Marcus Düwell

Marcus Düwell

Dr.

About

215
Publications
9,087
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612
Citations
Citations since 2017
13 Research Items
322 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
Additional affiliations
February 2002 - present
Utrecht University
Position
  • Managing Director
February 2002 - September 2020
Utrecht University
Position
  • Managing Director
March 1990 - January 2002
University of Tuebingen
Position
  • Academic Coordinator

Publications

Publications (215)
Article
Full-text available
We imagine a minimal context where a programmer A serves as the provider of a program X for a user B. A survey is given of plausible promises and accusations in connection with the delivery and deployment of X. When X is used, various problems may arise. The focus of the paper is on the role of accusations which may plausibly arise in various scena...
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Accusations play a pivotal role in human communication. There seems be be some changes in the contemporary political situation. However, there is a lack of a philosophical conceptualisation that is necessary for appropriate descriptions of accusations and further philosophical scrutiny. Accustation Theory (AT) is proposed as such a theoretical fram...
Article
Full-text available
Definition of the problemSince 2010, the German Act on Genetic Testing (Gendiagnostikgesetz, GenDG) precludes prenatal testing for late-onset diseases. The legislature argued in analogy with professional recommendations for genetic testing of children that the right not to know its own genetic condition has to be protected for the child until she o...
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This chapter discusses philosophical assumptions in the use of transcendental arguments in Alan Gewirth’s method of dialectical necessity. With this method, Gewirth aims to show that agents must hold certain beliefs for consistent self-understanding to be possible. Firstly, the chapter argues that this method is not in the first place used to convi...
Article
Parents' preferences for unsolicited findings (UFs) from diagnostic whole-exome sequencing (WES) for their children remain largely unexplored. Our aim was to gain insight into parental considerations favoring acceptance/decline of UFs pertaining to their child. We conducted 20 qualitative, semistructured interviews with parents (n=34) of children w...
Article
Questions of sustainability will be of crucial importance for the twenty-first century. But do we have to think about questions of responsibilities regarding future people in terms of human rights? And if duties regarding sustainability fall outside the scope of human rights, what would this imply for the moral and political importance of human rig...
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Human beings orient themselves in the world via judgments; factual, moral, prudential, aesthetic, and all kinds of mixed judgments. Particularly for normative orientation in complex and contested contexts of action, it can be challenging to form judgments. This paper explores what one can reasonably expect from a theory of the power of judgment fro...
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This paper analyses the main challenges (particularly those deriving from the non-identity problem and epistemic uncertainty concerning the preferences of future persons) to the idea that we should and can represent future generations in our present policymaking. It argues that these challenges can and should be approached from the perspective of h...
Book
This introduction to human dignity explores the history of the notion from antiquity to the nineteenth century, and the way in which dignity is conceptualised in non-Western contexts. Building on this, it addresses a range of systematic conceptualisations, considers the theoretical and legal conditions for human dignity as a useful notion and analy...
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The following introduction aims at an overview of relevant conceptual and philosophical distinctions and questions that discussions about human dignity are confronted with. I will mainly focus on questions about ‘human dignity’ that are relevant within the context of the human rights framework. First, I will explain why we are in need of a philosop...
Chapter
A greater number of explicit references to human dignity can be found in bioethical debates than in virtually any other context. This may have its ground in the subject-matter of bioethical debates, namely, questions of life and death, which undoubtedly concern the dignity of a person. It may, however, also be a consequence of the strong influence...
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The questions of whether we have obligations towards future generations, why we have such obligations and what these obligations entail, are important topics of discussion in contemporary moral and political philosophy. While there seems to be political consensus on the view that we are obligated to adopt a policy of sustainability, the reasons why...
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Maar al te vaak maakt de behandelend arts mee dat ouders en/of kind niet het behandelplan volgen dat volgens de arts kan leiden tot de optimale gezondheid en ontwikkelingskansen voor het kind. Hierdoor komt de behandelend arts direct in een dilemma. De arts wil optimale ontwikkelingskansen voor een kind helpen realiseren, heeft daarvoor mogelijkhed...
