Maria Gabriella Campolo

Maria Gabriella Campolo
Università degli Studi di Messina | UNIME · Dipartimento di economia

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47
Publications
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123
Citations

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic introduced changes in people's lives that affected their mental health. Our study aimed to explore the level of psychological distress in the academic population during the lockdown period and investigate its association with the new working or studying conditions. The study sample included 9364 students and 2159 employees fro...
Chapter
The growing aging of the population and the recent Covid-19 pandemic pose new challenges to the tourism industry. If, on the one hand, the senior tourism market, following an improvement in the living conditions and quality of life, a greater disposable income, and amount of free time, represents one of the most promising markets in the next future...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has produced an extensive aggravation of people’s anxiety level. Different policies aimed at fighting the spread of the virus could affect anxiety in various ways. We built an ad hoc web-based survey, administered to the student population of three Italian universities at the beginning of the pandemic and at one year’s distanc...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the vulnerability of specific population sections, with regards to economic and work conditions, mental and physical well-being, and context-based factors, emphasizing the need for timely policy measures aimed at counteracting the Italian economic framework’s fragility—which poorly adapts to unexpected circumst...
Article
In this article, we describe the mlcar command, which implements a maximum likelihood method to simultaneously estimate the regression coefficients of a two-regime endogenous switching model and the coefficient measuring the correlation of outcomes between the two regimes. This coefficient, known as the “across-regime” correlation parameter, is gen...
Article
Full-text available
Using Italian data on the Use of Time, in this study we analysed the influence of the bargaining process between partners on the allocation of intra-household labour after the retirement of the male partner. Adopting an appropriate procedure to identify the effect of women's bargaining power, we found that men’s propensity to retire increased if wo...
Article
Full-text available
Access to the Italian job market is undermined by several kinds of discrimination influencing the opportunities for individuals to obtain a job. In this study, we analyze together the impact of three of the most relevant kinds of discrimination operating in the Italian labor market: gender, race, and weight. Our aim is to assess whether gender and...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: This article deals with the impact of ethnic origin on individual employability, focussing on the first stage of the hiring process. Deeply, the authors' goal is to fathom whether there is a preference for native job candidates over immigrants, decomposing the discrimination against minority groups into its statistical and taste-based comp...
Conference Paper
Using Italian data from the Time Use Survey (Istat), in this study we analyse the influence of the retirement of the male partner on the housework time of the woman in Italy. As a novelty, our ML estimation of the across-regime correlation parameter, obtained applying a Two-Regime Switching model, allows us to better interpret the relationship betw...
Article
Full-text available
The results of previous studies on the effect of childbearing on both parents’ paid and unpaid work suffer from the difficulty related to the specification of latent variables that influence the relationship between reproductive behaviour of the couple and working activity. The aim of this study is to estimate the effect of transition to parenthood...
Article
Full-text available
Il tasso di letalità associato al nuovo Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 in Italia è attualmente il più alto al mondo. Tasso di letalità che molti studiosi affermano essere irreale. La difficoltà nel conoscere esattamente il numero dei contagiati comporta una stima della letalità basata soltanto sui pazienti effettivamente confermati a seguito del tampone, i...
Article
Full-text available
The growing presence of Sicilian sustainable wine has pushed the research group to investigate and analyse the consumers' behaviour and their potential willingness to pay a premium price for the wine obtained through sustainable production processes. The analysis of the consumer's behaviour towards the wine made with sustainable production methods...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies indicate that the manner in which children spend their time affects their cognitive and social development. But, the time that a child dedicates to compulsory and extra-curricular activities depends on a set of key factors such as family demographic and economic characteristics, social and behavioral norms, and how parents allocate...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this study we aim to evaluate how the status of citizenship, for the immigrants in Italy, influences their job satisfaction and perception of well-being. To this end, analysing the Eusilc-Italy data, we try to disentangle the effect of discrimination due to the citizenship status from the effect of the individual skills and socio-demographic cha...
