Marcos Antonio Pedlowski

Marcos Antonio Pedlowski
Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense · Laboratory of Studies on the Anthroposphere – LEEA

PhD in Environmental Design and Planning

About

72
Publications
16,982
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1,923
Citations
Citations since 2016
21 Research Items
880 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Additional affiliations
January 1998 - present
Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense
January 1998 - present
Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
Full-text available
A partir de 2007, um dos maiores empreendimentos portuários do estado do Rio de Janeiro, o Porto do Açu, foi implantado no 50 Distrito do município de São João da Barra. Para a construção de suas megaestruturas, extensas áreas de restinga foram suprimidas e um amplo processo de desapropriação de terras pertencentes a agricultores familiares foi con...
Article
Sea level rise has the potential to have severe impacts on the coastal states of Brazil. In particular, the state of Rio de Janeiro has the highest percentage of exposed population. In this study, we employ a contingent valuation method to explore residents' willingness to pay for sea level rise mitigation policies in Rio de Janeiro. Given the high...
Article
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The aim of this article is to analyze the dynamics that marked the coexistence between different actors in the environmental conflict caused by the salinization of surface and underground waters during the implantation of the Açu Port, in the municipality of São João da Barra, which is located in the Northern Fluminense region. The work seeks to de...
Article
Tropical forests are providers of relevant ecosystem services at different spatial scales, but they have been under intense human pressure in recent decades, primarily because of their conversion into agricultural or pasture lands. Colonization projects have been a significant driver of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon since the 1970s. Such pr...
Article
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O presente artigo tem por objetivo analisar a dinâmica que marcou a convivência entre diferentes atores no conflito ambiental causado pela salinização de águas superficiais e subterrâneas durante a implantação do Porto do Açu, no município de São João da Barra, que fica localizado na região Norte Fluminense. O trabalho procura demonstrar os vínculo...
Article
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O artigo destaca o crescimento pentecostal vivenciado no assentamento Zumbi dos Palmares, em Campos dos Goytacazes, que fica localizado na região Norte Fluminense. Neste assentamento, em pouco mais de 20 anos de existência, o número de evangélicos pentecostais passou de 7% a 75% dos integrantes, modificando a configuração religiosa do assentamento,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A participação pública é uma área de grande interesse dentro do processo de Avaliação de Impacto Ambiental, sendo possível encontrar uma extensa literatura científica sobre o tema. Apesar disso, existem grandes divergências quanto a este conceito e seus objetivos e, por isso, alguns autores tem se dedicado a realizar revisões de literatura na busca...
Article
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Although deforestation rates in the Brazilian Amazon are well known, the extent of the area affected by forest degradation is a notable data gap, with implications for conservation biology, carbon cycle science, and international policy. We generated a long-term spatially quantified assessment of forest degradation for the entire Brazilian Amazon f...
Article
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Resumo A extração seletiva de madeiras é uma atividade florestal que inclui a exploração de um grupo de espécies florestais em florestas nativas, normalmente as de maior valor ou interesse comercial. A extração seletiva de madeiras pode ser executada legalmente, em áreas de manejo e de exploração florestal para desmatamentos autorizados ou, ilegalm...
Article
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With 1,121 expropriations for the construction of the Minas-Rio (Brazil) pipeline and 1,500 families expropriated for the construction of the Açu Port Complex (Brazil), adding to the impact on aquatic systems with degradation, increased demand, salinization and release of suspended iron ore, these large enterprises produce deleterious socio-environ...
Article
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Selective logging activities are commonly observed in the Brazilian Amazon and are responsible for high forest impact. In this study, selective logging detection techniques and the spatiotemporal extension of forests impacted by logging activities between 2003 and 2014 in portions of the states of Mato Grosso, Pará, and Rondônia were assessed using...
Article
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The Zumbi dos Palmares land reform settlement lacks modern facilities for water and sewage treatment. Local farmers often use shallow wells as alternative source of water supply, because the water table is reasonably high in the region. This work presents a multivariate analysis assessment of physicochemical and bacteriological parameters and pesti...
