Maria Danese

Maria Danese
Italian National Research Council | CNR

PHD

About

88
Publications
24,757
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717
Citations
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January 2008 - December 2009

Publications

Publications (88)
Article
Full-text available
Illegal archaeological excavations, generally denoted as looting, is one of the most important damage factors to cultural heritage, as it upsets the human occupation stratigraphy of sites of archaeological interest. Looting identification and monitoring are not an easy task. A consolidated instrument used for the detection of archaeological feature...
Article
Full-text available
Landscape is the backcloth over which environmental and anthropic events occur, and recent increasing trends of natural and anthropic processes, such as urbanization, land-use changes, and extreme climate events, have a strong impact on landscape modification [...]
Article
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The main aim of this study is to analyze from a bibliometric point of view the research trend in spatial analysis for landscape changes using the records published in the Web of Science database in the last twenty years. Several parameters such as documents published per year, sources of documents, number of citations as well as VOSviewer software...
Article
Full-text available
Automatic procedures for landform extraction is a growing research field but extensive quantitative studies of the prediction accuracy of Automatic Landform Classification (ACL) based on a direct comparison with geomorphological maps are rather limited. In this work, we test the accuracy of an algorithm of automatic landform classification on a lar...
Chapter
The heterogeneity of the abiotic factor, or geodiversity, is an important issue for the landscape genetics. In this paper, a spatial method for the assessment of the geodiversity of Basilicata region in southern Italy is proposed through the use of fragmentation indexes. The fragmentation indices use the values derived from the overlay of three dif...
Chapter
Cultural heritage risk assessment is an important task. Usually cultural heritage inside the consolidated city is more protected than cultural heritage spread over the territory. In this paper a method is proposed that integrates different technologies and platforms: from Google Earth Engine (GEE) and machine learning to desktop GIS and spatial ana...
Article
Full-text available
The literature in the field of archaeological predictive models has grown in the last years, looking for new factors the most effective methods to introduce. However, where predictive models are used for archaeological heritage management, they could benefit from using a more speedy and consequently useful methods including some well-consolidated f...
Research Proposal
Dear Colleagues, Landscape is the backcloth over which environmental and cultural events occur, with changes to the landscape itself also involved. At the same time, the last few years have also seen a great improvement in the availability of high-resolution DEMs, GIS tools and of landscape data in general. This has promoted the development and app...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Dear Colleagues, This Special Issue aims to collect contributions concerning the application of traditional and innovative methods in all application fields that are connected to the following changes, such as geomorphology, urban and territorial systems and archaeology. Relevant topics for the SI include: 1. Multitemporal analysis of DEMs and reco...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, we tested the reliability of two different methods of automated landform classification (ACL) in three geological domains of the southern Italian chain with contrasting morphological features. ACL maps deriving from the TPI-based (topographic position index) algorithm are strictly dependent to the search input parameters and they are...
Article
Full-text available
Recent advances in spatial methods of digital elevation model (DEMs) analysis have addressed many research topics on the assessment of morphometric parameters of the landscape. Development of computer algorithms for calculating the geomorphometric properties of the Earth’s surface has allowed for expanding of some methods in the semi-automatic reco...
Article
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In this letter, we propose an approach based on the use of Sentinel-2 spectral indices and self-organizing map (SOM) to automatically map burned areas and burned severity. These analyses were performed on a test area in Chania, located in Crete, affected by a fire (around 200 ha) that occurred from July 13, 2018 to July 28, 2018. The investigated a...
Article
Full-text available
Cultural heritage is the creative expression of a people’s presence in the past. It represents a driving force to create, develop, and consolidate the sense of identity, belonging, and citizenship, as well as a means to appreciate the diversity of people and develop a policy for peace and mutual understanding. Furthermore, heritage is a source of e...
Article
Full-text available
The abandonment of inhabited places is a phenomenon that concerns many countries worldwide and Italy particularly where a large number of deserted settlements are hosted. Many are the factors driving and conditioning the abandonment of a site, such as natural extreme events (e.g. earthquakes, landslides, and floods) and/or human (not) actions. Once...
