Mari A Kaunisto

Mari A Kaunisto
University of Helsinki | HY · Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland (FIMM)

Ph.D., Senior Researcher

About

95
Publications
9,670
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3,474
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2006 - present
Folkhälsan Research Center
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (95)
Preprint
Full-text available
Population isolates such as Finland provide benefits in genetic studies because the allelic spectrum of damaging alleles in any gene is often concentrated on a small number of low-frequency variants (0.1% ≤ minor allele frequency < 5%), which survived the founding bottleneck, as opposed to being distributed over a much larger number of ultra--rare...
Article
Full-text available
We demonstrate that CYP2D6 copy-number variation (CNV) can be imputed using existing imputation algorithms. Additionally, we report frequencies of key pharmacogenetic variants in individuals with a psychotic disorder from the genetically bottle-necked population of Finland. We combined GWAS chip and CYP2D6 CNV data from the Breast Cancer Pain Genet...
Article
Full-text available
Background Migraine is diagnosed using the extensively field-tested International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-3) consensus criteria derived by the International Headache Society. To evaluate the criteria in respect to a measurable biomarker, we studied the relationship between the main ICHD-3 criteria and the polygenic risk score, a...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Central poststroke pain (CPSP), a neuropathic pain condition, is difficult to treat. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) targeted to the primary motor cortex (M1) can alleviate the condition, but not all patients respond. We aimed to assess a promising alternative rTMS target, the secondary somatosensory cortex (S2), for...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Rocuronium, a common neuromuscular blocking agent, is mainly excreted unchanged in urine (10-25%) and bile (>70%). Age, sex, liver blood flow, smoking, medical conditions, and ethnic background can affect its pharmacological actions. However, reasons for the wide variation in rocuronium requirements are mostly unknown. We hypothesised...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose We constructed a CYP2D6 copy-number imputation panel by combining copy-number information to GWAS chip data. In addition, we report frequencies of key pharmacogenetic variants in individuals with a psychotic disorder from the genetically bottle-necked population of Finland. Methods We combined GWAS chip and CYP2D6 copy-number variation (CN...
Article
Full-text available
Blood pressure (BP) was inconsistently associated with migraine and the mechanisms of BP-lowering medications in migraine prophylaxis are unknown. Leveraging large-scale summary statistics for migraine (Ncases/Ncontrols = 59,674/316,078) and BP (N = 757,601), we find positive genetic correlations of migraine with diastolic BP (DBP, rg = 0.11, P = 3...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Glial cells in the central nervous system play a key role in neuroinflammation and subsequent central sensitization to pain. They are therefore involved in the development of persistent pain. One of the main sites of interaction of the immune system with persistent pain has been identified as neuro-immune crosstalk at the glial-opioid...
Article
Full-text available
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a syndrome that frequently affects the critically ill. Recently, an increased number of dinucleotide repeats in the HMOX1 gene were reported to associate with development of AKI in cardiac surgery. We aimed to test the replicability of this finding in a Finnish cohort of critically ill septic patients. This multicenter...
Article
Abtract: Cancer and its surgical treatment are among the most important triggering events for persistent pain, but additional factors need to be present for the clinical manifestation, such as variants in pain-relevant genes. In a cohort of 140 women undergoing breast cancer surgery, assigned based on a three-year follow-up to either a persistent...
Article
Full-text available
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a syndrome with high incidence among the critically ill. Because the clinical variables and currently used biomarkers have failed to predict the individual susceptibility to AKI, candidate gene variants for the trait have been studied. Studies about genetic predisposition to AKI have been mainly underpowered and of mode...
Article
Chronic postmastectomy pain (PMP) imposes a major burden on the quality of life of the ever-increasing number of long-term survivors of breast cancer. An earlier report by Nissenbaum et al. (2010) claimed that particular polymorphisms in the gene CACNG2 are associated with the risk of developing chronic PMP after breast surgery. This information is...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Many gene variants modulate the individual perception of pain and possibly also its persistence. The limited selection of single functional variants is increasingly being replaced by anal-yses of the full coding and regulatory sequences of pain-relevant genes accessible by means of next generation sequencing (NGS). Methods: An NGS panel...
Article
Purpose of review: The review describes recent advances in genetics and genomics of postoperative pain, the association between genetic variants and the efficacy of analgesics, and the role of pharmacogenomics in the selection of appropriate analgesic treatments for postoperative pain. Recent findings: Recent genetic studies have reported associ...
Article
Complex traits, including migraine, often aggregate in families, but the underlying genetic architecture behind this is not well understood. The aggregation could be explained by rare, penetrant variants that segregate according to Mendelian inheritance or by the sufficient polygenic accumulation of common variants, each with an individually small...
