Marek Vlach

Marek Vlach
The Czech Academy of Sciences | AVCR · The Institute of Archaeology, Brno, v. v. i.

Mgr. Ph.D.

About

38
Publications
14,356
Reads
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140
Citations
Citations since 2017
17 Research Items
91 Citations
201720182019202020212022202305101520
201720182019202020212022202305101520
201720182019202020212022202305101520
201720182019202020212022202305101520
Additional affiliations
January 2009 - present
The Czech Academy of Sciences
Position
  • Researcher
Education
January 2002 - January 2010
Masaryk University
Field of study
  • Archaeology

Publications

Publications (38)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Přírodní prostředí vždy hrálo významnou roli při utváření lidských aktivit v prostoru a představuje významnou součást v procesu poznání archeologických struktur. Aspektů interakcí mezi lidskými komunitami a jejich životním prostředím je nekonečné množství. Vzhledem ke značnému geografickému rozsahu římského vojenského zásahu na územích severně od s...
Article
Full-text available
The ways of infilling archaeological objects are among the most common questions given to geoarchaeologists. Convenient subjects for the study of formation processes of archaeological terrain features (contexts) are V-shaped ditches. Their infilling is usually lithologicaly and texturally considerably variable with regular morphology and special ar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Kapitola se zabývá problematikou interdisciplinárního výzkumu římských krátkodobých vojenských táborů na barbarském území severně od středního Dunaje. Nastíněny jsou základní charakteristicky pramenné báze, obecné metodologické přístupy k tématu a vědecké otázky, které mezinárodní projekt kolektivu autorů v současné době řeší. Jako modelový případ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Complex nature of some of fundamental problems of wide array of scientific issues of both natural sciences and humanities present a prerequisite for implementation of tools allowing better understanding of products of their dynamics of development. Development dynamics of past human societies, their structure, and spatial distribution of population...
Article
The Roman-barbarian interactions along the riverine borderline of the Middle Danube Limes exhibit a wide range of forms, from peaceful contacts and trading activities to full-scale military conflicts. The direct evidence of the latter type of events represents a specific source of archaeological information—generally referred to as temporary camps....
Article
The use of formal modelling and computational simulation in studies of the Roman economy has become more common over the last decade. But detailed critical evaluations of this innovative approach are still missing and much needed. What kinds of insights about the Roman economy can it lead to that could not have been obtained through more establishe...
Chapter
Full-text available
Roman-Barbarian contacts are a special phenomenon and enjoy a long tradition in various fields of archaeological research on the Roman Period in the Middle Danube region. One of the most interesting forms of these relations, which vary in type and intensity considerably, are traces of military confrontations dating into the period of the Marcomanni...
Article
Compared to the unparalleled cultural achievements and population boom of the Gravettian hunter-gatherers in Eastern Central Europe, the succeeding Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) occupation is signified by extremely low populations densities, which is reflected in the scant archaeological record. This chrono-cultural contrast can be generally attribute...
Article
Full-text available
The ‘Celts Beneath the Pálava Hills’ exhibition was installed at the end of the summer of 2020 at the Regional Museum in Mikulov. The museum prepared the exhibition in cooperation with the Moravian Museum and the Institute of Archaeology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Brno. Along with other unique exhibits, an assemblage of 70 metal artefacts st...
Chapter
Full-text available
The archaeological traces of the Roman-barbarian confrontations represent a specific group of information sources for understanding of complex aspects of the various interactions of the two profoundly distinctive worlds – Roman and barbarian. Despite the first evidences of the Roman presence come from more distant past, only during the last decade...
Chapter
Full-text available
The 3rd century crisis of the Roman Empire is generally considered to be a consequence of developments within various segments of the Roman Empire (social unrests and uprising, economic instability, inflation etc.) and external influences (devastating barbarian raids and military conflicts). Many scholars mentioned amongst others the effects of an...
Article
Compared to the unparalleled cultural achievements and population boom of the Gravettian hunter-gatherers in Eastern Central Europe, the succeeding Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) occupation is signified by extremely low populations densities, which is reflected in the scant archaeological record. This chrono-cultural contrast can be generally attribute...
Article
The infilling of defense structures (ditches) of the Roman temporary camps in South Moravia (Czech Republic) were studied quantitatively to characterize the ditch‐filling processes, role of pedogenesis, and the effect of geological setting. Samples of soil and sediment were taken from ditch profiles at three sites in South Moravia, Czech Republic (...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
První čtyři století našeho letopočtu prostor středního Podunají zastihují ve výrazně bipolárním uspořádání. Sousedství dvou odlišných světů, Římské říše a germánských společností za jejími hranicemi, provází řada různých forem vzájemných interakcí od „mírových“ obchodních kontaktů až po rozsáhlé vojenské konfrontace. Zejména ty poslední zanechaly z...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The middle and lower reaches of the rivers Morava and Dyje form corridors, which, as traffic axes, have shaped settlements since prehistoric times in the region of the Central Danube. The Germanic settlements were likewise aligned to these axes. The research on the presence of the Roman army north of the Central Danube takes account of the signific...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The impact of the Roman army in the territories north of the Middle Danube can be particularly seen in the core area of Germanic settlement along the middle reaches of the River Dyje and its tributaries the Svratka and Jihlava. In the surroundings of the Roman military base at Mušov-Burgstall several Roman temporary camps closely connected to the l...
Article
Full-text available
