Maria Clara Bonaglia

Maria Clara Bonaglia
IRCCS Eugenio Medea · Laboratory of Cytogenetics

About

102
Publications
18,466
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3,192
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 1996 - August 2016
IRCCS Eugenio Medea
Position
  • Staff Scientist and Coordinator of Diagnostic Laboratory of Cytogenetics, E. Medea Scientific Institute, Bosisio Parini (LC), Italy
Description
  • Main interest: defining molecular causes of chromosome rearrangement and genotype/phenotype correlation with emphasis on cognitive and behavioural disabilities; genomic rearrangements leading to Phelan-McDermid Syndrome, SHANK3 and related phenotypes
January 1993 - July 1996
University of Pavia
Position
  • Specialty in Human Cytogenetics, School of Medicine, Pavia.
Description
  • During this period under the supervision of O. Zuffardi I started my studies on karyotype/phenotype correlations and molecular mechanism of chromosome rearrangements

Publications

Publications (102)
Article
Full-text available
De novo distal deletions are structural variants considered to be already present in the zygote. However, investigations especially in the prenatal setting have documented that they are often in mosaic with cell lines in which the same deleted chromosome shows different types of aberrations such as: 1) neutral copy variants with loss of heterozygos...
Preprint
Balanced chromosomal rearrangements (BCRs), including inversions, translocations, and insertions, reorganize large sections of the genome and contribute substantial risk for developmental disorders (DDs). However, the rarity and lack of systematic screening for BCRs in the population has precluded unbiased analyses of the genomic features and mecha...
Article
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Objective This long-term retrospective follow-up study aimed to address the knowledge gap between prenatal diagnosis of complete isolated Agenesis of Corpus Callosum (cACC) at fetal MRI and postnatal neurodevelopmental outcome to improve prenatal counseling for parents. Methods Data on fetuses with isolated cACC from a single-center MRI database b...
Article
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Joubert syndrome (JS) is a recessively inherited ciliopathy, characterized by a specific cerebellar and brainstem malformation recognizable on brain imaging as the “molar tooth sign” (MTS). Clinical signs include hypotonia, developmental delay, breathing abnormalities, and ocular motor apraxia. Older patients develop ataxia, intellectual impairment...
Article
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Purpose Epilepsy is a main manifestation in the autosomal dominant mental retardation syndrome caused by heterozygous variants in MEF2C. We aimed to delineate the electro-clinical features and refine the genotype-phenotype correlations in patients with MEF2C haploinsufficiency. Methods We thoroughly investigated 25 patients with genetically confir...
Article
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Background: It has been known for more than 30 years that balanced translocations, especially if de novo, can associate with congenital malformations and / or neurodevelopmental disorders, following the disruption of a disease gene or its cis-regulatory elements at one or both breakpoints. Case presentation: We describe a 10-year-old girl with a...
Article
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Aim: Assigning a disease-locus within the shortest regions of overlap (SRO) shared by deleted/duplicated subjects presenting this disease is a robust mapping approach, although the presence of different malformation traits and their attendance only in a part of the affected subjects can hinder the interpretation. To overcome the problem of incomple...
Article
Multiple small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMCs) are among the rarest cytogenetic abnormalities as they represent roughly 1.4% of cases with sSMCs. We report on a prenatal case presenting de novo multiple sSMCs; these sSMCs were characterized by array CGH and FISH and resulted deriving from three different chromosomes: a der(13), a der(15) a...
Article
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Background Chromothripsis, which is the local massive shattering of one or more chromosomes and their reassembly in a disordered array with frequent loss of some fragments, has been mainly reported in association with abnormal phenotypes. We report three unrelated healthy persons, two of which parenting a child with some degree of intellectual disa...
Article
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We studied by a whole genomic approach and trios genotyping, 12 de novo, non‐recurrent small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMC), detected as mosaics during pre‐ or postnatal diagnosis and associated with increased maternal age. Four sSMCs contained pericentromeric portions only, whereas eight had additional non‐contiguous portions of the same...
Article
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We investigated 52 cases of de novo unbalanced translocations, consisting in a terminally deleted or inverted-duplicated deleted (inv-dup del) 46th chromosome to which the distal portion of another chromosome or its opposite end was transposed. Array CGH, whole-genome sequencing, qPCR, FISH, and trio genotyping were applied. A biparental origin of...
