Marek Żywicki

Marek Żywicki
Adam Mickiewicz University | UAM · Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

PhD

About

47
Publications
4,430
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1,063
Citations
Additional affiliations
May 2008 - September 2012
Medizinische Universität Innsbruck
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Full-text available
Due to the high exposition to changing environmental conditions, bacteria have developed many mechanisms enabling immediate adjustments of gene expression. In many cases, the required speed and plasticity of the response are provided by RNA-dependent regulatory mechanisms. This is possible due to the very high dynamics and flexibility of an RNA str...
Article
Full-text available
Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy is used for the induction and maintenance of remission in Crohn’s disease (CD) patients. However, primary nonresponders to initial treatment constitute 20%–40% of cases. The causes of this phenomenon are still unknown. In this study, we aimed to determine the genetic predictors of the variable reactions of C...
Article
Full-text available
Transcription elongation is a highly regulated process affected by many proteins, RNAs and the underlying DNA. Here we show that the nascent RNA can interfere with transcription in human cells, extending our previous findings from bacteria and yeast. We identified a variety of Pol II-binding aptamers (RAPs), prominent in repeat elements such as ACR...
Article
Full-text available
In the absence of extensive transcription control mechanisms the pathogenic parasite Trypanosoma brucei crucially depends on translation regulation to orchestrate gene expression. However, molecular insight into regulating protein biosynthesis is sparse. Here we analyze the small non-coding RNA (ncRNA) interactome of ribosomes in T. brucei during d...
Preprint
Full-text available
FUS is a multifunctional protein involved in many steps of RNA metabolism, including transcription, splicing, miRNA processing and replication-dependent histone gene expression. In this paper, we show for the first time that FUS binds and negatively regulates the levels of a subset of snoRNAs in cells. Scanning of available human small RNA database...
Article
Full-text available
Regulation of gene expression at the translational level allows rapid adaptation of cellular proteomes to quickly changing environmental conditions and is thus central for prokaryotic organisms. Small non-coding RNAs (sRNAs) have been reported to effectively orchestrate translation control in bacteria and archaea mainly by targeting mRNAs by partia...
Article
Long sequencing reads offer unprecedented opportunities in analysis and reconstruction of complex genomic regions. However, the gain in sequence length is often traded for quality. Therefore, recently serval approaches have been proposed (e.g. higher sequencing coverage, hybrid assembly or sequence correction) to enhance the quality of long sequenc...
Data
Table S1. Sequences of antisense DNA probes used in this study. Hybridization temperature is indicated (T H). Fig. S1. tRNA‐derived fragments in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Article
Full-text available
Short RNAs derived from the cleavage of tRNA molecules are observed in most organisms. Their occurrence seems to be induced by stress conditions, but still little is known about their biogenesis and functions. We find that the recovery of tRNA fragments depends on the RNA isolation method. Using an optimized RNA extraction protocol and northern blo...
Article
Full-text available
In eukaryotic cells tRNA synthesis is negatively regulated by the protein Maf1, conserved from yeast to humans. Maf1 from yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae mediates repression of trna transcription when cells are transferred from medium with glucose to medium with glycerol, a non-fermentable carbon source. The strain with deleted gene encoding Maf1 (m...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to precisely regulate gene expression is one of the most important features of the living cells as it enables the adaptation and survival in different environmental conditions. The majority of regulatory mechanisms involve protein action, however, multiple genes are controlled by nucleic acids. Among RNA-based regulators, the riboswitch...
Article
Full-text available
The secondary structure prediction has been of special interest of computational scientists for almost a quarter of a century. When the early methods suffered from lack of data, recent high-throughput sequencing techniques extended the traditional RNA footprinting methods to provide the data for whole-transcriptome studies of RNA secondary structur...
Article
Full-text available
Glyphosate is a systemic, nonselective and most widely used herbicide in the world. The introduction of glyphosate-resistant crops in the mid-1990s resulted in a dramatic increase in the use of glyphosate herbicide making it most widely used herbicide in the world. The average maize yield loss in the field caused by pests is around 20 % but in many...
Article
Malignant gliomas represent the most devastating group of brain tumors in adults, among which glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) exhibits the highest malignancy rate. Despite combined modality treatment, GBM recurs and is invariably fatal. A further insight into the molecular background of gliomagenesis is required to improve patient outcomes. The prima...
Article
