Marco Molina-Montenegro

Marco Molina-Montenegro
Universidad de Talca · Instituto de Ciencias Biológicas

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145
Publications
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Introduction
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Publications

Publications (145)
Article
Full-text available
Harsh environmental conditions derived from current climate change trends are among the main challenges for agricultural production worldwide. In the Mediterranean climatic region of central Chile, sudden occurrence of spring cold temperatures in combination with water shortage for irrigation (drought) constitutes a major limitation to highbush blu...
Article
Full-text available
Biological soil crusts (BSC) are considered as pivotal ecological elements among different ecosystems of the world. The effects of these BSC at the micro-site scale have been related to the development of diverse plant species that, otherwise, might be strongly limited by the harsh abiotic conditions found in environments with low water availabilit...
Article
Full-text available
Phytopatogenic fungi cause severe economic losses worldwide. Rhizoctonia solani Kühn is a pathogenic fungi affecting several crops, controlled mainly by agrochemicals. Biological control has arisen as another option for managing this pathogen. In this study, we evaluated the biocontroller potential of five orchid mycorrhizal fungi (OMF) isolated fr...
Article
Full-text available
Seeds commonly harbour diverse bacterial communities that can enhance the fitness of future plants. The bacterial microbiota associated with mother plant’s foliar tissues is one of the main sources of bacteria for seeds. Therefore, any ecological factor influencing the mother plant’s microbiota may also affect the diversity of the seed’s bacterial...
Article
Full-text available
Solar eclipses represent a natural and unexpected event for plants that can potentially affect photosynthetic performance at the individual level. This effect, however, has seldom been evaluated. Here, we measured the impact of a total solar eclipse on the photosynthetic rate of different tree species—located in the Bosque Fray Jorge National Park,...
Article
Expansins are proteins involved in cell wall metabolism that play an important role in plant growth, development, fruit ripening and abiotic stress tolerance. In the present study, we analyzed putative expansins that respond to drought stress. Five expansin genes were identified in cDNA libraries isolated from Colobanthus quitensis gown either with...
Article
Full-text available
Main conclusion The epigenetic could be an important, but seldom assessed, mechanisms in plants inhabiting cold ecosystems. Thus, this review could help to fill a gap in the current literature. Abstract Low temperatures are one of the most critical environmental conditions that negatively affect the growth, development, and geographic distribution...
Article
Climate change is expected to promote biological invasions. Invasive species often undergo adaptive evolution, but whether invasive species show greater evolutionary potential than their native counterparts under climate change has rarely been evaluated. We conducted experimental evolution trials comparing the evolution of physiological performance...
Article
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Nothofagus alessandrii (Nothofagaceae) is one of the most endangered trees from Chile due to high rates of habitat disturbance caused by human activities. Despite its conservation status, few molecular markers are available to study its population genetic, connectivity and to assist reproduction programs. Thus, the species needs urgent actions to r...
Article
Full-text available
For plants, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ultraviolet B radiation (UV-B) stand out as important genotoxic agents. Hence, the genetic damage among the Antarctic vascular flora, whose individuals frequently experience these abiotic stresses, might be recurrent among their populations. To respond this, the genetic damage associated with these stre...
Article
Full-text available
Beneficial plant-associated microorganisms, such as fungal endophytes, are key partners that normally improve plant survival under different environmental stresses. It has been shown that microorganisms from extreme environments, like those associated with the roots of Antarctica plants, can be good partners to increase the performance of crop plan...
Article
Ground‐level ozone is a global air pollutant with high toxicity and represents a threat to plants and microorganisms. Although beneficial microorganisms can improve host performance, their role in connecting environmentally induced maternal plant phenotypes to progeny [transgenerational effects (TGE)] is unknown. We evaluated fungal endophyte‐media...
Preprint
Full-text available
Nothofagus alessandrii (Nothofagaceae) is one of the most endangered trees from Chile. Despite its conservation status, few molecular markers are available to study its population genetic, connectivity and to assist reproduction programs. Novel polymorphic microsatellites from the genome of N. alessandrii were isolated and characterized using high-...
Article
In the Mediterranean portion of Central Chile, where anthropic disturbances are common and severe, precipitations could drastically decrease and temperatures increase due to climate change. In this ecological context, positive interactions between plants could increase in relevance since they can increase growth and survival in stressful conditions...
