Mardelle M Shepley

Mardelle M Shepley
Cornell University | CU · Department of Design and Environmental Analysis

Bachelor of Arts, Master of Architecture, Master of Arts, Doctor of Architecture

About

134
Publications
49,774
Reads
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1,880
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
November 2014 - present
Cornell University
Position
  • Professor
September 1994 - present
Texas A&M University
Position
  • Fellow

Publications

Publications (134)
Article
Full-text available
Background Work-related stress is of growing concern to employers because of its significant implications for employee dissatisfaction, reduced productivity, and lowered emotional and physical health. Job-related stress is particularly acute among staff members in higher education, negatively impacting the professional work and personal welfare of...
Article
This study used virtual reality to examine how environmental attributes interact with health communication to influence psychiatric help-seeking behavior, using the example of a subway station. We used a 2 × 2 factorial design crossing two noise conditions (high noise [75 dB] or low noise [30 dB]) and two visual clutter conditions (low clutter [a t...
Article
Objective This study investigated Chinese nurses’ preferences for (a) proximity of break areas, (b) functionality of break areas, (c) amenities, and (d) nature-related environmental features. Background While nurses in China need support to adequately perform their jobs, little is known about how restorative spaces impact their mental and physical...
Article
The past decade has witnessed a burgeoning interest in the intersection of neuroscience and design. Recent advancements in tools for measuring brain activity enable design researchers to investigate how brain function supports mental processes, complementing self‐report and behavioral measures in exploring design cognition. With the aim of providin...
Article
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Our objectives were to synthesize the early evidence regarding the effect of city-wide vacant-lot remediation programs on firearm violence and to determine what proportion of remediation costs are recovered from reducing firearm violence. Building on our scoping review, we conducted a meta-analysis of before-and-after studies with control groups. W...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted most aspects of our lives: how we work, how we socialize, how we provide health care, and how we take care of our most vulnerable members of society. In this perspectives article, we provide a multidisciplinary overview of existing research covering these fields. Moreover, we enrich this research overview with ne...
Article
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Background: Based on recent experiences with the COVID-19 pandemic, designers and design researchers are crafting guidelines for the development of future environments. In this context, this paper focuses on future best practices regarding environments for health, hospitality and senior care. Methods: An extensive literature review was conducted, t...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to explore clinical staff and resident perceptions regarding the importance, as well as effectiveness, of environmental qualities and features in mental and behavioural health (MBH) facilities. The study evaluated inadequacies in environmental attributes, as perceived by staff and residents, in four MBH facilities in t...
Article
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Despite the economic and environmental benefits of passive houses, their market penetration has been low, which is partially due to misperceptions regarding their cost. This study examined the perceptions of building-related professionals and the general public regarding Korean passive houses to explore strategies for spurring passive house concept...
Article
This study seeks to examine the influence of noise and noise-related visual cues on message elaboration of psychiatric help-seeking (PHS) information. We conducted a randomized trial comparing two noise (High: 75 dB LAeq, low: 30 dB LAeq) and two message (noise-related visual cue or not) conditions. Participants (n = 200) were exposed to one of two...
Article
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What are strategies for the design of immersive virtual environments (IVEs) to understand environments’ influence on behaviors? To answer this question, we conducted a systematic review to assess peer-reviewed publications and conference proceedings on experimental and proof-of-concept studies that described the design, manipulation, and setup of t...
Article
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The purpose of this study is to assess the relationships between college campus walking route characteristics and student perceptions of them with smartphone use. The study used student sketch maps, survey questionnaires, and observations and measurements of route features on a Korean urban campus. The results show that the pedestrian perception an...
Article
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Introduction: Nature engagement (NE) provides myriad psychological and physiological benefits, many of which begin in childhood and continue into adulthood. Research suggests children who have positive experiences with nature are more likely to continue engaging with nature and have more proenvironmental attitudes (PEAs) as adults. Among the benef...
Article
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The number of individuals suffering from mental and behavioral health disorders and the lack of access to treatment and appropriate facilities for these individuals are among the most pressing issues of our time. The purpose of this study is to describe the psychological challenges of staff and families in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), app...
