Marcus W. Dickson

Marcus W. Dickson
Wayne State University | WSU · Department of Psychology

Ph.D.

About

54
Publications
103,127
Reads
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6,782
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 1997 - present
Wayne State University
Position
  • Professor of Organizational Psychology and Director of Executive Education

Publications

Publications (54)
Poster
We investigated agreement in job analysis ratings of cognitive and non-cognitive knowledge and skills between incumbent and supervisor raters. Our findings indicate that non-cognitive knowledge and skills were rated as both more important and more necessary at entry overall, but that supervisors rated cognitive knowledge and skills as more importan...
Chapter
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The literature around global leadership and global teams has expanded dramatically over the last decade. There have, however, been few integrative approaches to examining the intersection between these constructs. The present chapter reviews the dominant paradigms in global leadership and in teamwork in a global context. Specifically, the global le...
Article
By integrating psychological research from the social, cognitive and organizational domains, this symposium explores the factors that contribute to leaders acting ethically and seeks to identify the mechanisms through which such leaders are effective. Factors such as follower isolation, individual mindfulness, and organizational climate were found...
Chapter
This article provides an overview of leadership within the management field by presenting a historical overview of leadership research alongside a discussion of the current state of the literature. Early research focused on traits and behaviors. The subsequent introduction of contingency-based leadership theories was a critical juncture that contin...
Article
During Phase 1, all rats received a delay of food reward following a traversal of a straight alley. During Phase 2, rats received contingent (CR), noncontingent (NCR), or no food reward (NR) in an operant chamber. During the 1st day of Phase 3 (running in the straight alley), no differences in speeds occurred between groups receiving contingent and...
Article
In this article, we summarize research on how the meaning of leadership varies systematically across cultures, and describe the conflict in the literature between the quest for universals and the identification of cultural contingencies in leadership theory. We review the literature on the relationships between cultural dimensions and leadership, a...
Article
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Despite the increasingly multinational nature of the workplace, there have been few studies of the convergence and divergence in beliefs about ethics-based leadership across cultures. This study examines the meaning of ethical and unethical leadership held by managers in six societies with the goal of identifying areas of convergence and divergence...
Article
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This study examined the relationships between team cognitive ability and personality composition in relation to the similarity (MM-similarity) and accuracy (MM-accuracy) of team task-focused mental models. The relationships between MM-accuracy and MM-similarity with multiple indicators of team effectiveness were also examined. Sixty-seven three-per...
Article
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In this chapter, we propose that society- and organization-level social context cues influence the endorsement of ethical leadership. More specifically, we propose that certain organizational culture values provide proximal contextual cues that people use to form perceptions of the importance of ethical leadership. We further propose that specific...
Article
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PurposeThe purpose of this study was to empirically examine organizational culture theorists’ assertions about the linkages between leadership and the cultures that emerge in the organizations they lead. Specific hypotheses were developed and tested regarding relationships between chief executive officers’ (CEO’s) personality traits, and the cultur...
Article
This paper examines beliefs about four aspects of ethical leadership Character/Integrity, Altruism, Collective Motivation and Encouragement in Germany and the United States using data from Project GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness) and a supplemental analysis. Within the context of a push toward convergence driven b...
Article
The current study applies the growing literature in the organizational sciences regarding levels of analysis issues to the analysis of substance abuse treatment beliefs. Research on clinicians' beliefs in substance abuse treatment is often based on the assumption that the beliefs are sufficiently shared by clinicians within a clinic and sufficientl...
Article
Peterson and Castro [Peterson, M.F. and Castro (2006-this issue). Measurement metrics at aggregate levels of analysis: Implications for organization culture research and the GLOBE project. The Leadership Quarterly, 17, 506 –521.] have presented a critique of the GLOBE societal and organizational culture scales. In this article, we clarify what we b...
Article
This study examined whether the content of organizationally-shared cognitive prototypes of effective leadership varies in predictable fashion according to the degree to which organizations are mechanistic or organic. Data for this study come from the GLOBE Project [House, R. J., Hanges, P. J., Javidan, M., Dorfman, P. W., & Gupta V. (Eds.) (2004)....
Article
Full-text available
Several recent studies have addressed the topic of climate strength--the degree to which there is agreement among an organization's members regarding the practices and policies as well as the shared values that characterize the organization. To further investigate antecedents of climate strength, the authors used data from the GLOBE Project, totali...
Article
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The western-based leadership and ethics literatures were reviewed to identify the key characteristics that conceptually define what it means to be an ethical leader. Data from the Global Leadership and Organizational Effectiveness (GLOBE) project were then used to analyze the degree to which four aspects of ethical leadership – Character/Integrity,...
Article
Introduction. Environmental scanning, as a component of absorptive capacity, has been shown to be associated with increased use of innovative treatment techniques at substance abuse treatment programmes. As the transfer of innovative, evidence-based treatment techniques from research to practice is gaining attention, we aimed to identify variables...
Article
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The authors (a) investigated trait homogeneity in organizations by examining within-organization similarity among members' personality traits and personal values and (b) tested the relationship between the top leaders' personal characteristics and organizational profiles of personality and values. Results replicate and extend B. Schneider, D. B. Sm...