Article
Remote sensing, nowadays, is one of the main technology used in the field of cultural heritage, thanks to its non-invasiveness in a such a delicate subject of study[1]. Thanks to the improvement and creation of new sensors, it is used in many study cases that varies from conservation analysis in monuments[2], frescoes[3], rose-windows[4], wall pain...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with the approach used to create the digital cultural heritage map (hereafter, c.h.) of the mountain village of Cancellara and its territory, located in Basilicata, Southern Italy. The map is thought to be an exhaustive georeferenced catalogue of sites of cultural interest to bring fresh insights and new life to the c.h. and suppor...
Article
Full-text available
A promising application field of geophysics is monitoring and analysis of the state of conservation of works of art, such as wall paintings including frescoes. To this aim, two are the issues to address: the choice of the most appropriate survey instrument and method, and the analysis and interpretation of data coming from the survey, after their p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The project aims to establish a “Remote Sensing Science Center for Cultural Heritage” in Cyprus. The Center foresees to support the current Cultural Heritage (CH) needs through the systematic exploitation of Earth Observation technologies. For the establishment of the center, the existing Remote Sensing and Geo-Environment Research Laboratory of th...
Article
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In the ancient territory of the Greek settlement of Metaponto and its Chora (Ionian sector of Basilicata, southern Italy) geomorphological mapping, GIS-supported statistics, and landform topographic features were investigated and combined to extract settlement rules and site dynamics. Analyses of environmental dynamics as well as of spatial and tem...
Conference Paper
The PRO_CULT project promotes the development and the use of innovative low cost methodology for both monitoring and protecting cultural heritage and the growth of a cultural identity of local communities. It aims to develop sensing technologies and operating procedures in the field of security and the preservation of artistic, archaeological, arch...
Conference Paper
The aim of this work is to use spatial analysis to study relationships between environmental parameters and archaeological sites in the Santa Cruz province (Patagonia, Argentina) and to develop an analysis protocol that could reveal including and excluding factors, useful for the research and the discovery of new archaeological sites on the territo...
Article
The current study aims to analyse the conservation state of the Sassi of Matera site (Southern Italy), aplace inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1993 (the Sassi and the Park of the RupestrianChurches of Matera) and recently awarded 2019 European Capital of Culture. Furthermore, the articleconsiders the influence of some of the causat...
Chapter
In the Nasca world, the geoglyphs represented a concept of sacredness, complementary, and alternative to, the ceremonial centers. In order to provide more data on the complementary nature of the sacred spaces of the geoglyphs and the temples , some investigations have been performed in Pampa de Atarco. The results from the surveys and mapping show...
Chapter
The Nasca Lines are one of the most impressive examples of cultural heritage throughout the entire world. Their exposure to damage and overall vulnerability are very high, much more than any other elements of cultural heritage, due to their intrinsic fragility and also because they are strongly threatened by several anthropogenic factors such as va...
Chapter
The investigations conducted previously on the Nasca puquios, with particular reference to those systematically performed by Schreiber and Lancho Rojas (1995), Schreiber and Lancho Rojas (Los puquios de Nasca: un sistema de galerías filtrantes. Editorial Los Pinos, Lima, 1998), Schreiber and Lancho Rojas (Aguas en el Desierto. Los puquios de Nasca....
Chapter
Full-text available
Nell’ampia gamma di utilizzazioni, le applicazioni per dispositivi mobili hanno un ruolo senz’altro importante per finalità connesse alla divulgazione e disseminazione di contenuti turistico-informativi pertinenti il Patrimonio Culturale.Le applicazioni sviluppate e fruite dagli utenti finali consentono, infatti, di essere più performanti rispetto...
Chapter
Full-text available
Il contributo considera la dimensione diacronica, con specifico riguardo all’ultimo decennio, del rapporto tra tecnologie ICT ed il loro utilizzo nell’ambito dei rischi naturali, con particolare attenzione alla relativa diffusione degli studi e delle informazioni. È pertanto presentata l’analisi dell’evoluzione temporale delle ICT, dalle basi di da...
