Maria Angeles Quiroga

Maria Angeles Quiroga
Complutense University of Madrid | UCM · Facultad de Psicología

PhD

About

90
Publications
41,249
Reads
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1,930
Citations
Citations since 2016
13 Research Items
1008 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Additional affiliations
April 2017 - December 2017
Complutense University of Madrid
Position
  • Professor (Full)
October 1986 - present
Complutense University of Madrid
Position
  • Senior Lecturer-Researcher (National Qualification for Professor obtained in 2010)
Position
  • Individual Differences
Education
October 1975 - June 1981

Publications

Publications (90)
Article
Biological (BA) and chronological (CA) age may or may not fit. The available evidence reveals remarkable individual differences in the overlap/mismatch between BA and CA. Increased mismatch can be interpreted as delayed (BA/CA<1) or accelerated biological aging (BA/CA>1). Body and brain health are correlated and both predict aging outcomes associat...
Article
Full-text available
Resting state functional connectivity research has shown that general cognitive ability (GCA) is associated with brain resilience to targeted and random attacks (TAs and RAs). However, it remains to be seen if the finding generalizes to structural connectivity. Furthermore, individuals showing performance levels at the very high area of the GCA dis...
Article
Assessment in its various forms is a key element in any teaching process. This research focuses on how formative assessment can be used to improve the teaching-learning process and provide students with feedback about their progress rather than just grades. The main aim is to analyze how individual formative self-assessment processes—via the Socrat...
Chapter
When developing educational games we face the problem of finding the right design for making the learning activities as intrinsic to the game mechanics as possible. Nevertheless, in many cases it is not possible to fully integrate the learning content into the game play, resulting in the well known “chocolate-covered broccoli” game design. The long...
Article
Video games are among the most popular leisure activities in current Western societies. Psychology research has shown correlations, at the latent level, between intelligence and video games ranging from 0.60 to 0.93. Here we analyze whether video games genre can account for this range of correlations by testing one hundred and thirty-four participa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Psychometrics and neuroscience should collaborate with respect to their theoretical models and to their methods. Here we show how we think this can be done based on the consideration of evidence accumulated within the neuropsychological study of the executive function concept and the intelligence concept analyzed in differential psychology. We sugg...
Article
Global structural brain connectivity has been reported to be sex-dependent with women having increased interhemispheric connectivity (InterHc) and men having greater intrahemispheric connectivity (IntraHc). However, (a) smaller brains show greater InterHc, (b) larger brains show greater IntraHc, and (c) women have, on average, smaller brains than m...
Article
This paper reviews the use of video games for measuring intelligence differences and reports two studies analyzing the relationship between intelligence and performance on a leisure video game. In the first study, the main focus was to design an Intelligence Test using puzzles from the video game. Forty-seven young participants played “ Professor L...
Article
Full-text available
Attention is a fundamental process that has been measured through performance in simple perception tests. The level of performance reached in those tests is often attributed exclusively to the attention paid to the task. However most tasks are relatively complex, and for successful execution require other cognitive processes in addition to attentio...
Article
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Background: In spite of the verifiable achievements obtained in gender equity, one wonders if they still exist in our societies gendered activities (roles) at the household level. This study states an affirmative prediction. Gender role is here organized in four different nuclei: instrumentality inside and outside home for men; expressiveness and...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to analyze the DiViSA’s predictive validity in school-age children. To do so, two groups of school-age children were compared: one with low school achievement ( N = 1,174), and one with typical development ( N = 1,426). The obtained results show that: (1) in all grades, children with poor school performance exhibited l...
Article
Full-text available
Themodulation of the Compatibility Effect(CE) according to the compatibility of the previous trial (Sequential Compatibility Effect, SCE) in three types of attentionaltasks is explored. Flankers tasks involve higher cognitive complexity than theSimon task. In all three tasks it is analyzed whether the SCE varies when thestimuli in consecutive trial...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual attraction is an essential part of sex, just as the instrumental and expressive traits are the mainstay of gender. Various hypotheses concerning the dimensionality and independence versus dependence/overlapping of these core entities were tested. A group of 423 university students completed the Sexual Attraction Questionnaire (SAQ; Fernandez...