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The goal of this article is to discuss the role of Lutheran segments in the construction and development of rural social movements in Southern Brazil, particularly in the process of formation of the Landless Rural Workers Movement (MST). This effort aims at demonstrating that Lutherans helped to build the relationship between practice and reflectio...
Article
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O Brasil vem sendo palco nas últimas décadas da aplicação de uma série de políticas de recorte neoliberal que possibilitou uma forte expansão na oferta de ensino superior privado. A aplicação dessas políticas neoliberais também visou impor a lógica empresarial nas universidades públicas, enquanto se diminuía paulatinamente a disponibilidade de verb...
Article
This article reviews the current status, trends and challenges of land system science in Latin America. We highlight the advances in the conceptualization, analysis and monitoring of land systems. These advances shift from a focus on the relationships between forests and other land uses to include a greater diversity of land cover and land-use type...
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Brazil experienced a large amount of public investments in infrastructure after President Lula's arrival in power in 2003 to resolve bottlenecks that were restricting the access of agricultural commodities and minerals to global markets. This paper analyzes the case of the Açu Industrial-Port Complex (CIPA) as an example of the initiatives develope...
Article
Although soybean production has been increasing in the state of Rondônia in the last decade, soybean planted area has been estimated indirectly using secondary datasets, which has limited understanding of its spatiotemporal distribution patterns. This study aimed to map and analyze spatial patterns of soybean expansion in Rondônia. We developed a c...
Article
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As Pequenas Centrais Hidrelétricas (PCHs) vêm ganhando destaque nos esforços voltados para a expansão da oferta de energia elétrica em âmbito mundial. Tal fato se deve à ideia de que essas plantas de geração de energia, por seu menor porte, causariam impactos ambientais insignificantes, quando comparadas com grandes usinas hidrelétricas. Em função...
Article
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Selective logging is one of the leading causes of forest degradation in the Brazilian Amazon region. The Brazilian Federal government has adopted a forest concession policy as a strategy to mitigate impacts of selective logging and regulate operations of the tropical timber industry in Brazil. This study used fractional forest coverage derived from...
Article
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Family farming is mostly responsible for ensuring food safety for the Brazilian population. The Food Acquisition Program (PAA) represents a target effort to strengthen this segment of the agricultural producers. The goal of PAA is to acquire food from family farmers in an effort to improve the question of food security among the poorest sectors of...
Article
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The main goal of this paper is to contribute to the ongoing theoretical debate about the impacts associated to the creation of land reform settlements on the landscape. A basic assumption of the present study is that research done in the Brazilian Amazon induces to a loss of perspective on the positive impacts associated to the creation of land ref...
Conference Paper
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RESUMO: Este artigo abordou a caça ilegal de animais silvestres praticada em floresta de Mata Atlântica da baixada litorânea do Rio de Janeiro. O objetivo foi analisar o comportamento do caçador de animais silvestres, sua localização geográfica em relação à proximidade das florestas onde atuam e as motivações que o estimulam a caçar. Estas são ques...
Article
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The goal of this study was to assess the accuracy of deforestation maps produced by the National Institute for Spatial Research (INPE) and the Rondônia State Secretariat of Environmental Development (SEDAM) for the state of Rondônia between 2001 and 2011. Our results show that the deforestation mappings conducted by SEDAM and PRODES-INPE present si...
Conference Paper
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This paper will focus on the case of the Açu Superport Industrial Complex (CISPA) that is being on the north coast of Rio de Janeiro state to illustrate how the Neodevelopmentism paradigm is being employed to justify the displacement of entire communities without previous financial compensation or any genuine resettlement projects. In addition, CIS...
Conference Paper
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This study aimed to assess the accuracy of the deforestation datasets developed by the National Institute for Spatial Research (INPE) and by the Rondônia State Environmental Secretariat (SEDAM), both based on Landsat imagery and remote sensing approaches. Those datasets ✄ We have used two high spatial resolution SPOT images acquired in 2010 to esti...
Article
Este artigo objetiva ampliar o conhecimento existente acerca das dinâmicas estabelecidas dentro dos acampamentos do MST, e seus efeitos sobre a formação e desenvolvimento de assentamentos de reforma agrária. A coleta de dados foi direcionada para obter dados sobre as experiências cotidianas dos assentados durante o acampamento e seus impactos sobre...
