Marcos Tourinho

Marcos Tourinho
Fundação Getulio Vargas | FGV ·  Center for International Relations

About

17
Publications
4,681
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291
Citations

Publications

Publications (17)
Article
The idea of liberal international order as a world order is understood to be constituted as a result of disproportionate Anglo-American influences. This is in line with much of international relations (IR) theory, which typically characterizes the emergence of order as resulting from the diffusion or imposition of norms and institutions from the wo...
Raw Data
SanctionsApp (available at http://sanctionsapp.com/) is an analytical tool that can be used in real time by both scholars and practitioners who have an interest in examining, or who are working on designing and implementing United Nations’ (UN) targeted sanctions. SanctionsApp is managed and updated at the Global Governance Centre at the Graduate...
Data
Structured comparison between HSE, TIES, and TSC datasets (prepared as an annex for the JPR data feature on the TSC dataset)
Article
Full-text available
Targeted sanctions are increasingly used by the United Nations (UN) Security Council to address major challenges to international peace and security. Unlike other sanctions, those imposed by the UN are universally binding and relied upon as a basis for legitimating both unilateral and regional sanctions measures. Encompassing a wide range of indivi...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Brazilian anticorruption law and institutions were significantly transformed in recent decades. This article traces those transformations and explains how the international anticorruption and money laundering regimes contributed to their development. It argues that those international regimes were internalised in the Brazilian system throu...
Book
International sanctions have become the instrument of choice for policymakers dealing with a variety of different challenges to international peace and security. This is the first comprehensive and systematic analysis of all the targeted sanctions regimes imposed by the United Nations since the end of the Cold War. Drawing on the collaboration of m...
Article
Full-text available
Resolution 1973, which authorised military intervention in Libya, marked the first time that the United Nations Security Council explicitly mandated the use of force against a functioning state to prevent imminent atrocity crimes. While some hailed the resolution and the subsequent intervention in Libya as a victory for the concept of the internati...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores the political impact of the Brazilian proposal “Responsibility while Protecting” (RwP) on the normative evolution of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). For much of the last two decades, public and policy debates about humanitarian intervention have been dominated by the question of whether and in what circumstances these mea...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores the normative and institutional implications of the long-term use of individual sanctions by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). It identifies the systematic and extensive use of individual sanctions as the most fundamental qualitative change in international sanctions policy during this century. It argues that policy...
Chapter
This chapter investigates Brazil’s approach to norms about foreign intervention in international society. It does so from the perspective of the relationship between the country’s foreign policy and what has been frequently called the contemporary “liberal international order.” In particular, it seeks to specify and locate more precisely the potent...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decade, Brazil has engaged with the idea of an international responsibility to protect (R2P) in a notable fashion. As a frequent member of the Security Council in the post-Cold War era, the country resisted suggestions of a responsibility to intervene in humanitarian crises, fearing it would serve to justify military action outside of t...
Data
Targeted Sanctions Consortium (TSC) quantitative dataset includes all UN targeted sanctions imposed between 1991 and 2013, or 23 different country regimes broken into 63 case episodes for comparative analysis. Data as of 30.6.2014, effectiveness assessment as of 1.1.2014 (for the newest effectiveness assessment, see http://sanctionsapp.com/). For...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Targeted sanctions are increasingly utilized by the United Nations (UN) to address a wide range of threats to international peace and security, yet in twenty-two years of experience, there has been no comprehensive study of their design and effectiveness. The Targeted Sanction Consortium (TSC) was formed to analyze systematically UN targeted sancti...

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Cited By

Projects

Project (1)
Project
The United Nations (UN) sanctions research project, based at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, analyzes the use and effectiveness of UN sanctions. Between 2009 and 2016, the project was known as the Targeted Sanctions Consortium (TSC). Co-led by Thomas Biersteker and Sue Eckert, it produced an edited volume (Biersteker, Eckert, and Tourinho 2016), several scholarly publications and policy papers (e.g. Biersteker, Eckert, Tourinho, and Hudáková 2013), a qualitative and quantitative datasets of all UN targeted sanctions imposed between 1991 and 2014 (Biersteker, Eckert, Tourinho, and Hudáková 2018), and SanctionsApp, an interactive web- and phone-based tool making the project's results available not only to the scholarly community, but also to policy practitioners, media, and the general public. In 2016, the TSC research project has been transformed into the Graduate Institute's Targeted Sanctions Initiative. Based on research conducted by Prof. Thomas Biersteker, Dr. Marcos Tourinho, and Dr. Zuzana Hudáková, the initiative involves the maintenance of qualitative and quantitative databases on UN targeted sanctions, including the content presented in the SanctionsApp, as well as the conduct of policy training courses, consultancies, and a regular scholarly seminar series held in Geneva. In 2019, the project has been expanded to study all sanctions imposed by the UN since its inception.