Article
Intelligence is composed of a set of cognitive abilities hierarchically organized. General and specific abilities capture distinguishable, but related, facets of the intelligence construct. Here, we analyze gray matter with three morphometric indices (volume, cortical surface area, and cortical thickness) at three levels of the intelligence hierarc...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Gender roles have been assessed by explicit measures and, recently, by implicit measures. In the former case, the theoretical assumptions have been questioned by empirical results. To solve this contradiction, we carried out two concatenated studies based on a relatively well-founded theoretical and empirical approach. Method: The fi...
Article
Full-text available
En este estudio se ha utilizado el enfoque de la teoría de los controles cognitivos para explorar cómo se relaciona el funcionamiento cognitivo de los niños con los factores estresantes de los que informan. Este enfoque define la cognición como un conjunto de funciones móviles que cambian en su organización, al servicio de la adaptación. Se evaluó...
Article
Neuroimaging studies provide evidence for organized intrinsic activity under task-free conditions. This activity serves functionally relevant brain systems supporting cognition. Here, we analyze changes in resting-state functional connectivity after videogame practice applying a test-retest design. Twenty young females were selected from a group of...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study aimed to test the effect of an irrelevant external distracter included in a computer-administered visual search test. Two hypotheses were tested: (a) If the distracter affects performance, attention efficiency will be lowered; (b) if children do not habituate to the distracter, performance will be lower for every item of the t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Properties of the brain's structural networks can be analyzed by applying fiber-tracking techniques and network analysis to diffusion MRI. Here we applied exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to anatomical connectivity matrices, to identify brain networks whose properties predicted higher-order cognitive function. Using diffusion MRI scans from 104 he...
Article
Here we apply a method for automated segmentation of the hippocampus in 3D high-resolution structural brain MRI scans. One hundred and four healthy young adults completed twenty one tasks measuring abstract, verbal, and spatial intelligence, along with working memory, executive control, attention, and processing speed. After permutation tests corre...
Chapter
This study was designed to test whether videogame performance requires intelligence even when practice periods are much longer than previously reported (Quiroga, Herranz, Gómez-Abad, Kebir, Ruiz, & Colom, 2009a). The study involved 27 university female undergraduates. Intelligence was measured using several tests both before and after videogame pra...
Article
Here gray and white matter changes after four weeks of videogame practice were analyzed using optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM), cortical surface and cortical thickness indices, and white matter integrity computed from several projection, commissural, and association tracts relevant to cognition. Beginning with a sample of one hundred young f...
Article
Full-text available
Corrigendum to “Objective Assessment of Gender Roles: Gender Roles Test (GRT-36)”: [The Spanish Journal of Psychology 14.2 (2011) 899-911]i - Volume 15 Issue 2 - Juan Fernández, María Ángeles Quiroga, Isabel del Olmo, Javier Aroztegui, Arantxa Martín
Article
Full-text available
Sexual attraction was considered a component of sexual orientation from the beginning of the second half of the 20th century to present times. However, some recent researchers have studied sexual attraction as an independent field measuring it by the Sexual Attraction Questionnaire (SAQ). This study analyzes sexual attraction through the SAQ in 400...
Article
Much is written regarding the associations between human intelligence and cognition. However, it is unusual to find comprehensive studies. Here twenty four measures tapping eight cognitive abilities and skills are considered for assessing a sample of one hundred and eighty five young adults. The simultaneous relationships among fluid, crystallized,...
Article
Full-text available
This study was designed to develop a computerized test to assess gender roles. This test is presented as a decision-making task to mask its purpose. Each item displays a picture representing an activity and a brief sentence that describes it. Participants have to choose the most suitable sex to perform each activity: man or woman. The test (Gender...
