Marco Milella

Marco Milella
Universität Bern | UniBe · Institute of Legal Medicine

PhD

About

96
Publications
22,852
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754
Citations
Citations since 2016
75 Research Items
651 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Additional affiliations
July 2019 - present
Universität Bern
Position
  • Research Assistant
January 2012 - June 2019
University of Zurich
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (96)
Chapter
Questions about the timing and modalities of the evolution of caregiving behaviors have a direct impact on our understanding of human cultural evolution and early social dynamics. Hypotheses on caregiving behaviors in prehistory are usually developed on skeletal evidence documenting survival of seriously debilitating conditions. However, a theoreti...
Presentation
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El concepto tradicional de que las culturas "nómadas" son, por lo general, móviles y económicamente simples está siendo desplazado por interpretaciones más matizadas. Gran parte de la literatura científica sobre la dieta y la movilidad de las poblaciones ganaderas euroasiáticas se centra en la Edad del Bronce y la Primera Edad del Hierro. La relati...
Presentation
Full-text available
La Edad del Hierro Tardía (siglos IV-I a.C.- Cultura de La Tène) en Europa se caracterizó por intensos procesos migratorios a través de los Alpes. En este periodo diferentes populaciones "celtas" se establecieron en la Península Itálica, sobre todo en el norte y centro. Hasta el momento, los datos bioarqueológicos sobre la movilidad en estas comuni...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Neolithic cist graves – known in the Western Alpine region as Chamblandes type – are usually composed by four lateral stone slabs or more rarely wooden planks, and can contain single, as well as collective burials. Due to the lack of distinctive grave goods, insights about the chronology and evolution of these funerary custom depend on extensive se...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing importance of trauma analysis by means of postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) is insufficiently reflected in forensic curricula, nor are best practice manuals available. We attempt to detect sharp force bone lesions on PMCT of closed forensic cases with the aims of assessing errors and pointing out patterns in anatomical location a...
Article
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Objectives The Late Iron Age in continental Europe featured complex demographic processes including, among others, the establishment of transalpine “Celtic” communities on the Italian peninsula between the 4th and 1st centuries BCE. To date, only few data are available about mobility and migration in these populations. Here we explore these topics...
Conference Paper
During the Late Iron Age (4th-1st centuries BCE) Europe was interested by intense migratory processes across the Alps. In this period, several "Celtic" populations settled in the Italian peninsula. So far, only scarce data are available about mobility in these communities. In this work, we explore mobility patterns among the Cenomani population of...
Conference Paper
The traditional notions of "nomadic" cultures as homogenously mobile and economically simple is increasingly displaced by more nuanced interpretations. A large part of the scientific literature on diet and mobility among Eurasian pastoralists is focused on Bronze Age and Iron Age. The relative underrepresentation of more recent contexts in these an...
Article
Full-text available
Osteological collections are an essential source of information on human biological and cultural variability, providing insights about developmental, evolutionary, and biocultural processes. Among osteological series, documented human osteological collections (DHOC) are especially useful due to the opportunity to control biological parameters such...
Article
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The cultural use of pigments in human societies is associated with ritual activities and the creation of social memory. Neolithic Çatalhöyük (Turkey, 7100–5950 cal BC) provides a unique case study for the exploration of links between pigments in burials, demographic data and colourants in contemporary architectural contexts. This study presents the...
Article
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Objectives: Contemporary archeological theory emphasizes the economic and social complexity of Eurasian steppe populations. As a result, old notions of “nomadic” cultures as homogenously mobile and economically simple are now displaced by more nuanced interpretations. Large part of the literature on diet and mobility among Eurasian pastoralists is...
Article
Full-text available
The introduction of sugarcane in Europe by the Arabs in the 10th century AD brought about a drastic change in gastronomy and oral health. In Southern Spain (Al-Andalus), sugarcane was mainly consumed by the elite, although its consumption became relatively widespread during the Nasrid Kingdom. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of the...
Article
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The possible association between “biological” and “social” status in the past is a central topic in bioarchaeological studies. For the Italian Iron Age, previous research comparing skeletal and funerary variables depicts a multifaceted scenario consistent with nuanced biocultural patterns. This calls for additional studies on a broader series of ar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Islamic occupation of the Iberian Peninsula (“al-Andalus”) from the 8th to the 15th centuries AD brought several changes in the daily life of the populations in this territory. However, it is unclear whether variability in local settings (eg. urban vs. rural contexts) triggered the adoption of different economic strategies, subdivision of gende...
Presentation
Full-text available
Only few Mesolithic burial sites, mostly as isolated graves under rock shelters, are known in the Western alpine region of today Switzerland, France and Italy. Similar to other contexts, the transition to a sedentary lifestyle brought about a substantial change in funerary practices. With our ongoing Swiss National Science Foundation supported rese...
Presentation
Full-text available
Research on the Neolithic cist graves of the Chamblandes type mostly focused on sites around Lake Geneva and the upper Rhone valley in Switzerland. For the cemeteries of the adjacent Aosta Valley (Italy), only few information is available and mainly a lack of radiocarbon dating is responsible for that research gap. However, this situation is decep...
