Mare Codruta

Mare Codruta
Babeş-Bolyai University | UBB · Department of Statistics, Forecast and Mathematics

About

41
Publications
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240
Citations

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Full-text available
The financing structure of the healthcare system and, particularly, the voluntary health insurance (VHI) constituent, has been a vital pillar in improving the overall quality of life. Consequently, this study aims to shed light on the effect of VHI on the population’s health and longevity in a sample of 26 European OECD countries. The methodology e...
Article
Spatial analyses related to Covid-19 have been so far conducted at county, regional or national level, without a thorough assessment at the continuous local level of administrative-territorial units like cities, towns, or communes. To address this gap, we employ daily data on the infection rate provided for Romanian administrative units from March...
Chapter
Full-text available
The phenomenon of tax evasion and phenomenon of tax avoidance are two facets of similar behavior. Both affect societies across globe. It is a well-known fact that tax revenues account for the majority of public revenues and therefore the phenomenon is of great interest for public authorities as it is for other stakeholders. Designing effective tax...
Article
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In this paper we analyzed the link between companies’ performance, in terms of cash and income, and the labor productivity or management rates, in case of the companies from the energy sector listed on the Bucharest Stock Exchange. We focused on the energy sector because of the impact that its expansion has on the evolution of economies around the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Tax avoidance has complex implications in tax litigation as well as in the economic and social field. From a legal perspective, any act or fact that aims to avoid tax or to evade the payment of fiscal obligations is punished and the material damage produced to the state budget entails the legal liability of taxpayer. State exercises its coercive fo...
Article
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Tax avoidance is one of the most frequent reasons for which companies tend to resort to creative accounting techniques. The purpose of the study is to identify which of the eight-variables from the Beneish influences the most or least the outcome of the final score, as a percent, by developing a statistical model. The sample was selected from the B...
Article
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Specialty literature and solutions in the market have been focusing in the last decade on collecting and aggregating significant amounts of data about transactions (and user behavior) and on refining the algorithms used to identify fraud. At the same time, legislation in the European Union has been adopted in the same direction (e.g., PSD2) in orde...
Article
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Background and Aim: Although cirrhosis is a classical risk factor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), its absence does not exclude this risk. We aimed to assess the clinical characteristics and outcomes of cirrhotic HCC (C-HCC) and non-cirrhotic HCC (NC-HCC) patients. Methods: Patients consecutively included in a prospective HCC...
Article
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The online shopping chain consists of a transaction, starting from the intention to buy and up to the purchase decision, regardless of the adopted strategy. For the buyer, the transaction cost is not only made up by the price of the commodity, but also by the cost of all other resources involved in the entire process. If simple information search (...
Article
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This work adds to the debate on the determinants of the demand for life insurance providing new insights for the unexplored Romanian market, and the new perspective of spatial econometric analysis. Results show that there are spatial interactions between the Romanian counties regarding the life insurance density, positively and significantly condit...
Article
In most Eastern European countries, the life insurance market is poorly developed with respect to the income level of their citizens. Most of the academic literature investigating the determinants of this market focuses on cross-country- or individual-level studies. Our research assesses the specificities of the life insurance market at a subnation...
Article
The motivation behind this study resides in the heterogeneous development of life insurance across 31 European (developed and former communist) nations over the period 2002–2012. We use the dynamic panel methodology for explaining the main institutional drivers of life insurance consumption. The results show that the most significant institutional...
Article
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The goal of the present study is to investigate and to base a new qualitative dimension of the organization’s performance, less addressed in the literature, namely the geocentric behavior dimension. Using a cross-sectional sample covering 215 countries over the period 2012–2015, our research provides empirical evidence on significant impact of the...
Article
Aim: Endorectal ultrasonography (ERUS) and high-resolution Magnetic Resonance Imaging (HR-MRI) are two frequently used techniques for the preoperative staging of rectal cancer to offer proper neoadjuvant or surgical treatment. Because tumor restaging after neoadjuvant therapy using ERUS and HR-MRI remains challenging the aim of this study is to de...
Article
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We investigate the influence of institutional factors upon life insurance demand for 32 European countries, considering the socio-demographic and economic determinants as control variables. Using a panel data approach, we find that life insurance demand is influenced differently by institutional indicators from the Worldwide Governance Indicators d...
Article
This study investigates correlations between board characteristics and firm performances. For this purpose, six board characteristics were chosen: (1) equilibrium between non-executive and executive members of the board of directors; (2) independence of board members; (3) selection of board members by the assistant role of the Nomination Committee;...
Article
The 2008 global financial crisis has upset the world economy, with major effects on the financial sector, industry, trade and agriculture. However, national economies have been affected in a significantly unequal manner. The objective of this study is to estimate the relationship between the importance of agriculture in a national economy and the e...
Article
Full-text available
The present study evaluates the relationship between governance and the development of the life insurance market in 31 European countries. For this, we considered the six Worldwide Governance Indicators. An overall governance index, which we called WGI, was computed based on them, using the principal component analysis. Afterwards, we employed the...
Article
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The results of extensive studies that analyzed the existence and meaning of correlations between the economic growth and the financial market development lead us to a more thorough study of these correlations. Therefore, we performed a broad study of the developing countries from around the world (the developing part of each region constructed by t...
Article
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Curcumin [1,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6- heptadiene - 3,5-dione] is a phenolic substance derived from the root of the Curcuma longa L plant. It is used as antiproliferative, anti-invasive and antiangiogenic agent with anti-inflammatory functions, cancer chemopreventive activity and antioxidant properties. The aim of the study was to assess...