Article
Full-text available
This study was designed to test whether videogame performance requires intelligence even when practice periods are much longer than previously reported (Quiroga, Herranz, Gómez-Abad, Kebir, Ruiz, & Colom, 2009a). The study involved 27 university female undergraduates. Intelligence was measured using several tests both before and after videogame pra...
Article
The social stigma of mental illness has received much attention in recent years and its effects on diverse variables such as psychiatric symptoms, social functioning, self-esteem, self-efficacy, quality of life, and social integration are well established. However, internalized stigma in people with severe and persistent mental illness has not rece...
Article
Full-text available
The main goal of this study was to design two computerized tests to assess attention components relevant to children diagnosed with ADHD. For this purpose, previous developmental studies have been considered, and criticisms raised of previously employed tests. Both tests were administered to 423 school children from 7 to 11 years old (from 2nd to 6...
Article
Full-text available
This study focuses on performance differences individuals show when solving a computerized spatial-orientation dynamic task, irrespective of their cognitive ability. The hypothesis tested was that differences in performance reflect individuals’ cognitive style: Reflection-Impulsivity. The Spatial Orientation Dynamic Task-Revised (SODT-R) and the An...
Article
The acknowledged high relationship between working memory and intelligence suggests common underlying cognitive mechanisms and, perhaps, shared biological substrates. If this is the case, improvement in working memory by repeated exposure to challenging span tasks might be reflected in increased intelligence scores. Here we report a study in which...
Article
This study assessed the explanatory power of the intellectual competence (IC) model for understanding the relationship among the main ability and non-ability determinants of academic performance (AP) in a sample of Spanish undergraduates. Thus it attempted to replicate the preliminary evidence for this model provided in a recent UK study and expand...
Article
Full-text available
The Sexual Attraction Questionnaire (SAQ) was designed to measure sexual attraction (Fernández, Quiroga, & Rodríguez, 2006), because the current questionnaires were considered inadequate. The purpose of this research was to test whether the SAQ factors remain meaningful after several years (stability) and whether the Italian version is equivalent t...
Article
Recently, intelligence-personality associations (IPA) were found to be distorted due to failure to separate general and narrow variances of cognitive ability (Reeve, Meyer, & Bonaccio, 2006). In the present study, 248 students completed the NEO-FFI and a battery of nine intelligence tests, which comprised factors of general, abstract-fluid, verbal-...
Article
Full-text available
Here we test if playing video-games require intelligence. Twenty-seven university undergraduate students were trained on three games from Big Brain Academy (Wii): Calculus, Backward Memory and Train. Participants did not have any previous experience with these games. General intelligence was measured by five ability tests before the training sessio...
Article
Full-text available
Some studies show positive correlations between intraindividual variability in elementary speed measures (reflecting processing efficiency) and individual differences in neuroticism (reflecting instability in behaviour). The so-called neural noise hypothesis assumes that higher levels of noise are related both to smaller indices of processing effic...
Article
Full-text available
Assortative mating is the mating of pairs that are more similar in some trait than would be expected from random mating. It takes place when sexually reproducing organisms tend to mate with individuals that are like themselves in some respect (positive assortative mating) or dissimilar (negative assortative mating). The present study measures verba...
Article
The parieto-frontal integration theory (P-FIT) nominates several areas distributed throughout the brain as relevant for intelligence. This theory was derived from previously published studies using a variety of both imaging methods and tests of cognitive ability. Here we test this theory in a new sample of young healthy adults (N = 100) using a psy...
Article
Full-text available
Assortative mating in temperament and intelligence, and the role of marital satisfaction. Assortative mating is the mating of pairs that are more similar in some trait than would be expected from random mating. It takes place when sexually reproducing organisms tend to mate with individuals that are like themselves in some respect (positive assorta...
