Maria Cristina Gamberini

Maria Cristina Gamberini
Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia | UNIMO · Department of Life Sciences

Chemistry

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57
Publications
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1,278
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Publications

Publications (57)
Article
The objective of the current research was to develop a liquid chromatography-MSn (LC-MSn) methodology for the determination of free cortisol and its 15 endogenous metabolites (6β-hydroxycortisol, 20α-dihydrocortisol, 20α-dihydrocortisone, 20-β-dihydrocortisol, 20β-dihydrocortisone, prednisolone, cortisone, α-cortolone, β-cortolone, allotetrahydroco...
Article
Full-text available
SARS-CoV-2(COVID-19) is a very infectious symptomatic and asymptomatic infection caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona virus 2 (SAR-COV-2). COVID-19 is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which spreads between people, mainly when an infected person is in close contact with another uninfected person. In this research work, a mathematical mo...
Article
Full-text available
SARS-CoV-2(COVID-19) is a very infectious symptomatic and asymptomatic infection caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona virus 2 (SAR-COV-2). COVID-19 is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which spreads between people, mainly when an infected person is in close contact with another uninfected person. In this research work, a mathematical mo...
Article
Spectroscopic analysis, DFT studies and surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) of antimicrobial bioactive 4-[(5-tert-butyl)2-hydroxybenzylidene]amino-N-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)benzenesulfonamide (THPB) have been studied on different silver sols. Intensity and hence enhancement variations are observed for Raman and SERS bands. Observed changes...
Article
Spectroscopic analysis, density functional theory (DFT) studies and surface enhanced Raman scattering of 4-((3-bromo-5-chloro-2-hydroxybenzylidene)amino)benzoic acid (BCHB) have been studied on different silver colloids concentrations in order to know the particular chemical species responsible for the spectra. For Raman and surface enhanced Raman...
Article
Spectroscopic analysis, density functional theory (DFT) studies and surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) of (E)-N’-(5-chloro-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-4-trifluoromethyl) benzohydrazide (CHTB) have been studied on different silver colloids in order to know the particular chemical species responsible for the spectra. Very significant shifts are obser...
Article
Spectroscopic analysis, DFT studies and surface enhanced Raman scattering of antimicrobial bioactive (Z)-2-[5-(5-bromo-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-4-oxo-2-thioxothiazolidin-3-yl]acetic acid (BPTA) have been studied on different silver sols. Very large changes are observed for Raman and SERS bands. Observed variations in the ring modes may be due to surfa...
Article
Spectroscopic analysis, DFT studies and surface enhanced Raman scattering of antimicrobial bioactive 4-[(2-hydroxy-3,5-diiodobenzylidene)amino]-N-(5-methylisoxazole-3-yl)benzenesulfonamide (HDMB) have been studied. Changes in intensity and enhancement variations are observed for Raman and SERS bands. Changes observed in the ring mode vibrations may...
Article
Spectroscopic analysis, density functional theory (DFT) studies and surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) of antimycobactetial 4-[3-(4-acetylphenyl)ureido]-2-hydroxybenzoic acid (AUHB) have been studied on different silver sols. For Raman and SERS wavenumbers, very large changes are observed. Observed variations in the modes of ring may be due t...
Article
Full-text available
Discovering new materials to aid in the therapeutic delivery of drugs is in high demand. PLGA, a FDA approved polymer, is well known in the literature to form films or nanoparticles that can load, protect, and deliver drug molecules; however, its incompatibility with certain drugs (due to hydrophilicity or charge repulsion interactions) limits its...
Article
Little is known concerning Phoenician and Punic cosmetics, and pertinent studies and analyses on archaeological finds are particularly scanty. The present study has taken into account 22 archaeological red and pink Punic make-up samples collected in several Sicilian museums. The samples were analyzed by infrared spectroscopy, Raman microscopy, and...
