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María Angeles Galindo-Pellicena

María Angeles Galindo-Pellicena

PhD paleontology
Museo Arqueológico Regional CAM. FGUA (Universidad de Alcalá) Equipo Investigación Atapuerca (UCM-ISCIII)

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62
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511
Citations
Citations since 2016
23 Research Items
333 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050

Publications

Publications (62)
Chapter
Full-text available
El Portalón de Cueva Mayor cave (Atapuerca, Spain) is a settlement site at the entrance of a natural cave. This Holocene archaeological site shows a record of a long archaeological sequence that includes a Chalcolithic occupation starting from 3090 to 2240 cal. BC 2σ. During this phase, different human activities have been identified: habitational...
Article
Full-text available
El Portalón de Cueva Mayor es uno de los yacimientos arqueo-paleontológicos holocenos más importantes de la Meseta Norte y forma parte del complejo kárstico de la Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos). La Edad del Bronce constituye un importante legado arqueo-paleontológico en la región central de la Península Ibérica. En este período se registran la mayor...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence of dog consumption at the El Portalón de Cueva Mayor site (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain) from the Holocene is revealed for the first time. The taxonomical and taphonomical studies of the animal bones from the El Portalón site have been carried out. The morphological and metrical analyses indicate that 130 dog bone remains have been identifie...
Article
Here we report the preliminary results from the 2015–19 s prospecting explorations, excavations, and research from Juan Labranz Cave, a new Quaternary palaeontological deposit rich in mammals that offers information on the faunal context of the southern sub-plateau. This cave is located on the border of the Iberian range, at the Sierra de Valdecabr...
Article
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Resumen Se presentan los resultados del estudio topográfico, antropológico-tafonómico y arqueoastronómico de Bocapu-cheros, un nuevo complejo monumental tumular del Bronce de La Mancha de la comarca Campo de Calatrava, muy próximo al poblado fortificado de La Encantada (Granátula de Calatrava). Los primeros análisis sobre restos humanos identifican...
Article
The interior of the Iberian Peninsula has few Middle Palaeolithic sites, especially when compared to other areas of the Mediterranean Basin and the northern Spanish region. Few in number too are the zooarchaeological and taphonomic studies that throw light on the relationships between Neanderthal groups, their environment, and the use they made of...
Article
El Portalón de Cueva Mayor located in the UNESCO World Heritage Centre of Atapuerca, is a unique reference Late Prehistory archaeological site in the Iberian Peninsula, covering some 7 kyr of Holocene occupations. Herein we present the study of lipid residue analyses from 108 pottery sherds coupled with faunal kill-off patterns from the Neolithic,...
Article
Full-text available
The Chalcolithic levels of El Portalón de Cueva Mayor (Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain) offer a good opportunity to test whether the small-mammal contents of different archaeo-stratigraphical units may be useful to characterize them as independent entities. With that purpose, we studied representative samples of small-mammal remains from the two main cont...
Article
Full-text available
En los últimos años revistas científicas han publicado diversos estudios (cerámica, metal, material lítico, etc.) sobre Castillejo del Bonete. Este trabajo presenta datos inéditos sobre la industria ósea, micro y macromamíferos encontrados en este yacimiento. La industria elaborada sobre materia dura de origen animal está constituida principalmente...
Article
Rodents are a very useful tool in reconstructing the environment of the past, especially owing to their rapid response to climate change, their small home range, and their restricted habitat requirements. They are a highly diverse group of mammals, which have high reproduction rates and as a result can evolve rapidly. The abundance of their microfo...
Article
The discrimination of wild and domestic forms of animals is crucial to understanding the subsistence strategy of a site's inhabitants. In this study, a metrical analysis was carried out for the taxonomical identification of Bos taurus and Bos primigenius. Abundant bovine bone remains have been recovered from the El Portalón site's Neolithic, Chalco...
Article
Full-text available
The taxonomic identification of large bovine remains in archaeological and palaeontological sites is important in order to infer the palaeoenvironment of these sites and to know if their inhabitants were hunters of Bos or Bison. Their presence may also have biostratigraphic or archaeozoological implications. Although the petrous bone is one of the...
Article
The main objectives of this work are to distinguish the wild and domestic form of Sus from the Metal Age at the El Portalón site, to determine the osteometric variation within the suid population in the habitat context found in the different levels of the El Portalón site, in comparison with the change in pig size from the Neolithic to the Iron Age...
Article
The population history of the Iberian wild goat and the Alpine ibex has been closely related to that of humans since the Palaeolithic. Current molecular and paleontological studies differ substantially on the phylogenetic origin of the European wild goats, possibly due the loss of genetic variation through time. We investigated the phylogenetic rel...