Article
El emparejamiento selectivo se refiere a la unión de pares de individuos más semejantes de lo que cabría esperar por azar. En este estudio se han analizado, en parejas adultas, varias hipótesis sobre emparejamiento selectivo: hipótesis de la semejanza (o complementariedad), homogamia social y convergencia. Una vez analizado el tipo de emparejamient...
Article
Full-text available
Working memory and the general factor of intelligence (g) are highly related constructs. However, we still don't know why. Some models support the central role of simple short-term storage, whereas others appeal to executive functions like the control of attention. Nevertheless, the available empirical evidence does not suffice to get an answer, pr...
Article
Full-text available
This work analyzes the possibility that the differences in the performance of men and women in dynamic spatial tasks such as the Spatial Orientation Dynamic Test-Revised (SODT-R; Santacreu & Rubio, 1998), obtained in previous works, are due to cognitive style (Reflexivity-Impulsivity) or to the speed-accuracy tradeoff (SATO) that the participants i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
JUSTIFICACIÓN: En la actualidad sigue debatiéndose el porqué de la mayor semejanza entre algunos hermanos más allá de la conocida contribución de los factores genéticos y se propone ahondar en las fuentes de varianza debidas al ambiente no compartido (Harris, 2006) pero no se ha contemplado que un rasgo cuyas diferencias se deben en un 70% a factor...
Article
Full-text available
A theoretical and empirical review of masculinity and femininity scales was carried out after 30 years of their existence. Hypotheses to be tested were: (a) muldimensionality versus bidimensionality; (b) inadequate percentage of variance accounted for (less than 50%); (c) inconsistency between factor structure and the dualistic model. 618, 200 and...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Older Adults (HoNOS65+) consists of 12 scales that measure the health and psychosocial problems of older adults with a mental health problem. These scales can be used routinely in clinical settings and are a useful instrument to assess outcomes in older adults. The aim of this study was to tr...
Article
Full-text available
Tras más de un cuarto de siglo de investigaciones con las nuevas escalas de masculinidad y feminidad, se realiza una evaluación de su fundamentación teórica y de su adecuación empírica. Las hipótesis a poner a prueba son: a) la multidimensionalidad frente a la bidimensionalidad; b) la insatisfactoria proporción de varianza explicada (menos del 50%)...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual attraction is an essential part of sex, just as the instrumental and expressive traits are the mainstay of gender. Various hypotheses concerning the dimensionality and independence versus dependence/overlapping of these core entities were tested. A group of 423 university students completed the Sexual Attraction Questionnaire (SAQ; Fernández...
Article
Full-text available
Storage-oriented memory span tasks with no explicit concurrent processing are usually referred as short-term memory (STM) tasks, whereas tasks involving storage plus concurrent processing requirements are designated as working memory (WM) tasks. The present study explores a question that remains unsolved: Do STM and WM tasks clearly tap distinguish...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this research was to develop a new Sexual Attraction Questionnaire (SAQ) [Cuestionario de Atracción Sexual, CAS]. The goal was to determine whether sexual attraction could be represented as two different clusters (Attraction to men and Attraction to women), which would imply two negatively correlated factors or a bipolar one. Three s...
Article
Full-text available
People can be classified as attracted to both sexes, to men, to women, or to neither sex, and also as instrumental-expressive, instrumental, expressive, or non-instrumental-expressive. The two hypotheses tested herein are, on the one hand, the relative independence between these two typologies and, on the other, the close relation between sexual di...
Article
Full-text available
As part of psychological evaluations to determine whether interventions were needed, 106 abandoned children (aged 5 to 19 years) residing in SOS-Kinderdorf International Children's Villages in Spain were individually administered a structured interview to learn what each child construed as upsetting. Before admission, each child had been exposed to...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual attraction: Its dimensionality. The purpose of this research was to develop a new Sexual At- traction Questionnaire (SAQ) (Cuestionario de Atracción Sexual, CAS ). The goal was to determine whether sexual attraction could be represented as two different clusters (Attraction to men and Attrac- tion to women), which would imply two negatively...