Chapter
Full-text available
An overview of funerary practices at Neolithic Çatalhöyük from the final round of publications of the Çatalhöyük Research Project (1993-2017).
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From the end of the Xiongnu Empire to the establishment of the first Turkic Khaganate, the territory of Southern Siberia sees the emergence of distinctive local material cultures. The Kokel culture is essentially unknown in the international English-language literature even though archaeological sites pertaining to this material culture are among t...
Chapter
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This chapter addresses measures of health (palaeopathology), well-being and lifestyle (way of life) that provide insights into the social context of the Neolithic population sample excavated at Çatalhöyük. The term ‘well-being’ is defined here as the ability to attain the full genetic potential for growth and development in the face of stress, the...
Article
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The social organization of the first fully sedentary societies that emerged during the Neolithic period in Southwest Asia remains enigmatic,1 mainly because material culture studies provide limited insight into this issue. However, because Neolithic Anatolian communities often buried their dead beneath domestic buildings,2 household composition and...
Article
The quantification of cranial sexual dimorphism (CSD) among modern humans is relevant in evolutionary studies of morphological variation and in a forensic context. Despite the abundance of quantitative studies of CSD, few have specifically examined intra‐sex variability. Here we quantify CSD in a geographically homogeneous sample of adult crania, w...
Article
Objectives Gender differentiation can influence the diet, physical activity, and health of human populations. Multifaceted approaches are therefore necessary when exploring the biological consequences of gender‐related social norms in the past. Here, we explore the links between diet, physiological stress, physical activity, and gender differentiat...
Article
Objective: To re-analyze one of the oldest cases of malignant bone neoplasm with different analytical techniques. Material: The available skeletal remains of grave 138 (G138) from the Iron Age necropolis of Münsingen-Rain (Switzerland, 420-240 BC). Methods: The bones are analyzed by means of morphological, radiographic, histological, and biogeochem...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Prone burials are among the most distinctive phenomena of deviant burials during the Middle Ages and early modern period. However, a comprehensive analysis of these findings is still lacking for German-speaking Europe. By compiling the available evidence from Germany, Switzerland and Austria, this study investigates how prone burials fit into the s...
Conference Paper
Warfare is assumed to be one of the defining cultural characteristic of steppe nomads in Eastern Eurasia, with high levels of violence used by Classical and Chinese historiographers as markers of cultural "otherness" when describing these societies. Especially for the first centuries AD, these interpretive hampers more nuanced reconstructions of th...
Article
The Neolithic settlement of Çatalhöyük offers an exceptional dataset for studying pigment usage over 1000 years of the existence of the settlement. The inhabitants produced a rich palette of colours with pigments applied to objects, in architectural paintings and for treatment of the dead. This article discusses evidence of pigments at Neolithic Ça...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Warfare is assumed to be one of the defining cultural characteristics of steppe nomads in Eastern Eurasia. For the first‐centuries CE, a period of political turmoil in Northern China and Southern Siberia, relatively few data are, however, available about the degree and variability of violence in these communities. Here, we provide new da...
Article
Full-text available
Prone burials are among the most distinctive deviant burials during the Middle Ages and early modern period. Despite their worldwide distribution, the meaning of this burial practice is still a matter of debate. So far, a comprehensive analysis of prone burials is lacking for Central Europe. By compiling evidence from Germany, Switzerland and Austr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A traditional focus of bioarchaeology is the test for differences between sexes in physical activity, health, and relative access to food resources, and the possible link of these differences to forms of gender-based social differentiation. Analyses based on single variables are however often inadequate to describe social differentiation in the pas...
Article
Objectives The presence of a gendered subdivision of labor has been bioarchaeologically investigated in various prehistoric and historical contexts. Little is known, however, about the type of differences in daily activities characterizing men and women among the Celtic communities of Italy. The focus of the present study is the analysis of differe...
Article
Objectives The present study tests the effectiveness of entheseal robusticity (ER) as a potential predictor of adult age‐at‐death by applying multiple regression models to a large contemporary identified skeletal sample. Materials and Methods ER was recorded for 23 bilateral postcranial entheses on 481 adult individuals (271 females and 210 males)...
Conference Paper
Since the emergence of nomadic pastoralism in Eastern Eurasia, warfare became a cultural char-acteristic of steppe nomads – not only directed towards sedentary cultures, but also among different nomadic tribes. Few bioarchaeological data are available for this contexts dating to Late Antiquity, hampering a discussion of the type of violence charact...
Article
Species relationships in the genus Tursiops are controversial. We carried out a comprehensive osteological study of 264 skulls, including type specimens, and 90 postcranial skeletons of Tursiops spp., to address taxonomic uncertainties in Australia using two-dimensional measurements (2D), and three-dimensional geometric morphometrics (3DGM), tooth...
Article
The economic and political disruption following the collapse of the Roman Empire is an important moment for the cultural and biological history of Western Europe. One of the trends associated this socioeconomic change is the re‐use of Roman public monuments for different purposes including funerary ones. The cultural meaning of this practice, occas...