Article
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Starting from the idea that interactions exist in the European Union, we have implemented Spatial Econometrics methods to assess the occurrence of absolute, conditional or club β-convergence on the EU life insurance market. The life insurance density was used as a proxy for the development of the life insurance market in our analysis for 27EU count...
Article
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Objective : the pourpose of the study was to determine if there are any differences between placenta derived plasmatic levels of messenger RNA in normal and future preeclamptic pregnancies and if these placental transcripts can predict preeclampsia long before clinical onset Study design : we compared plasmatic expression of two placental transcrip...
Article
Background & Aims: To assess the role of diffusion weighted imaging sequence (DWI), routinely used in hepatic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the differentiation of focal liver lesions (FLLs) as benign or malignant. Method: 99 FLLs assessed by liver MRI in 80 patients were included in the present study. All lesions were retrospectively analyze...
Article
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Background and aims: The incidence of rectal cancer in the European Union is about 35% of the total colorectal cancer incidence. Staging rectal cancer is important for planning treatment. It is essential for the management of rectal cancer to have adequate preoperative imaging, because accurate staging can influence the therapeutic strategy, type...
Article
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This study investigated on a rat model the hair regrowth effects of Low-Level Laser Therapy as monotherapy or concomitant therapy with topical application of two chemical treatments that are used in human patients with hair loss: Minoxidil 2% - Hairgrow (Dar Al Dawa Pharma/Amman, Jordan) and Neoptide (Ducray/ Boulogne, France). Results of hair regr...
Article
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In the current context of sustainable development performance means not only to create profit at any cost but to create profits without affecting the interests of other participants in the business including without affecting the environment. Meanwhile corporate governance should ensure the achievement of these objectives by adopting the best corpo...
Article
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The present study assesses through quantitative methods the problems specific to consumer protection. We focused on the factors that influence the number of complaints at national level and the perception of consumers that they are protected by public authorities. Data used for the 27 countries of the European Union were collected by official insti...
Article
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Using a historiography approach on public accounting, this research add value to this knowledge providing a customization of the environmental influential factors for an emergent context, the Romanian one, in specific historical phases between 1831 and 2011. The critical-interpretative picture of an extended period of 180 years is complemented by a...
Article
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Crop insurance is a very well implemented mechanism in the economic and agricultural sectors of the developed countries. In the developing countries there are yet in practice traditional local systems of helping the other in the case of natural disasters. The transition to an organized system, based on buying insurance policies, is a very slow proc...
Article
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European Social Fund has to be accurately implemented by Members’ States authorities through projects developed by public and private national entities, according also to the principle of “sound financial management”, described as the expression of the appropriate mix of economy of assigned resources, efficient allocation of resources toward indica...
Article
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European Commission trusted for implementation the European Social Fund (ESF) to Member States through a commonly agreed decentralized management system, including compliance to the “sound financial management” principle within the Members’ State designated Authorities obligations. While implementing ESF, Romania should comply too with this princip...
Article
The present paper investigates the influence of leadership upon the lives of the women in such positions in the North-Western Region of Romania. Using a sample of 207 female leaders we test a series of hypotheses meant to assess the way their family and social life has changed after getting the executive position. Results show that regardless of th...
Article
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Services of general economic interest (SGEI) are usually offered on markets characterized by monopoly, oligopoly, governmental or local authorities control or other forms of market imperfection. Consequently, issues related to consumer protection also present some particularities. In the energetic sector, the product offered (electricity) is absolu...
Article
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The labour market in any field becomes more and more demanding and specialized, professional. For a more efficient absorption of graduates, the professional environment requires both advanced theoretical knowledge and practical abilities. During the study period, based on rational mechanisms, students form a perception related to the probability of...
Article
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The risk of bankruptcy was and is the subject of many research studies aiming to identify the time of bankruptcy, competing factors to achieve this state, the main financial criteria which best expresses this orientation, the bankruptcy, etc. Although there are models that have proved their viability over time, we note that the developed models are...
Article
This paper offers a first quantitative glance at the possible effects of preparing for Euro adoption, as well as at the ex-post effects of actual adoption. Although the complexity of the models considered gradually increases, nevertheless all the simulations provide the same general picture in which (short and sometimes medium term) restrictiveness...
Article
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The teaching performance is influenced firstly by the quality of the educational system. The universities are trying to raise the expectations regarding the methods used for evaluating the teaching quality. In order for the results to be as much as credible the evaluation must defer to the existing theory and to follow the standardized procedures,...
Article
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The article emphasizes aspects regarding the evaluation of the higher educationï¿1/2s quality. In certain countries, the questionnaires regarding quality of the activity of HEIs (Higher Education Institutions) are administrated by specialized institutions led by the Ministry of Education or the university associations. The evaluation principles der...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Project supported by a grant of the Romanian Ministry of Education and Research, CNCS - UEFISCDI, project number PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2020-2174, within PNCDI III titled “Intelligent analysis and prediction of the economic and financial crime in a cyber-dominated and interconnected business world”, conducted over the period 2021-2023
Project
Dear friends, together with several colleagues from UBB-FSEGA, we would be very pleased to benefit from your help in filling in the survey with the title "How's life in pandemic times?". It only takes a few minutes. Thank you for your support! Please share! http://www.isondaje.ro/sondaj/800157191/?fbclid=IwAR06-AGnrFTEKnbtSzs50wJ-ipsXUbNlL4YtpLx6il2p1leFgUmZGvadfcg