Margarida Gaspar de Matos

Margarida Gaspar de Matos
University of Lisbon | UL · Instituto de Saude Ambiental & Aventura Social

Doctoral degree -Professorship

About

835
Publications
262,319
Reads
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12,309
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2014 - December 2021
University of Lisbon
Position
  • Professor (Full)
July 2013 - present
University of Lisbon
Position
  • Professor (Full)
June 2013 - present
Universidade de Lisboa
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Education
October 2003 - October 2004
Universidade NOVA de Lisboa
Field of study
  • International Health
September 1990 - July 1993
Faculty of Human Kinetics
Field of study
  • Special Education - Social Behaviour
September 1987 - July 1990
ISPA Instituto Universitário
Field of study
  • Psychology of Education

Publications

Publications (835)
Article
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A considerable amount of literature demonstrates an association between physical activity (PA) and health. However, some studies also suggest an association between PA and health compromising behaviors. The purpose of this study is to determine the behaviors that can have a positive or negative association with PA in a nationally representative sam...
Article
There is a recent decline in HIV in a significant number of countries due to the adoption of preventive sexual behaviors, which demonstrates that HIV reduction is possible. The goal of this research was to deepen knowledge of preventive sexual behavior in adolescents, including knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS, and assessing whether they chan...
Article
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The aim of this study was to understand what children’s and adolescents’ worries are and the strategies used to face them. Two studies were carried out. Study one had a sample of 1,207 Portuguese children and adolescents, 48.4% boys, attending 5th to 9th grades, mean age 12.5, participated in a first approach to children and adolescents’ theories a...
Article
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Marco teórico: El envejecimiento ha sido una fuente creciente de mayores oportunidades generadas por la longevidad, pero también una fuente creciente de preocupación, particularmente con respecto a la salud mental y el bienestar de las personas mayores. Como tal, es muy importante tener una mejor comprensión de la relación entre los factores psicos...
Article
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Objectives The consequences of long-lasting restrictions related to the COVID-19 pandemic have become a topical question in the latest research. The present study aims to analyze longitudinal changes in adolescents’ social emotional skills, resilience, and behavioral problems. Moreover, the study addresses the impact of adolescents’ social emotiona...
Article
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Food literacy is a combination of functional, critical, and relational skills that pave the way for navigating the food system properly, taking personally and contextually available resources into account. The aim was to validate the Spanish version of the self-perceived food literacy scale in university students to explore the factorial structure...
Article
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Analisar a associação entre desenvoltura social, regulação parental e atividade física em adolescentes. Estudo de corte realizado com 722 adolescentes de escolas públicas de Foz do Iguaçu. Os dados foram recolhidos por questionários. A associação da desenvoltura social com a regulação parental e a atividade física foram analisados no grupo geral e...
Article
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Background: In times of unprecedented infectious disease threats, it is essential to understand how to increase individual protective behaviors and support for collective measures. The present study therefore examines factors associated with individual and collective pathways. Methods: Data was collected via an online survey from 4,483 participants...
Article
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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a disproportionately hard impact on refugees and other migrants who are often exposed to the virus with limited means to protect themselves. We tested the hypothesis that during the COVID-19 pandemic, refugees and other migrants have suffered a negative impact on mental health and have been unjustly discri...
Article
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Background Depression is the most prevalent mental disorder. In the treatment of depressive symptoms, patients' religious practices and beliefs are often not considered. We carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs to analyse the effect of religious interventions on depression. Methods A literature screening was performed on August...
Article
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The main objective of this study is to understand and characterize the adoption of an ecological perspective and the physical, psychological, social, and contextual health factors that may influence the adjustment to and mental health experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study included 5479 participants, of which 3710 were female (67.7%),...
Article
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During COVID-19 pandemic, the use of internet in adolescent population has increased. A growing research interest has been developed about the consequences of internet use for adolescent development. Despite most studies have examine the impact of internet use in some indicators of psychological maladjustment, few studies have addressed the detrime...