Chapter
The traditional matching methods for the estimation of the treatment parameters are often affected by selectivity bias due to the endogenous joint influence of latent factors on the assignment to treatment and on the outcome, especially in a cross-sectional framework. In this study, we show that the influence of unobserved factors involves a cross-...
Chapter
Full-text available
Access to Italian job market is characterized by a strong degree of discrimination. In this study, we analyze three kinds of discrimination together: gender, race and weight, in order to investigate whether gender and race increase or decrease the impact of weight-based discrimination. To do so, we sent fictitious résumés including photos of either...
Article
Full-text available
The traditional matching methods for the estimation of treatment parameters are often affected by selectivity bias due to the endogenous joint influence of latent factors on the assignment to treatment and on the outcome, especially in a cross-sectional framework. In this study, we show that the influence of unobserved factors involves a cross-corr...
Article
Full-text available
Types of discrimination are usually distinguished by economic theory in statistical and taste-based. Using a correspondence experiment, we analyze which of the two affects Italian labor market the most. In this respect, we studied the difference in discrimination reserved to first- and second-generation immigrants, taking gender differences into ac...
Chapter
Full-text available
“Non essere italiano dalla nascita rappresenta un ostacolo per trovare un lavoro, o un lavoro adeguato, per il 36,2% degli stranieri e il 22% dei naturalizzati” (Istat, 2015). Questi sono alcuni tra i maggiori risultati emersi dall’approfondimento tematico sull’integrazione di stranieri e naturalizzati nel mercato del lavoro, condotto dall’ISTAT ne...
Conference Paper
The estimation of the effect of retirement of one of the partners on the couple’s labour division may suffer of lack of robustness as a consequence of misspecification of the latent bargaining process between partners. In this study, using Italian Time Use data, we provide a correction of the effect of the latent influence of bargaining on estimate...
Article
Purpose Lack of robustness of findings characterizes the empirical studies about the effect of the transition to parenthood on partners’ labour division. In this analysis, we aim to solve these problems through the conjoint use of methodological instruments of regression analysis, allowing us to correct for the effects of omitted variables Design/...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper deals with the impact of ethnic origin on individual's employability, stressing the first stage of the hiring process. We studied whether there is a preference for Italian candidates over foreigners and, if so, whether it depends on gender, type of work, education and/or level of customer contact required. To do so, we collected data thr...
Chapter
Full-text available
The estimation of the effect of retirement of one of the partners on the couple's labour division may suffers of lack of robustness as a consequence of misspecification of the latent bargaining process between partners. In this study, using Italian Time Use data, we provide a correction of the effect of the latent influence of bargaining on estimat...
Chapter
The paper analyzes the impact of life course events, and in particular of parenthood, on the paid and unpaid working activity of dual-earner couples in Italy. To this purpose, we use the panel dataset provided by the 2003--2007 Istat Multipurpose Survey. To correct misspecification due to unobserved variables, we adopt a difference-in-differences s...
Chapter
Full-text available
The estimation of the effect of retirement of one (among) of the partners on couple’s labour division is often affected by the misspecification of the bargaining process between partners. In this study, using Italian Time Use data, we perform a matching estimator to compare working activity of women who experienced the retirement of the partner and...
Article
The effect of retirement on couple’s labour division has been investigated using cross-sectional and longitudinal data, providing, however, contradictory results. This may be due to the difficulty of specifying the influence of latent factors, such as gender ideology or the bargaining process between partners. The risk of misspecification may be pa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The extended and revised version was published in Child Indicators Research, 12(3), 821-845 "Children’s Use of Time and Well-Being in Italy Journal" DOI 10.1007/s12187-018-9567-y. Several studies show that the way in which children spend their time affects their cognitive and social development (Harding, 1997; Hofferth and Sandberg, 2001) and to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The estimation of the effect of retirement of one (among) of the partners on couple's labour division is often affected by the misspecification of the bargaining process between partners. In this study, using Italian Time Use data, we perform a matching estimator to compare working activity of women who experienced the retirement of the partner and...
