## About

108

Publications

11,118

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1,215

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Citations since 2017

Introduction

I'm a theoretical material scientist, working at the crossroads between solid-state physics, computational material science and applied mathematics. My research focuses on the modeling and simulation of material properties/evolution by continuum elasticity models, Phase-Field methods and Finite Element Method calculations. In particular, I'm interested in developing continuum and coarse-grained approaches to explain and tailor the outcome of experiments.

Additional affiliations

October 2019 - December 2019

August 2019 - September 2019

December 2018 - February 2021

Education

January 2013 - January 2016

October 2010 - June 2012

October 2007 - September 2010

## Publications

Publications (108)

Several crystalline structures are metastable or kinetically-frozen out-of-equilibrium states in the phase space. When the corresponding lifetime is sufficiently long, typical equilibrium features such as regular and extended faceting can be observed. However, interpreting the extension of the facets and the overall shape in terms of a standard Wul...

Dewetting is a ubiquitous phenomenon in nature; many different thin films of organic and inorganic substances (such as liquids, polymers, metals, and semiconductors) share this shape instability driven by surface tension and mass transport. Via templated solid-state dewetting, we frame complex nanoarchitectures of monocrystalline silicon on insulat...

Crystal lattice deformations can be described microscopically by explicitly accounting for the position of atoms or macroscopically by continuum elasticity. In this work, we report on the description of continuous elastic fields derived from an atomistic representation of crystalline structures that also include features typical of the microscopic...

Materials featuring anomalous suppression of density fluctuations over large length scales are emerging systems known as disordered hyperuniform. The underlying hidden order renders them appealing for several applications, such as light management and topologically protected electronic states. These applications require scalable fabrication, which...

The velocity of dislocations is derived analytically to incorporate and predict the intriguing effects induced by the preferential solute segregation and Cottrell atmospheres in both two-dimensional and three-dimensional binary systems of various crystalline symmetries. The corresponding mesoscopic description of defect dynamics is constructed thro...

The phase‐field crystal model (PFC) describes crystal structures at diffusive timescales through a periodic order parameter representing the atomic density. One of its main features is that it naturally incorporates elastic and plastic deformation. To correctly interpret numerical simulation results or devise extensions related to the elasticity de...

We address the fabrication of nano-architectures by impacting thin layers of amorphous Ge de-
posited on SiO 2 with a Ga + ion beam and investigate the structural and optical properties of
the resulting patterns. By adjusting beam current and scanning parameters, different classes of
nano-architectures can be formed, from elongated and periodic str...

The phase‐field crystal model allows the study of materials on atomic length and diffusive time scales. It accounts for elastic and plastic deformation in crystal lattices, including several processes such as growth, dislocation dynamics, and microstructure evolution. The amplitude expansion of the phase‐field crystal model (APFC) describes the ato...

Topological defects and smooth excitations determine the properties of systems showing collective order. We introduce a generic non-singular field theory that comprehensively describes defects and excitations in systems with O ( n ) broken rotational symmetry. Within this formalism, we explore fast events, such as defect nucleation/annihilation and...

The phase field crystal model allows the study of materials on atomic length and diffusive time scales. It accounts for elastic and plastic deformation in crystal lattices, including several processes such as growth, dislocation dynamics, and microstructure evolution. The amplitude expansion of the phase field crystal model (APFC) describes the ato...

The phase-field crystal model (PFC) describes crystal structures at diffusive timescales through a periodic order parameter representing the atomic density. One of its main features is that it naturally incorporates elastic and plastic deformation. To correctly interpret numerical simulation results or devise extensions related to the elasticity de...

Light-emitting complex defects in silicon have been considered a potential platform for quantum technologies based on spin and photon degrees of freedom working at telecom wavelengths. Their integration in complex devices is still in its infancy, and it was mostly focused on light extraction and guiding. Here we address the control of the electroni...

We optimize a numerical time‐stabilization routine for a class of phase‐field crystal (PFC) models of solidification. By numerical experiments, we demonstrate that our simple approach can improve the accuracy of underlying time integration schemes by a few orders of magnitude. We investigate different time integration schemes. Moreover, as a protot...

Interface migration in microstructures is mediated by the motion of line defects with step and dislocation character, i.e., disconnections. We propose a continuum model for arbitrarily-curved grain boundaries or heterophase interfaces accounting for disconnections' role in grain rotation. Numerical simulations show that their densities evolve as gr...

