Maria Alvarez Fernandez

Maria Alvarez Fernandez
University of Oviedo | UNIOVI · Department of History

PhD

About

40
Publications
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17
Citations
Citations since 2017
9 Research Items
13 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230123456
20172018201920202021202220230123456

Publications

Publications (40)
Book
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Esta obra colectiva pretende responder a varios de los interrogantes que nos plantean las formas de la vida política, socioeconómica y cultural de los puertos del sur de la Europa atlántica desde la segunda mitad del siglo XII, cuando la colaboración entre los diversos agentes económicos, sociales y políticos articularon las primeras formas de gobe...
Chapter
Presents a wealth of original research findings on how medieval ports actually worked, providing new insights on shipping, trade, port society and culture, and systems of regional and international integration.
Article
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Resumen Se realiza una revisión historiográfica de los principales episodios epidémicos sufridos por la humanidad desde la Prehistoria hasta el siglo XX, con el propósito de analizar la incidencia que han tenido las sucesivas enfermedades infecto-contagiosas en las diferentes sociedades en cada época, atendiendo a cuatro variables de estudio: la so...
Book
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Los reinos hispánicos tuvieron un papel protagonista en la llamada Primera Globalización/mundialización, cuyo camino pasaba, ineludiblemente, por el desarrollo y control de las rutas marítimas y terrestres entre las ciudades, encargadas de centralizar los intercambios y flujos de personas, mercancías, noticias e ideas, conectando el Mediterráneo y...
Article
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The rich documentary fund of the Contaduría Mayor de Cuentas –the Higher Accounting Office of Castile– contained in the Archivo General de Simancas preserves an interesting account of the incomes from the alcabalas –a sale tax applied to certain products– collected in the Principality of Asturias in times of Isabel I of Castile. This document provi...
Article
The Property Holdings of Cathedral Chapters from the Middle Ages to the Modern Era: The Case of San Salvador d’Oviedo The fire that devastated Oviedo in 1521 destroyed the medieval buildings owned by the cathedral chapter, but their structure can be reconstructed thanks to property inspections carried out in 1510 and 1514. Through these detailed in...
Book
Full-text available
A finales del siglo XV el paisaje urbano de Oviedo se hallaba en buena parte arruinado, tras sucesivos episodios de pestilencias, carestías, incendios y hambrunas. Una desfavorable coyuntura que no impidió, sin embargo, la llegada de gentes del entorno rural a la ciudad y la rápida saturación del exiguo recinto amurallado. Suelo urbano y caserío...
Article
Le feu qui a détruit Oviedo en 1521 a fait disparaître les bâtiments médiévaux capitulaires, dont la structure peut être reconstituée grâce aux inspections immobilières des années 1510 et 1514. C’est grâce à cette inspection détaillée ordonnée par le chapitre de la cathédrale d’Oviedo (le principal propriétaire de biens immeubles dans la ville) qu’...
Article
The aim of our paper is to offer a methodological model for the study of the relation between space and society in late medieval Spanish towns, a model framed within the elaborations of the so-called ‘Social Topography’, concerned with the social distribution of urban space, or, in other words, the study of spatial patterns as a reflection and stim...
Chapter
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Between the mid-twelfth and mid-fourteenth centuries, the region of Asturias, on the northern periphery of the Kingdom of Castile, experimented with a process of urbanisation that transformed this area, with the creation of a single city, into a territory with a dense urban grid. The foundation of «new towns» or villes neuves which, though well sup...
Chapter
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El estudio que presentamos trata de aproximarse a las transformaciones urbanísticas llevadas a cabo en el Oviedo de los siglos XV y XVI por iniciativa municipal que alteraron la imagen tradicional de la urbe regia. Fueron pioneras, en este sentido, las obras de edificación de las casas del Ayuntamiento y del Matadero, el cambio de ubicación del mer...
Chapter
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En la presente exposición analizaremos detenidamente algunas de las prohibiciones a que estaban sujetos los integrantes de la cofradía del Rey Casto -la más importante asociación confraternal del Oviedo medieval-, formada fundamentalmente por clérigos, así como las sanciones correspondientes por su mal comportamiento. Los estatutos de la cofradía c...
Book
Full-text available
"Sono cittadini coloro che si sentono tali, che sono orgogliosi di appartenere a una comunita superiore al villaggio per potenza, per ricchezza, per cultura, per tradizioni artistiche, per un passatto memorabile, per l'attitudine, a uno sforzo comune". Así definia Roberto Sabatino Lopez el concepto de ciudad en la Edad Media, desde la perspectiva...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
This transnational research project focuses on the analysis and comparative study of economic activities, port societies and armed conflicts in Atlantic ports between 1200 and 1520, involving researchers from several countries of the Atlantic arc. The fundamental hypothesis is that the medieval European Atlantic port network was a success because it was based on a series of factors, such as geographical conditions, infrastructures, highly dynamic societies and a governance adaptive to its peripheral position, issues analyzed in the previous research projects, but also that, in these Atlantic towns, economic activities related to the sea, both fishing and shipbuilding, but especially the transport of goods and people (men and women) linked to trade, as well as the services linked to them, such as port activities, storage, land transport, finance, insurance, security and naval and coastal surveillance, privateering, piracy and war, among others, were the key factors of the development and economic recovery of late medieval Atlantic Europe . The main goals of the project are: 1. Reflecting and debating about the theoretical and methodological issues of the economic activities of the Atlantic ports. 2. Studying, in a comparative and transnational way, the development and scope of economic activities and their relationship with societies, from a perspective of gender history, of the town ports, located on the peripheries of the European Atlantic arc. 3. Researching where, how, when, why and thanks to whom in the town ports of Atlantic Europe were given an economic specialization towards fishing activities (inshore, high altitude or mixed), transport (short and scopes), shipbuilding and repair, commercial exchange, piracy or others. 4. Analyzing the interactions between the economic activities related to the sea (fishing, trade, navigation, freight transport, privateering and piracy ...), the social groups that played a leading role and the institutions and forms of port government along the Atlantic coast of Europe. 5. Analyzing the Atlantic port environments and their relationship with economic development, human, social and technological progress, political relations and armed conflicts in the Europe of the 13th-15th centuries. 6. Analyze the role of merchants in the diplomatic relations of ports and states, as well as their ability to influence as lobbies in those places where they settled, especially in the resolution of conflicts. 7. Studying the above goals from a gender perspective, analyzing the role played by women in port economies and societies, in which they played a leading role. 8. Contributing positively and accurately to current debates about the role of Europe in the First Globalization 9. Producing contents and working instruments for the research of Atlantic port cities between 1200 and 1520 to be made available to the scientific community and the general public, such as plans and iconographic material of the Atlantic ports. This research project is funded by the Spanish Government, Ministery of Science and Innovation. Spanish Research Agency