Article
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The goal of this article is to enhance the existing knowledge on the dynamics established inside the MST´s encampments and their effects on the formation and development of land reform settlements. Data gathering was directed to obtain information on the daily experiences inside the encampments and their impacts on organization of the settlement...
Article
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No presente estudo, foi avaliada a acurácia dos mapeamentos do desmatamento conduzidos pelo Programa de Monitoramento do Desflorestamento na Amazônia (PRODES) do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE) e pela Secretaria de Estado do Desenvolvimento Ambiental (SEDAM), para o Estado de Rondônia, no período entre 2001 a 2011, utilizando image...
Article
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To maximize the trade of commodities and to modernize the country´s infrastructure, the Brazilian government has launched the Growth Acceleration Program (PAC). In addition, both federal and state governments have increased public funding for private mega-projects through public/private partnerships. The combination of these initiatives resulted in...
Article
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Does the adoption of agroforestry by small farmers in the Brazilian Amazon promote secondary forest succession on the degraded pastures and crop fields? New results from a small-scale farm agroforestry demonstration project, the Rondônia Agroforestry Pilot Project (RAPP) that began in 1992 are presented in this paper. In 1992, 242 farmers were surv...
Conference Paper
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This paper seeks to contribute to the ongoing theoretical debate on the impacts caused by the creation of land reform settlements on the dynamics of landscape evolution. A basic assumption guiding the analysis made in this study is that the predominance of studies made in the Brazilian Amazon is causing a loss of perspective on potentially positive...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recent efforts made by some developing countries to foster economic growth has caused the displacement of communities from long time government owned territories and, thus leading to grave social conflicts. This paper presents a study on the conflicts occurring as a result of the construction of Açu Superport Industrial Complex (CISPA) on the north...
Article
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The rapid environmental changes occurring in the Brazilian Amazon due to widespread deforestation have attracted the attention of the scientific community for several decades. A topic of particular interest involves the assessment of the combined impacts of selective logging and forest fires. Forest disturbances by selective logging and forest fire...
Article
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The development of cities after the Industrial Revolution was marked by processes of differentiation and segregation, in which the precarious access to housing imposed on the poor segments of the population is one of the most visible aspects. Because of that, the State established housing policies to minimize the effects of segregation. This articl...
Article
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Since 2008, Brazil has become the largest consumer of pesticides worldwide. This development follows four decades of governmental investments aimed at modernizing Brazilian agriculture. An unintended consequence of pesticide consumption has been the steady growth of human health problems and environmental contamination. This paper provides an in-de...
Article
The development of cities after the Industrial Revolution was marked by processes of differentiation and segregation, in which the precarious access to housing imposed on the poor segments of the population is one of the most visible aspects. Because of that, the State established housing policies to minimize the effects of segregation. This articl...
Book
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Este livro condensa um esforço coletivo para adicionar novos elementos à discussão sobre a reforma agrária, tomando como base as experiências vividas por agricultores assentados na região Norte Fluminense.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since the late 1990s Brazil has become a key global supplier of mineral and agricultural commodities. To maximize the trade of its natural resources and agricultural production, the Brazilian government has launched the Growth Acceleration Program (PAC) to modernize the country´s infrastructure. In addition, both federal and state governments have...
Article
Many studies have assessed the process of forest degradation in the Brazilian Amazon using remote sensing approaches to estimate the extent and impact by selective logging and forest fires on tropical rain forest. However, only a few have estimated the combined impacts of those anthropogenic activities. We conducted a detailed analysis of selective...
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Research on tropical deforestation has been prolific, yet few studies have assessed the long-term dynamics of frontier migration and the resulting impacts on deforestation. These lacunae arise from the difficulty of obtaining the panel data required to evaluate the dynamic socioeconomic and land use processes of the advancing and aging frontier. Fu...