The phase-field crystal (PFC) model describes crystal lattices at diffusive timescales. Its amplitude expansion (APFC) can be applied to the investigation of relatively large systems under some approximations. However, crystal symmetries accessible within the APFC model are limited to basic ones, namely triangular and square in two dimensions, and...

We address the fabrication of nano-architectures by impacting thin layers of amorphous Ge deposited on SiO$_{2}$ with a Ga$^{+}$ ion beam and investigate the structural and optical properties of the resulting patterns. By adjusting beam current and scanning parameters, different classes of nano-architectures can be formed, from elongated and period...

Topological defects and excitations of ground states determine the properties of systems exhibiting collective order. We introduce a general framework that comprehensively describes these excitations, including metastable configurations and transient dynamics, and show that it delivers general information for understanding and tailoring collective...

The amplitude expansion for a magnetic phase‐field‐crystal (magnetic APFC) model enables a convenient coarse‐grained description of crystalline structures under the influence of magnetic fields. Considering higher‐order magnetic coupling terms, we demonstrate the possibility of tuning the magnetic anisotropy in these models. This allows reproducing...

Dewetted, SiGe nanoparticles have been successfully exploited for light management in the visible and near-infrared, although their scattering properties have been so far only qualitatively studied. Here, we demonstrate that the Mie resonances sustained by a SiGe-based nanoantenna under tilted illumination, can generate radiation patterns in differ...

The phase field crystal (PFC) model describes crystal lattices at diffusive timescales. In its amplitude expansion (APFC), it can be applied to the investigation of relatively large systems under some approximations. However, crystal symmetries accessible within this method are limited to basic ones, namely triangular and square in two dimensions,...

In many processes for crystalline materials such as precipitation, heteroepitaxy, alloying, and phase transformation, lattice expansion or compression of embedded domains occurs. This can significantly alter the mechanical response of the material. Typically, these phenomena are studied macroscopically, thus neglecting the underlying microscopic st...

The amplitude expansion for a magnetic phase-field-crystal (magnetic APFC) model enables a convenient coarse-grained description of crystalline structures under the influence of magnetic fields. Considering higher-order magnetic coupling terms, we demonstrate the possibility of tuning the magnetic anisotropy in these models. This allows for reprodu...

We optimize a numerical time-stabilization routine for the phase-field crystal (PFC) models of solidification. By numerical experiments, we showcase that our approach can improve the accuracy of underlying time integration schemes by a few orders of magnitude. We investigate different time integration schemes. Moreover, as a prototypical example fo...

We derive a phase field crystal model that couples the diffusive evolution of a microscopic structure with the fast dynamics of a macroscopic velocity field, explicitly accounting for the relaxation of elastic excitations. This model captures better than previous formulations the dynamics of complex interfaces and dislocations in single crystals as...

We present a phase-field crystal (PFC) model for solidification that accounts for thermal transport and a temperature-dependent lattice parameter. Elasticity effects are characterized through the continuous elastic field computed from the microscopic density field. We showcase the model capabilities via selected numerical investigations which focus...

We derive the amplitude expansion for a phase-field-crystal (APFC) model that captures the basic physics of magneto-structural interactions. The symmetry breaking due to magnetization is demonstrated, and the characterization of the magnetic anisotropy for a bcc crystal is provided. This model enables a convenient coarse-grained description of crys...

We present a phase-field crystal (PFC) model for solidification that accounts for thermal transport and a temperature-dependent lattice parameter. Elasticity effects are characterized through the continuous elastic field computed from the microscopic density field. We showcase the model capabilities via selected numerical investigations which focus...

An intrinsic feature of nearly all internal interfaces in crystalline systems (homo- and hetero-phase) is the presence of disconnections (topological line defects constrained to the interface that have both step and dislocation character). Disconnections play a major role in determining interface thermodynamics and kinetics. We demonstrate that ela...

We derive a phase field crystal model that couples the diffusive evolution of a microscopic structure with the fast dynamics of a macroscopic velocity field, explicitly accounting for the relaxation of elastic excitations. This model captures better than previous formulations the dynamics of complex interfaces and dislocations in single crystals as...

We introduce a dislocation density tensor and derive its kinematic evolution law from a phase field description of crystal deformations in three dimensions. The phase field crystal (PFC) model is used to define the lattice distortion, including topological singularities, and the associated configurational stresses. We derive an exact expression for...

