María Teresa Blanco

María Teresa Blanco
Universidad de Extremadura | UNEX · Department of Biomedical sciences

PhD

About

42
Publications
2,636
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701
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September 1974 - present
Universidad de Extremadura
Position
  • Research and teaching in Medical Microbiology

Publications

Publications (42)
Article
Full-text available
Propolis is a natural product obtained from hives. Its chemical composition varies depending on the flora of its surroundings, but nevertheless, common for all types of propolis, they all exhibit remarkable biological activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of a novel Spanish Ethanoli...
Article
Full-text available
Candida tropicalis is an emergent pathogen with a high rate of mortality associated with it; however, less is known about its pathogenic capacity. Biofilm formation (BF) has important clinical repercussions, and it begins with adherence to a substrate. The adherence capacity depends principally on the cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH) and, at a lat...
Article
Full-text available
Polylactic acid/Mg composites have been recently proposed for biodegradable osteosynthesis devices because, with regards to the neat polymer, they combine an enhanced biocompatibility and bioactivity with better mechanical properties, particularly creep strength. A question still arises about their bacterial behavior. For this purpose, composites o...
Article
Full-text available
Candida tropicalis is an emerging virulent species. The aim of this study is to determine the biofilm-forming ability of 29 strains of C. tropicalis isolated from in-patients, and to examine its relation with other virulence factors such as cellular surface hydrophobicity (CSH), immediate (15 min, IA) and late (24 h, LA) plastic adherence and filam...
Article
Background: Few studies exist on prevalence of fungemia by Candida orthopsilosis, with variable results. Aims: To study the incidence, epidemiology and antifungal susceptibility of C. orthopsilosis strains isolated from fungemias over two years at a tertiary hospital. Methods: Candidemia episodes between June 2007 and June 2009 in a university...
Article
Full-text available
Myiasis is the term used to describe infestations, both obligatory and accidental, in vertebrate animals and humans by dipteral larvae. The oral cavity is rarely affected by this infestation and the circumstances which can lead to oral myiasis include persistent mouth opening together with poor hygiene, or facial traumatism. We present a case of or...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To evaluate virulence factors involved in the adhesion process, such as cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH), adherence to plastic capacity, adherence capacity to buccal epithelial cells (BEC), and biofilm formation, in 17 strains of C. albicans isolated from bronchial aspirates of critically ill patients.
Article
Full-text available
A correlation between mucosal colonization by Candida albicans and the subsequent development of invasive respiratory infection has been previously described. The aim of this study was to evaluate different enzymatic activities in vitro and to determine the capacity to form biofilms by 17 C. albicans isolates from bronchial aspirates of mechanicall...
Article
Full-text available
To evaluate virulence factors involved in the adhesion process, such as cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH), adherence to plastic capacity, adherence capacity to buccal epithelial cells (BEC), and biofilm formation, in 17 strains of C. albicans isolated from bronchial aspirates of critically ill patients. The CSH of the strains of C. albicans was det...
Article
An in vitrostudy to evaluate the antifungal effect and activity of aspartyl proteinases of the HIV-proteinase inhibitors ritonavir and saquinavir was conducted. Ritonavir diminished the growth rate of Candida albicansas well as the activity of its secreted aspartyl proteinases (Saps) in a nitrogen-limited medium, yeast carbon base and bovine serum...
Article
Full-text available
Secretion of hydrolytic enzymes is considered a virulence factor in Candida spp. Extracellular enzymatic activities in 29 clinical isolates of Candida tropicalis were analyzed by plate assays. C. tropicalis, similar to Candida albicans, showed elevated hemolytic and esterase activities. However, unlike C. albicans, low aspartyl protease and very lo...
Article
Full-text available
We have evaluated the cellular surface hydrophobicity (CSH) determination as an additional criterion to differentiate Candida albicans from Candida dubliniensis. Our results show that C. albicans when grown at 37 degrees C in Sabouraud is always hydrophilic, and C. dubliniensis presents high CSH levels.
Article
Full-text available
Exposure to subinhibitory concentrations of antifungal agents can influence the adherence of Candida spp. to the host cell. In this study the adherence of Candida albicans ATCC 10231 and Candida dubliniensis CECT 11455 to plastic and to human buccal epithelial cells was evaluated following pre-exposure to 0.5 x minimum inhibitory capacity (MIC) of...
Article
The effect of ritonavir and saquinavir, HIV proteinase inhibitors, on the secreted aspartyl proteinase (Sap) activity of Candida parapsilosis was studied. In a proteinase-inducing medium (yeast carbon base-bovine serum albumin), Sap activity in all clinical isolates of C. parapsilosis (n = 20) was observed at 37 degrees C but not at 22 degrees C. T...
Article
The in vitro activity of moxifloxacin against 41 strains of coagulase-negative staphylococci was determined. A relationship between the activity of moxifloxacin and biofilm formation was detected. Biofilm-producing strains were more resistant to moxifloxacin than biofilm-negative strains. Our global results obtained with six strains of Staphylococc...
Article
Full-text available