Article
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With increasing demands on medical care services, one of the trends is the mixed patient room arrangement of single/double-bed and multi-bed rooms in a nursing unit on the same floor. This influences nurse-to-patient assignment and often causes an unbalanced workload and longer travel distances for nurses. The objective of this study was to investi...
Article
Objectives This study empirically investigates the correlation between visibility and nurses and physicians’ collaborative communication in emergency departments (EDs). The researchers hypothesized that higher visibility levels in EDs are associated with higher collaborative communication among nurses and physicians. Background The review of relat...
Article
This study uses the photovoice method to explore how persons living with mild-to-moderate dementia perceive neighborhood landmarks and identify characteristics that render these landmarks salient for outdoor navigation. Previous research has highlighted the role of well-designed, stable geographical landmarks in improving the navigability of neighb...
Article
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Rapid global urbanization has led to a construction boom in high-rise buildings, and this trend seems unlikely to change in the foreseeable future. But what are the social, psychological, and behavioral effects of living and working in high-rise environments? Researchers have only just begun to gather systematic empirical data about the positive an...
Article
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As cancer remains the leading disease-related cause of death in adolescence, designers must consider the influence of health facility design on social support and quality of life, while considering the changing psychosocial needs of adolescents and young adults (AYAs). Both the stress of treatment and the environment in which treatment occurs can i...
Article
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Global climate change and increasing carbon emissions from building energy use have increased worldwide attention to low energy buildings with reduced environmental impact. This study examines one type of low energy building in Korea, called the Korean Passive House (KPH), focusing on its adaptations to the local construction market and culture. To...
Article
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Can the presence of green space in urban environments reduce the frequency of violent crime? To ascertain the evidence on this topic, we conducted an in-depth literature review using the PRISMA checklist. The search parameters included US articles written in English and published since 2000. More than 30,000 potential paper titles were identified a...
Article
Aim This mixed-methods study delivers empirical evidence on the influence of visibility on healthcare teamwork in Emergency Departments (EDs). This study researchers hypothesized that with changes of visibility in EDs, teamwork among medical staff members will be impacted. Background Prior research results suggest that visibility can influence hea...
Article
Aim This study focused on long-term care (LTC) settings for individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI). The goals were (1) to assess the impact of facility configuration on social interactions between residents and staff and (2) obtain a better understanding of staff and resident perceptions of the built environment. Background A few studies hav...
Presentation
This presentation was on the findings from my master’s thesis on the perceptions of neighbourhood landmarks among persons living with dementia. The presentation highlighted the application of using Photovoice, a participatory visual research method, in identifying salient characteristics of landmarks that can serve as navigation supports.
Article
Full-text available
This study demonstrates the potential of Photovoice, a participatory action research method involving participant-generated photo-elicitation, to explore how persons living with dementia (PLWDs) perceive neighborhood landmarks. Previous research has highlighted the role of well-designed, stable geographical landmarks in improving the navigability o...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of the Korean government's sustainable energy policy providing solar photovoltaic (PV) systems for low-income households living in public rental apartments in metropolitan Seoul. To assess the solar PV system's effectiveness as a government-initiated tool to provide the energy poor with...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The primary goal of this research was to evaluate a physical full-scale, high-fidelity mockup of a mental and behavioral health (MBH) inpatient room and bathroom. Background There is minimal research on design for MBH and no published research using mockups to evaluate a MBH design proposal. To address this gap, an interdisciplinary team...
Article
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As a sustainable approach to improving the energy performance of existing buildings, retrofits have become popular for the past decades. However, retrofitting is not an easy task to implement, and there is a need to plan modifications in the context of available economic resources and specified performance requisites. This study focused on a govern...
Article
The purpose of this study is to promote environmental support for senior independence and confirm the existence of research evidence relating to it, including site-level environmental correlates of elderly falls and active behavior that is defined as daily activities, physical activities, and social interactions. Applicable settings range from indi...
Poster
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The decision to access healthcare resources and psychiatric treatment may be impacted by information provided in the external environment. For messages about depression, how and where messages are delivered may be critical to whether an individual seeks help. In this study, participants were placed in a simulated environment and asked to provide ra...