Comprehensive investigations of crystalline systems often require methods bridging atomistic and continuum scales. In this context, coarse-grained mesoscale approaches are of particular interest as they allow the examination of large systems and time scales while retaining some microscopic details. The so-called Phase-Field Crystal (PFC) model conv...

We derive the amplitude expansion for a phase-field-crystal (APFC) model that captures the basic physics of magneto-structural interactions. We demonstrate the symmetry breaking due to magnetization and compute the magnetic anisotropy for a BCC crystal. Using efficient numerics and appropriate computing power we consider the shrinkage of a spherica...

Comprehensive investigations of crystalline systems often require methods bridging atomistic and continuum scales. In this context, coarse-grained mesoscale approaches are of particular interest as they allow the examination of large systems and time scales while retaining some microscopic details. The so-called Phase-Field Crystal (PFC) model conv...

The motion of interfaces is an essential feature of microstructure evolution in crystalline materials. While atomic-scale descriptions provide mechanistic clarity, continuum descriptions are important for understanding microstructural evolution and upon which microscopic features it depends. We develop a microstructure evolution simulation approach...

In many processes for crystalline materials such as precipitation, heteroepitaxy, alloying, and phase transformation, lattice expansion or compression of embedded domains occurs. This can significantly alter the mechanical response of the material. Typically, these phenomena are studied macroscopically, thus neglecting the underlying microscopic st...

We present a general method to compute the dislocation density tensor and its evolution from the configuration of a spatially periodic order parameter associated with a given crystal symmetry. The method is applied to a phase field crystal model (PFC) of a bcc lattice, and used to investigate the shrinkage of a dislocation loop. The dislocation vel...

The development of three-dimensional architectures in semiconductor technology is paving the way to new device concepts for various applications, from quantum computing to single photon avalanche detectors. In most cases, such structures are achievable only under far-from-equilibrium growth conditions. Controlling the shape and morphology of the gr...

A long-standing goal of materials science is to understand, predict and control the evolution of microstructures in crystalline materials. Most microstructure evolution is controlled by interface motion; hence, the establishment of rigorous interface equations of motion is a universal goal of materials science. We present a new model for the motion...

The cover image is based on the Original Article Doubly Degenerate Diffuse Interface Models of Anisotropic Surface Diffusion by Marco Salvalaglio et al., https://doi.org/10.1002/mma.7118.

A long-standing goal of materials science is to understand, predict and control the evolution of microstructures in crystalline materials. Most microstructure evolution is controlled by interface motion; hence, the establishment of rigorous interface equations of motion is a universal goal of materials science. We present a new model for the motion...

The motion of interfaces is an essential feature of microstructure evolution in crystalline materials. While atomic-scale descriptions provide mechanistic clarity, continuum descriptions are important for understanding microstructural evolution and upon which microscopic features it depends. We develop a microstructure evolution simulation approach...

The velocity of dislocation is derived analytically to incorporate and predict the intriguing effects induced by the preferential solute segregation and Cottrell atmospheres in both two-dimensional and three-dimensional binary systems of various crystalline symmetries. The corresponding mesoscopic description of defect dynamics is constructed throu...

We discuss two doubly degenerate Cahn–Hilliard (DDCH) models for isotropic surface diffusion. Degeneracy is introduced in both the mobility function and a restriction function associated to the chemical potential. Our computational results suggest that the restriction functions yield more accurate approximations of surface diffusion. We consider a...

We extend the doubly degenerate Cahn–Hilliard (DDCH) models for isotropic surface diffusion, which yield more accurate approximations than classical degenerate Cahn–Hilliard (DCH) models, to the anisotropic case. We consider both weak and strong anisotropies and demonstrate the capabilities of the approach for these cases numerically. The proposed...

We extend the doubly degenerate Cahn-Hilliard (DDCH) models for isotropic surface diffusion [arXiv:1909.04458], which yield more accurate approximations than classical degenerate Cahn-Hilliard (DCH) models, to the anisotropic case. We consider both weak and strong anisotropies and demonstrate the capabilities of the approach for these cases numeric...

We present an experimental and theoretical analysis of the formation of nanovoids within Si micro-crystals epitaxially grown on Si patterned substrates. The growth conditions leading to the nucleation of nanovoids have been highlighted and the roles played by the deposition rate, substrate temperature, and substrate pattern geometry, are identified...

We investigate the temperature dependence of the Ge Raman mode strain–phonon coefficient in Ge/Si heteroepitaxial layers. By analyzing the temperature‐dependent evolution of both the Raman Ge─Ge line and of the Ge lattice strain, we obtain a linear dependence of the strain–phonon coefficient as a function of temperature. Our findings provide an eff...