Article
Objective To study the position of hemiplegic migraine in the clinical spectrum of migraine with aura and to reveal the importance of CACNA1A, ATP1A2 and SCN1A in the development of hemiplegic migraine in Finnish migraine families. Methods The International Classification of Headache Disorders 3rd edition criteria were used to determine clinical c...
Article
Full-text available
P2X7 is a nonselective cation channel activated by extracellular ATP. P2X7 activation contributes to the proinflammatory response to injury or bacterial invasion and mediates apoptosis. Recently, P2X7 function has been linked to chronic inflammatory and neuropathic pain. P2X7 may contribute to pain modulation both by effects on peripheral tissue in...
Article
Full-text available
Background Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a multifactorial syndrome, but knowledge about its pathophysiology and possible genetic background is limited. Recently the first hypothesis-free genetic association studies have been published to explore individual susceptibility to AKI. We aimed to replicate the previously identified associations between fi...
Preprint
Full-text available
It has long been observed that complex traits, including migraine, often aggregate in families, but the underlying genetic architecture behind this is not well understood. Two competing hypotheses exist, emphasizing either rare or common genetic variation. More specifically, familial aggregation could be predominantly explained by rare, penetrant v...
Article
Full-text available
Familial growth hormone deficiency provides an opportunity to identify new genetic causes of short stature. Here we combine linkage analysis with whole-genome resequencing in patients with growth hormone deficiency and maternally inherited gingival fibromatosis. We report that patients from three unrelated families harbor either of two missense mut...
Article
We investigated factors affecting analgesic oxycodone concentrations after breast cancer surgery in 1,000 women. Preoperatively, we studied heat and cold pain sensitivities and anxiety scores. Postoperatively, rest and motion pain intensities were measured and intravenous oxycodone was administered until satisfactory analgesia. At this point, the m...
Article
In the version of this article initially published online, the affiliations for Bertram Muller-Myhsok and Patricia Pozo-Rosich were incorrect or incomplete. These errors have been corrected for the print, PDF and HTML versions of this article.
Article
Background: Dysfunctions in the intrinsic clocks are suggested in patients with depressive disorders. The cryptochrome circadian clocks 1 and 2 (CRY1 and CRY2) proteins modulate circadian rhythms in a cell and influence emotional reactions and mood in an individual. The protein kinase C delta binding protein (PRKCDBP, or CAVIN3), similar to the se...
Article
Aims Parenteral oxycodone is increasingly used worldwide to manage perioperative pain. Oxycodone doses required for adequate analgesia vary significantly between individuals. Our study investigated whether an analgesic plasma concentration could be determined for oxycodone and which factors affect it. Methods 1000 women undergoing breast cancer su...
Article
Aims We aim to characterize the effects of variation within ADRB2 -gene on pain and opioid requirements in human patients. We will assess ADRB2-OPRM1-6TM heterodimer as a molecular mechanism, potentially explaining pronociceptive and antianalgetic effects, using preclinical in vitro and in vivo models. We will further assess clinical significance v...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims P2X7 is a purinoceptor and non-selective cation channel that is activated by extracellular ATP, especially in immune and glia cells. Activation of P2X7 triggers the secretion of several pro-inflammatory substances, such as IL- 1P, IL-18, TNF-α, and nitric oxide. P2X7 activation contributes to the pro-inflammatory response to inj...
Article
Full-text available
Migraine is a debilitating neurological disorder affecting around one in seven people worldwide, but its molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. There is some debate about whether migraine is a disease of vascular dysfunction or a result of neuronal dysfunction with secondary vascular changes. Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have thus...
Article
Cryptochromes are key components of the circadian clocks that generate and maintain seasonal variations. The aim of our study was to analyze the associations of CRY1 and CRY2 genetic variants with the problematicity of seasonal variations, and whether the problematicity of seasonal variations changed during the follow-up of 11 years. Altogether 21...
Article
Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase (FAAH) metabolizes the endocannabinoid anandamide, which has an important role in nociception. We investigated the role of common FAAH single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in experimentally-induced and postoperative pain. 1,000 women undergoing surgery for breast cancer participated in the study. They were tested for co...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The risk of an individual to develop an acute kidney injury (AKI), or its severity, cannot be reliably predicted by common clinical risk factors. Whether genetic risk factors have an explanatory role poses an interesting question, however. Thus, we conducted a systematic literature review regarding genetic predisposition to AKI or outc...
Preprint
Full-text available
Migraine is a debilitating neurological disorder affecting around 1 in 7 people worldwide, but its molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. Some debate exists over whether migraine is a disease of vascular dysfunction, or a result of neuronal dysfunction with secondary vascular changes. Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have thus far iden...