Article
Ferrierite is the name for a series of zeolite-group of minerals which includes three species with the same ferrierite framework (FER) crystal structure but different extra-framework cations. Recent studies have shown that ferrierite can exhibit a fibrous-asbestiform crystal habit and may possess the same properties as carcinogenic fibrous erionite...
Article
This entry focuses on the physicochemical analysis and cultural study of cosmetics and fragrances that were prepared and used in ancient cultures of the Old World and New World. The characterization of these products is the key to obtaining the global recipe to understand the connection between body color, aromatics, magic/religious beliefs, and so...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this research work is to determine the biological activity and spectral analysis of Gas chromatography/mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS) profile of crude extract of S monbin,S.mombin L. (Anacardiacaea) is a plant that grows in almost every part of the world. It is fruitferious decidous plant of about 20m high that grows in the rain forest of...
Article
The pigment use in the Tomb of the Reliefs (fourth century BC) and four other tombs (seventh to fourth century BC) in the Etruscan Banditaccia Necropolis near Cerveteri, Italy, has been investigated. We made use of X‐ray fluorescence (XRF) and Raman spot analysis, XRF imaging, infrared luminescence and photography supported by Dstretch contrast enh...
Article
The purpose of this research work is to determine the biological activity and spectral analysis of Gas chromatography/mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS) profile of crude extract of S monbin,S.mombin L. (Anacardiacaea) is a plant that grows in almost every part of the world. It is fruitferious decidous plant of about 20m high that grows in the rain forest of...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose this research work is to determine the antibacterial and antifungal assay of partitioned fractions of S. mombin (Linn) extracts against clinical and environmental isolates. The root, leaf and stem-bark of S. mombin were harvested and air-dried. The dried S. mombin was milled into powdered form using manual grinder. Powdered S. mombin (1...
Article
The purpose of this research work is to investigate the elemental composition and antioxidant potentials of Spondias mombin (leaf, root and stem bark) at concentration of 10, 20 and 5mg/ml. using different conventional laboratory methods, also to determine the antioxidant potentials of Spondias mombin. The element present are Sodium (Na), Calcium (...
Article
Full-text available
Spondias mombin (Linn.) is a widely cultivated edible plant used in folkloric medicine for the treatment of severe infection and health disorders. This research work was carried out to isolation, purification and chemical characterization the bioactive constituents of the ethyl acetate stem bark fraction of Spondias mombin (Linn.), a medicinally im...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose this research work is to determine the antibacterial and antifungal assay of partitioned fractions of S. mombin (Linn) extracts against clinical and environmental isolates. The root, leaf and stem-bark of S. mombin were harvested and air-dried. The dried S. mombin was milled into powdered form using manual grinder. Powdered S. mombin (1...
Article
Nano-sized colloidal carriers represent innovative drug delivery systems, as they allow a targeted and prolonged release of poorly water-soluble drugs, improving their bioavailability and modifying their pharmacokinetic parameters. In this work we describe cyclodextrin-based nanosponges, obtained through polimerization of β-cyclodextrin with diphen...
Article
In this work polymorphs of α-aminobenzylpenicillin (ampicillin), a β-lactamic antibiotic, were prepared and investigated by several experimental and theoretical methods. Amorphous monohydrate and three crystalline forms, the trihydrate, the crystal form I and the crystal form II, were investigated by FT-IR and micro-Raman. Also data obtained by dif...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This research was undertaken in the aim at identifying and getting deeper knowledge into materials and pigments in cosmetics concerning the context of the Phoenician settlements in Sicilian territory. In fact, about the typologies of cosmetics in use among the Phoenicians, little is known. On this subject, generally references come from bibliograph...
Article
The possibility of an endogenous presence of the glucocorticoid prednisolone has already been demonstrated in bovine and horse urine, with the aim of clarifying its origin in this matrix, which is used by official agencies for the control of illicit treatments. From this point of view, the endogenous nature of prednisolone could be a major topic in...
