and on the Severny ice dome of Severny Island in the Novaya Zemlya Archipelago during cruise 63 of the R/V Akademik Mstislav Keldysh in September 2015 included a study of the environmental radiation level. The landscape‒geochemical and radiation‒glaciological data show that the...
Book
Издание состоит из шести тематических глав по физической географии, океанологии, гидрометеорологии, фауне и экологии, истории исследований и экономической освоенности акватории моря Лаптевых и прилегающих территорий. В атласе отражена подробная информация о типизации берегов моря Лаптевых, а также приведены актуальные сведения о морских млекопитающ...
Chapter
The Arctic marine avifauna is made up of a diverse assemblage of seabirds and sea ducks whose life history traits, foraging strategies and physical adaptations have been wholly shaped by the regular seasonal development of sea ice. During the breeding season, sea ice located close to breeding colonies provides dependable access to energy rich prey...
Article
The ongoing decline of sea ice threatens many Arctic taxa, including the ivory gull. Understanding how ice-edges and ice concentrations influence the distribution of the endangered ivory gulls is a prerequisite to the implementation of adequate conservation strategies. From 2007 to 2013, we used satellite transmitters to monitor the movements of 10...
Method
Full-text available
Additional Methods and Results on Gilg et al., 2016. Living on the edge of a shrinking habitat: the ivory gull, Pagophila eburnea, an endangered sea-ice specialist. Biol. Lett. 12: 20160277. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2016.0277
Article
Full-text available
We examined diatom assemblages from 18 stream and pond samples in the Franz Josef Land Archipelago (FJL), the most northern land of Eurasia. More than 216 taxa were observed, revealing a rich circumpolar diatom flora, including many undescribed taxa. Widely distributed taxa were the most abundant by cell densities, while circumpolar taxa were the m...
Data
Plate B Fig. (A), Cymbella cleve-eulerae, external view. Fig. (B). Humidophila ingeiiformis, external view. Fig. (C), Hygropetra balfouriana, external view. Fig. (D), Cymbopleura stauroneiformis, external view. Fig. (E), Cavinula cocconeiformis, external view. Fig. (F), Pinnularia biceps, external view. Scale bars. Fig. (F) = 20 µm, Figs. (A, D) =...
Data
Table of Common FJL diatoms Common diatoms species (abundance >2% at least in one sample) in FJL with the code used in plots, their geographic distribution, the mean, the maximum and the standard deviation of their relative abundance (percentages) in FJL samples.
Data
Plate A SEM imatges of prominent diatom taxa from Franz Joseph Land Figs. (A–B), Diatoma tenuis, external view. Fig. (C), Merdion circulare, internal view. Fig. (D), Hannaea arcus, internal view. Fig. (E), Diadesmis gallica external view. Fig. (F), internal view. Scale bars. Fig. (D) = 20 µm, Fig. (A) = 10 µm, Figs. (C–D) = 5 µm, Figs. (B, F) = 2 µ...
Data
Plate C Plate 3. Fig. (A), Nitzschia homburgiensis, external view, Fig. (B), Nitzschia frustulum, external view, Fig. (C), Eunotia scandiorussica, external view, Fig. (D), Eunotia septentrionalis, internal view. Fig. (E), Achnanthidium sp. (Achnanthidium minutissimum sensu lato), external view, Fig. (F), Psammothidium marginulatum, external view. S...