Article
This paper presents design recommendations based on a qualitative study for enhancement of teamwork, communication and security in emergency departments. Considering the crucial role of the emergency department in providing urgent care, the design of physical environments to facilitate immediate, efficient and effective patient care are of signific...
Article
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Sustainability is an important objective for architecture as buildings contribute significantly to the quality of the environment. For this reason, various building environmental assessment systems have been developed and applied around the world since 1990. There is currently little research investigating newly developed systems unlike many previo...
Article
Purpose-The purpose of this study is to explore the potential impacts of visibility on face-to-face communication among medical staff in community hospital emergency departments (EDs). Also, the researchers investigated how different types of visibility can increase/decrease the efficiency of EDs' medical staff. Design/methodology/approach-This stu...
Article
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With an emphasis on environmental factors correlated with physical activity, this research investigates environmental influences on aging-in-place measured by the number of years living at home after age 65 and before moving to a senior-living institution. It clarifies that aging-in-place can be promoted by nearby outdoor environments supportive of...
Article
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This study investigates the relationships between the scores of the Green Standard for Energy and Environmental Design for Multi-Family Housing (G-SEED for MF) and resident perception ratings in Korea. Various sets of data were collected and analyzed, including the G-SEED for MF scorecards, resident surveys, and focus group interviews with professi...
Article
As the majority of individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) live with sensory processing differences, the acoustic environment is of primary concern within interior design considerations (Martin, 2014). This research paper explores how noise levels affect the behavior of children with autism in classroom settings and use the find...
Article
Objective: To examine the importance of specific workplace environment characteristics for maximum health and performance, assigned by healthcare employees, and how they relate to the nature of their work. Methods: A cross-sectional mixed-method study was conducted with content analysis and robust regression models to examine the relationship be...
Article
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of visibility on teamwork, collaborative communication, and security issues in emergency departments (EDs). This research explored whether with high visibility in EDs, teamwork and collaborative communication can be improved while the security issues will be reduced. Visibility has been regarded as...
Conference Paper
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Concerns regarding the environmental impacts of hospitals have made the healthcare sector one of the most prominent settings for the green building movement. Despite these environmental concerns, the number of studies that document the benefits of sustainable healthcare facilities is limited. In this study, the authors used national cost report dat...
Article
Objective: This study aims to identify the behavioral and environmental strategies that healthcare workers view as helpful for managing sleepiness, improving alertness, and therefore optimizing workplace safety. Background: Reduced alertness is a common issue in healthcare work environments and is associated with impaired cognitive performance a...
Article
Full-text available
There is a growing agreement among researchers and practitioners that the input of facility managers (FMs) can be a vital resource during the architectural design process. FMs are responsible for the everyday operations of buildings, and are therefore aware of many practical details of maintenance and efficiency that designers may overlook. However...
Article
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Purpose The aim of this study is to focus on the perspectives of facility managers in each region and the different challenges impacting collaboration in each geographical context. This research analyzed obstacles to collaboration between facility managers and architectural designers in three international regions. Design/methodology/approach A mu...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to identify the current challenges and opportunities faced by the facility managers (FMs) in Doha, Qatar. Design/methodology/approach Researchers queried 40 FMs about their experience working in Qatar, using interviews and workshops. Findings Comments gathered followed general patterns. Participants expressed appreciation...
Article
Background: With more students being educated in schools for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) than ever before, architects and interior designers need to consider the environmental features that may be modified to enhance the academic and social success of autistic students in school. Aim: This study explored existing empirical research on the imp...
Article
This paper describes research on the design of behavioral and mental health facilities. Using input from clinical staff, the purpose of the study was four-fold: to develop and test a tool for the evaluation of mental and behavioral health (MBH) facilities, to evaluate the importance and effectiveness of specific environmental qualities and features...
Article
Background: There is increasing evidence that the physical environment of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), including single-family rooms (SFRs) versus open-bay rooms (OPBYs), has tangible effects on vulnerable patients. The objective of this study was to illustrate the financial implications of SFR versus OPBY units by synthesizing and evalu...
