Maria Eduarda Gonçalves

Maria Eduarda Gonçalves
ISCTE-Instituto Universitário de Lisboa | ISCTE · DINÂMIA'CET-IUL - Centre for socioeconomic and territorial studies

PhD in Law (Doctorat d'Etat en Droit)

About

75
Publications
13,609
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Introduction
Doctorat d'Etat en Droit, Université de Nice. LL.M Harvard Law School. Professor of public law at ISCTE – Lisbon University Institute (ISCTE-IUL). Researcher at Dinâmia’Cet – IUL, Centre for socioeconomic and territorial studies of ISCTE – IUL. Director of this research unit from june 2013 to june 2016. Main areas of research are: information technology law; economic law; law of the sea; social studies of science and technology; risk regulation.
Additional affiliations
February 2014 - present
ISCTE-Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Education
September 1984 - June 1985
Harvard University
Field of study
  • Law
September 1977 - May 1979
Faculté de Droit et de Sciences Économiques, Université de Nice
Field of study
  • Law
September 1969 - February 1975
Faculdade de Direito, Universidade de Lisboa
Field of study
  • Law

Publications

Publications (75)
Chapter
Full-text available
As mudanças socioeconómicas e nas relações de poder impulsionadas pelas tecnologias digitais apelam a um novo momento constituinte, um "constitucionalismo digital", que permita responder à necessidade de adaptar às realidades da era digital quer o regime d os direitos fundamentais, quer o controlo dos poderes. A rápida expansão dos usos do ciberesp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
O presente artigo centra-se na análise de um processo de decisão pública que se desenrolou em Portugal em meados dos anos 90 do século XX envolvendo um dilema comum: como conciliar a edificação de uma obra pública considerada de valia económica e social - no caso, uma barragem hidroelétrica - com a também valiosa proteção do ambiente e do patrimóni...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, a growing body of research has discussed and illustrated the so-called deliberative speak ‐ or how, despite representatives of the expert-political system agreeing with public participation in decision-making processes, in practice effective public participation barely occurs. To address this, new governing tools have recently be...
Article
Full-text available
The first broad reform of personal data protection legislation in the European Union entered into force in May 2018 (Regulation (EU) 2016/ 679, the General Data Protection Regulation). Remarkably, with this reform a risk-based approach has been introduced as the core data protection enforcement model, while data protection authorities see their reg...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMO Autores têm apontado para como os processos de participação institucionalizados poderão não ser verdadeiramente participativos. Este estudo analisa factores estruturais condicionantes destes processos, tendencialmente esquecidos nos estudos sobre a participação no âmbito da Psicologia Social, através de análise exploratória das sessões de Or...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A Convenção das Nações Unidas sobre o Direito do Mar (CNUDM), de 1982, em vigor desde 1994, foi a seu tempo inovadora e mesmo visionária. Decorridas mais de três décadas sobre a aprovação, é importante colocá-la em perspetiva. É o que se procura realizar neste texto, à luz da nova agenda do desenvolvimento sustentável.
Article
Full-text available
How healthcare is being administered is nowadays one of the distinctive traits expressing the progress of a given society. The steadfast implementation of e-health services has become an indispensable tool in order to bring the provision of healthcare to the next level. Notwithstanding e-health's actual and promising applications, e-health hinges o...
Article
Full-text available
As the first broad reform of the EU data protection legislation is being achieved, and notwithstanding EU institutions’ confident discourse, scepticism remains about the reform’s ability to safeguard the fundamental right to data protection in the face of evolving data processing techniques underlying so-called big data. Yet, one might wonder wheth...
Article
As the first broad reform of the EU data protection legislation is being achieved, and notwithstanding EU institutions’ confident discourse, scepticism remains about the reform’s ability to safeguard the fundamental right to data protection in the face of evolving data processing techniques underlying so-called ‘big data’. Yet, one might wonder whe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this article, we examine key features of the new EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in the light of implications of big data technologies. We will focus specifically on the original regulatory approaches introduced by the GDPR relying on risk assessment and management and on self-defense by Internet users, seeking to interpret them in...
Data
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Data
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Article
The Treaty of Lisbon introduced the term ‘values’ in EU primary law. This development coincided with the granting to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the same legal force as the Treaties. The question remains, though, how the prominence of values is actually shaping EU law and policy. This paper critically appraises the ways that certain values...
Book
Estas lições procuram corresponder às exigências atuais da disciplina de Direito Económico. Daí o relevo dado à dimensão europeia da ordem jurídica da economia em Portugal, bem como a domínios que hoje assumem papel decisivo na sua regulação e configuração (v.g. a ordem monetária e financeira, as relações de concorrência e de cooperação entre as em...
Book
Full-text available
O livro é uma publicação resultante dos colóquios luso-brasileiros, uma experiência de três anos de estudos e cooperação, cuja organização esteve a cargo das Faculdades de Direito e de Letras da UPorto e do centro de investigação CETAC.MEDIA, contando também com a colaboração do Programa de Pós-graduação Justiça Administrativa (PPGJA-UFF) e do Núcl...
Article
In recent years, the reinforcement of security policies alongside the expansion of information systems for law enforcement and crime prevention entailed growing restrictions to personal data protection principles and procedural rights in the European Union. This paper seeks to elucidate this trend, while matching it with an EU institutional discour...
Article
This article considers public decision involving conflicting values and interests by presenting a case (Portugal, 1990s) where the construction of a dam already under way following an Environmental Impact Assessment procedure (EIA) was abandoned in order to preserve prehistoric rock engravings. The Foz Côa case illustrates the methodologies current...
Chapter
Full-text available
In 2007, Parliament approved a new University Framework Law which replaced the University Autonomy Act of 1988. Based mainly on parliamentary debates, this chapter reviews and compares the Acts of 1988 and 2007. It traces the main changes in the mission of the university and the institutional conditions for accomplishing it. University autonomy is...
Article
