Marco Reale

Marco Reale
National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS · Section of Physical, Chemical and Biological Oceanography

Phd Environmental and Industrial Fluid Mechanics
Climate projections, Earth System Modelling, Biogeochemical dynamics, Cyclone climatologies and tracking

About

46
Publications
11,657
Reads
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1,335
Citations
Citations since 2016
27 Research Items
1099 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
Introduction
Marco Reale currently does research in Earth system modeling, cyclone climatology and biogeochemical dynamics with a focus on the Mediterranean Sea
Additional affiliations
January 2016 - present
Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Coupling between earth system model and biogeochemical model
January 2016 - August 2016
Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics
Position
  • Research Associate
May 2015 - May 2015
National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS
Position
  • Former Ph.d student
Description
  • Waves in the Ocean and Atmosphere. Lecture given in the framework of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics class for the ph.D students of the ph.D program in Earth Sciences and Fluid mechanics

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Full-text available
In this work we use a set of recent multi-year simulations to develop a simplified sea surface height index (SSH). The index characterizes the dynamics of Ionian upper layer circulation and its links with sea surface height and salinity in the Southern Adriatic and Aegean Seas during the period 1987-2008. The analysis highlights a covariant behavio...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, hemispheric climatologies of explosive cyclones (ECs) derived using a set of different cyclone detection and tracking methods (CDTMs) are analysed. The aim is to evaluate trends and regional characteristics of ECs discussing consensus and disagreement among methods. Areas of both hemispheres characterised by relatively frequent prese...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract We introduce a new version of the Earth System Regional Climate model RegCM‐ES and evaluate its performances for the first time over the Mediterranean region. The novel aspect of this coupled system is the possibility to simulate the dynamics of the marine ecosystem through a biogeochemical model, BFM (Biogeochemical Flux Model), coupled o...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the effects of variations in the 4 primary mid-latitude large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns on nutrients potentially limiting phytoplankton growth in the Mediterranean Sea (nitrate and phosphate), with a focus on the key deep convective areas of the basin (Gulf of Lions, Southern Adriatic Sea, Southern Aegean Sea and Rhodes...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we analyze future projections of cyclone activity in the Mediterranean region at the end of the twenty-first century based on an ensemble of state-of-the-art fully-coupled Regional Climate System Models (RCSMs) from the Med-CORDEX initiative under the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 8.5. Despite some noticeable biases, all the RCSM...
Article
Full-text available
The Copernicus Ocean State Report is an annual publication of the Copernicus Marine Service, established in 2014 by the European Commission for Copernicus 1 and renewed in 2021 for Copernicus 2. The report provides a comprehensive, state-of-the-art, scientific overview on the current conditions, natural variations, and ongoing changes in the global...
Article
Full-text available
The projected warming, nutrient decline, changes in net primary production, deoxygenation and acidification of the global ocean will affect marine ecosystems during the 21st century. Here, the climate change-related impacts on the marine ecosystems of the Mediterranean Sea in the middle and at the end of the 21st century are assessed using high-res...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we assess the performance of the Regional Climate Model version 4 (RegCM4) in simulating the climatology of the cyclones near the west coast of South America. The synoptic evolution and seasonality of these systems are thoroughly investigated. The analyses are based on four simulations from the CORDEX-CORE Southern America (SA) domai...
Article
Full-text available
A large number of intense cyclones occur every year in the Mediterranean basin, one of the climate change hotspots. Producing a broad range of severe socio-economic and environmental impacts in such a densely populated region, Mediterranean cyclones call for coordinated and interdisciplinary research efforts. This article aims at supporting these e...
Article
Full-text available
Future projections in austral winter characteristics of explosive extratropical cyclones (EECs) in three CORDEX Southern Hemisphere domains (Africa-AFR, Australia-AUS and South America-SAM) are investigated. The projections are obtained with a fine resolution (25 km) Regional Climate Model (RegCM4) within the CORDEX-CORE framework driven by three G...
Preprint
Full-text available
The projected warming, nutrient decline, changes in net primary production, deoxygenation and acidification of the global ocean will dramatically affect marine ecosystems during the 21st century. Here we assess the climate change-related impacts in the marine ecosystems of the Mediterranean Sea in the middle and at the end of the 21st century using...
Poster
In the western coast of South America (SA) meso-synoptic surface cyclones occur as extratropical (sometimes subtropical) cyclones (EC) and coastal lows (CLs). While over the eastern coast of SA their climatologies and cyclogenesis mechanisms are well known, this does not occur in the western side. Moreover, there are no studies showing the performa...