Article
The study of migration within the Roman Empire has been a focus of the bioarchaeological and biogeochemical research during the last decade. The possible association of diet and sex, age, and funerary treatment during the 1st-4th centuries CE have been extensively explored in Britain, and Central-Southern Italy. Conversely, no knowledge is availabl...
Article
Full-text available
Significance Bioarchaeological investigation of human remains from Neolithic Çatalhöyük, Turkey, contributes to a growing body of data documenting population dynamics, health, and lifestyle of early farmers in Holocene settings in the Near East and globally. The extensive archaeological context of foodways, material culture, housing, environment, e...
Article
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Little is known about the types of social organization characterizing the pre-Roman Celtic populations of Italy. Here, we explore the funerary variability characterizing the late Iron Age site of Seminario Vescovile (SV: Verona, Italy, 3rd-1st c. BC), and test its possible correlation to diet and relative exposure to developmental stressors. Patter...
Data
Complete dataset used in the study. US = Stratigraphic Unit; LEH = linear enamel hypoplasia; I1 = first incisor; I2 = second incisor; C = canine; U = upper; L = lower; l = left; r = right; LEH/Overall LEH: 0 = absent; 1 = present; NA = absence of tooth or excessive tooth wear (see text for details).Funerary variables (see S2 Table for details): 0 =...
Data
Summary statistics of isotopic values by funerary variable. a) δ15N and δ13C values, nonadult dataset; b) δ15N values, adult dataset subdivided by sex and age classes; c) δ13C values, adult dataset subdivided by sex. Abs = Feature absent; Pres = feature present. N = number of individuals; Me = median; SE = standard error. All pairwise comparisons a...
Data
Spatial distribution of the analyzed individuals according to their δ15N (a) and δ13C values (b). Shape of points describe the sex and age (adults vs. nonadults) of each individual. (TIF)
Data
Composition of funerary clusters by age class (a) and sex (b). *: significant results of pairwise Bonferroni-adjusted Fisher's test; not significant results are omitted. (XLS)
Data
Plan of Seminario Vescovile. a) Overall view of the necropolis; b) Close-up of the burials (plan by M. Bersani, by courtesy of SABAP-VR Soprintendenza archeologia, belle arti e paesaggio per le province di Verona, Rovigo e Vicenza). (TIF)
Data
Spatial distribution of the analyzed individuals according to sex (a), age class (b), and funerary cluster (c). Lines show the spatial density of each group (computed with kernel density estimation). (TIF)
Data
a): Summary statistics of number of items by age class and sex; b) Bonferroni-adjusted results of pairwise z tests for the number of ceramics between sexes. N Rings = number of rings; N Pins = number of pins; N Ceramics = number of ceramic objects; N = number; SE = standard error; Min-Max = range of values for each variable; ns: not significant. (X...
Data
Coefficients of the general linear models of δ15N and δ13C values with age classes and sex as predictors. a) nonadult dataset (NaI is set as reference level in the model); b) adult dataset (F and YA are set as reference levels in the model for the categories “Sex” and “Age” respectively); ns = not significant. (DOC)
Data
Comparison between clusters for funerary variables. a) Bonferroni-adjusted results of Fisher's tests between clusters on presence-absence of funerary variables, and b) results of post hoc Fisher's tests (only variables presenting at least one significant result are reported). = test not possible; ns = not significant. (XLS)
Data
Balloon plot illustrating the percentage of presence of each funerary variable by cluster. (TIF)
Poster
Full-text available
We explore inequality at Neolithic Çatalhöyük in central Anatolia in order to shed light not just on variations in wealth but also on other forms of potential social differentiation in this early farming settlement. We assess synchronic variation as well as potential changes through time in the levels or forms of social or economic inequality. In o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Violence and the Sacred in the Ancient Near East - edited by Ian Hodder March 2019
Chapter
Osteoarthritis (OA) or degenerative joint disease (DJD) is the most common disorder affecting the joints, affecting 10 percent of men and 18 percent of women over 60 years of age worldwide. OA results from the progressive breakdown of the articular cartilage and from a suite of degenerative and reactive patterns involving various tissues. Such patt...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Little is known about the population dynamics characterizing pre-Roman Northern Italy. Accordingly, the frequency and type of mobility taking place in this region and time, and their social correlates (e.g. social incorporation and exclusion) are largely unexplored. In the Cisalpine region this is especially true for the area of Verona. Here, we ex...
Article
Objectives The transition from foraging to farming is usually associated with unprecedented population densities coupled with an increase in fertility and population growth. However, little is known about the biological effects of such demographic changes during the Neolithic. In the present work, we test the relationship between diachronic changes...
Article
Full-text available
Significance The cavity system of the inner ear—the so-called bony labyrinth—houses the senses of balance and hearing. This structure is embedded in dense petrous bone, fully formed by birth and generally well preserved in human skeletal remains, thus providing a rich source of morphological information about past populations. Here we show that lab...