Margareth Zanchetta

Margareth Zanchetta
Ryerson University · School of Nursing

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77
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Publications

Publications (77)
Article
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Objective- To explore the cultural perceptions of masculinity in relation to alcohol consumption and its potential risk of cancer by Portuguese-speaking men. Method- An online anonymous quanti-qualitative survey hosted by the Opinio platform (May 2018-March 2019). Results- Participants living in Brazil, Canada, Portugal and USA (n=184) indicated th...
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Background Narrative medicine (NM) encourages health care providers to draw on their personal experiences to establish therapeutic alliances with patients of prevention and care services. NM medicine practiced by nurses and physicians has been well documented, yet there is little understanding of how community health workers (CHWs) apply NM concept...
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Study background: The aging population in Canada has been increasing steadily over the past 40 years, however, there is limited information about the meaning of aging well amongst older Brazilian women in Canada. Methods: A Heideggerian interpretive phenomenology study was conducted to understand the meaning of aging well amongst older Brazilian...
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Aim: To present the results of a structured reflection on the methodological phases of an international research in Brazil regarding the implementation of the Program of Humanization of Prenatal and Childbirth, as well as, reflection on the project’s social actors. Method: A reflective research method that modifies the perception of a given situati...
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Objetivo Relatar a experiência da capacitação profissional no contexto da cooperação internacional Brasil-Canadá por meio da implantação de curso de atualização de enfermeiros sobre letramento em saúde comunitário. Método Relato de experiência do curso organizado por dez docentes, nove brasileiras e uma brasileira-canadense, com atividades de plan...
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Resumo Objetivos Descrever a experiência da implementação de um programa de treinamento de assistente de pesquisa voluntário para graduandos canadenses de Enfermagem, objetivando o desenvolvimento de habilidades de comunicação verbal e escrita, métodos de pesquisa e análise de dados, pensamento crítico e resolução de problemas, assim como o planeja...
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Objetivo: expor e analisar os argumentos emergidos em debate entre enfermeiros sobre as possibilidades, controvérsias e desafios para a incorporação do letramento em saúde comunitário ao sistema único de saúde. Método: relato de experiência de intervenção-piloto educacional como um curso utilizando transferência de conhecimentos no bojo da colabora...
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An ethnographic study explored ideas about the possibility of creating social support networks for breast cancer within the Portuguese-speaking community in Toronto (Canada). Nineteen men and women from Angolan, Brazilian and Portuguese communities informed about a social support network with a focus on enabling versus challenging conditions for it...
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Background This paper relies on data from the multilevel, sectoral discussions held among professional nursing and sociology individuals. Purpose To present the outcomes of a reflective process on racism in nursing education and practice in the cities of Toronto and Paris. Method The method used was a reflection on research conducted by eight ind...
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Objectives: To report the first experience of the Research Chair in Urban Health (Ryerson University-Canada) in Brazil in collaboration with the Federal University of Paraíba through a community opinion consultation about strategies to face violence against women. This experience also offers insights to stimulate renewed visions of international co...
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Objetivos Relatar experiências vivenciadas durante um estágio de Pós-Doutorado, o conhecimento adquirido sobre o método de Design Thinking e a socialização desse método em evento científico de Enfermagem. Método Trata-se do relato de experiência de um Pós-Doutorado realizado no Canadá e da aquisição de novos conhecimentos na área da pesquisa e do...
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Building a more eloquent profile for partners of scientific Brazil–Canada cooperation among nursing researchers is necessary to increase the number of scientific publications and amplify the scientific-political voice in political and administrative decisions. Therefore, we used a critical reflection method during the period from May to December 20...
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Intimate partner violence is a global health issue and the most common form of violence experienced by women. This study explored barriers to accessing help to Intimate partner violence related health services among Portuguese-speaking immigrant women in Toronto, Canada. Exploratory study conducted by a survey and focus group discussions with 12 Po...
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Objetivo: Compreender as perspectivas de usuários do SUS com Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) sobre seu atendimento na Rede de Atenção à Saúde (RAS). Método: Trata-se de estudo qualitativo de caráter descritivo, desenvolvido por meio de entrevistas gravadas digitalmente, individual, posteriormente transcritas e aplicada a técnica de análise de conteú...
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While the integration of community-based providers within interprofessional health teams has been recommended by policymakers worldwide, there is limited research on how medical and community-based providers inform and participate in health research. Our study uses cross-sectional data from 169 Community Health Workers (CHWs), 62 nurses, and 31 phy...