Article
Non-recurrent microdeletion (˂2 Mb in size) in 7p22.1 is a rarely described cytogenetic aberration, only recently reported in patients with developmental delay/intellectual disability, short stature and microcephaly. The size of the deletions ranged from 0.37 to 1.5 Mb, and reported genotype-phenotype correlations identified a minimum deleted regio...
Article
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Introduction Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) is caused by SHANK3 haploinsufficiency. Its wide phenotypic variation is attributed partly to the type and size of 22q13 genomic lesion (deletion, unbalanced translocation, ring chromosome), partly to additional undefined factors. We investigated a child with severe global neurodevelopmental delay (NDD) c...
Article
Objectives: Gene-environment interaction is an emerging hypothesis to expound not only the autism pathogenesis but also the increased incidence of neurodevelopmental disorders (such as autistic spectrum disorder, attention-deficit, hyperactivity disorder). Among xenobiotics, mycotoxins are worldwide contaminants of food that provoke toxicological...
Article
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Whole exome sequencing has made increasingly accessible the identification of causative SNVs/InDels associated with rare Mendelian conditions. Incorporation of softwares allowing CNVs detection into the WES bioinformatics pipelines may increase the diagnostic yield. However, no standard protocols for this analysis are so far available and CNVs in n...
Article
To gain a better understanding of the clinical and genetic features associated with agenesis of corpus callosum, we enrolled and characterized 162 patients with complete or partial agenesis of corpus callosum. Clinical and genetic protocols allowed us to categorize patients as syndromic subjects, affected by complex extra-brain malformations, and n...
Article
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We report on a child, aged 47/12 years, with borderline IQ, normal brain MRI and focal epilepsy. The polysomnographic EEG recording revealed asynchronous central spikes at both brain hemispheres resembling the features observed in focal idiopathic epileptic syndromes. Array-CGH analysis revealed a 32 kb partial deletion of the DEP domain-containing...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Purine-rich element binding protein A (PURA, MIM 600473), is considered the crucial phenocritical gene for an emerging 5q31.3 microdeletion syndrome. To date, at least seven affected individuals with overlapping 5q31.2q31.3 deletions, varying in size from 2.6 to 5 Mb, have been reported sharing neurologic features such as severe develo...
Article
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uplications in the ~2 Mb desert region upstream of SOX9 at 17q24.3 may result in familial 46,XX disorders of sex development (DSD) without any effects on the XY background. A balanced translocation with its breakpoint falling within the same region has also been described in one XX DSD subject. We analyzed, by conventional and molecular cytogenetic...
Article
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Terminal and interstitial deletions of 2p25.3 (size < Mb), detected by array-CGH analysis, have been reported in about 18 patients sharing common clinical features represented by early-onset obesity/ overweightness associated with intellectual disabilities (ID) and behavioural troubles. This observations led to hypothesize that 2p subtelomeric dele...
Article
Microdeletion 12p13.33, though very rare, is an emerging condition associated with variable phenotype including a specific speech delay sound disorder, labeled childhood apraxia of speech (CAS), intellectual disability (ID) and neurobehavioral problems. Here we report a de novo 2.3 Mb interstitial 12p13.33-p13.32 deletion in a 5 year-old child with...
Article
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A novel multiple congenital anomalies syndrome has been recently identified in four patients carrying a 8q12 microduplication sharing the smallest region of overlap (SRO, size 1.6 Mb) including five genes CA8, ASPH, RAB2B, CLVS1 and CDH7. The phenotype is mainly characterized by neurodevelopmental delay, heart defects, facial features and Type 1 Du...
Article
We examined by array-CGH 53 epileptic patients with unknown aetiology. All the patients showed intellectual disability, in several cases dysmorphic and neuropsychiatric features were also present. Furthermore, 38 parents (of 19 patients) were investigated. In 19 patients 23 copy number variations (CNVs) were identified, all rare except one recurren...
Article
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is among the most common genetic neurological diseases that cause infant mortality. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) generated from skin fibroblasts from SMA patients and genetically corrected have been proposed to be useful for autologous cell therapy. We generated iPSCs from SMA patients (SMA-iPSCs) using nonvi...
Article
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Submicroscopic structural variations, including deletions, duplications, inversions and more complex rearrangements, are widespread in normal human genomes. Inverted segmental duplications or highly identical low-copy repeat (LCR) sequences can mediate the formation of inversions and more complex structural rearrangements through non-allelic homolo...