Article
The sedimentary budget assessment is an important topic for the scientific and social community, because it is crucial to understand the dynamics of orogenic belts and cope with a number of practical problems, such as soil conservation and sediment accumulation in reservoir. Sediment yield or denudation rate estimates in southern-central Italy are...
Conference Paper
The knowledge and the analysis of the conservation state of historical centers is an essential and useful tool to be put into field in order to plan suitable interventions and establish ad hoc preventive measures. Starting from these preliminary remarks, this study deals with a quick methodology to analyze and update data regarding the conservation...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Archaeological risk maps are very important both for archaeological research and for urban and territorial planning. Spatial analysis can help to improve existing methods at the local scale. In this paper spatial analysis, that is map algebra and point pattern analysis, are used, for an area characterized by several Neolithic Sites located in the T...
Article
Full-text available
The use of GIS and Spatial Analysis for predictive models is an important topic in preventive archaeology. Both of these tools play an important role in the Support Decision System (SDS) for archaeological research and for providing information useful to reduce archaeological risk. Over the years, a number of predictive models in the GIS environmen...
Conference Paper
After the experience gained from IBAM in Italy during the earthquake of April 6, 2009 we felt the need to have a system of artworks traceability for their protection in an emer-gency event or in not-protected contexts. We inspect several new technologies for Location Based Services (LBS), i.e. sensors (RFID, wireless sensors) and communication or l...
Chapter
After the experience gained from IBAM in Italy during the earthquake of April 6, 2009 we felt the need to have a system of artworks traceability for their protection in an emergency event or in not-protected contexts. We inspect several new technologies for Location Based Services (LBS), i.e. sensors (RFID, wireless sensors) and communication or lo...
Conference Paper
Two are the risks associated to archaeological heritage. The first one is economic and it is related to the costs needed to perform field survey in all the territory. The second one is scientific, that is the risk to lose artifacts and, consequently, witnesses of the human past, in particular in case of large-scale infrastructure works and looting...
Article
Full-text available
Sedimentary budget estimation is an important topic for both scientific and social community, because it is crucial to understand both dynamics of orogenic belts and many practical problems, such as soil conservation and sediment accumulation in reservoir. Estimations of sediment yield or denudation rates in southern-central Italy are generally obt...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction. This paper focuses on using the integrated methodological, approach and analysis to study macroseismic damage effects in urban areas. A case study inherent seismic risk analysis of the old town centre of Potenza hilltop town has been discussed, with particular attention to the evaluation of possible local amplifying factors (stratigra...
Article
Full-text available
In this work a new method for local landslide susceptibility evaluation and forecasting has been proposed, based on spatial statistics techniques and in particular on kernel density estimation. There are different methods existing in literature for this topic. One of the most used is the statistical bivariate method, based on the selection of diffe...
Article
Satellite time series offer great potential for a quantitative assessment of urban expansion, urban sprawl and for monitoring of land use changes and soil consumption. This study deals with the spatial characterization of expansion of urban areas by using spatial autocorrelation techniques applied to multi-date Thematic Mapper (TM) satellite images...
Article
Full-text available
Erosion quantification is an important topic for both scientific and social community, although the large number of prediction models developed in the last decades showed controversial results and limited reliability (Boardman, 2006 and references therein). On the other hand, direct measurements of sediment flux are extremely rare and limited to a...
Chapter
Full-text available
http://www.intechopen.com/books/advances-in-spatial-planning/analyzing-neighbourhoods-suitable-for-urban-renewal-programs-with-autocorrelation-techniques
Article
Illegal excavations represent one of the main risk factors which affect the archaeological heritage all over the world, in particular in those countries, from Southern America to Middle East, where the surveillance on site is little effective and time consuming and the aerial surveillance is non practicable due to military or political restrictions...
Chapter
Until a few decades ago it was very easy to distinguish between city and country: in most cases the edge was defined by defensive barriers. In recent times, the relationships between urban and rural areas completely changed, placing the country in a subordinate position. Consequently, many terms have been coined in order to describe the new phenome...