Article
Full-text available
Water deficit or drought is one of the most severe factors limiting plant yield or fruit quality. Thus, water availability for irrigation is decisive for crop success, such as the case of highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.). Therefore, drought stress may compromise blueberry production due to lower fruit weight or fruit yield. Despite this...
Article
Full-text available
Plant-fungi interactions have been identified as fundamental drivers of the plant host performance, particularly in cold environments where organic matter degradation rates are slow, precisely for the capacity of the fungal symbiont to enhance the availability of labile nitrogen (N) in the plant rhizosphere. Nevertheless, these positive effects app...
Article
Full-text available
Fungal endophyte associations have been suggested as a possible strategy of Antarctic vascular plants for surviving the extreme environmental conditions of Antarctica. However, the mechanisms by which this occurs are still poorly understood. The role of root fungal endophytes in nitrogen mineralization and nutrient uptake, as well as their impact o...
Article
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Plants are challenged by biotic and abiotic stress factors and the incidence of one can increase or decrease resistance to another. These relations can also occur transgenerationally. For instance, progeny plants whose mothers experienced herbivory can be more resistant to herbivores. Certain fungal endophytes that are vertically transmitted endow...
Article
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In this review, we examine the functional roles of microbial symbionts in plant tolerance to cold and freezing stresses. The impacts of symbionts on antioxidant activity, hormonal signaling and host osmotic balance are described, including the effects of the bacterial endosymbionts Burkholderia, Pseudomonas and Azospirillum on photosynthesis and th...
Article
In stressful environments, a nurse plant can ameliorate harsh biotic and abiotic conditions for another plant species that grows within its canopy. This canopy can act as a barrier for herbivores, reducing damage to the protected plants inside, but it can also reduce access to pollinators possibly resulting in a tradeoff between survival and reprod...
Article
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Aim Antarctica's remote and extreme terrestrial environments are inhabited by only two species of native vascular plants. We assessed genetic connectivity amongst Antarctic and South American populations of one of these species, Colobanthus quitensis, to determine its origin and age in Antarctica. Location Maritime Antarctic, sub‐Antarctic islands...
Article
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The effects of microorganisms on plant-insect interactions have usually been underestimated. While plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are known to induce plant defenses, endosymbiotic bacteria hosted by herbivorous insects are often beneficial to the host. Here, we aimed to assess whether PGPR-induced defenses in broad bean plants impact t...
Article
Full-text available
Climatic change is pointed as one of the major challenges for global food security. Based on current models of climate change, reduction in precipitations and in turn, increase in the soil salinity will be a sharp constraint for crops productivity worldwide. In this context, root fungi appear as a new strategy to improve plant ecophysiological perf...
Article
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Functional symbiosis is considered one of the successful mechanisms by which plants that inhabit extreme environment improve their ability to tolerate different types of stress. One of the most conspicuous type of symbiosis is the endophyticism. This interaction has been noted to play a role in the adaptation of the native vascular plant Colobanthu...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: Facilitation among plant species occurs when the presence of one species, the so-called nurse, alters the environment in a way that enhances the growth, survival or reproduction of a second species. This positive association could be specie-specific and can have direct top-down (canopy) or bottom-up (soil) effects as well as indirect effects...
Article
The Andes of central Chile is a geographical gradient with a marked variation in its climatic conditions. Along its slopes, are distributed the evergreen Nothofagus dombeyi and deciduous Nothofagus pumilio species that show differences in their leaf habits, range extensions, and in their limits of latitudinal distribution. Plant ecology proposes th...
Article
Maritime Antarctica is one of the most stressful environments for plant life worldwide. However, two vascular plant species (Deschampsia antarctica and Colobanthus quitensis) have been able to colonize this hostile environment. Although it has been proposed that C. quitensis possesses tolerance mechanisms and adaptations allowing survival and growt...
Article
Full-text available
Biological invasions represent significant economic and conservation challenges, though it is widely acknowledged that their impacts are often poorly documented and difficult to predict. In the Antarctic, one non-native vascular plant species is widespread and studies have shown negative impacts on native flora. Using field "common garden" experime...