Chapter
Full-text available
A Difference-in-Differences estimation procedure of market and domestic work of both partners is adopted to study the changes in the allocation of market and domestic work among Italian married or cohabiting adults in their 50s and 60s after the retirement of man. Estimation results allow us to evaluate how much men increase their commitment in dom...
Chapter
Full-text available
The effect of transition to parenthood on the labour division of Italian couples is estimated adopting a Difference-in-Differences specification of simultaneous equations of paid and unpaid work. In addition, a cluster-based classification of couples is provided to identify the influence of gender and familistic beliefs on partners’ division of...
Data
Full-text available
The empirical analysis of the intra-household allocation of time in Italy has been greatly developed in the last decade. The literature suggests that female labour market participation in Italy is lower than in other European countries; conversely, the contribution in terms of domestic work and childcare by Italian men is very low. Studies found th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The empirical analysis of the intra-household allocation of time in Italy has been greatly developed in the last decade. The literature suggests that female labour market participation in Italy is lower than in other European countries; conversely, the contribution in terms of domestic work and childcare by Italian men is very low. Studies found th...
Chapter
Full-text available
Abstract The aim of this study is to assess the gender attitudes influence on the partners’ allocation of both paid and unpaid work hours when they experienced the transition to parenthood. To this purpose, we use a cluster-based classification of couples according to gender attitudes. The classification gives dummies that are added as explanatory...
Article
Full-text available
Empirical studies show that misspecification of the married (or cohabiting) women's labour supply equation may produce inefficient wage-elasticity estimates. In order to reduce the variability of these estimates, we suggest a new approach based on instrumental variables given by the economic value of the domestic unpaid-work of women. Using Italian...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the vulnerability of specific population sections, with regards to economic and work conditions, mental and physical well-being, and context-based factors, emphasizing the need of timely policy measures aimed at counteracting the Italian economic framework’s fragility – which poorly adapts to unexpected circumstances. Identifying the most vulnerable groups is therefore essential with a view to carrying out targeted measures. Concerning University, the economic downturn caused by COVID-19 could likely result in a decrease in enrollments to both the first and further years of study, with significant consequences on the future of students and the system as a whole. The class of students is of great interest, as it is made up of individuals differing from each other in many ways. Suffice it to think about differences between on-site and off-site students, or between full-time and working students. The identification of the most vulnerable groups is essential to tackle inequalities in economic, well-being, and digital terms. In the present phase, we intend to develop an index that identifies the key risk factors, classifying university students according to their vulnerability level. The vulnerability index can be a guiding tool for policy interventions, to be applied in the case of another pandemic or any other emergency situation that implies the impossibility of reaching the sites where education takes place. The definition of such interventions will be the subject of the second phase of the project. In terms of policy actions, the results of this project can provide useful knowledge about the actual conditions of Italian students. In order to develop the composite indicator of vulnerability, we will use data from an ad hoc questionnaire, already administered to the students of the three universities (Messina, Udine and Politecnica delle Marche) during the lockdown. The gathered evidence concerns demographic, economic, labor, context-based, on-line teaching, time use, and psychological well-being features. Further waves will allow for the assessment of the effective impact of the pandemic on students’ academic careers, lifestyles, and on the economic and labor conditions.
Project
The traditional matching methods for the estimation of the treatment parameters are often affected by selectivity bias due to the endogenous joint influence of latent factors on the assignment to treatment and on the outcome. In this study, we show that the influence of unobserved factors involves a cross-correlation between the endogenous components of the propensity scores and causal effects. A correction for the effects of this correlation on matching results leads to a reduction of bias. We apply this correction in the estimation of the effect of retirement of man on the division of housework in the Italian couples, using the cross-sectional Time Use data provided by Istat. A sensitivity analysis is also provided to check the robustness of our findings.