Article
Full-text available
Changes in the characteristics of austral winter (June-July-August) synoptic activity in three domains (Africa, Australia and South America) of the extratropical Southern Hemisphere projected with the Regional Climate Model version 4 (RegCM4) are presented. The model is nested in three global climate models (GCMs) from the Coupled Model Intercompar...
Article
Full-text available
The characteristics of tropical cyclone (TC) activity over five TC basins lying within four Coordinated Regional Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) domains are examined for present and future climate conditions using a new ensemble of simulations completed as part of the CORDEX-CORE initiative with the regional climate model RegCM4. The simulations ar...
Article
Full-text available
Floods in the Venice city centre result from the superposition of several factors: astronomical tides; seiches; and atmospherically forced fluctuations, which include storm surges, meteotsunamis, and surges caused by atmospheric planetary waves. All these factors can contribute to positive water height anomalies individually and can increase the pr...
Preprint
Full-text available
A large number of intense cyclones occur every year in the Mediterranean basin, one of the climate change hotspots. Producing a broad range of severe socio-economic and environmental impacts in such a densely populated region, Mediterranean cyclones call for coordinated and interdisciplinary research efforts. This article aims at supporting these e...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of invasive species in the Mediterranean Sea is much higher than in other European seas, and understanding the reasons behind the range expansion of this invasive species is important for minimising any possible impacts to the already highly pressurised Mediterranean marine ecosystem. In this work, a brief description of sightings of t...
Book
Full-text available
Summary: https://marine.copernicus.eu/news/ocean-state-report-5-summary-now-available Full report: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1755876X.2021.1946240
Conference Paper
Explosive cyclones (ECs) are extratropical systems, often associated with extreme events, which experience a fast deepening (~24 hPa/24 h) over a relatively short time range. Here, we analyze changes in the austral winter characteristics of ECs in three domains (Africa-AFR, Australia-AUS and South America-SAM) as projected by Regional Climate Model...
Preprint
Full-text available
Floods in the Venice city centre result from the superposition of several factors: astronomical tides, seiches and atmospherically forced fluctuations, which include storm surges, meteotsunamis, and surges caused by planetary waves. All these factors can contribute to positive sea-level anomalies individually and can also result in extreme sea-leve...
Article
Full-text available
Large positive and negative sea level anomalies on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea are linked to intensity and position of cyclones moving along the Mediterranean storm track with dynamics involving different factors. This analysis is based on a model hindcast and considers nine coastal stations, which are representative of sea level anomalies w...
Article
Full-text available
Large positive and negative sea level anomalies at the coast of the Mediterranean Sea are linked to intensity and position of cyclones moving along the Mediterranean storm track, with dynamics involving different factors. This analysis is based on a model hindcast and considers nine coastal stations, which are representative of sea level anomalies...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to assess the skill of regional climate models (RCMs) at reproducing the climatology of Mediterranean cyclones. Seven RCMs are considered, five of which were also coupled with an oceanic model. All simulations were forced at the lateral boundaries by the ERA-Interim reanalysis for a common 20-year period (1989–2008). Six different c...
Article
Full-text available
We describe a new, state-of-the-art, Earth System Regional Climate Model (RegCM-ES), which includes the coupling between the atmosphere, ocean and land surface, as well as an hydrological and ocean biogeochemistry model, with the capability of using a variety of physical parameterizations. The regional coupled model has been implemented and tested...
Article
The driving mechanisms behind the decadal reversal of the Ionian Sea upper layer circulation recently sparked a considerable discussion in the Mediterranean scientific community. It has been suggested that the reversal can be driven by variations in wind stress curl over the basin, baroclinic dynamics acting within the Adriatic-Ionian System (AISys...
Article
Full-text available
The Mediterranean storm track constitutes a well-defined branch of the North Hemisphere storm track and is characterized by small but intense features and frequent cyclogenesis. The goal of this study is to assess the level of consensus among cyclone detection and tracking methods, to identify robust features and to explore sources of disagreement....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Small but intense features and frequent cyclogenesis characterize the Mediterranean storm track (a well-defined branch of the North Hemisphere storm track) and pose a challenge for cyclone detection and tracking methods. Because of this, the analysis of the climatology of cyclones in the Mediterranean region is an ideal case study for investigating...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The development or re-intensification of low pressure systems is a recurrent phenomenon in the Mediterranean Region. The area favours a wide variety of cyclogenesis mechanisms, such as the deepening of mid-latitude perturbations at the lee of the Pyrenees or the Alps, their fuelling by low level moisture source and/or by low level baroclinicity alo...
