María del Mar Barbero-Barrera

María del Mar Barbero-Barrera
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid | UPM · Departamento de Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónicas

PhD

About

44
Publications
18,185
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389
Citations
Citations since 2016
32 Research Items
367 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080

Publications

Publications (44)
Article
In search of compatible materials to speed up the strength and carbonation in lime mortars, nanoparticles show significant potential. This research explores the mechanical and physical characteristics of air lime mortars with silica sand and two types of dispersions based on nanoportlandite (nP) and nanosilica (nS) used as additions according to di...
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Natural events continue to take a heavy toll on human lives. Added to this are the challenge of dynamic at-risk settings, uncertainty, and increasing threats, which demand holistic, flexible, and quickly adaptable solutions. In this context, mobile applications are strongly emerging as communication tools that can assist in disaster reduction. Yet,...
Article
The characterization of both surface and subsurface pathologies (position, depth, width,...) that affects the porous materials used in building constructions, once in service, is important to establish the most suitable intervention strategy. In this sense, the use of non-destructive techniques allows the analysis of different properties without af...
Article
In this paper, ‎morphological, physico-chemical and thermal properties investigations‎ are carried out for a ‎novel ‎composite material reinforced by Washingtonia Filifera (WF) palm fibers using a 20 weight (wt) % loading rate. The experimental analysis by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) shows the longitudinal roughness of the surface, which pla...
Article
Conserving historical heritage sites is fundamental for preserving cultural identity. Effective interventions require building damage to be pre-detected. Because stone masonry is one of the most globally prevalent building techniques, diagnosing building deterioration is pivotal for conserving heritage sites. Non-destructive tests (NDTs) provide ne...
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The improvement of energy efficiency in buildings is pivotal for mitigating climate change and its repercussions on weather patterns, such as raised average temperatures and extreme weather events, which are expected to become an increasingly frequent occurrence. In addition, it is continuously impacting ecosystems and causing biodiversity loss thr...
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More than 124 million tons of oranges are consumed in the world annually. Transformation of orange fruit generates a huge quantity of waste, largely composed of peels. Some attempts to reuse by-products derived from citrus waste have been proposed for energy production, nutrient source or pharmaceutical, food and cosmetic industries. However, their...
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Achieving the best energy performance has become an important goal. The European Union has consequently developed legislative measures that introduce the concepts of nearly zero-energy buildings and cost-effectiveness during life-cycle. We use these concepts, looking for the design of energy-efficient wineries, while reducing wine production costs....
Article
La frecuencia de eventos climáticos extremos, derivados del cambio climático, ha aumentado en las últimas décadas. Guatemala, Costa Rica y Nicaragua son tres de los países con mayor vulnerabilidad debido a la combinación de factores climáticos junto con los sociales y económicos. Aprovechando el impulso dado a la digitalización, en muchas áreas en...
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Local production of construction materials is a valuable tool for improving the building sector sustainability. In this sense, the use of lignocellulosic fibers from local species becomes an interesting alternative to the development of such materials. As it is thought that the properties of fiber-based materials are dependent on the fibers propert...
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Construction materials and systems for the thermal building envelope have played a key role in the improvement of energy efficiency in buildings. Urban heat islands together with the upcoming rising global temperature demand construction solutions that are adapted to the specific microclimate conditions. These circumstances are even more dramatic i...
Conference Paper
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Pandemic caused by the covid-19 disease brought as a consequence a confinement that prevented the continuation of visits to building sites of the 4th year of the Grade in Foundations of Architecture. To solve this problem, three different virtual methodologies were implemented. The first one consisted in elaboration of construction specifications o...
Article
Earthen construction is an alternative construction method that allows for the reduction of the embodied energy of building materials and the promotion of sustainability in the construction sector. Among the different earthen building techniques available, compressed earth blocks offer a remarkable potential for industrialisation. Due to the drawba...
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La pandemia provocada por la enfermedad del covid-19 trajo como consecuencia un confinamiento que impidió seguir con las visitas a obra de la asignatura Taller de visitas a obra de 4º curso del Grado en Fundamentos de la Arquitectura. Para solucionarlo se implementaron 3 metodologías diferentes de carácter virtual. La primera consistió en la elabor...