Article
The two known propantheline bromide polymorphs (form I and form II) were studied and characterized by a multianalytical approach. In the present work, the identification of propantheline bromide polymorphic forms through vibrational IR spectroscopies are presented and for the first time Raman microscopy and hot stage Raman microscopy (HSRM) studies...
Article
The global problem of advancing bacterial resistance to newer drugs has led to renewed interest in the use of Chloramphenicol Palmitate (C(27)H(42)Cl(2)N(2)O(6)) [Palmitic acid alpha ester with d-threo-(-),2-dichloro-N-(beta-hydroxy-alpha-(hydroxymethyl)-p-nitrophenethyl)acetamide also known as Detereopal]. The characterization of the three polymor...
Article
In the present work the structural and spectral characteristics of acetazolamide have been studied by methods of infrared, Raman spectroscopy and quantum chemistry. Electrostatic potential surface, optimized geometry, harmonic vibrational frequencies, infrared intensities and activities of Raman scattering were calculated by density functional theo...
Article
Tenofovir (PMPA), an acyclic nucleoside phosphonate analog, is one of the most important drugs used for the HIV treatment. Unfortunately, several adverse reactions are related to its i.v. administration owing to the saturation of an anionic renal transporter. In order to improve the drug administration, the PMPA was embedded into a new type of nano...
Article
Full-text available
Nine black powders found in Pompeii houses in three different types of bronze vessels (cylindrical theca atramentaria, unguentaries, and aryballoi) were characterized in order to assess a correspondence between the composition and the type of vessel and, possibly, to verify if these powders were inks or not. For the compositional characterization,...
Article
A study of the composition of the remains of ancient ointments from museums was undertaken to enable understanding of the preparation techniques. Comparison of ancient recipes from different historical periods and spectroscopic characteristics of inorganic and/or organic remains recovered in museum vessels enabled preparation of ancient pharmaceuti...
Article
Full-text available
Natural organic materials used to prepare pharmaceutical mixtures including ointments and balsams have been characterized by a combined non-destructive spectroscopic analytical approach. Three classes of materials which include vegetable oils (olive, almond and palm tree), gums (Arabic and Tragacanth) and beeswax are considered in this study accord...
Article
Chemical analysis of ancient residues of pharmaceutical or cosmetic preparations such as balms or ointments is made problematic by the high complexity of these mixtures, composed of organic and inorganic materials. Consequently, a multi-analytical approach and special caution in the interpretation of the results are necessary. In order to contribut...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, an acetazolamide vibrational study has been conducted to identify its two known polymorphic forms (A and B). Other techniques, such as Hot-stage and X-ray powder diffraction, have been also reported. Moreover, the thermodynamic and spectroscopic behaviour of ground form A has been investigated. In this study, acetazolamide form A was...
Article
Proper storage conditions of biological samples are fundamental to avoid microbiological contamination that can cause chemical modifications of the target analytes. A simple liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) method through direct injection of diluted samples, without prior extraction, was used to evaluate the stability of ph...
Article
A development of a rapid and sensitive LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous detection of active ingredients of the euthanasic veterinarian drug Tanax mixture is described. The method proposed, with a retention time of few minutes (6 min) was developed for an equine serum sample with solid-phase extraction (S.P.E). This S.P.E. procedure has been rev...
Article
By FT-IR and microRaman spectrometry a large number of black to gray powders have been analysed. The studied remains were found inside Pompeiian unguentaries situated in depository of “Casa Bacco”.By the analytical results it has been possible to understand the different nature and composition of the materials employed in preparation of ancient cos...
Article
The trans isomer of (Z)-2-[p-(1,2-diphenyl-butenyl)phenoxy]-N,N-dimethyletylamine (tamoxifen) is well known for its endocrine activity as an antiestrogenic agent. Its citrate salt, a widely used pharmaceutical agent, appears in three main polymorphic forms, two of which are well known (I and II) and another form not yet well evidenced.A vibrational...