Article
The healthy development of children and young people is strongly associated with the relationship that they establish with parents and the functioning of their family as a whole, with a special focus on the affective relationship between parents and children. One aspect that has more influence on the well-being and quality of life of children is th...
Article
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Objectives: Relationships with supportive adults during adolescence may be a protective factor that lowers the risks associated with bullying. The current study aimed to examine the moderating role of supportive adults in the associations between bullying involvement (in-person and cyber) and mental health problems (psychological symptoms and low l...
Article
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Background: The UN has recognised well-being as a main goal of The Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Health (2016-2030). Objective: The aim was to identify the areas of mental health that are the most significant to teenagers. Material and methods: The mixed-method approach was applied. Quantitative research included ado...
Article
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Active commuting to and from school can be an important contribution to improving health in adolescents. This study aimed to analyze the influence of multilevel variables of the ecological model in the active commuting of a representative sample of Portuguese adolescents. The 2018 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children questionnaire was applied t...
Chapter
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Objective: This study investigates possible relationships between psychological flexibility and measures of anxiety, depression and mindfulness with compassion fatigue in the population of healthcare professionals during the pandemic COVID-19. Methods: The study, crosssectional and correlational, consisted of 117 health professionals from Portugal,...
Article
The influence that social factors (relationship with teachers, peers and family support), future expectations, physical and psychological symptoms exert on the adolescents’ tobacco and alcohol consumption is analyzed, and the differences between users and non‐users are analyzed as well. This work is part of the HBSC study. The results show that sub...
Article
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Background: A healthy and supportive family environment leads to more positive results regarding adolescents' development. The main objective of this study was to explore and analyze the relationship between adolescents' quality of life (QoL) and their family environment/relationship. Method: The sample was collected as part of the Health Behavi...
Article
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Around the beginning of the 2021 new year, Europe’s COVID-19 third wave led many leaders to implement a new lockdown period, with the teaching–learning system returning to the online method once more. The present study aimed to understand the health consequences for adolescents and young adults (AYA) during the third wave’s lockdown. This mixed-met...
Article
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This study intends to analyze the influence that the health condition (with/without chronic condition (CC) and CC that affect/does not affect the school participation), the factors related to the school context (liking school, perception of school success, difficulties at school, relationship with peers and teachers) and the physical and psychologi...
Article
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Aim The aim of this work is to identify the pressure ulcer risk profiles of hospitalized patients with reference to Braden Scale subscales. Methods A total of 2996 hospitalized Portuguese participants were screened using the Braden Scale. A hierarchical and nonhierarchical cluster analysis was conducted, with ethical approval. Results Five risk p...
Article
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Objective: what youth found most difficult during COVID-19, their coping strategies and expectations regarding the future. Method: multi-method with 318 participants (16-24 years; M = 19.07, SD = 2.66), mostly girls (69.5%), students (78.5%) in secondary school or equivalent (52.8%) or higher (41.7%). Results: Overall, a negative perspective was hi...
Article
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Resumo O presente trabalho tem como objetivo principal a compreensão dos sintomas depressivos na adolescên-cia durante a pandemia COVID-19 numa perspetiva bi-opsicossocial. Participaram no estudo 826 adolescen-tes residentes na área geográfica da Câmara Municipal de Famalicão (Portugal). Os resultados revelaram que dos adolescentes em estudo, 30,7...
Article
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Background: It is widely accepted that adversities during development may impact depression in adulthood, but its relations with current depression triggers are unclear. The present research aimed to explore the association between self-reported adverse childhood and adolescent experiences with self-reported depressive triggers, according to interp...
Article
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Background: It is widely accepted that adversities during development may impact depression in adulthood, but its relations with current depression triggers are unclear. The present research aimed to explore the association between self-reported adverse childhood and adolescent experiences with self-reported depressive triggers, according to interp...
Article
Health promotion is defined as the process of enabling people to increase control over and to enhance their health. It focuses on individual behaviors towards a wide range of interventions on social and environmental determinants of health and other health related aspects of life (WHO, 2015; 2017). Thus, health promotion implies the need to promote...