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Water hyacinth (WH) or Eichhornia crassipes is one of the 100 most dangerous invasive species in the world. Currently, WH has enormous negative impacts on various ecosystems, and its eradication poses a seemingly impossible challenge. Physical extraction has been found to be an adequate process for controlling the spread of WH, but sustainable wast...
Article
This research presents a novel approach based on the combination of nanotechnology and Roman technology by investigating how adding nanoCa(OH)2 and nanoSiO2 modify the performance of air lime mortars containing Roman ceramics. Microstructural, physico-mechanical properties were periodically controlled until 120 days of curing. XRD and TGA analyses...
Article
Water hyacinth (WH) is an invasive aquatic with an extensive, rapid growth. Nowadays, the considerable amount of WH biomass generated is a waste management challenge for those areas where WH is present. In this paper, a new insulation building material based on WH's petioles (WHP) and mixed with cement was analysed. Different WHPs particle sizes we...
Article
Lighting, both natural and electric, is one of the key points in the indoor environmental quality in buildings and it is directly related to their energy efficiency and indoor comfort conditions. Since final lighting conditions depend on the luminous reflectance properties of interior surfaces, an accurate characterization of this property is essen...
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An in-depth knowledge of building materials is essential in order to preserve them. Tuffs are one of the main types volcanic rocks in the Canary Islands. They are mainly used in masonry or as a filler of the ornamental parts of the façades. In both cases, they have been protected to guarantee their durability. However, in recent years, the renderin...
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Full-text available
Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is a dangerous and invasive aquatic species, of which global concern has sharply risen due to its rapid growth. Despite ample research on its possible applications in the construction field, there are no clear references on the optimal use of the plant in finding the most efficient-use building material. In thi...
Conference Paper
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Resumen: En la actualidad, aproximadamente el 20% de la población mundial no tiene acceso a una vivienda digna, agravándose el problema en contextos de precariedad africanos. En el sector de la construcción existe un creciente interés en el desarrollo de soluciones tecnológicas que sean sostenibles social, económica y medioambientalmente. Las fibra...
Article
The following research work presents a characterization of cement pastes and mortars with Isostatic graphite (IG). This addition is a carbon-based addition from waste origin obtained after the mill of graphite blocks from synthetic origin to produce Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM). This carbon-based material presents a great carbon purity and...
Article
Different types of vegetable fibres are used in the manufacture of adobe bricks to control the cracking during the drying process. In Spain, and in many other countries of the world, the fibre commonly used in the manufacture of adobe bricks is cereal straw, usually wheat. The purpose of this research is to determine the behaviour of three types of...
Article
A reduction in greenhouse gas emissions has given rise to the search for low-embodied energy materials. Based on this assumption, natural hydraulic lime can be an alternative binder to cement, while the introduction of waste as inert material can be used to reduce the environmental impact of sand. A graphite-NHL composite had been previously analyz...
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ResumenEl grafito puede obtenerse de forma natural o sintética, pero este último se ha utilizado en carreteras debido a su dureza, así como en placas de cerámica fina. Se demuestran las posibilidades de la adición del polvo de grafito isostático procedente del fresado de moldes fabricados por Electroerosión de Penetración (EDM) en compuestos a base...
Article
The use of waste materials contributes to the improvement of the life cycle assessment of building materials, while traditional binders with a low carbon footprint enhance building sustainability. Isostatic graphite powder waste has not been used in the industry in spite of the huge quantities of it around the world. However, hydraulic lime is a tr...
Article
European standards place great emphasis on the reintroduction of waste in the production chain. In this research, a combination of experimental tests has been carried out to analyse the use of revalorized isostatic graphite powder waste in gypsum-based boards. A series of gypsum pastes was prepared with a graphite content ranging from 0% to 25%, by...
Article
This paper deals with the enhancement of gypsum composites through the synergic work of polypropylene fibers (PPF) and isostatic graphite filler (IGF) additions. IGF is a waste by-product that has shown a good performance in plain gypsum, and in this research it is demonstrated that it can also be revalorized as gypsum matrix activator in reinforce...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Luminous properties of surfaces have a decisive influence on the daylight design in retrofit but also in the final lighting performance of buildings. In addition, lighting conditions is one of the parameters considered to measure the comfort conditions due to their effect on the human health. Indeed, it is stated that a wrong illumination implies a...
Article
The reuse of waste materials can contribute to improve the sustainability of materials. In the EU, consumers discard around 5.8 million tonnes of textiles per year and only the 25% is recycled. The aim of this paper is to present the results of the research conducted to use textile fibre waste in boards. They were bindered with the minimum hydrauli...