Article
Full-text available
Growth in healthcare needs challenges providers to reduce operational costs and is expected to increase construction and renovation of healthcare facilities. Meanwhile, concerns regarding the environmental impacts of hospitals have made the healthcare sector one of the most prominent settings for the green building movement. Despite these environme...
Article
The objective of the present study is to explore the impact of acoustical design on children with autism in school classrooms. Empirical research on this topic will provide information on how interior space features and spatial environment characteristics can be used to support the learning and developmental needs of children with autism. Specifica...
Article
The number of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) designed to meet basic criteria for green design is increasing. Some organizations, however, are reluctant to embark on a program of sustainability. The resistance is typically due to cost concerns and lack of knowledge about how to accomplish goals of sustainability. This paper evaluates the avai...
Article
Objectives: The purpose of the study was to identify features in the physical environment that are believed to positively impact staff and patients in psychiatric environments and use these features as the foundation for future research regarding the design of mental and behavioral health facilities. Methods: Pursuant to a broad literature revie...
Article
Purpose Healthcare projects face multiple obstacles in achieving sustainability. This paper aims to provide information regarding the energy consumption of healthcare facilities, to identify barriers to sustainability and to suggest methods to improve the effectiveness of these buildings. Design/methodology/approach This study investigates sustain...
Article
Contact with nature has been found to produce multiple health benefits in diverse work environments. However, in healthcare workplaces, few studies have addressed this topic, and no studies were found comparing the restorative qualities of visual vs. physical access to the outdoors. This study used visual simulation methods to assess the restorativ...
Article
The nursing profession in the United States is on the precipice of a crisis. Nurses are essential to the health care industry, and maintaining quality nursing care is a primary concern of today’s health care managers. Health care facilities report high rates of staff burnout and turnover, and interest in the nursing profession among younger student...
Article
Objective: To examine the impact of spatial enclosures on social interaction between older adults with early stage dementia and young children. Background: Intergenerational interaction through meaningful activities can promote positive affects and behaviors of children and older adults. The development of social interaction is closely related t...
Article
Aim: This article reviews and addresses various spatial measures that provide and facilitate accurate descriptions of different layout typologies with particular focus on healthcare facilities. Background: Evidence-based design is a field of study that emphasizes the importance of using credible data in order to influence the design process. It...
Article
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Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the best placement of windows in short-term rehabilitation facilities in terms of daylighting and outdoor views by exploring the impact of windows on resident perception of stress, mood, activities, and satisfaction. Background: The physiological and psychological benefits of daylighting have ma...
Article
Aim: The main study objective was to explore policy and design factors contributing to nurses' perception of how well-designed staff break areas can play an important beneficial role in relation to their overall job satisfaction, retention, performance and job-related health concerns. Background: Nurses are extremely valuable to the healthcare i...
Article
The study investigated the main restorative components of staff break areas in healthcare facilities, by assessing usage patterns, verbal/visual preferences, and perceived restorative qualities of specific design features found in break areas for hospital staff. Nurses are extremely important to the healthcare industry, and maintaining the quality...
Article
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Vi ew suppl em entary m ateri al Publ i shed onl i ne: 18 J un 2015. Subm i t your arti cl e to thi s j ournal Arti cl e vi ew s: 126 Vi ew rel ated arti cl es Vi ew Crossm ark data Regular walking behaviours can improve older people's physical, psychological and social health. T his project examined the relationships between assisted living facili...
Article
Cost control of health care services is a strategic concern for organizations. To lower costs, some organizations reduce staffing levels. However, this may not be worth the trade-off, as the quality of services will likely be reduced, morale among health care providers tends to suffer, and patient satisfaction is likely to decline. The potential sy...
Article
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Expected growth in healthcare needs resulting from the Affordable Care Act and the growing population of older citizens in the United States is challenging owners and operators of hospitals to improve quality of care and reduce operational costs. Meanwhile, studies have indicated a serious shortage in the healthcare workforce and have highlighted t...
Article
JPER is a multi-disciplinary journal that promotes the health of the preterm infant.
Article
Global healthcare practice has expanded in the past 20 years. At the same time the incorporation of research into the design process has gained prominence as a best practice among architects. The authors of this study investigated the status of design research in a variety of international settings. We intended to answer the question, "how pervasiv...