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Community health workers (CHWs) are frequently put forward as a remedy for lack of health system capacity, including challenges associated with health service coverage and with low community engagement in the health system, and expected to enhance or embody health system accountability. During a ‘think in’, held in June of 2017, a diverse group of...
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Objectives: This study aims to analyze how graduates, coming from low income Francophone countries, of the Master in International Health and Nutrition Policies program at the Senghor University are a new human capital bringing an original contribution to the global development of African communities. Methods: A secondary analysis of qualitative...
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Background: This study explored the French media’s presentation of ideas and medical information about prostate cancer (PC) that may influence men’s understanding, attitudes and behavior. Methods: A qualitative media content analysis centered on PC information delivered by French professional media. The selected data were produced in the aftermath...
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Validation of a questionnaire on health literacy among Francophone in situation of linguistic minority Objective: This study was designed to develop and test the qualitative validity of a French questionnaire. The questionnaire explored the mechanisms by which Francophone in situation of linguistic minority mobilize their social capital and cultura...
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This paper presents the results of a qualitative, interpretive, descriptive, study that explored the lived experiences of immigrant women who had experienced intimate partner violence and consequently were facing housing concerns in Vancouver, Canada. The data were generated through 15 individual interviews with immigrant women (n=11) who had exper...
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Given the shortage of medical providers and the need for medical decisions to be responsive to community needs, including lay health providers in health teams has been recommended as essential for the successful management of global health care systems. Brazil's Unified Health System (UHS) is a model for delivering community-based care through Fami...
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Background: This media content analysis explored the Canadian newspapers reporting on men's health, and their contribution to public understanding of the social determinants of men’s health and lifestyles. Methods: A media content analysis of 44 news articles on boys’, youth’s and men’s health,published from 2010 to 2014 by three national newspaper...
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Data from focus groups held in Montréal (Canada) with 13 women born in Cameroon, Colombia, and Democratic Republic of Congo were used to explore cancer knowledge among immigrant grandmothers and mothers-in-law and their influence over family cancer-preventative practices. Thematic analysis identified the following leading themes: cancer literacy an...
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In this paper we report reflections about the scholarly mentoring experiences of undergraduate nursing students (mentees) and faculty members (mentors) involved in an intellectual partnership at a Canadian university. The paper specifically recounts the impacts of the transformative process experienced by 18 mentees and three mentors, based on thei...
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Background Survivors’ testimonies can reveal much about men’s experiences of prostate cancer and impacts on their quality of life (QOL) during the clinical trajectory of the disease. These survivors’ shared thoughts and views were hypothesized to reflect salient features of their lived social representation of prostate cancer. Context We explored...
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Members of a nursing research cluster realized that they needed to determine whether, given their diverse philosophies, they could formulate a collective research agenda responding to an administrative recommendation. The cluster's leaders conducted an appraisal of the role and importance of trust as an element for promoting collaboration in a nurs...
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Several authors have highlighted the importance of writing in developing reflective thinking skills, transforming knowledge, communicating expressions, and filling knowledge gaps. However, difficulties with higher order processing and critical analysis affect students' ability to write critical and thoughtful essays. The Building a Scholar in Writi...
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The introduction of rapid diagnostic clinics for breast cancer increases oncology nurses’ (ONs) responsibility for patient education and coordination of multidisciplinary care. Developed as an outcome of the E-Mentorship Oncology Nursing Program, this paper proposes new roles for these nurses to respond effectively and competently to such diagnosti...
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La mise en place des centres de diagnostic rapide pour le cancer du sein accroît la responsabilité des infirmiers et infirmières en oncologie (I&IO) concernant l’éducation des patients et la coordination des soins multidisciplinaires. Élaboré dans le cadre de l’E-Mentorship Oncology Nursing Program, cet article propose de nouveaux rôles pour ces in...
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This article reviews the qualitative research on men’s self-management of mental and physical chronic diseases, with emphasis on strategies for dealing with risks and promoting wellness. Using Bardin’s method of document analysis, it was focused on the findings of Canadian qualitative studies published in French or English from 2005 to 2011. Boltan...
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O sistema único de saúde brasileiro comporta 27.000 equipes de saúde da família com uma rede de cerca de 300.000 Agentes Comunitários de Saúde cuja responsabilidade é a de conectar as famílias que são visitadas mensalmente com os profissionais de saúde da unidade de saúde da família. Desde 2003, o Québec realiza uma reforma no setor da saúde e serv...