Article
Full-text available
Biological invasions represent significant economic and conservation challenges, though it is widely acknowledged that their impacts are often poorly documented and difficult to predict. In the Antarctic, one non-native vascular plant species is widespread and studies have shown negative impacts on native flora. Using field “common garden” experime...
Article
Full-text available
Antarctic vascular plants such as Deschampsia antarctica (Da) could generate more suitable micro-environmental conditions for the establishment of other plants like Colobanthus quitensis (Cq). Although positive plant–plant interactions have been shown to contribute to plant performance and establishment, little is known about how microorganisms mig...
Article
Full-text available
Antarctica is a stressful ecosystem with few vascular plants, an ideal system to test positive interactions. Here, plants such as Deschampsia antarctica could generate more suitable micro-environmental conditions for the establishment of other plants (facilitation). We examined the co-occurrence of vascular plant species in the Antarctic Peninsula...
Article
Full-text available
The world’s five Mediterranean-climate regions (MCRs) share unique climatic regimes of mild, wet winters and warm and dry summers. Agriculture in these regions is threatened by increases in the occurrence of drought and high temperature events associated with climate change (CC). In this review we analyze what would be the effects of CC on crops (i...
Article
Full-text available
Salinization of soils is one of the main sources of soil degradation worldwide, particularly in arid and semiarid ecosystems. High salinity results in osmotic stress and it can negatively impact plant grow and survival. Some plant species, however, can tolerate salinity by accumulating osmolytes like proline and maintaining low Na+ concentrations i...
Article
Full-text available
Biological invasions represent significant economic and conservation challenges, though it is widely acknowledged that their impacts are often poorly documented and difficult to predict. In the Antarctic, one non-native vascular plant species is widespread and studies have shown negative impacts on native flora. Using field "common garden" experime...
Article
Full-text available
Plant traits such as phenological development, growth rate, stress tolerance and seeds production may play an important role in the process of acclimatisation to new environments for introduced plants. Experiments that distinguish phenotypic plasticity from ecotypic differentiation would allow an understanding of the role of plant traits in the inv...
Article
Full-text available
• To get insights into the dynamics of nutrient exchange in arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis, we modelled mathematically the two-membrane system at the plant-fungus interface and simulated its dynamics. • In computational cell biology experiments, the full range of nutrient transport pathways was tested for their ability to exchange P/C/N-sour...
Article
Full-text available
Host organisms can acquire new functional traits through symbiosis. Seed-transmitted Epichloë fungal endophytes are known to protect host plants against herbivores and increase tolerance to abiotic stresses by alkaloids and antioxidants, respectively (currencies of mutualism). Whereas, alkaloids are fungal products with demonstrated effects at plan...
Preprint
Increase in the soil salinity will be a conspicuous constraint for both native plant communities as well as several crops worldwide. In this context plant root-associated fungi appear as a new strategy to improve ecophysiological performance and yield of crops under abiotic stress. Here, we evaluated how the inoculation of fungal endophytes isolate...
Article
Full-text available
The two native Antarctic vascular plants, Deschampsia antarctica and Colobanthus quitensis, are mostly restricted to coastal habitats where they are often exposed to sea spray with high levels of salinity. Most of the studies regarding the ability of C. quitensis and D. antarctica to cope with abiotic stress have been focused on their physiological...
Article
Full-text available
Larger volumes of sea ice have been thawing in the Central Arctic Ocean (CAO) during the last decades than during the past 800,000 years. Brackish brine (fed by meltwater inside the ice) is an expanding sympagic habitat in summer all over the CAO. We report for the first time the structure of bacterial communities in this brine. They are composed o...
Article
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The idea that noncrop habitat enhances pest control and represents a win-win opportunity to conserve biodiversity and bolster yields has emerged as an agroecological paradigm. However, while noncrop habitat in landscapes surrounding farms sometimes benefits pest predators, natural enemy responses remain heterogeneous across studies and effects on p...
Article
Antarctic environments are amongst the most stressful habitats for life on Earth, with high intensities of solar UV-B radiation reaching the land surface. In this study, we evaluated how the photochemical efficiency, cell damage and reproductive biomass of Antarctic pearlwort (Colobanthus quitensis) were affected by different intensities of UV-B ra...
