Maria Bernard

Maria Bernard
French National Institute for Agriculture, Food, and Environment (INRAE) | INRAE · Department of Animal Genetics

Master in Bioinformatics

About

54
Publications
17,144
Reads
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5,031
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2010 - December 2011
Genoscope - Centre National de Séquençage
Position
  • Bioinformatician
September 2009 - July 2010
Ecole Normale Supérieure de Paris
Position
  • Bioinformatician

Publications

Publications (54)
Preprint
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays, also named "SNP chips", enable very large numbers of individuals to be genotyped at a targeted set of thousands of genome-wide identified markers. We used preexisting variant datasets from USDA, a French commercial line and 30X-coverage whole genome sequencing of INRAE isogenic lines to develop an Affyme...
Article
Full-text available
Fungi are present in all environments. They fulfil important ecological functions and play a crucial role in the food industry. Their accurate characterization is thus indispensable, particularly through metabarcoding. The most frequently used markers to monitor fungi are ITSs. These markers are the best documented in public databases but have one...
Article
Full-text available
Most single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are located in non-coding regions, but the fraction usually studied is harbored in protein-coding regions because potential impacts on proteins are relatively easy to predict by popular tools such as the Variant Effect Predictor. These tools annotate variants independently without considering the potentia...
Article
Full-text available
In addition to their common usages to study gene expression, RNA-seq data accumulated over the last 10 years are a yet-unexploited resource of SNPs in numerous individuals from different populations. SNP detection by RNA-seq is particularly interesting for livestock species since whole genome sequencing is expensive and exome sequencing tools are u...
Article
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
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Long non-coding RNAs (LNC) regulate numerous biological processes. In contrast to human, the identification of LNC in farm species, like chicken, is still lacunar. We propose a catalogue of 52,075 chicken genes enriched in LNC (http://www.fragencode.org/), built from the Ensembl reference extended using novel LNC modelled here from 364 RNA-seq and...
Article
Full-text available
Rainbow trout has a male heterogametic (XY) sex determination system controlled by a major sex-determining gene, sdY. Unexpectedly, a few phenotypically masculinised fish are regularly observed in all-female farmed trout stocks. To better understand the genetic determinism underlying spontaneous maleness in XX-rainbow trout, we recorded the phenoty...
Article
Phenotypic plasticity is a key component of the ability of organisms to respond to changing environmental conditions. In this study, we aimed to study the establishment of DNA methylation marks in response to an environmental stress in rainbow trout and to assess whether these marks depend on the genetic background. The environmental stress chosen...
Preprint
Full-text available
Rainbow trout has a male heterogametic (XY) sex determination system controlled by a major sex-determining gene, sdY . Unexpectedly, a few phenotypically masculinised fish are regularly observed in all-female farmed trout stocks. To better understand the genetic determinism underlying spontaneous maleness in XX-rainbow trout, we recorded the phenot...
Article
Rivers are representative of the overall contamination found in their catchment area. Contaminant concentrations in watercourses depend on numerous factors including land use and rainfall events. Globally, in Mediterranean regions, rainstorms are at the origin of fluvial multipollution phenomena as a result of Combined Sewer Overflows (CSOs) and fl...
Article
Full-text available
Assessing the evolutionary potential of animal populations in the wild is crucial to understanding how they may respond to selection mediated by rapid environmental change (e.g. habitat loss and fragmentation). A growing number of studies have investigated the adaptive role of behaviour, but assessments of its genetic basis in a natural setting rem...
Article
Estimating the evolutionary potential of quantitative traits and reliably predicting responses to selection in wild populations are important challenges in evolutionary biology. The genomic revolution has opened up opportunities for measuring relatedness among individuals with precision, enabling pedigree‐free estimation of trait heritabilities in...
Preprint
Full-text available
Estimating the evolutionary potential of quantitative traits and reliably predicting responses to selection in wild populations are important challenges in evolutionary biology. The genomic revolution has opened up opportunities for measuring relatedness among individuals with precision, enabling pedigree-free estimation of trait heritabilities in...
Article
Full-text available
Background Bacterial cold-water disease, which is caused by Flavobacterium psychrophilum, is one of the major diseases that affect rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and a primary concern for trout farming. Better knowledge of the genetic basis of resistance to F. psychrophilum would help to implement this trait in selection schemes and to investi...
Article
Full-text available
Motivation: Metagenomics leads to major advances in microbial ecology and biologists need user friendly tools to analyze their data on their own. Results: This Galaxy-supported pipeline, called FROGS, is designed to analyze large sets of am-plicon sequences and produce abundance tables of Operational Taxonomic Units (OTUs) and their taxonomic affil...
Article
Full-text available
The human impact on natural habitats is increasing the complexity of human-wildlife interactions and leading to the emergence of infectious diseases worldwide. Highly successful synanthropic wildlife species, such as rodents, will undoubtedly play an increasingly important role in transmitting zoonotic diseases. We investigated the potential for re...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
High-throughput sequencing of 16S/18S/23S RNA amplicons has opened new horizons in the study of microbe communities. With the sequencing at great depth the current processing pipelines struggle to run rapidly and the most effective solutions are often designed for specialists. These tools are designed to give both the abundance table of operational...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