Article
Full-text available
The Eurasian beaver, Castor fiber is known from the Pleistocene in Europe, although there are references to the presence of the genus Castor since the Miocene, ca. 10 Ma. Beavers are present in the Iberian Peninsula since the Pliocene, though the first appearance of Castor fiber took place in the Early Pleistocene levels of the localities of the Si...
Chapter
Cut marks provide direct evidence of faunal exploitation by humans. Several variables regulate the cut mark’s micromorphology. One of them is the material of the blade edge. 3D microscopy is used to discern which material was used to make each cut mark. This method has advantages over traditional methodologies (Scanning Electronic Microscope or len...
Article
Full-text available
The taxonomic identification of Capra hircus and Capra pyrenaica, from bone remains, is essential in order to be able to infer a prehistoric society’s subsistence strategy. Although osteometry is the criterion that is typically used to distinguish both of these species, Sarrión (1988) also defined morphological characteristics for distinguishing th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The karst dolomite hill of Calvero de la Higuera (Pinilla del Valle, Comunidad de Madrid, Spain) is extraordinarily rich in sites that were occupied by hominids and carnivores. Signs abound that Homo neanderthalensis used the area’s caves and rockshelters as camps, and that these structures also provided dens for hyaenas (Crocuta crocuta) [1]. The...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fossil evidence of Neanderthals during MIS3 in central Spain is rather scarce. Until now, the few remains from Los Casares Cave, Jarama VI site and Los Torrejones Cave constituted the bony record for this species in this region for this period. Recently, two Neanderthal teeth were recovered in Buena Pinta cave, a site discovered in 2003 situated in...
Article
Full-text available
Este trabajo estudia la amplia colección cerámica de la Edad del Bronce recuperada en El Portalón de Cueva Mayor (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos). La muestra procede de tres intervenciones arqueológicas modernas cuyos resultados se resumen aquí, por primera vez, de manera conjunta, sintetizando los caracteres sedimentarios y culturales ofrecidos por l...
Article
Although the Iberian Peninsula has been proposed as a possible focus of horse domestication during the Metal Age, zooarchaeological evidence of this process is scarce due to the very reduced samples of horses found at sites from this period. In this context, El Portalón from Cueva Mayor (Atapuerca Mountain Range, Burgos, Spain) is one of the most i...
Article
The management of cattle livestock in a prehistoric society is relevant to approach to the subsistence strategies and the economy of their inhabitants. In this study, 667 bone remains of Bos taurus of Chalcolithic from El Portalón site have been identified. The kill-off pattern indicates a mixed exploitation, with calves slaughtered to obtain the m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El estudio del manejo del ganado vacuno en las sociedades prehistóricas es relevante para inferir las estrategias de subsistencia y la economía de los habitantes. En este trabajo se presenta el análisis zooarqueológico y el estudio de las patologías de los bovinos del Calcolítico, Bronce Inicial y Medio del yacimiento de El Portalón. En los tres ni...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El Portalón de Cueva Mayor, es una de las entradas actuales al sistema kárstico Cueva Mayor-Cueva del Silo situado en la Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos, España). Se trata de un importante yacimiento arqueológico, con predominio de cronología holocena, excavado desde los años 70. La presencia de una importante colección de industria ósea realizada tant...
Article
This work presents the results from the excavation of a multiple burial in a pseudo-tumular structure constructed in the Cueva Mayor cave in the Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos), specifically focusing on the entrance of this cave in an area known as El Portalón archaeological site. We recovered the skeletal remains of a minimum of eight individuals fro...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we analyze the set of Bronze Age bone tools recovered at the archaeological site of El Portalón of CuevaMayor in the Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos). The Bronze Age cultural period is the best represented in the cavity and its study has forced us to unify the different excavation and stratigraphical criteria undertaken from the earliest...
Article
In this paper we analyze the set of Bronze Age bone tools recovered at the archaeological site of El Portalón of Cueva Mayor in the Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos). The Bronze Age cultural period is the best represented in the cavity and its study has forced us to unify the different excavation and stratigraphical criteria undertaken from the earliest...
Article
Full-text available
El Portalón of Cueva Mayor is one of the present-day entrances to the Cueva Mayor-Cueva del Silo karst system located in the Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos, Spain). It is an important archaeological site with extended Holocene occupation which has been subjected to a number of excavations since the nineteen seventies. From its significant collection o...
Article