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Chervenak and McCullough, authors of the most acknowledged ethical framework for maternal-fetal surgery, rely on the 'ethical-obstetrical' concept of the fetus as a patient in order to determine what is morally owed to fetuses by both physicians and the women who gestate them in the context of prenatal surgery. In this article, we reconstruct the a...
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This book is a philosophically-oriented introduction to bioethics. It offers the reader an overview of key debates in bioethics relevant to various areas including; organ retrieval, stem cell research, justice in healthcare and issues in environmental ethics, including issues surrounding food and agriculture. The book also seeks to go beyond simply...
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Zusammenfassung Peter Schaber: Instrumentalisierung und Würde. Mentis Verlag, Paderborn 2010, 171 S.
Article
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This paper is written from a perspective that is sympathetic to the basic idea of the capability approach. Our aim is to compare Martha Nussbaum’s capability theory of justice with Alan Gewirth’s moral theory, on two points: the selection and the justification of a list of central capabilities. On both counts, we contend that Nussbaum’s theory suff...
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An analysis of violations of human dignity seems to offer an inductive pathway to human dignity, that some find more promising than theory-guided elaborations of a positive account. This paper wants to stress the need to develop a positive account of human dignity. It is impossible to determine which kind of actions are violations of human dignity...
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The contribution criticizes that Fischer does not specify which concept of (rational) justification he is arguing against. Fischer subsumes a broad variety of ethical approaches under the label >rationalism< which makes it hardly impossible to judge the validity of his critical claims. Furthermore Fischer does wrongly assumes that the whole enterpr...
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Zusammenfassung In der deutschen medizinethischen Debatte spielen Verweise auf Menschenbilder eine große Rolle. Dabei haben diese Verweise ganz unterschiedliche argumentative Funktionen: Bisweilen sollen mit Bezug auf ein Menschenbild direkt moralische Normen begründet werden, aber Verweise auf Menschenbilder können auch andere Funktionen haben. Pr...
Book
Ethische Fragestellungen in vielfältigen Kontexten. Das Handbuch erläutert die verschiedenen ethischen Theorien und bietet Einblicke in Themen der Angewandten Ethik sowie in aktuelle Debatten. Rund 50 Grundbegriffe der Ethik werden ausführlich erklärt darunter: Freiheit, Risiko, Verantwortung, Wille u. v. a. Die 3. Auflage wurde durchgesehen und in...
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Chimeras and Hybrids – How to Approach a Multifaceted Research? Since a couple of years now, the creation of chimeras and hybrids has left the realm of myth and legend and entered into the reality of scientific research. The more it advances towards the creation of human-animal mixtures, the more the need for ethical and legal regulation is claime...
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Definition of the problem The use of empirical methods in medical ethics and bioethics has generated proposals for reconceptualizing medical ethics as a discipline that integrates ethics and social science. Arguments The position taken in the present paper, by contrast, is that what is needed, in the first place, is a moral-philosophical evaluation...
Chapter
Full-text available
The bonds between applied ethics and social science seem to become increasingly tight. This does not only manifest itself by social scientists and ethicists working together, but also by an increasing attention, from both sides, to the very nature of their cooperation. The debate on this topic has been ongoing for more than twenty years, but in the...
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During a Department of Defence news briefing in February 2002, Donald Rumsfeld was confronted with the question about reports that stated that there was no evidence of a direct link between Iraq and terrorist organisations. He subsequently answered: Reports that say that something hasn’t happened are always interesting to me, because as we know, th...
Book
In this forward-looking volume the invited authors argue that the world must critically assess the potential pitfalls of new technologies in advance. Many of the developments in modern technology are complex, risky, and, to begin with, cloaked in uncertainty. How should we deal with such developments – that may not only have positive effects (such...
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Bislang wurden sehr ausgiebig theoretische Diskussionen und Probleme vorgestellt, die für das Verständnis von aktuellen bioethischen Diskussionen von wesentlicher Bedeutung sind. Dabei sind zahlreiche Themen bereits angesprochen worden, die auch für die Diskussionen dieses Kapitels relevant sind, in dem einige ausgewählte Problemkontexte der Bioeth...
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In der Einleitung sollten drei Dinge deutlich geworden sein:1. Bioethik reflektiert die moralische Dimension des Umgangs mit den Möglichkeiten der Medizin, beim Umgang mit Tieren und der natürlichen Umwelt, insbesondere die Auswirkungen der Life Sciences. Das ist vor allem darum eine anspruchsvolle Aufgabe, weil die neuen technischen Möglichkeiten...
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Seit Ende der 1950er Jahre haben Mediziner die Möglichkeit, Menschen ohne Aussicht auf Heilung mittels der Herz-Lungen-Maschine am Leben zu erhalten. Bald kam die Möglichkeit hinzu, ihnen Organe zu Transplantationszwecken zu entnehmen. Doch bei vielen Medizinern kamen Zweifel auf, ob es denn moralisch richtig sein könne, diesen Menschen, deren Herz...