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The structural and functional repertoire of small non-protein-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) is central for establishing gene regulation networks in cells and organisms. Here, we show that an mRNA-derived 18-nucleotide-long ncRNA is capable of downregulating translation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by targeting the ribosome. This 18-mer ncRNA binds to polysom...
Article
Full-text available
Nonprotein coding RNA (ncRNA) molecules have been recognized recently as major contributors to regulatory networks in controlling gene expression in a highly efficient manner. These RNAs either originate from their individual transcription units or are processing products from longer precursor RNAs. For example, tRNA-derived fragments (tRFs) have b...
Article
Full-text available
AtCyp59 is a multidomain cyclophilin containing a peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase (PPIase) domain and an evolutionarily highly conserved RRM domain. Deregulation of this class of cyclophilins has been shown to affect transcription and to influence phosphorylation of the C-terminal repeat domain of the largest subunit of the RNA polymerase II. W...
Chapter
Full-text available
Recently, it has been shown by the ENCODE consortium that more than 90% of the human genome might be transcribed. While only about 1.5% of these transcripts correspond to mRNAs, it was proposed that the majority of them (i.e., 88.5%) might correspond to regulatory noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs). Numerous protocols dedicated to the generation of cDNA libra...
Article
Full-text available
Mammalian transcriptomes mainly consist of non protein coding RNAs. These ncRNAs play various roles in all cells and are involved in multiple regulation pathways. More recently, ncRNAs have also been described as valuable diagnostic tools. While RNA-seq approaches progressively replace microarray-based technologies for high-throughput expression pr...
Data
Full-text available
Supplementary Figure 1: Self-self hybridization at 56°C of 5 μg (per dye) of labeled total mouse brain RNA. Diagrams of average intensity values show filtered results in logarithmic scale. The y axis represents values of AlexaFluor3 dye measurement at 532 nm and the x axis represents values of AlexaFluor5 dye measurement at 635 nm. Red spots repres...
Article
Full-text available
Protein-coding genes, guiding differentiation of ES cells into neural cells, have extensively been studied in the past. However, for the class of ncRNAs only the involvement of some specific microRNAs (miRNAs) has been described. Thus, to characterize the entire small non-coding RNA (ncRNA) transcriptome, involved in the differentiation of mouse ES...
Article
Full-text available
The exploration of the non-protein-coding RNA (ncRNA) transcriptome is currently focused on profiling of microRNA expression and detection of novel ncRNA transcription units. However, recent studies suggest that RNA processing can be a multi-layer process leading to the generation of ncRNAs of diverse functions from a single primary transcript. Up...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the fact that all 23S rRNA nucleotides that build the ribosomal peptidyl transferase ribozyme are universally conserved, standard and atomic mutagenesis studies revealed the nucleobase identities being non-critical for catalysis. This indicates that these active site residues are highly conserved for functions distinct from catalysis. To ga...
Article
Full-text available
Up to 450 000 non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have been predicted to be transcribed from the human genome. However, it still has to be elucidated which of these transcripts represent functional ncRNAs. Since all functional ncRNAs in Eukarya form ribonucleo-protein particles (RNPs), we generated specialized cDNA libraries from size-fractionated RNPs and va...
Article
The growing amount of knowledge about noncoding RNA molecules indicates their major role in regulation of cellular processes. For a long time there was no method which would allow for massive identification and analysis of such kind of transcripts. In recent years, the ongoing explosion of high throughput sequencing methods allowed a deep look into...
Article
DsrA RNA is an 87-nucleotide regulatory non-protein-coding RNA of Escherichia coli for which two secondary structure models (I and II) have been proposed. We have compared these models by the energy calculations, which revealed that the currently accepted model II should be rejected on the basis of thermodynamics. Here we provide new results of nuc...
Article
Riboswitches are RNA structures able to bind small molecules and regulate gene expression at both, transcriptional and translational level. They are present in a wide variety of bacterial species. In Bacillus subtilis more than 2% of the genome is regulated by riboswitches. Metabolite binding is highly specific and can be provided in cooperative ma...
Article
By generating a specialized cDNA library from the archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus, we have identified 57 novel small non-coding RNA (ncRNA) candidates and confirmed their expression by Northern blot analysis. The majority was found to belong to one of two classes, either antisense or antisense-box RNAs, where the latter only exhibit partial comple...
Article
Recent analyses of the human genome and available data about the other higher eukaryotic genomes have revealed that, in contrast to Eubacteria and Archaea, only a small fraction of the genetic material (ca 1.5%) codes for proteins. Most of genomic DNA and its RNA transcripts are involved in regulation of gene expression, which can be exerted at eit...