Article
Quantum-chemical descriptors related to proton dissociation constants of a set of coumarins hydroxylated in various positions have been computed and related to the experimental pK(a) values. An excellent correlation was found between the computed deprotonation energies of hydroxycoumarins in water and their experimental pK(a) values, and the result...
Article
A pharmaceutical active compound, chloramphenicol palmitate, appears in three polymorphic forms, that can be observed at room temperature. The stable form A (biologically inactive modification), the meta-stable form B (active modification) and unstable form C were found to have distinct Raman spectra, with bands attributable to the different polymo...
Article
Diabetes is often accompanied by several long-term complications such as neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, cataract and angiopathy; their occurrence has been linked to the modification of the physiological levels of glycaemia. Several interrelated metabolic pathways have been implicated in the toxic effects of glucose; the polyol pathway was on...
Article
High-performance liquid chromatographic methods have been developed for stereoselective separations of terfenadine and its active metabolite fexofenadine. Satisfactory enantioseparations of racemic terfenadine were achieved on a Chiralcel column by normal phase elution. Analysis of racemic fexofenadine, as such, took a very long time and achieved p...
Article
Nitrophenyl derivatives were recently discovered as a new class of ALR2 inhibitors by means of docking and database screening of the National Cancer Institute database of organic molecules. The nitro group was predicted to bind to the Tyr48 and His110 active site residues of the enzyme, the site where acidic ALR2 inhibitors such as carboxylic acids...
Article
Flavonoids are natural substances with a lot of biological activities, including the antioxidant one. Their use in pharmaceutical field is, however, limited by their aqueous insolubility. As the formation of the inclusion complexes can improve their solubility in water, the flavonoids hesperetin, hesperidin, naringenin and naringin have been comple...
Article
The relative binding affinities to human aldose reductase (ALR2) of three new 7-hydroxy-2-benzyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one inhibitors were predicted by free energy perturbation (FEP) simulations. Molecular substitutions were specifically designed to investigate the role of hydrogen bonding at the active site of ALR2. Starting from the lead inhibitor 7-...
Article
Aldose reductase (ALR2) is a target enzyme for the treatment of diabetic complications. Owing to the limited number of currently available drugs for the treatment of diabetic complications, the discovery of new inhibitors of ALR2 that can potentially be optimized as drugs appears highly desirable. In this study, a molecular docking analysis of the...
Article
The formation of inclusion complexes between beta-cyclodextrin with the two beta-blockers, atenolol and celiprolol, have been studied in the aqueous environment and in the solid state by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, X-ray, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. The magnitude of t...
Article
Polymorphs of a compound have solid crystalline phases with different internal crystal lattices; in pharmaceuticals, differences due to polymorphism and pseudopolymorphism can affect bioavailability and effective clinical use. The aim of this work was to obtain the different polymorphic modifications of the anticonvulsant drug, carbamazepine, and t...
Article
Starting from the inhibitory activity of the flavonoid Quercetin, a series of 4H-1-benzopyran-4-one derivatives was synthesized and tested for inhibition of aldose reductase, an enzyme involved in the appearance of diabetic complications. Some of the compounds obtained display inhibitory activity similar to that of Sorbinil but are more selective t...
Article
The isoxazolo-[3,4-d]-pyridazin-7-(6H)-one (2) and its corresponding open derivatives 5-acetyl-4-amino-(4-nitro)-6-substituted-3(2H)pyridazinones (3, 4) were used as simplified substrates for the synthesis of new aldose reductase inhibitors with respect to the previously reported 5, 6-dihydrobenzo[h]cinnolin-3(2H)one-2 acetic acids (1). Moreover, a...
Article
It is well known that the stereoselective actions associated with the enantiomeric constituents of a racemic drug can differ markedly in their pharmacodynamic or pharmacokinetic properties. Nevertheless, molecular chirality manifests itself in the solid, that is, crystalline state. The aim of this work was to characterize the solid-state properties...

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