Castillejo del Bonete es un complejo tumular situado en el borde meridional de la Meseta Ibérica, ocupado en fechas calcolíticas y de la Edad del Bronce, vinculado a la Cultura de las Motillas. Materiales arqueológicos muy diversos han sido recuperados asociados a las arquitecturas del lugar (túmulos, corredores, potentes muros, etc.). Se presenta...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo es la aproximación a la gestión del ganado ovicaprino en los niveles del Calcolítico y Bronce del yacimiento de El Portalón (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos)a partir del análisis zooarqueológico y tafonómico de los restos óseos de las ovejas y cabras. En el nivel calcolítico de El Portalón la explotación de esta cabaña ganad...
Article
Full-text available
The extant Cabrera’s vole, Microtus cabrerae, differs in morphology and evolutionary history from the other species of Microtus. This arvicoline has unique, derived features in the cranium, mandible and dentition. Probably its most conspicuous features are its large size, the high skull in lateral view, the long and distally broad nasals, and the t...
Chapter
The aim of this work is to determine the nature of products obtained through the exploitation of domestic sheep and goat that were recovered from the Chalcolithic and Bronze Age levels of the Portalón site (Atapuerca Hill, Burgos, Spain). The data will be evaluated within the context of the changes in domestic stock exploitation observed between Ne...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The extant beaver, genus Castor is present in Eurasia since the Miocene. It is at the present time, the unique representative of a previously more diverse rodent family, the Castoridae, that appeared during the lower Oligocene, being restricted to the Northerm Hemisphere. The oldest record of Castor in Spain, Castor sp., is from the Ruscinian of th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The horse has played an important role in the prehistoric societies along the time. During the Paleolithic the horse was frequently hunted and consumed by man. In the Iberian Peninsula, the horse was a common element at the end of the Late Pleistocene, after which there was a long period during the Early Holocene when sites containing horse remains...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The main goal of this work is to introduce the archaeological characteristics of a collective burial excavated in the level 7/8 from “El Portalón de Cueva Mayor” site (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos). The radiocarbon dating for this funerary level, obtained from seed, faunal and human remains, indicates dates of4350 ± 30 BP. This, together with the ty...
Conference Paper
Appropiate identification of goat remains at an archaeological site provides important information about the structure and behaviour (subsistence strategies) of ancient human societies. Traditionally, Iberian wild goats (Capra pyrenaica) and domestic goats (Capra hircus) have been differentiated using biometric criteria whereas morphological identi...
Article
Full-text available
The extant Cabrera's vole, Microtus cabrerae, differs in morphology and evolutionary history from the other species of Microtus. This arvicoline has unique, derived features in the cranium, mandible and dentition. Probably its most conspicuous features are its large size, the high skull in lateral view, the long and distally broad nasals, and the t...
Article
Full-text available
Los micromamíferos (Rodentia, Soricomorpha, Erinaceomorfa, Lagomorpha y Chiroptera) del Pleistoceno Medio de la Covacha de los Zarpazos (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, España). Small mammals (Rodentia, Soricomorpha, Erinaceomorpha, Lagomorpha and Chiroptera) from the Middle Pleistocene of the Covacha de los Zarpazos (Atapuerca Hill, Burgos, Spain). R...
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Resumen La cabra montesa ibérica (Capra pyrenaica, Schinz 1838) es un endemismo de la Península Ibérica que en los últimos siglos ha sufrido la pérdida de dos de sus cuatro subespecies (C .pyrenaica pyrenaica y C. pyrenaica lusitanica, actualmente extintas, C. pyrenaica hispanica y C. pyrenaica victoriae). La taxonomía para esta especie, al igual q...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen La cabra montesa ibérica (Capra pyrenaica, Schinz 1838) es un endemismo de la Península Ibérica que en los últimos siglos ha sufrido la pérdida de dos de sus cuatro subespecies (C .pyrenaica pyrenaica y C. pyrenaica lusitanica, actualmente extintas, C. pyrenaica hispanica y C. pyrenaica victoriae). La taxonomía para esta especie, al igual q...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents part of the bone industry collection recovered from the site of Portalón at Cueva Mayor, located in the Sierra de Atapuerca. Pointed bones type objects have been specifically analyzed. These objects have divided into several types, placing them in chronological and cultural context. This set has been classified as Final Chalcoli...
Article
Full-text available
Thousands of fossils of small vertebrates are recorded in one of the most complete stratigraphic sequences of the continental European Pleistocene, in the Sierra de Atapuerca. This sequence, with a few interruptions, spans the last 1.5 million years. The stratigraphic series is recorded in six karstic cavities in the Sierra de Atapuerca. From the o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study presents a taxonomic and anatomical analysis of 404 faunal remains that were excavated and identified during the 2007-2008 field seasons from El Portalón site in Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain. These faunal remains were recovered from an in situ level corresponding to the transition stratum between the Early Bronze and Chalcolithic periods (le...

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