Article
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The 15q11-q13 region is characterized by high instability, caused by the presence of several paralogous segmental duplications. Although most mechanisms dealing with cryptic deletions and amplifications have been at least partly characterized, little is known about the rare translocations involving this region. We characterized at the molecular lev...
Article
Purpose: Duplications encompassing the MECP2 gene on the Xq28 region have been described in male patients with moderate to severe mental retardation, absent speech, neonatal hypotonia, progressive spasticity and/or ataxia, recurrent severe respiratory infections, gastrointestinal problems, mild facial dysmorphisms (midface hypoplasia, depressed na...
Article
Gli Autori analizzano il rapporto tra alterazioni genetiche riscontrate in alcuni tipi di epilessia e i deficit cognitivi e di apprendimento, giungendo alla conclusione che l'interazione tra alcuni meccanismi molecolari geneticamente determinati e i fattori ambientali puň spiegare la fisiopatologia di alterazioni dello sviluppo del Sistema Nervoso...
Article
Rare intrachromosomal triplications producing partial tetrasomies have been reported for a number of chromosomes. A detailed molecular characterization, necessary to define the mechanism of their formation, has so far been lacking. We report on the detailed clinical, cytogenetic, and molecular characterization of two triplications, one de novo invo...
Article
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The aim of this study was to describe in detail the neurological features of nine patients carrying the recently reported microduplication at Xp11.22-11.23. Clinical and neurological examination, brain magnetic resonance imaging (except for two patients), electroencephalography and a neuropsychological assessment specific for language disturbances...
Data
Full-text available
Molecular characterisation of the ring 22-associated deletion in subject P26. A, Whole chromosome view (left) and detail (right) of array-CGH analysis using a 180k Agilent kit microarray. B, Inverse-PCR amplification and direct sequencing of the amplified fragments revealed the breakpoint junction. Repetitive sequences are shown in lowercase letter...
Data
Molecular characterisation of the 22q13.2 terminal translocations in subjects P11, P15/P16. A, details of the of array-CGH analysis using an oligonucleotide-based a 44k Agilent kit microarray showing the breakpoint regions on chromosome 22q (left) and 12q (right) in case P11. B, Long-range PCR amplification and direct sequencing of the breakpoint j...
Data
Full-text available
Primers used for breakpoint cloning. Primer names, sequences and amplification methods are indicated. Nested PCR primers are indicated as F2, R2, F3, R3. (PDF)
Data
Photographs of adult patients. Top, Subject P30 at the age of 9 months (A), 13 months (B), 4 years (C); 8 years (D) and 35 years (E). No significant craniofacial dysmorphisms can be noticed, except for pointed chin (A,B,D), wide nasal bridge (A,C), bulbous nose (C,D,E). Middle, Subject P10 at the age of 12 years (I) and at the age of 40 years; fron...
Data
Full-text available
Molecular characterisation of ring chromosome 22 in subject P28. Whole chromosome 22 view (left) and details (right) of a 180k Agilent array-CGH profile showing the 18 Mb duplication at 22q11–12.3, the 4.2 Mb duplication at 22q12.3–13.2 and the distal 240 kb deletion at 22q13.3. (PDF)
Data
Full-text available
Sequences of all breakpoint junctions of terminal and interstitial 22q13.3 deletions. The location of all sequences on the hg18 Human Genome sequence is indicated. Repetitive sequences are shown in lowercase letters. The identity of all repetitive sequences is indicated in the Repeats column. Telomere repeat sequences are shown in red. Genomic sequ...
Data
Full-text available
Molecular characterisation of the 22q13.2 terminal deletion in subject P12. A, Whole chromosome view and B, detail of array-CGH analysis using an oligonucleotide-based custom 22q13 microarray. Arrowheads delimit two mosaic deleted regions: the BP1–BP2 deletion region (from 44,606 kb to 45,600 kb) has an average log ratio of −0.8; the deleted region...
Data
Clinical features of PMS patients compared to the subjects in this study. (*) Prevalence according to Phelan, 2007 (Ref. [17]). (a) Accelerated growth was observed in 9 cases out of 29, including the two patients (P26, P27) with ring 22 for whom this information was available. In one patient (P25) with ring 22, growth was slightly delayed, while sh...
Data
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Supplementary Clinical Information. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we used deletions at 22q13, which represent a substantial source of human pathology (Phelan/McDermid syndrome), as a model for investigating the molecular mechanisms of terminal deletions that are currently poorly understood. We characterized at the molecular level the genomic rearrangement in 44 unrelated patients with 22q13 monosom...