High-throughput sequencing of 16S/18S RNA amplicons has opened new horizons in the study of microbe communities. With the sequencing at great depth the current processing pipelines struggle to run rapidly and the most effective solutions are often designed for specialists. These tools are designed to give both the abundance table of operational tax...
Article
The bacterial communities inhabiting arthropods are generally dominated by a few endosymbionts that play an important role in the ecology of their hosts. Rather than comparing bacterial species richness across samples, ecological studies on arthropod endosymbionts often seek to identify the main bacterial strains associated with each specimen studi...
Article
Full-text available
High-throughput sequencing technologies have offered in recent years new opportunities to study genome variations. These studies have mostly focused on single nucleotide poly-morphisms, small insertions or deletions and on copy number variants. Other structural variants , such as large insertions or deletions, tandem duplications, translocations, a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Rodents are major reservoirs of pathogens responsible for numerous zoonotic diseases in humans and livestock. Assessing their microbial diversity at both the individual and population level is crucial for monitoring endemic infections and revealing microbial association patterns within reservoirs. Recently, NGS approaches have been emp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
High-throughput sequencing of 16S/18S RNA amplicons has opened new horizons in the study of microbe communities. With the sequencing at great depth the current processing pipelines struggle to run rapidly and the most effective solutions are often designed for specialists. These tools are designed to give both the abundance table of operational tax...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
High-throughput sequencing of 16S/18S RNA amplicons has opened new horizons in the study of microbe communities. With the sequencing at great depth the current processing pipelines struggle to run rapidly and the most effective solutions are often designed for specialists. These tools are designed to give both the abundance table of operational tax...
Article
Full-text available
Orientia bacterium is the agent of the scrub typhus, a seriously neglected life-threatening disease in Asia. Here, we report the detection of DNA of Orientia in rodents from Europe and Africa. These findings have important implications for public health. Surveillance outside Asia, where the disease is not expected by sanitary services, needs to be...
Article
Full-text available
Orientia bacterium is the agent of the scrub typhus, a seriously neglected life-threatening disease in Asia. Here, we report the detection of DNA of Orientia in rodents from Europe and Africa. These findings have important implications for public health. Surveillance outside Asia, where the disease is not expected by sanitary services, needs to be...
Article
Full-text available
Coffee is a valuable beverage crop due to its characteristic flavor, aroma, and the stimulating effects of caffeine. We generated a high-quality draft genome of the species Coffea canephora, which displays a conserved chromosomal gene order among asterid angiosperms. Although it shows no sign of the whole-genome triplication identified in Solanacea...
Article
Full-text available
Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) was formed ~7500 years ago by hybridization between B. rapa and B. oleracea, followed by chromosome doubling, a process known as allopolyploidy. Together with more ancient polyploidizations, this conferred an aggregate 72× genome multiplication since the origin of angiosperms and high gene content. We examined the B...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract Text: Sex in rainbow trout is primarily determined by a genetic male heterogametic system encoded by a master sex-determining gene sdY. However, the occurrence of spontaneous phenotypic males in all-female doubled haploid (DH) gynogenetic populations suggested that multiple sex-influencing loci could exist in trout as found in other specie...
Article
Full-text available
Vertebrate evolution has been shaped by several rounds of whole-genome duplications (WGDs) that are often suggested to be associated with adaptive radiations and evolutionary innovations. Due to an additional round of WGD, the rainbow trout genome offers a unique opportunity to investigate the early evolutionary fate of a duplicated vertebrate geno...
Article
Full-text available
Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) was formed ~7500 years ago by hybridization between B. rapa and B. oleracea, followed by chromosome doubling, a process known as allopolyploidy. Together with more ancient polyploidizations, this conferred an aggregate 72× genome multiplication since the origin of angiosperms and high gene content. We examined the B...
Article
Full-text available
Drug susceptible clinical isolates of Candida albicans frequently become highly tolerant to drugs during chemotherapy, with dreadful consequences to patient health. We used RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) to analyze the transcriptomes of a CDR (Candida Drug Resistance) strain and its isogenic drug sensitive counterpart. RNA-seq unveiled differential expre...
Data
Full-text available
Table S1. Genes with enlarged 3' or 5' UTR boundaries as compared with the annotation of Bruno et al. 2010. Table S2. annotation and coordinates of new transcripts found based on our RNA seq data. Overlap with previously annotated transcripts are indicated (annotations taken from Candida Genome Database, Bruno et al., 2010; Sellam et al., 2010 and...
Article
Full-text available
Bananas (Musa spp.), including dessert and cooking types, are giant perennial monocotyledonous herbs of the order Zingiberales, a sister group to the well-studied Poales, which include cereals. Bananas are vital for food security in many tropical and subtropical countries and the most popular fruit in industrialized countries. The Musa domesticatio...
Article
Full-text available
We developed a modular and scalable framework called Eoulsan, based on the Hadoop implementation of the MapReduce algorithm dedicated to high-throughput sequencing data analysis. Eoulsan allows users to easily set up a cloud computing cluster and automate the analysis of several samples at once using various software solutions available. Our tests...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Software for amplicon metagenomics analysis.
Archived project
Sequencing of the banana genome