Flexible and stretchable photonics are emerging fields aiming to develop novel applications where the devices need to conform to uneven surfaces or whenever lightness and reduced thickness are major requirements. However, owing to the relatively small refractive index of transparent soft matter including most polymers, these materials are not well...

Large-scale, defect-free, micro- and nano-circuits with controlled inter-connections represent the nexus between electronic and photonic components. However, their fabrication over large scales often requires demanding procedures that are hardly scalable. Here we synthesize arrays of parallel ultra-long (up to 0.75 mm), monocrystalline, silicon-bas...

Materials featuring anomalous suppression of density fluctuations over large length scales are emerging systems known as disordered hyperuniform. The underlying hidden order renders them appealing for several applications, such as light management and topologically protected electronic states. Spontaneous formation of stable patterns could be a via...

The phase-field crystal model in an amplitude equation approximation is shown to provide an accurate description of the deformation field in defected crystalline structures, as well as of dislocation motion. We analyze in detail stress regularization at a dislocation core given by the model, and show how the Burgers vector density can be directly c...

The phase-field crystal model in its amplitude equation approximation is shown to provide an accurate description of the deformation field in defected crystalline structures, as well as of dislocation motion. We analyze in detail the elastic distortion and stress regularization at a dislocation core and show how the Burgers vector density can be di...

Capillary-driven mass transport in solids is typically understood in terms of surface-diffusion limited kinetics, leading to conventional solid-state dewetting of thin films. However, another mass transport mechanism, so-called surface-attachment/detachment limited kinetics, is possible. It can shrink a solid film, preserving its original topology...

We discuss two doubly degenerate Cahn-Hilliard (DDCH) models for surface diffusion. Degeneracy is introduced in both the mobility function and a restriction function associated to the chemical potential. Our computational results suggest that the restriction functions yield more accurate approximations of surface diffusion. We consider a slight gen...

The study of polycrystalline materials requires theoretical and computational techniques enabling multiscale investigations. The amplitude expansion of the phase field crystal model (APFC) allows for describing crystal lattice properties on diffusive timescales by focusing on continuous fields varying on length scales larger than the atomic spacing...

The faceting of a growing crystal is theoretically investigated by a continuum model including the incorporation kinetics of adatoms. This allows us for predictions beyond a simple Wulff analysis which typically refers to faceted morphologies in terms of the equilibrium crystal shape for crystals with an anisotropic surface‐energy, or to steady‐sta...

Nanoscale membranes have emerged as a new class of vertical nanostructures that enable the integration of horizontal networks of III-V nanowires on a chip. To generalize this method to the whole family of III-Vs, progress in the understanding of the membrane formation by selective area epitaxy in oxide slits is needed, in particular for different s...

Crystal lattice deformations can be described microscopically by explicitly accounting for the position of atoms or macroscopically by continuum elasticity. In this work, we report on the description of continuous elastic fields derived from an atomistic representation of crystalline structures that also include features typical of the microscopic...

Ge vertical heterostructures grown on deeply-patterned Si(001) were first obtained in 2012 (C.V. Falub et al., Science2012, 335, 1330–1334), immediately capturing attention due to the appealing possibility of growing micron-sized Ge crystals largely free of thermal stress and hosting dislocations only in a small fraction of their volume. Since then...

We address the solid state dewetting of ultra-thin and ultra-large patches of monocrystalline silicon on insulator. We show that the underlying instability of the thin Si film under annealing can be perfectly controlled to form monocrystalline, complex nanoarchitectures extending over several microns. These complex patterns are obtained guiding the...

We address a three-dimensional, coarse-grained description of dislocation networks at grain boundaries between rotated crystals. The so-called amplitude expansion of the phase-field crystal model is exploited with the aid of Finite Element Method calculations. This approach allows for the description of microscopic features, such as dislocations, w...

We present the morphological evolution obtained during the annealing of Ge strips grown on Si ridges as a prototypical process for 3D device architectures and nanophotonic applications. In particular, the morphological transition occurring from Ge/Si nanostrips to nanoislands is illustrated. The combined effect of performing annealing at different...

Lateral ordering of heteroepitaxial islands can be conveniently achieved by suitable pit-patterning of the substrate prior to deposition. Controlling shape, orientation, and size of the pits is not trivial as, being metastable, they can significantly evolve during deposition/annealing. In this paper, we exploit a continuum model to explore the typi...