Article
Full-text available
Genome-wide high-resolution array analysis is rapidly becoming a reliable method of diagnostic investigation in individuals with mental retardation and congenital anomalies, leading to the identification of several novel microdeletion and microduplication syndromes. We have identified seven individuals with duplication on chromosome 14q11.2q13.1, w...
Article
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We describe the detailed clinical and molecular characterization of three patients (aged 7, 8(4/12) and 31 years) with overlapping microdeletions in 19p13.12, extending to 19p13.13 in two cases. The patients share the following clinical features with a recently reported 10-year-old girl with a 19p13.12 microdeletion: mental retardation (MR), psycho...
Article
The human TRIM5 genes encodes a retroviral restriction factor (TRIM5α). Evolutionary analyses of this gene in mammals have revealed a complex and multifaceted scenario, suggesting that TRIM5 has been the target of exceptionally strong selective pressures, possibly exerted by recurrent waves of retroviral infections. TRIM5 displays inter-individual...
Article
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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by impairments in social communication and by a pattern of repetitive behaviours, with learning disability (LD) typically seen in up to 70% of cases. A recent study using the PPL statistical framework identified a novel region of genetic linkage on chromosome 16q21 that is limited to ASD families with...
Article
The constitutional deletion of 22q13 is an example of a new microdeletion syndrome, known as the 22q13.3 deletion syndrome, telomeric 22q13 monosomy syndrome, or Phelan-McDermid syndrome (OMIM #606232).It was identified by the detection of a cytogenetic rearrangement in advance of its clinical definition. The clinical definition came following the...
Article
Submicroscopic copy-number variations make a considerable contribution to the genetic etiology of human disease. We have analyzed subjects with idiopathic mental retardation (MR) by using whole-genome oligonucleotide-based array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and identified familial and de novo recurrent Xp11.22-p11.23 duplications in mal...
Article
The late-infantile-onset forms of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (LINCL) are the most genetically heterogeneous group among the autosomal recessive neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs), with causative mutations found in CLN1, CLN2, CLN5, CLN6, CLN7 (MFSD8), and CLN8 genes. Homozygous mutations in CLN8 are associated with two distinct phenotypes: p...
Article
Molecular techniques led to the discovery that several chromosome rearrangements interpreted as terminal duplications were in fact inverted duplications contiguous to terminal deletions. Inv dup del rearrangements originate through a symmetric dicentric chromosome that, after asymmetric breakage, generates an inv dup del and a deleted chromosome. I...
Article
Full-text available
Most patients with an interstitial deletion of 6q16 have Prader-Willi-like phenotype, featuring obesity, hypotonia, short hands and feet, and developmental delay. In all reported studies, the chromosome rearrangement was detected by karyotype analysis, which provides an overview of the entire genome but has limited resolution. Here we describe a de...
Article
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Although 22q terminal deletions are well documented, very few patients with mosaicism have been reported. We describe two new cases with mosaic 22q13.2-qter deletion, detected by karyotype analysis, showing the neurological phenotype of 22q13.3 deletion syndrome. Case 1 represents an exceptional case of mosaicism for maternal 22q13.2-qter deletion...
Article
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We studied a family in which the same 10 Mb inverted duplication of 2p25.3-p25.1 segregates in two children and their father, all showing a trisomy phenotype. As FISH analysis demonstrated that the duplication was inverted, we suspected that a contiguous terminal deletion was also present, according to the classical inv dup del type of rearrangemen...
Article
Patients with a microscopically visible deletion of the distal part of the long arm of chromosome 1 have a recognisable phenotype, including mental retardation, microcephaly, growth retardation, a distinct facial appearance and various midline defects including corpus callosum abnormalities, cardiac, gastro-oesophageal and urogenital defects, as we...
Article
Full-text available
We report a patient with mild pachygyria, ascertained during a screening of subjects with abnormal neuronal migration and/or epilepsy, having a 7q11.23 duplication reciprocal to the Williams-Beuren critical region (WBCR) deletion. He exhibited speech delay and mental retardation together to type II trigonocephaly and other abnormalities. The proban...
Article
Full-text available
X chromosome inactivation involves initiation, propagation, and maintenance of gene inactivation. Studies of replication pattern and timing in X;autosome translocations have suggested that X inactivation may spread to autosomal DNA. To examine this phenomenon at the molecular level, we have tested the transcriptional activity of a number of chromos...