Article
The region of Apulia, which is located in the south-east tip of the Italian Peninsula, has a typical Mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot-dry summers. Agriculture, an important sector of its economy, is potentially threatened by future climate change. This study describes the evolution of seasonal temperature and precipitation from the r...
Article
Full-text available
The link between winter (December-January-February) precipitation events at 15 Mediterranean coastal locations and synoptic features (cyclones and North Hemisphere Teleconnection Patterns) is analyzed. A list of precipitation events has been produced, q-percentile thresholds (Thq) and corresponding frequency Nq (for q equal to 25, 50, 90 and 98) ha...
Article
Full-text available
The variability of results from different automated methods of detection and tracking of extratropical cyclones is assessed in order to identify uncertainties related to the choice of method. Fifteen international teams applied their own algorithms to the same dataset—the period 1989–2009 of interim European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecast...
Article
Precipitation events during winter at 15 Mediterranean coastal locations have been identified and their link to cyclones and North Hemisphere Teleconnection Patterns has been analyzed. While a negative trend has been detected in total precipitation at many locations, no trend has been found for intense and severe events. The negative phase of the N...
Article
This study describes the evolution of climate from recent past to the next decades in Apulia, a region in Southern Italy, and estimates its future impacts on its main agricultural products. The analysis is based on instrumental data, on an ensemble of climate projections and on a linear regression model linking typical Mediterranean products (wheat...
Article
Full-text available
For Northern Hemisphere extra-tropical cyclone activity, the dependency of a potential anthropogenic climate change signal on the identification method applied is analysed. This study investigates the impact of the used algorithm on the changing signal, not the robustness of the climate change signal itself. Using one single transient AOGCM simulat...
Chapter
Full-text available
The heterogeneous nature of the Mediterranean environment, combined with a wide diversity of socio-economic and cultural identities, make this region particularly amenable to integrated research on climate change impacts, vulnerabilities, and adaptive response. Eleven case-study locations have been strategically selected to represent three generic...
Chapter
This chapter highlights key climate impacts, hazards and vulnerabilities and associated indicators that have been used to assess current (recent) climate impacts at each of the case-study sites. The aim is to illustrate some of the wide range of information available from individual case studies and highlight common themes that are evident across m...
Chapter
This chapter highlights key climate impacts, hazards and vulnerabilities and associated indicators that have been used to assess current (recent) climate impacts at each of the case-study sites. The aim is to illustrate some of the wide range of information available from individual case studies and highlight common themes that are evident across m...
Chapter
Climate projections are essential in order to extend the case-study impacts and vulnerability assessments to encompass future climate change. Thus climate-model based indicators for the future (to 2050 and for the A1B emissions scenario) are presented for the climate and atmosphere theme (including indices of temperature and precipitation extreme e...
Chapter
The final stage of the CIRCE case-studies integrated assessment involved identification and evaluation of the effectiveness of local and regional adaptation options in collaboration with stakeholders, and in the context of wider national adaptation policies and strategies. This stage provides a synthesis of both the case-study work and the wider CI...
Article
This study considers trends and variability of minimum/maximum daily temperature and cumulated precipitation over the Venetian region, located in the North-eastern Italy, in the present climate (1951-2000) and in the future climate (2021-2050) under A1B scenario. Data for the analysis of daily precipitation and temperature are provided by ECA&D ( h...
Article
This study considers the Mediterranean storm track and its link with severe precipitation events in the Mediterranean region as reproduced by different tracking algorithms. Data for tracking cyclones are provided by the IMILAST project ( http://www.proclim.ch/imilast/index.html ). Data for the analysis of precipitation are provided by ECA&D dataset...
Article
This study considers intense precipitation events at the Mediterranean coast characterized as sequences of days with continuous precipitation and large accumulated values at the end of the rainy day sequence. Long periods with multiple precipitation maxima are split in sets of shorter events. The list of cyclones are provided by an tracking algorit...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
HPC-TRES objectives are: capacity building and advanced training in the fields of Earth System modelling (atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and biosphere) and numerical models as strategic cross-cutting element. Objectives are pursued through co-funding training and research activities that support the research lines of the HPC-TRES Scientific Plan. More info on https://www.ogs.it/en/high-performance-computing-laboratory-hpc-tres
Project
Regional Ocean and Coupled Simulations, some within CORDEX domains, aimed at simulating and understanding air-sea interactions at regional scales.