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Ich habe im ersten Kapitel Bioethik als interdisziplinäre Unternehmung eingeführt und darauf hingewiesen, dass alle Urteile in der Bioethik ›gemischte Urteile‹ sind. Ihre Geltung hängt von der Validität von Urteilen ab, die wiederum in unterschiedlichen Disziplinen legitimiert werden müssen. Dabei sind für alle Diskussionen in der Bioethik die mora...
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Es ist nicht einfach abzuschätzen, wie sich die Bioethik thematisch und methodisch weiterentwickeln wird. Überschaut man die letzten Jahrzehnte, so ist das Spektrum stets erweitert und verschoben worden (für eine Zwischenbilanz vgl. Wiesemann/Düwell/Graumann 2006). Die ethische Diskussion über neue Biotechnologien ist etwa auch im Kontext von Techn...
Book
Life and nature are imperfect, uncontrollable, and largely (and perhaps permanently) unknowable, that is to say: contingent. The contingency of life is a significant challenge for medicine and technology. Life sciences seem to broaden the possibilities of control to an extent that the contingency of life and nature is no longer self-evident. This v...
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In der bioethischen Diskussion wird regelmäßig der Begriff „Leiblichkeit“ als kritischer Begriff in die Diskussion gebracht.2 Neuere Entwicklungen in Medizin und Biologie erscheinen Leiblichkeits-Theoretikern zumeist als Ausfluss der Verfügungsgewalt, die der Mensch über sich selbst ausübt, wogegen der Begriff „Leiblichkeit“ einen Bereich des prinz...
Book
Freiheit, Risiko, Verantwortung, Wille - das bewährte Handbuch führt in rund 50 Grundbegriffe der Ethik ein und gewährt tiefe Einblicke in die aktuellen Ethik-Debatten. Das in seiner Ausführlichkeit konkurrenzlose Handbuch vermittelt Philosophen, Theologen, Medizinern, Biologen und Rechtswissenschaftlern gleichermaßen einen klaren und fundierten Üb...
Book
Bioethics, if it is to have adequate discriminatory power, should include sensitivity to the cultural contexts of biomedicine, and also to the cultural contexts of bioethics itself. Biomedical developments carry with them social and cultural meanings that must be taken into account if the accompanying bioethical dilemmas are to be understood. This...
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Originaltext vom Verlag; nicht vom SfBS bearbeitet. Sich im ethischen Denken orientieren mim. Im Zeitalter der technischen Produzierbarkeit des Lebens, zumal des menschlichen, scheint auch das Bedürfnis nach Ethik zu wachsen. In der Tat hat diese Disziplin der Philosophie in den letzten Jahren einen derart erstaunlichen, von manchen auch mit Argwoh...
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From the very beginning of the bioethical debate, this new (sub-) discipline emphasized its independence from the big normative theories, like utilitarianism and Kantianism. Of course, there have been very influential bioethicists, like Engelhardt or Singer, who have explicated their normative ethical theories systematically and have shown which mo...
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The ethical discussion around PGD opened a discussion about the use of human embryos and foetuses in the context of abortion and genetic diagnosis. The first point of discussion is the moral status of human embryos and foetuses. The article argues for a moral protection of the human embryo as a potential person. But at the same time is the moral st...
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Jeder Beitrag des Handbuchs ist mit einer speziellen Bibliographie versehen, die in der Regel zwischen Standardwerken und weiterführender Literatur unterscheidet. Wer zu einer speziellen ethischen Theorie oder einem speziellen Begriff einschlägige Literatur sucht, wird an der entsprechenden Stelle des Handbuchs fündig. In die allgemeine Bibliograph...
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Anerkennung bildet formal eine dreistellige Relation: x anerkennt y als z. Bei x und y kann es sich sowohl um Individuen als auch um Gruppen handeln, z bildet dabei den evaluativen Gesichtspunkt, unter dem die Anerkennung erfolgt. Aus dieser Einstellung von x erwachsen Konsequenzen sowohl für den ethischen bzw. rechtlichen Status von y als auch für...
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Der Gegenstand der Ethik ist die Moral. Als ›Ethiken‹ können demnach Theorien bezeichnet werden, die sich mit den verschiedenen Aspekten des Phänomens Moral auseinander setzen. Nun gibt es jedoch zu diesem Phänomen sehr unterschiedliche Zugangsweisen. Insofern lassen sich auch verschiedene Typen von Ethiken bzw. Moraltheorien voneinander abgrenzen....
Book
Dieses Handbuch bietet allen, die in unterschiedlichen Kontexten mit ethischen Fragen befasst sind, fundiertes Hintergrundwissen. Lehrende, Studierende und Forschende aus Medizin, Biologie, Rechtswissenschaft, Philosophie oder Theologie erhalten einen Überblick über ethische Theorien, einen Einblick in die aktuellen Debatten und Einführungen in run...
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The aim of the paper is to examine the possible relationships between the different dimensions of aesthetics on the one hand, and medical practice and medical ethics on the other hand. Firstly, I consider whether the aesthetic perception of the human body is relevant for medical practice. Secondly, a possible analogy between the artistic process an...

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