The adoption of the Treaty of Lisbon and the granting to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the same legal force as the Treaty has lent a new impulse to the consideration of fundamental human rights by the European Union (EU). The question remains, however, as to how this legal discourse, centred upon human rights, is actually shaping the EU regu...
Article
Full-text available
The protection of personal data was first addressed in the European Community by Directive 95/46/CE. This Directive sought to reconcile personal data protection with the free movement of information in the Internal Market. The processing of personal data in the areas of security policy and police and judicial cooperation was excluded from the Direc...
Article
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The response to the financial crises that presently distress several European countries has favoured austerity policies relying on cuts of public expenditure and higher taxes. In Portugal, the current crisis has also justified the so-called “structural reforms” involving privatisations in strategic domains and disinvestment in the public educationa...
Article
The expression “risk regulation” conveys the idea of normalisation of the way in which the State deals with the problems raised by risk, through rules, institutions and procedures set up to either prevent risk or manage it once it materialises. It must be conceded, however, that there is a tension between risk regulation (understood as a means of b...
Presentation
Full-text available
Project: The Landscape and Isobars of European Values in Relation to Science and New Technology (Value Isobars) EU Project number: 230557. Deliverable 2.
Article
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In recent years, the introduction of the notions of dialogue and participation in European Union (EU) institutions' discourse concerning science policy signals a change in both the vision of the sciences and of the science-society relation, not unrelated to the EU strategy to improve its legitimacy through the democratic implication of citizens in...
Article
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In recent years, the political authorities in Portugal have increasingly drawn on scientific expertise in matters of public policy. Yet, this trend appears to be less a consequence of European-driven influences than an expedient to respond to difficulties in legitimising political decisions in particular around environmental or health risk. Based o...
Article
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INTRODUÇÃO As sociedades contemporâneas têm sido caracterizadas em função da omnipresença do risco. Dos problemas sociais, como a toxicodependência e o desemprego, às aplicações financeiras, das catástrofes naturais aos aciden-tes rodoviários, dos impactos ambientais à insegurança dos sistemas infor-máticos, a noção de risco é regularmente invocada...
Article
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The point of departure for this paper is that it is desirable to complement the economically oriented theoretical perspectives of innovation studies with other streams of social science within wider issues, including the risk society and new modes of governance, as they have an impact on the performance and patterns of the innovation system. The pa...
Article
The main objective of this paper is to analyse scientific culture as a new policy issue in Portugal, against the background of recent trends in the area of studies called Public Understanding of Science (PUS). We begin by drawing a brief historical overview of the PUS area, and of the Portuguese case in particular. We proceed to examine the relatio...
Article
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In contrast to civil and political rights, and to economic and social rights, which have been constructed and guaranteed within the framework of the nation-state, the new rights that aim to respond to opportunities and risks arising from new information and communication technologies, biotechnologies or, more generally, technology-based industrial...
Article
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There is a widespread belief that a dichotomy exists between northern and southern European countries with respect to environmental policy leadership. This paper attempts to analyse some of the factors which underlie the so-called Mediterranean syndrome in environmental policy and legislation in the light of two case studies on the application of E...
Article
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There is a widespread belief that a dichotomy exists between northern and southern European countries with respect to environmental policy leadership. This paper attempts to analyse some of the factors which underlie the so-called Mediterranean syndrome in environmental policy and legislation in the light of two case studies on the application of E...
Book
Full-text available
Estudo Introdutório Tratado de Nice Conclusões da Presidência do Conselho Europeu de Nice Carta dos Direitos Fundamentais da União Europeia
Article
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This article provides a comparative analysis of the contents of two parliamentary hearings on BSE carried out in Portugal in 1993 and 1996 as instances of interaction between science and politics. One question to be addressed is the extent to which relationships between science and politics in Portugal as a so-called "semiperipheral society" differ...
Article
In the mid-1980s, as a result of pressure from the national scientific community and the influence of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's 1984 science and technology policy review, science was introduced into the Portuguese political agenda. A Framework Law and a series of institutional reforms were the most visible signs of...
Article
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Studies on the relationship between science, technology and public policy have predominantly focused on the advanced industrialised countries. This article provides an overview and interpretation of the evolution of science policy in Portugal—a relatively less industrialised and a peripheral European country with a number of contrasting features wi...
Article
In spite of the EC supranational character, the system is strongly marked by the presence of States eager to exercise their influence at all stages of decision-making, including the formation of the European Commission's proposals. In this context, opportunities for independent scientific debate and for consensus among experts are hampered, with th...
Article
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Conference Paper
Full-text available
I present here a general review of some relevant features of Parts XII1 (Marine scientific research), XIV (Development and Transfer of Marine Technology) and XI (The Area) of the Convention on the Law of the Sea, taking especially into account the consideration given in the respective provisions to the creation of conditions for a reinforcement of...
Article
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Ours is a society that has relied since the Enlightenment era on a wide belief in science as a 'good' within it. The same can be said for technology. Modern ideology saw science as the road to truth and technology as a source of growth and welfare. There is no doubt that faith in technology has eroded in recent years as rapid and profound changes p...