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This project aims to assess how Brazilian community health agents’ critical awareness of the social determinants of health was enhanced and led to a greater understanding of the major structural changes necessary to sustain health promotion initiatives. Educational workshops inspired by Paulo Freire’s ideas on critical pedagogy were delivered to 82...
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We carried out a qualitative evaluation of immediate learning and attitudinal change among health care and social services professionals who attended a workshop promoting critical reflection about health literacy among linguistic-minority Franco-Ontarians. The study involved 41 francophone health care and social services professionals. The workshop...
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Introduction Nous avons procédé à une évaluation qualitative des changements immédiats sur les plans de l'apprentissage et de l'attitude chez des professionnels de la santé et des services sociaux ayant participé à un atelier visant à susciter une réflexion critique sur la littératie en santé des Franco-Ontariens en situation de minorité linguistiq...
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Aim The aim of this study was to explore female community health agents' views about the value of recording qualitative information on contextual health issues they observe during home visits, data that are not officially required to be documented for the Brazilian System of Primary Healthcare Information. The study was conducted in community prima...
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The ability of action research projects in deprived communities to generate sustained change and knowledge meaningful to residents may depend on the local meaning of health, the active engagement of the community and perceived feasibility of the intended changes.
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Research shows that high cultural competence is most often acquired through both the theoretical education and the practical experiences within the international contexts. The purpose of this project evaluation was to learn from four undergraduate nursing students, who spent three-months in a Brazilian community, how they experienced their internat...
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Introdução: Indicadores gerais de saúde tendem a alterarem-se devido à participação de indivíduos em redes sociais. Objetivo: Conhecer as ideias dos membros de comunidades lusófonas em Toronto, Canadá, sobre a possibilidade da criação de uma rede de apoio social a mulheres com câncer de mama. Método: Estudo etnográfico critico com 19 participantes...
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Background: A Canadian nursing student-led knowledge dissemination project on health promotion for social development was implemented with local professionals and communities in Brazil. Objectives: (a) to identify how student-interns contrasted Canadian and Brazilian cultural and social realities within a primary healthcare context from a social...
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Health education for socially marginalized populations challenges the efficacy of existing strategies and methods, and the pertinence of the educational and philosophical principles that underpin them. The Brazilian Community Health Agents Initiative (CHAI) hires residents of deprived marginalized communities to undertake health promotion and educa...
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Background: Analyzing students' performance and self-criticism of their roles in promoting health literacy can inform nursing education in a social environment that expects new graduates to be health promoters. Objectives: The pilot study reported here aimed to a) analyze students' understanding of and sensitivity to issues of health literacy, (...
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Résumé* With the increase in international mobility, healthcare systems should no longer be ignoring language barriers. In addition to the benefit of reducing long‐term costs, immigrant‐friendly organizations should be concerned with mitigating the way language barriers increase individuals' social vulnerabilities and inequities in health care and...
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Breast cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed types of cancer among women in Canada. Much health sciences research has examined this topic. The importance of formal and informal social support in managing breast cancer has received particular attention, but research with immigrant women has been limited. This article presents the findings of...
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The Brazilian unified health system consists of 27,000 family health teams with a network of approximately 300,000 community health agents whose mandate is to link the families they visit every month with health professionals at the family health unit. Since 2003, Quebec has been implementing its health and social services reforms by emphasizing th...
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Professionals and policy makers in a host society should pay attention to Latin American countries ideas of masculinities because a significant proportion of men from these countries become immigrants Social and health professionals need culture-specific information on ideas of masculinities to ensure that their educational approaches are appropria...
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Le système unique de santé du Brésil comporte 27 000 équipes de santé familiale avec un réseau de quelques 300 000 agents communautaires de santé dont le mandat est de faire le pont entre les familles qu’ils visitent à chaque mois et les professionnels de l’unité de santé familiale. Depuis 2003, le Québec déploie une réforme dans le domaine de la s...
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Immigration to a new country constitutes a major life change and challenge that can directly and indirectly affect the health of individuals and families. A systematic review was conducted to identify post-migration changes and understand their impact on immigrants' marital relationships in Canada. Using Noblit and Hare's meta-ethnography steps and...