Article
Practicing sexual intercourse (SI) under the influence of alcohol or drugs has been identified as an unhealthy sexual behaviour. The sample consisted of 5695 adolescents, of which 46.1% were males, with a mean age of 15 years old. The measures consisted of asking the adolescent if he or she had ever had SI, age of 1st SI, condom use at last SI, SI...
Article
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Introduction: As a non-priority group for SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, adolescents and young adults (AYA) also deserve the opportunity to participate in a topic that affects them. Aim: AYAs’ knowledge, advantages, fears and opinions related to vaccination are presented. Method: 558 participants aged 16-24 years (M = 19.34 years, SD = 2.266), mostly girl...
Article
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Background Patterns of protective health behaviors, such as handwashing and sanitizing during the COVID-19 pandemic, may be predicted by macro-level variables, such as regulations specified by public health policies. Health behavior patterns may also be predicted by micro-level variables, such as self-regulatory cognitions specified by health behav...
Article
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Resumo: O estudo pretende analisar a qualidade de vida, os desafios, as ameaças e a saúde dos migrantes/refugiados residentes em Portugal durante a pandemia da COVID-19 em 2020/2021. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo e transversal. Participaram 330 migrantes/refugiados residentes em Portugal, com uma média de idade de 35,25±11,21 anos, dos quais 62%...
Article
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Resumo: Este trabalho pretende analisar os cidadãos que viviam em Portugal durante a pandemia COVID-19 2020/2021, a saúde subjetiva, o risco percebido e a perceção relacionada com o surto, a motivação para a proteção e adoção de comportamentos preventivos, e suas expetativas de futuro. Foram incluídos 225 indivíduos, 81,3% do sexo feminino (18-83 a...
Article
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To analyze the association between self-control, consumption indicators and risk factors in the behavior of adolescents. Cross-sectional cohort study, with probabilistic sample by clusters and simple random. 722 teenagers were interviewed. The relationship of self-control with the use of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis, feeling of loneliness, sexual...
Article
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Adolescents and young adults (AYA) have the skills to contribute to the issues that affect them. This work present the opinions/experiences of Portuguese AYA, related to COVID-19, based on four multi-method studies with participants aged 16-24 years: (1st lockdown) 617 (M = 19.1 years, SD = 2.352); (Back to school) 304 (M = 18.4 years, SD = 2.12);...
Chapter
This chapter addresses relevant calls for more PYD based research among emerging adults in Southern Europe and related psychological adjustment mechanisms during this life stage. In so doing, the chapter applies the 5Cs model of PYD (connection, competence, confidence, character and caring) to examine meaningful relations with subjective happiness...
Article
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Background The COVID-19 pandemic has affected people’s engagement in health behaviors, especially those that protect individuals from SARS-CoV-2 transmission, such as handwashing/sanitizing. This study investigated whether adherence to the World Health Organization’s (WHO) handwashing guidelines (the outcome variable) was associated with the trajec...
Article
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The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes that health and well-being are essential to achieving the United Nations (UN) Development Agenda 2030, which includes the goal of empowering people to adopt active lifestyles while protecting the planet's health. This article aims at exploring how exercise performed in different natural settings can co...
Article
Changes in routines and habits, fear of contamination from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) virus, and economic crisis have resulted in significant impacts upon individuals' lives, health, and risk behaviors. The present study aims to analyze health risk behaviors and gender differences of Portuguese adults before and during the COVID‐19 pan...
Article
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Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the exponential increase in cases, educational institutions worldwide were forced to close, making way for digital learning. After a period of confinement and an online teaching methodology, a new school year has begun. However, this new school year included the application of a wide range of measures that transform...
Article
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The main objective of this study is to explore the impact of the psychosocial factors (social support, resilience, and mental health) on the family functioning and on the parent’s perception of their children’s well-being. Participants were 1757 parents of children aged 6 to 16 years, 77.3% female ( N = 1359), and 22.7% male ( N = 398), aged betwee...
Article
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Positive Youth Development (PYD) frameworks which describe young people's strengths and their relation to thriving and risk outcomes have gained significance among developmental researchers globally. As these models are being increasingly adopted, concerns remain about their generalizability outside of North America. It has been observed that the d...