Article
The study here exposed was developed in order to contribute to the recycling and re-valorization of isostatic graphite powder as filler in gypsum pastes. Graphite powder is a waste product obtained from isostatic graphite blocks ground for mold production. The design of these molds is previously processed by Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) and C...
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The cloister of Asunción de Calatravas’ Convent is one of the most important examples of Renaissance in Ciudad Real province. This paper compiles the explanation and summary of the intervention process in the stone elements of the cloister, based on a theoretical research about the type of stones in the area of analysis and the building as well a...
Article
The combination of the diverse environmental and natural characteristics (geography, climate, geology, relief …) and cultural ones (society, economy, history) has conditioned the constructive traditions, the forms of the dwellings and the function of the vernacular architecture in the valley of Tajuña river, southeast of Madrid. This work analyzes...
Article
The adaptation of building constructions to energy saving requirements entails the study of the performance of constructive systems making up the building envelope. Since the façade is the envelope constructive system of greater impact, in terms of energy demand, the thermal characterisation of its components is of great interest. In this article,...
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Passive performance of buildings is nowadays one of the key points, not only for reducing energy consumption of buildings, but also for decreasing “fuel poverty”. Among the constructive systems in buildings, façades are the ones having higher influence on thermal performance in urban spaces. Lime renders are specialized systems which can improve no...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El paso previo a una intervención sobre edificio existente, con el objeto de lograr incrementar las prestaciones de eficiencia en el uso de recursos y energía, es el conocimiento del propio edificio. Se propone en la presente comunicación una metodología de toma de datos que permita elaborar una metodología de recopilación de datos in situ. De for...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Dentro del proyecto LIFE+ NEWsolutions4OLDhousing se realiza una estimación de las condiciones en las que se lleva a cabo la Rehabilitación del parque inmobiliario de vivienda social en España. En este estudio se avanzan las necesidades básicas que se satisfacen con estas viviendas, y su fragilidad frente a las condiciones socio-económicas actuales...
Article
Lime renders are of great importance not only to enhance the appearance of the buildings, but also to protect and preserve old masonries. They constitute a specialized system, composed of several layers, in which each of them depends on the others and carries out some specific functions in order to assure a suitable performance of the whole. Knowle...
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Al sudeste de la Comunidad de Madrid, el río Tajuña discurre por un profundo valle de escarpes constituido por yesos y margas yesíferas. La presencia de este tipo de suelos junto con el clima continental acusado característico de la meseta, ha favorecido la construcción de casas-cueva de tipología en ladera. La tradición y su buen funcionamiento ha...
Article
Full-text available
La dureza del clima y las diferencias de salto térmico entre invierno y verano promueven la elección de viviendas con importante inercia térmica; entre ellas seleccionamos la arquitectura subterránea que, repartida por la geografía española, responde a las necesidades extremas del lugar en el que se ubican. La casa-cueva, habitada generalmente por...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The construction sector represents one of the largest "consumers" of raw materials in the world. In response to these problems, the following research aims to evaluate the use of alternative building materials to those currently used, characterized by a high environmental impact. In fact, further development of bio-based insulations as an alternative to traditional thermal insulators could be encouraged by the high availability of agricultural by-products.
Project
Getafe's main challenge is to identify and fight hidden energy poverty (HEP). People affected by energy poverty in Getafe could be between 15 and 30% although only 1991 families seek support from the City Council. Energy Poverty is usually defined by the % of rent that a household dedicates to energy consumption, but for EPIU energy poverty implies people unable to keep households in a comfortable temperature whether it is because they cannot pay for a sufficient amount of energy for its domestic needs and/or because it is forced to allocate an excessive part of its income. This situation is aggravated by the economic situation of Getafe, whose average income is 5.071 € lower than the rest of the Madrid Region. In addition, 52% of its current housing stock was built between the 60s and 80s with low quality and energy efficiency standards and without heating systems in most cases. The city has two Urban Deprived Areas and Neighborhoods declared as critical areas for the rehabilitation and regeneration by Madrid’s regional government. These two areas have an increased incidence of Energy Poverty and are inhabited mainly by elderly and migrants.
Project
The main aim of MODIF-HABIT is to evaluate the influence of the data visualization of energy consumption and the urban context in the modification of the user’s habits about household energy. With this goal in mind, the effect of different information levels (from the lack of knowledge to complete information with technical service, of both energy consumption and outdoor conditions( on the modification of energy habits would be analyzed.