Article
Full-text available
Until a few decades ago it was very easy to distinguish between city and country: in most cases the edge was defined by defensive barriers. In recent times the relationships between urban and rural areas completely changed, placing the country in a subordinate position. Consequently a lot of terms have been coined in order to describe the new pheno...
Chapter
Full-text available
Location of a wind farm needs a visual impact assessment procedure considering different points of view, such as natural-environmental sides and landscape aspects. About the first point, used evaluation approaches are nearly consolidated in literature. Instead, debate is still open on what concerns the second point, especially on establishing an as...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this work is to identify a new method for landslide susceptibility evaluation based on spatial statistics. Different are methods existing in literature for this topic. One of the most used is the statistic bivariate Van Westen’s method, based on the selection of different critical factors (such as lithology, land cover, slope, aspect, la...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Il lavoro propone l'utilizzo di un nuovo metodo di valutazione della suscettibilità da frana adottando un approccio di analisi spaziale locale in contrapposizione ai metodi di analisi statistica bivariata (globale) largamente adottati in letteratura. L'utilizzo di analisi spaziali per la ricostruzione di scenari di pericolosità si configura sicuram...
Article
Full-text available
In last years the use of Infrared thermography for cultural heritage improved, because it is a technique that allows to realize in situ the not-destructive evaluation of constructional materials and to determine the possible existence of pathologies, decay, etc. The interpratation of IR images and mapping with accuracy existing patterns is nowadays...
Article
This paper deals with the analysis of the reliability of information concerning damages caused to buildings by earthquakes. This research was started after analyzing a huge amount of written sources drawn up after 1930 Irpinia (southern Italy) earthquake. The analysis led to delineate damage ‘scenarios’, useful in trying to mitigate seismic risk fo...
Article
Full-text available
Geologic Risks and Cultural Heritage Conservation in the Risk Map of Historical-Architectonic Heritage in Basilicata GIS is an established tool for landslides census and cultural heritage cataloguing. The integration of these knowledge basis is possible using the GIS computational abilities. This studyshows the results of a project realized by CNR-...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper deals with the analysis of the reliability of information concerning damages caused to buildings by earthquakes. This research was started after analyzing a huge amount of written sources drawn up after 1930 Irpinia (southern Italy) earthquake. The analysis led to delineate damage 'scenarios', useful in trying to mitigate seismic risk fo...
Book
Dalle Fonti all’Evento traccia il percorso metodologico seguito nello studio delle vicende relative al sisma del 23 luglio 1930, con particolare riferimento all’area del Vulture, nella Basilicata nord-orientale. L’occasione che ha spinto i curatori a riunire le molteplici ed originali ricerche in questa monografia è quella dell’Ottantesimo annivers...
Chapter
Full-text available
L’informazione macrosismica riveste un ruolo importante per identificare le aree potenzialmente soggette a fenomeni di incremento dell’azione sismica, ed è pertanto importante poterne valutare l’attendibilità. A questo scopo è stato adottato l’approccio della Rough Set Theory (RST) per analizzare gli effetti di danneggiamento desunti dalla consulta...
Article
This work, carried out with an integrated approach, represents an effort to evaluate the state of conservation of the historically built heritage of a medieval village in southern Italy, characterized by a valuable vernacular constructive culture. Typological emergences were collected, through a field survey, and were put inside a GIS that is the b...
Article
This paper shows how visual analytics methodology can be used to facilitate interpretation of multi-temporal thermographic imagery for the purpose of restoration of cultural heritage. We explore thermographic data in a visual environment from the unifying spatio-temporal perspective in an attempt to identify spatial and spatio-temporal patterns tha...
Article
Full-text available
Landscape Archaeology, in addition to classical disciplines such as geography, history, environment and human topics, improved the use and the integration of all new technological instruments by other documentary sources. Lidar is a new Remote Sensing technique recently adopted in archaeological research. Its main application is the study of any ki...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on using the integrated methodological, approach and analysis to study macroseismic damage effects in urban areas. A case study inherent seismic risk analysis of the old town centre of Potenza hilltop town has been discussed, with particular attention to the evaluation of possible local amplifying factors (stratigraphy and geomor...