Article
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Summary In the 1970s, extensive areas of Brazilian Amazon were settled by landless farmers. These internal migrations prompted theoretical scholarship on the nature and outcomes of frontier expansion from three general frameworks: the capitalist penetration thesis, the inter-sectoral articulation thesis, and the household life-cycle thesis. This pa...
Article
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Large-scale selective logging is a relatively new activity in the Amazon and its full consequences have yet to be evaluated. Impacts by selective logging alone have been estimated to increase approximately 4-7% of the annual carbon release from deforestation. In this research, visual interpretation and semi-automated remote sensing techniques were...
Article
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In July 1992 the Rondônia Agroforestry Pilot Project (RAPP) was launched in two agricultural municipalities (Nova União and Alto Paraiso) in the western Brazilian Amazon State of Rondônia. The purpose of the RAPP was to assess the conditions under which colonist farmers in the western Amazon would integrate agroforestry plantings into their small-s...
Article
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Over the past several decades, the Brazilian State of Rondônia has been the destination of many rural migrants drawn from Brazil's middle southern regions by massive government colonization projects. Factors such as explosive population growth, logging, mining, small-scale farming and ranching have synergistically fuelled deforestation in the state...
Article
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This paper examines forest management and silvicultural practices of small colonist landholders in the western Brazilian Amazon state of Rondônia. Although recent colonists in the Amazon are widely acknowledged as key agents of tropical forest conversion, relatively little is known of their uses of primary and secondary forest patches and the degre...
Article
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Since the 1970s the Brazilian Amazon has received over 1 million migrant farm households from other regions of the country, many of whom were attracted to government-sponsored frontier settlement programs that offered free tropical forest land. As a result, pressures on tropical forests have intensified along several settlement corridors throughout...
Article
Human beings are altering land cover at rates and scales that are unprecedented in human history (NRC 2002), rivaling glacial/interglacial transitions in magnitude (NAS 2000). Nowhere are human-mediated changes in land cover affecting global processes more than in the tropics. Understanding the causes and effects of regional land cover and land use...
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Social and spatial inequality regarding environmental resources and services is one of most complex issues affecting contemporary urban life. The objective of this research is to study the spatial distribution of trees in public areas in Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This research presents data gathered in ten neighborhoods in Camp...
Article
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The Brazilian Amazon is an area of both serious environmental degradation and social instability. Despite billions of dollars spent on economic development and the rapid pace of urbanization, deforestation is extreme and violent land conflict is intense. Although episodes of conflict over land are common in Brazilian history, this paper focuses on...
Article
The socioeconomic and ecological aspects of landuse change are interrelated, especially in the Brazilian Amazon, where immigrants are rapidly cutting the forest to establish farms. A computer simulation has been developed that projects land-use changes, carbon release, and the time a family can remain on a farm lot as a function of initial soil and...
Article
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Experiences from not only ‘success stories’ but also ‘failed’ agroforestry projects provide potentially useful lessons for future agroforestry-project designers. Experimental one-hectare agroforestry plots were established on 50 small-scale farms in the western Brazilian Amazon State of Rondonia from 1993 to 1995. Drawing from a menu of 25 differen...
Article
Full-text available
Although soybean production has been increasing in the state of Rondonia in the last decade, soybean planted area has been estimated indirectly using secondary datasets, which has limited understanding of its spatiotemporal distribution patterns. This study aimed to map and analyze spatial patterns of soybean expansion in Rondonia. We developed a c...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses the process of creation and protection of conservation units in the Brazilian state of Rondônia. This effort has received financial and policy support from the World Bank through different programs of regional development since the 1980s. Based upon a discussion about the key role played by conservation units in the preservati...
Article
Land development in the Brazilian Amazon has gone through phases of rubber extraction, agricultural development, immigration, road expansion, and promotion of large enterprises in cattle ranching, timber extraction and mining. Land development patterns in the western state of Rondonia provide a place to focus on rapid development and its effects. T...
Article
We study economic and environmental aspects of farming practices of a sample of 91 family farms around the city of Ouro Preto, in Brazil's state of Rondônia, in western Amazonia, from four overlapping perspectives. First, we estimate production functions for six activities on multiproduct farms, finding evidence of increasing returns to scale in ca...