Article
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Resilience is an individual’s ability to adapt successfully to and persevere during and after significant challenges. Resilience programmes based on a socioemotional learning approach have been associated with an increase in protextive factors (e.g., prosocial competencies), improvements in physical and mental health, and a decrease in internalised...
Book
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A saúde dos adolescentes é um fator importante para o desenvolvimento estruturado das sociedades. O Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) tem o objetivo de estudar os comportamentos e a saúde dos adolescentes nos seus contextos de vida e é realizado a cada 4 anos. Em Portugal, a investigação é realizada desde 1998, por Gaspar de Matos e E...
Book
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A violência nas escolas é uma realidade que tem vindo a ter uma visibilidade social cada vez maior, e a assumir proporções inquietantes. Este livro foca-se nos conhecimentos essenciais e nas linhas orientadoras da prática profissional, considerados fundamentais para uma intervenção adequada junto desta geração. Explanado o conceito de violência, de...
Book
Full-text available
A saúde dos adolescentes é um fator importante para o desenvolvimento estruturado das sociedades. O Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) tem o objetivo de estudar os comportamentos e a saúde dos adolescentes nos seus contextos de vida e é realizado a cada 4 anos. Em Portugal, esta investigação é realizada desde 1998, por Gaspar de Matos...
Book
Full-text available
A escola tem impacto na vida dos adolescentes e um ambiente escolar positivo, com relacionamentos interpessoais próximos e sentimentos de pertença à comunidade escolar, está positivamente associado a sentimentos de bem-estar. As Escolas Promotoras de Saúde, iniciativa da Organização Mundial de Saúde, define a comunidade escolar como a unidade de mu...
Book
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A educação em sexualidade pode ser entendida como toda e qualquer experiência de socialização vivida pelo indivíduo ao longo do seu ciclo vital, que lhe permita posicionar-se na esfera social da sexualidade. A educação em sexualidade está presente em todos os espaços de socialização – família, escola, amigos, trabalho, comunidade, media – mas, aind...
Book
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A saúde mental, o bem-estar e a qualidade de vida são fundamentais para o desenvolvimento positivo, vão afetar a forma como as pessoas crescem, pensam, sentem, se relacionam e estabelecem as suas expectativas face à vida e futuro. A saúde mental é uma parte integrante da capacidade das crianças e adolescentes se desenvolverem e de viverem a sua vid...
Article
Objective: Analyse the relationship between different levels of physical activity (PA) and depression symptoms in a representative sample of European older adults. Methods: Data on PA, depression symptoms and sociodemographic variables from 64688 (28015 men) older adults participating in SHARE wave 6 was collected through a face-to-face interview....
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic is a defining global health crisis of our time. While the impact of COVID-19, including its mental health impact, is increasingly being documented, there remain important gaps regarding the specific consequences of the pandemic on particular population groups, including refugees and migrants. This study aims to uncover the imp...
Article
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The present study intends to (1) analyze the differences regarding the quality of life between young foreigners and young Portuguese adolescents; (2) understand the relationship between variables related to the school context and the quality of life of foreign adolescents living in Portugal. In all, 8215 adolescents participated in this study, and...
Article
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Aim The aim of this study was to understand the perceptions of 11 Portuguese nurses’ stakeholders regarding pressure ulcers prevention practice and reality in the hospital setting. Methods Convenience sampling was used to recruit nursing stakeholders for a heterogeneous focus group. A semi-structured interview was conducted with 11 nursing stakeho...
Article
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The five C's of Positive Youth Development (competence, confidence, character, caring and connection) have been associated with adaptive development among young people. Gender differences in young people’s wellbeing and mental health have been studied and analysed, but their association with the five C´S is still at the beginning of their investiga...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to provide data regarding the prevalence and trends of adolescents' healthy lifestyles from 32 countries between 2006 and 2014 by sex and age interval. The data used in the present study were derived from the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) 2006, 2010, and 2014 international database. Healthy lifestyle w...