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This paper addresses the impacts of silent social abuse suffered by children who live in developing countries with socio-economic inequalities. Privation of basic social benefits leads them to school evasion, early pregnancy, and the consumption or dealing of drugs. A single case study introduces the life story of a Brazilian teenager who was suppo...
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Este artigo apresenta algumas considerações sócio-construtivistas de ordem teórico-prática para a concepção de jogos visando a educação em saúde de pré-adolescentes. Baseando-se no trabalho de uma sociedade educacional instrumentalizando educadores para a incorporação de jogos em suas práticas, decidimos explorar as possibilidades de uma mobilizaçã...
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The Internet has become the most popular source of reference on health-related issues. However, little has been invested in studies that use it as a tool to evaluate health-related cultural events as cancer prevention campaigns. To correlate audience patterns on the web pages of a Brazilian Ministry of Health (MOH) cancer institute (http://www.inca...
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Une enquête sur les télésoins infirmiers prodigués dans le cadre des programmes ambulatoires d’oncologie de l’Ontario a été effectuée de mai à juillet 2006. Sur les 38 programmes, 58 % utilisaient des infirmières en soins intégraux, 24 % utilisaient un système de triage centralisé et 18 %, un modèle mixte. Environ la moitié des programmes employaie...
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Health services should consider the masculine representation of disease that underlies men's health behaviors. This study presents a transcultural view of Prostate Cancer (PC) among Canadian men of European descent. Nine men who were enrolled in a PC support group in Southeastern Ontario comprised the sample. Data were collected through interviews,...
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The increasing need of older individuals to safely self-manage their chronic illnesses requires that they clearly understand health-related information. Thus, this study examined health literacy as lived by men with prostate cancer (PC), rather than as assessed by professionals. This study aimed to describe, analyse, and understand informational st...
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A survey of telephone nursing provided through ambulatory oncology programs in Ontario was conducted May to July 2006. Of 38 programs, 58% used primary nurses, 24% used a centralized triage approach, and 18% used a mixed model. About half of programs used protocols (61%), routinely documented calls (55%), and/or provided orientation to telephone nu...
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When patients learn that their cancer has recurred after primary treatments or is no longer responding to therapy and no alternative treatment options exist, their motivation to carry on living may be impacted greatly. Using the Self-Determination Theory, this article's reflective analysis explores the unique situation of a woman with end-stage can...
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La Deuxième conférence canadienne sur l’alphabétisation et la santé portait sur la littératie en matière de santé, la culture et la diversité linguistique. Le présent article vise à présenter les idées des conférenciers, les rapports sur les discussions des apprenants et les recommandations des participants. On a également procédé à une analyse doc...
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The Second Canadian Conference on Literacy and Health addressed issues of health literacy, culture, and linguistic diversity. This article aims to introduce the presenters' ideas, reports of the learners' discussion, and attendees' recommendations. There is also a literature review of the links between health literacy and use of health services amo...
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This conceptual analysis explored the influence of "uncertainty" on the health informationseeking behaviour. The concepts of uncertainty in illness and uncertainty orientation were analyzed within two theoretical frameworks applying Wilson's 1 method. The results proved relevant to the field of health promotion indicating that cognitive meaning, be...
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This inquiry explored the educative actions of Community health agents (CHAs) with socially disaffiliated populations in a Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area. Individual and group interviews, participant observation during visits to the shantytowns, and picture gathering apprehended the philosophical and empirical dimensions of such actions. The soft...
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This inquiry explored the educative actions of Community health agents (CHAs) with socially disaffiliated populations in a Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area. Individual and group interviews, participant observation during visits to the shantytowns, and picture gathering apprehended the philosophical and empirical dimensions of such actions. The soft...
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This paper presents part of the findings of a doctoral study aiming to understand the construction of informational strategies for living and dealing with Prostate Cancer related information according to self-reported levels of functional health literacy. A qualitative modeling design framed the inquiry through the constructivist perspective. Older...
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This literature review analysed both published and unpublished scientific and professional studies on the nursing labour market in Canada within the period of 1985 to 1999. The goal was to conduct a situational analysis utilising statistical data and canvassing all concerned parties to extract their points of view. The analysis revealed significant...
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This literature review analysed both published and unpublished scientific and professional studies on the nursing labour market in Canada within the period of 1985 to 1999. The goal was to conduct a situational analysis utilising statistical data and canvassing all concerned parties to extract their points of view. The analysis revealed significant...

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