Significant forms of Roman-Germanic confrontations, especially in narrative and archaeological sources, include military conflicts. One of the featuring, but in certain ways problematic, is the supposed military intervention of the Roman administration against Marobuduus in AD 6, known through the narrative by Velleius Paterculus. The relatively ge...
Article
Full-text available
A comprehensive approach to certain structural problems and a wide array of scientific issues of both natural sciences and humanities should include methods of digital modelling of complex systems. Past human societies and their settlement structures represent in a certain point of view complex systems. Agent-based modelling (ABM) and simulation re...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Roman temporary camps on the barbarian territories of the Middle Danube region are standing subject of interest of archaeological science and represents unique source of information for knowledge of spatial extent, strategic concept and Roman-Barbarian interactions during the offensive actions of the Empire. Research of the Roman temporary camp...
Chapter
Full-text available
The process of model building is one of the fundamental means of scientific reasoning and assessment of theoretical constructs. Most of the theoretical models in social sciences (specifically in archaeology) are formulated through the basic descriptive means of common language. Developments in IT during the last decades and its accessibility have m...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Roman-barbarian interactions along the Middle Danube Limes exhibit a wide range of forms, from peaceful contacts and trading activities to full-scale military conflicts. The direct evidence of the latter type of events represents a specific source of archaeological information – generally referred to as temporary camps. The regions of Moravia,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In diesem Artikel sind die Möglichkeiten der Ausnützung von verschiedenen Methoden der atendistributionen für die Analyse der Bodenphosphate diskutiert. Als Modellbeispiele wurden sekundär gestörten Grabkontexte gewählt, wo eine Multimodaldistribution der Daten zu erwarten ist. Das Ziel dieses Beitrags ist die Präsentation einiger Beispiele, wie di...
Chapter
Full-text available
The unique find of a copper alloy fitting, discovered during amateur metal detector survey, contributes to the study of the Roman Period north of the Middle Danube. The available information locates the findplace as the rocky NE promontory of Pavlov Hills, an area of the medieval fortification called Dívčí hrady. The fitting, possibly belonging to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the aims of the Czech Prehistoric Archaeological Project, attached to the Syria-Polish Expedition at Tell Arbid in the Upper Khabur area of NE Syria, is a field survey of the surrounding area. Results of the 2008-2009 field seasons are reported here. The survey covered a 133 hectare area near Wadi Abyad. In addition, two sites with Neolithic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Funerální areály (pohřebiště, hroby a hrobové nálezy) stále patří k hlavním pramenům poznání doby římské nejen na Moravě, ale i v širší oblasti severně od středního toku Dunaje. Vývoj germánského osídlení zde byl až do nedávné doby dokumentován především hrobovými nálezy, přestože počet známých pohřebišť je několikanásobně menší než sídlišť (Drober...
Article
Full-text available
The paper aims to deliver a brief outline of the architectural development and discerned types of architecture of both Germanic and Roman origin on the teritories north to the middle Danube. he four centuries of the local devel-opment was somehow disturbed during the Marcomannic wars. his large-scale conlict resulted in the Roman military occupatio...
Chapter
Full-text available
Text se zabývá problematikou archeologického prediktivního modelování jednoho z regionu střední Moravy v okolí Kostelce na Hané. Hlavní téma je zaměřeno na testování metodiky prediktivního osídlení okolí významného pohřebiště z mladší doby římské v Kostelci na Hané. The article focused on the problem of archaeological predictive modeling in the re...
Data
Popularizačně koncipovaná publikace má za cíl srozumitelnou a přehlednou formou s důrazem na vizuální stránku seznámit širokou laickou veřejnost s hlavními výsledky dlouholetého působení badatelů Archeologického ústavu Akademie věd ČR Brno na katastru zaniklé obce Mušov (dn. k ú Pasohlávky). Jednotlivé kapitoly čtenáře provedou napříč stěžejními te...
Article
Full-text available
During the period of August 25 to September 4, 2008 geophysical surveys were carried out at the Neolithic, Copper Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age Tell- and Non-tell settlements (Tell Arbid Abyad, Tell Arbid (West-hill), Tell Khirbet Shane, Tell Khirbet Bezi) in the Khabur region - Northeast Syria (Syrian-Polish-Czech expedition). Total prospected area...
Article
Full-text available
During the spring 2008 geophysical fi eld survey was per- formed in south-eastern Hungary. h e geophysical survey was carried out at the Bronze Age strongholds and nearby areas in the territory of Békés county. h e aim of this article is to present the results from archaeological site Kaszaper. h e archaeological site Kaszaper is situated on the no...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
V roce 2006 bylo v rámci testovací fáze projektu prediktivního modelování (Ústav archeologie a muzeologie FF MU) zjištěny stopy germánských aktivit v blízkosti již dříve objeveného římského krátkodobého tábora v Charvátské Nové Vsi. Zároveň byly zpřesněny polohové informace o táboře prostřednictvím pedologických sondáží, které poskytly podklad pro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
V letech 2003 a 2004 byl Ústavem archeologické památkové péče Brně pod vedením Mgr. Davida Parmy proveden záchranný výzkum polykulturního sídliště vzdáleného zhruba 1 km SZ od obce Sudoměřice (býv. okr. Hodonín, obr. 1, 3). Lokalita se nachází na mírném návrší vystupujícím z nivních sedimentů řeky Mora-vy v nadmořské výšce 172 m n. m (obr. 2). Samo...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
I have key question of dynamics and impact of certain epidemic event and volume of modelled population (counted in tens of milions) doesn't allow use of agent based modelling due to computational capacities. Input data consist mainly of modelled population distribution within the cell grid (not internally structured) and disease development is based on existing differetion equations (devised from S-I-R model). I've already read some papers on the topic but spatially explicit context was not considered. Has there been published any cell-size dependet algorithm for spatio-temporal epidemic dynamic and development (rules for spreading from cell to cell) based on local population density (in cell) and actual disease basic reproduction number (R) and other structural epidemic properties? Thanks for reply.

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