An in vitro study to evaluate the antifungal effect and activity of aspartyl proteinases of the HIV-proteinase inhibitors ritonavir and saquinavir was conducted. Ritonavir diminished the growth rate of Candida albicans as well as the activity of its secreted aspartyl proteinases (Saps) in a nitrogen-limited medium, yeast carbon base and bovine seru...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to determine the in vitro activity of allicin against Staphylococcus epidermidis and to evaluate the influence of allicin on biofilm formation. In vitro activity of allicin (diallyl thiosulphinate) against 38 strains of S. epidermidis was investigated. The activity of allicin was similar against S. epidermidis methicillin s...
Article
In vitro resistance of community-acquired and nosocomial strains of Enterococcus faecalis isolated in Badajoz (Spain) were determined by a microdilution method. The isolates were identified with conventional MicroScan Pos Combo 4 I dehydrated panels. No resistance to glycopeptides was found, but LY333328 was 2-4 times more active than vancomycin. I...
Article
The interaction of slime-producing Staphylococcus epidermidis (S+ strain) with human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) was analyzed. The phagocytosis index (PI) and the killing index (KI) were evaluated, and the effect of subinhibitory concentrations (sub-MICs) of sparfloxacin in this interaction was determined. The study was carried out in paral...
Article
Full-text available
The influence of various concentrations (0.003-8 mg/mL) of N-acetylcysteine on the formation of biofilms by 15 strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis has been studied. A dose-related decrease in biofilm formation was observed, except with the lowest concentrations. The 'slime' index relative to the control was 63%, 55%, 46%, 34%, 26% and 26% in the...
Article
Full-text available
The influence of cellular surface hydrophobicity on the adherence capacity to plastic of Candida albicans was investigated at two culture temperatures (37 and 22 degrees C). The majority of the 42 strains studied were hydrophobic at 22 degrees C and hydrophilic at 36 degrees C. The hydrophobic cells showed a consistent adherence capacity which was...
Article
Full-text available
The influence of various incubation atmospheres on the growth and slime production of 23 Staphylococcus epidermidis strains was studied. The atmospheres evaluated were aerobiosis (control), anaerobiosis, candle jar, 5% CO2 and 10% CO2. As compared to the aerobic control, growth was 55.7 +/- 19% (p < 0.01) in anaerobic incubation, 113.7 +/- 12% (p <...
Article
The interaction of cefpirome and cefuroxime, with human polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNs) was examined. The effects of therapeutic concentration (1, 10, and 50 mg/L) of both antimicrobial agents on the adherence, spontaneous mobility, chemotaxis, chemokinesis, phagocytosis and candidacidal capacity were studied in vitro. No statistically signific...
Article
Full-text available
Different criteria (the drug concentration which inhibited 50% of growth [IC1/2], the lowest drug concentration at which growth was just less than 30% of that in a positive control well [IC30], the visual inhibitory concentration [ICv], and the minimum fungicidal concentration [MFC]) were applied to study the effects of some antifungal agents again...
Article
The in-vitro effects of therapeutic concentrations of teicoplanin and vancomycin on the adherence, spontaneous mobility, chemotaxis, phagocytic and candidacidal capacity of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) were studied. Adherence was not affected by the tested concentrations of teicoplanin. A progressive diminishing of adherence was observ...
Article
A study was made of the action of different concentrations of metronidazole of the viability of Escherichia coli under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The viability of E. coli was reduced by 60 to 99% after 24 hours of anaerobic incubation, according to the concentration of metronidazole tested. In addition, there were significant morphological c...
Article
IgG antibodies against. E. granulosus were investigated in order to determine the true prevalence of human echinococcosis in Badajoz, Spain. The seroepidemiological survey was carried out on 1540 subjects not suspected of suffering from hydatidosis, in order to add this morbidity rate to that already declared. Because of its high sensitivity and sp...
Article
The in-vitro antimicrobial action of therapeutic concentrations of metronidazole against Bacteroides fragilis and six different strains of Enterobacteriaceae in pure and mixed cultures have been studied. Under anaerobic conditions, metronidazole suppressed the growth of pure cultures of the Enterobacteriaceae. A reduction in the viable counts from...
Article
The production of microcin 15, a low molecular weight antibiotic, resistant to proteases and antagonized by methionine, was measured in batch and continuous cultures of E. coli LP 136. The highest yield per cell was obtained in conditions (anaerobiosis, low glucose concentration, low growth rate) similar to those found in the intestinal tract. It i...
Article
When the spleen is properly isolated with amniotic membrane and implanted in the extra-abdominal cellular subcutaneous tissue, it may serve as an excellent route for administering drugs selectively to the liver. We have employed a biological method, the capacity of Adrianiycin ® to inhibit the growth of a strain of Bacillus subtilis,in order to eva...

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The increasing resistance to antibiotics, which is considered by the WHO to be one of the greatest challenges to global health, food security and development. This resistance to antibiotics is accelerated by the misuse and abusive use of these drugs and by failures to prevent and control infections. For these reasons, there is an emergency to search antibacterial natural substances that do not generate resistance and that are capable of eliminating or preventing infections related to the biofilm production, either individually or in synergy with other compounds.
Project
Oral cavity infections associated with polymicrobial biofilms are a serious problem nowadays. The microorganisms adhere to the surfaces of the cavity and can form biofilms that protect them from host defenses and antimicrobial treatment. This peculiar mode of bacteria growth within biolayers results in the development of infectious processes that are difficult to eradicate. The project goal is focused on preventing these infections using natural substances and determine its potential clinical utility.