Article
In agroecosystems, introduced aphids that reproduce by obligate parthenogenesis (OP) show strong biased representation of a few genotypes (superclones), whereas species with cyclical parthenogenesis (CP) exhibit the opposite trend with many unique genotypes. We analyzed the biological and genetic features of 23 different aphid species introduced in...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mutualistic symbiosis with fungal endophytes has been suggested as a possible mechanism for extreme environment colonization by Antarctic vascular plants. Fungal endophytes improve plant stress tolerance and performance by increasing plant hormone production and the uptake of water and nutrients. However, there are still gaps regarding the mechanis...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mutualistic symbiosis with fungal endophytes has been suggested as a possible mechanism for extreme environment colonization by Antarctic vascular plants. Fungal endophytes improve plant stress tolerance and performance by increasing plant hormone production and the uptake of water and nutrients. However, there are still gaps regarding the mechanis...
Article
Aims Successful invasive plants are often assumed to display significant levels of phenotypic plasticity. Three possible strategies by which phenotypic plasticity may allow invasive plant species to thrive in changing environments have been suggested: (i) via plasticity in morphological or physiological traits, invasive plants are able to maintain...
Article
Full-text available
It has been widely suggested that invasion success along broad environmental gradients may be partially due to phenotypic plasticity, but rapid evolution could also be a relevant factor for invasions. Seed and fruit traits can be relevant for plant invasiveness since they are related to dispersal, germination, and fitness. Some seed traits vary alo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Antarctica is one of the most stressful ecosystems worldwide with few vascular plants, which are limited by abiotic conditions. Here, plants such as Deschampsia antarctica ( Da ) could generate more suitable micro-environmental conditions for the establishment of other plants as Colobanthus quitensis ( Cq ). Although, plant-plant interaction is kno...
Preprint
Full-text available
Antarctica is one of the most stressful ecosystems worldwide with few vascular plants, which are limited by abiotic conditions. Here, plants such as Deschampsia antarctica ( Da ) could generate more suitable micro-environmental conditions for the establishment of other plants as Colobanthus quitensis ( Cq ). Although, plant-plant interaction is kno...
Article
Full-text available
The Cactaceae is one of the most conspicuous and ecologically important plant families in the world; its species may have specialist or generalist pollination systems that show geographical patterns, which are synthesized in the Geographical Dichotomy Hypothesis. Here, we assess this hypothesis in five countries in both tropical and extratropical r...
Article
Full-text available
The increase in temperature as consequence of the recent global warming has been reported to generate new ice-free areas in the Antarctic continent, facilitating the colonization and spread of plant populations. Consequently, Antarctic vascular plants have been observed extending their southern distribution. But as the environmental conditions towa...
Data
Pair-wise a posteriori comparisons (HSD Tukey test’s) between the net photosynthetic response of each population under current (t0) and future conditions estimated during three simulated growing seasons (t1:t3) Bonferroni correction was applied to all P values due to multiple comparisons.
Data
Summary of the results of independent one-way ANOVAs evaluating the effect of latitudinal origin (either population or temperature) on anatomical foliar traits and xanthophyll cycle pigment content of C. quitensis individuals sampled in the field The net photosynthetic performance (measured as net photosynthesis rate) is shown under each thermal co...
Data
Descriptive statistic of net photosynthesis measured (µmol CO2 m−2s−1) of each population under current (t0) and future conditions estimated during three simulated growing seasons (t1:t3) Mean, standard deviation (SD) and standard error (SE) are shown.
Preprint
Full-text available
The increase in temperature as consequence of the recent global warming has been reported to generate new ice-free areas in the Antarctic continent, propitiating the colonization and spread of plant populations. Consequently, antarctic vascular plants have been observed extending their southern distribution. But as the environmental conditions towa...
Preprint
Full-text available
The increase in temperature as consequence of the recent global warming has been reported to generate new ice-free areas in the Antarctic continent, propitiating the colonization and spread of plant populations. Consequently, antarctic vascular plants have been observed extending their southern distribution. But as the environmental conditions towa...
Article
Full-text available
Chloraea is a diverse orchid genus with many endemic Chilean species. Many of those species have conservation problems, and the status of their populatio