Article
Before the genome-wide association (GWA) era, many hypothesis-driven candidate gene association studies were performed that tested whether DNA variants in genes that had been selected based on prior knowledge about migraine pathophysiology were associated with migraine. Most studies involved small sample sets without robust replication, thereby mak...
Article
The circadian clock affects metabolic cycles, and there is a link between circadian clock genes and metabolic syndrome. Therefore, we wanted to investigate whether variants of the core circadian clock genes, cryptochrome circadian clocks 1 and 2 (CRY1 and CRY2), or those of protein kinase C, delta binding protein (PRKCDBP), which regulate the inter...
Article
Unlabelled: Most clinically used opioids are mu-opioid receptor agonists. Therefore, genetic variation of the OPRM1 gene that encodes the mu-opioid receptor is of great interest for understanding pain management. A polymorphism 118A>G (rs1799971) within the OPRM1 gene results in a missense mutation and affects the function of the receptor. We stud...
Article
Genetic factors play an important role in the development of osteoporosis. Several monogenic forms of osteoporosis have been recognized; most recently an X-chromosomal form resulting from mutations in the gene encoding plastin 3 (PLS3). PLS3 is a protein involved in actin bundle formation in the cytoskeleton. We present a large family with early-on...
Article
Full-text available
3% of the population develops saccular intracranial aneurysms (sIAs), a complex trait, with a sporadic and a familial form. Subarachnoid hemorrhage from sIA (sIA-SAH) is a devastating form of stroke. Certain rare genetic variants are enriched in the Finns, a population isolate with a small founder population and bottleneck events. As the sIA-SAH in...
Article
Full-text available
Heterogeneous phenotypes of complex disorders pose a great challenge for genetic association studies and for the development of personalized treatment strategies. Cluster analysis of phenotypic data has been recently proposed as a reliable auxiliary method for such studies. A cohort of 236 treatment-seeking smokers was investigated after overnight...
Article
Background: This article describes the methods and results of the early part (experimental pain tests and postoperative analgesia) of a study that assesses genetic and other factors related to acute pain and persistent pain after treatment of breast cancer in a prospective cohort of 1,000 women. Methods: One thousand consenting patients were rec...
Article
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) metabolizes catecholamines in different tissues. Polymorphisms in COMT gene can attenuate COMT activity and increase sensitivity to pain. Human studies exploring the effect of COMT polymorphisms on pain sensitivity have mostly included small, heterogeneous samples and have ignored several important single nucleot...
Article
Full-text available
People with mood disorders often have disruptions in their circadian rhythms. Recent molecular genetics has linked circadian clock genes to mood disorders. Our objective was to study two core circadian clock genes, CRY1 and CRY2 as well as TTC1 that interacts with CRY2, in relation to depressive and anxiety disorders. Of these three genes, 48 singl...
Article
Full-text available
Migraine is the most common brain disorder, affecting approximately 14% of the adult population, but its molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. We report the results of a meta-analysis across 29 genome-wide association studies, including a total of 23,285 individuals with migraine (cases) and 95,425 population-matched controls. We identified 1...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: End-stage coagulation and the structure/function of fibrin are implicated in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke. We explored whether genetic variants associated with end-stage coagulation in healthy volunteers account for the genetic predisposition to ischemic stroke and examined their influence on stroke subtype. Methods: Common gen...
Article
Full-text available
Migraine without aura is the most common form of migraine, characterized by recurrent disabling headache and associated autonomic symptoms. To identify common genetic variants associated with this migraine type, we analyzed genome-wide association data of 2,326 clinic-based German and Dutch individuals with migraine without aura and 4,580 populatio...
Data
Summary of the non-parametric linkage results for diabetic nephropathy on the regions showing LOD scores 1.00–1.73. (DOC)
Data
List of participating centers and people involved. (XLS)
Article
Full-text available
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) affects about 30% of patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and contributes to serious morbidity and mortality. So far only the 3q21-q25 region has repeatedly been indicated as a susceptibility region for DN. The aim of this study was to search for new DN susceptibility loci in Finnish, Danish and French T1D families. We perf...
Article
Full-text available
Migraine is a common episodic neurological disorder, typically presenting with recurrent attacks of severe headache and autonomic dysfunction. Apart from rare monogenic subtypes, no genetic or molecular markers for migraine have been convincingly established. We identified the minor allele of rs1835740 on chromosome 8q22.1 to be associated with mig...
Article
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a severe long-term complication of diabetes characterized by continuous albuminuria, a relentless decline in renal function, and an increased arterial blood pressure. Our aim was to find out if single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the SLC22A1, SLC22A2, and SLC22A3 genes encoding organic cation transporters (OCT...