Article
Little is known about clinicians' information sources for new treatments or ways to improve dissemination of that information. We analyzed 163 clinicians' responses to a checklist of where and how frequently they obtain information on new treatment approaches. They reported at least yearly use of a median of four cosmopolite categories (e.g., journ...
Article
Full-text available
Clinicians' beliefs and awareness of treatment techniques may influence what innovations are perceived as needed and adoption of them. Clinicians at research-affiliated programs, however, may differ from clinicians at programs without research affiliation. We surveyed 162 clinicians at 15 substance abuse treatment programs (five research-affiliated...
Article
This paper examines the critical role that organizational leaders play in establishing a values based climate. We discuss seven mechanisms by which leaders convey the importance of ethical values to members, and establish the expectations regarding ethical conduct that become engrained in the organizations climate. We also suggest that leaders at d...
Article
Presents some examples of studies on leader behavior in different countries. As shown in this chapter, the ways in which researchers study and think about leadership have been strongly influenced by North American values. However, the assumptions underlying these values are not necessarily shared in other cultures. Thus, the authors describe differ...
Article
Full-text available
It is almost cliché to say that there has been an explosion in the amount of research on leadership in a cross-cultural context. In this review, we describe major advances and emerging patterns in this research domain over the last several years. Our starting point for this update is roughly 1996–1997, since those are the dates of two important rev...
Article
It is almost cliché to say that there has been an explosion in the amount of research on leadership in a cross-cultural context. In this review, we describe major advances and emerging patterns in this research domain over the last several years. Our starting point for this update is roughly 1996–1997, since those are the dates of two important rev...
Article
Full-text available
A meta-analysis of research comparing decision making in face-to-face versus computer-mediated communication groups was conducted. Results suggest that computer-mediated communication leads to decreases in group effectiveness, increases in time required to complete tasks and decreases in member satisfaction compared to face-to-face groups. All of t...
Article
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This study is a cross-cultural examination of the relationship between organizational culture and women's advancement to management in organizations. The source of data for this study was the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness Research Project, a cross-cultural study of societal culture, organizational culture, and leadersh...
Article
Literature on leadership and literature on culture are each rich and deep, but the two were largely unrelated during the first several decades of their development. In more recent years, many researchers have explored relationships between these two literatures. In this chapter, we identify four developments or trends in the last 25 years of cross-...
Article
In this article, we argue that the organizational climate regarding ethics — the shared perception of what is ethically correct behavior and how ethical issues should be handled within an organization — is an outgrowth of the personal values and motives of organizational founders and other early organizational leaders. We begin by arguing that one...
Article
The notion that leaders' values and motives influence their effectiveness is an old one. Little is known, however, about the role of values and motives on the ratings of leadership in assessment center settings. The present study examined the interrelationships between motives and values, personality, and rated leadership performance in a military...
Article
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Recently, 2 separate yet related criticisms have been levied against the adequacy of the five-factor model (or Big Five) as a descriptive taxonomy of job applicant personality: frame of reference effects (M. J. Schmit & A. M. Ryan, 1993) and socially desirable responding (A. F. Snell & M. A. McDaniel, 1998). Of interest, although both criticisms su...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, 2 separate yet related criticisms have been levied against the adequacy of the five-factor model (or Big Five) as a descriptive taxonomy of job applicant personality: frame of reference effects (M. J. Schmit & A. M. Ryan, 1993) and socially desirable responding (A. F. Snell & M. A. McDaniel, 1998). Of interest, although both criticisms su...
Article
Full-text available
Life-span models and their emphasis on individual differences in aging and development fit perfectly with industrial-organizational (I-O) psychology's underlying theoretical assumptions. Furthermore, certain life-span metatheories can provide an overarching framework from which to understand various I-O research areas. This article attempts to demo...
Article
Un mode`le de la relation entre la culture et le leadership est pre´sente´ dans cet article; ce mode`le est centre´ sur le traitement de l’information. Nous estimons qu’un re´seau connectionniste s’impose pour une bonne compre´hension de la faµon dont la culture et le leadership influencent les re´actions et la comprotement du suiveur, ce qui nous...
Article
Increasing numbers of professional and managerial employees are requesting a shift from full-time to part-time work. In a policy-capturing study, 200 attorneys (including both partners and associates) rated how likely their firms would be to accept different hypothetical attorneys' requests for part-time work. Supporting predictions based on depend...
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This study focuses on culturally endorsed implicit theories of leadership (CLTs). Although cross-cultural research emphasizes that different cultural groups likely have different conceptions of what leadership should entail, a controversial position is argued here: namely that attributes associated with charismatic/transformational leadership will...
Article
This review examines recent research on groups and teams, giving special emphasis to research investigating factors that influence the effectiveness of teams at work in organizations. Several performance-relevant factors are considered, including group composition, cohesiveness, and motivation, although certain topics (e.g. composition) have been m...
Article
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Industrial/Organizational Psychology is a scientist-practitioner discipline. Consistent with this, SIOP membership is fairly evenly split between those primarily engaged in academic work and those engaged primarily in applied settings. Although we train graduates who are experts in both I/O psychology content and rigorous methods, there is concern...

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