Marco Giovanni Mariani

Marco Giovanni Mariani
University of Bologna | UNIBO · Department of Psychology PSI

PhD

About

72
Publications
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660
Citations

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
Full-text available
Safety training promotes safety at work, in particular through the use of engaging methods. This study introduces a newly developed measure of individual engagement in safety training, and aims to analyze the psychometric proprieties of the scale. The safety training engagement scale (STE) consists of five items pertaining to the trainee’s dedicati...
Article
For university students, perceived employability is gaining growing importance in dealing with occupational uncertainty. However, how perceived employability is shaped in the university setting is still under-researched. This study examines how support from university teaching staff influences perceived employability in a sample of Italian final-ye...
Article
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This study carries out an initial evaluation of the psychometric properties of an Italian version of the Goal Adjustment Scale, first introduced by Wrosch and colleagues (2003), to measure the self-regulation capacities of goal disengagement (i.e., capacity to relinquish unattainable goals) and goal re-engagement (i.e., committing to new purposes)....
Article
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Perceived Employability acquires growing relevance as a psychological protective resource now that new entrants in the labour market from higher education are experiencing a deterioration of their occupational prospects due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which brings worries and jeopardises psychological well-being. This study aims to extend research on...
Article
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Human reliability analysis (HRA) is a major concern for organizations. While various tools, methods, and instruments have been developed by the scientific community to assess human error probability, few of them actually consider human factors impact in their analysis. The active role that workers have in shaping their own performance should be tak...
Article
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EN - This study aims to carry out an initial evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Career Engagement Scale, first introduced by Hirschi et al. (2014), in order to assess the general extent to which individuals engage in different career behaviours. After translating and creating an Italian adaptation of the scale,...
Article
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The main goal of this research was to investigate the psychosocial aspects that influence the acceptance of innovative technology in maritime transport and its impact on employees’ work-related wellbeing and absenteeism. In particular, this study focused on a device that had been introduced to sailors working in water public transportation in Venic...
Conference Paper
Introduzione. La crisi economica legata alla pandemia ha influenzato negativamente le prospettive occupazionali dei giovani lavoratori. Questa condizione richiede un bagaglio di risorse personali, tra cui l’occupabilità percepita (OP), utili a mantenere il controllo della propria carriera e prevenire le conseguenze psicologiche della crisi. Obiett...
Article
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Job satisfaction (JS) is an indicator of individual psychosocial health. Consistent evidence showed that voluntary extra-role behavior in organizations, namely organizational citizenship behavior (OCB), can also contribute to individual psychological health. JS has been found to positively influence employees’ OCB, and both JS and OCB have been fou...
Article
Psychological reactions towards personnel selection are acquiring growing importance, as they significantly impact applicants' performance in the selection process. This study introduces the Multi-dimensional Job Interview Self-efficacy (MJISE) construct and its operationalisation into a sound MJISE measurement. We propose that MJISE consists of fi...
Article
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Many companies recruit employees from different parts of the globe, and faking behavior by potential employees is a ubiquitous phenomenon. It seems that applicants from some countries are more prone to faking compared to others, but the reasons for these differences are largely unexplored. This study relates country-level economic variables to faki...
Conference Paper
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Perceived employability acquires, for university students, growing importanceto deal with occupational uncertainty. This study examines how teaching inuniversity influences perceived employability in a sample of Italian final-yearuniversity students. We draw on Conservation on Resources Theory andCareer self-management model to hypothesise a positi...
Article
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Applicants’ self-cognitions toward selection procedures are decisive to produce favorable outcomes. Drawing upon the career self-management model, this study explored the impact of performance feedback after a simulated employment interview on interview self-efficacy (ISE) and outcome expectations. Participants (a sample of recent graduates; N = 24...
Article
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Safety at work should be considered as the result of the daily interaction of operators. The present research wants to analyze which factors are involved in the development of social networks about safety at work. We assumed that two relational non-technical skills, such as safety communication and safety team member support, affect the in-degree a...
Article
Although there has been growing attention to clients’ expectations of career counseling, more research is necessary to clarify the role of these expectations in shaping client satisfaction at the end of the intervention. On the basis of expectation confirmation theory, this study examined the indirect effect of clients’ initial expectations on over...
Article
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The present research investigated whether evaluations of female and male job candidates rely on different dimensions. Going beyond previous studies on the role of gender stereotypes, we examined the relative importance of competence, morality, and sociability in employment decisions. In Study 1, we content-analyzed 68 archival reports of profession...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between general self-efficacy (GSE), job search self-efficacy (JSSE), extraversion and job search success within a sample of new entrants in the labour market. It is hypothesised that JSSE acts as a mediator between GSE and job search success. Evaluation of the hireability – made by e...
Article
Work values are pivotal for work satisfaction. This research aims at exploring psychometrics properties of Manhardt’s Work Values Inventory, to provide a short tool to measure work values. A sample of 223 students and recent graduates have filled out an Italian version of the scale. Dimensionality and internal consistency have been explored. Result...
Poster
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Purpose In recent years, an increasing number of organizations has started digitalizing their recruitment processes. Thus, drawing on Technology Acceptance Model (TAM; Davis, 1989) the aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between Organizational identification, Perceived Usefulness (PU) and Perceived Ease of use (PEU) of a technolo...
Article
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The present research investigated the spontaneous reference to the criteria of competence, morality, and sociability in descriptions made by professional committees evaluating female and male employees’ work performance. We examined whether professional committees used different criteria in their performance appraisal of male and female employees a...
Article
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This research is aimed at developing a questionnaire for the self-assessment of non-technical skills (NTS) leading to safety in the chemical sector and at analysing the properties of its scales in terms of construct validity. The research involved 269 Italian employees from three chemical plants of an international company, who occupied low-medium...
Article
The current study was aimed at assessing the extent that job-seeking networking may explain the positive association between career planning and self-perceived employability. In addition, the moderator role of political skill in strengthening the relationship between career planning and job-seeking behavior was explored. A sample of N ¼ 2,561 stude...
Article
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According to the psychology of sustainability and sustainable development, even though there are numerous challenges within the current labor market, it is possible to establish meaningful lives and meaningful work experiences through optimizing the use of personal resources and regenerating them. In line with this assumption, the present study aim...
Article
Objectives: The main aim of this paper is to examine the role of human factors in the safety of ship transport (shipping). Methods: Particularly, we analyzed the personal, psychosocial and organizational factor that intervene in this context and the consequences on the safety performance and workers' well-being. Results: In this review, some s...
Article
The purpose of this research is to expand previous work in the field of psychological ownership (PO) by introducing a model where PO plays a mediator role between leader-member exchange (LMX) and job satisfaction. The data were collected in a furniture manufacturing company located in Italy. Sample size was 442 participants. Results showed a positi...
Article
Purpose This study aims to investigate the factors that can influence the transfer process of training in open skills (i.e. Non-Technical Skills, NTS). Specifically, according to the model of the transfer process, the aim of this paper is to analyse the effects of both personal (e.g. self-efficacy) and work environment (e.g. safety leadership styl...
Article
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Purpose Anxiety-related problems at work are a serious problem in the occupational context, as they come along with sick leave and problems in work participation. The aim of this study is to analyse workplace phobic anxiety in nonclinical context using the Job Demands-Resources model. Methods The study involved a sample of 739 workers from a retai...
Article
The study investigated the role of self-efficacy (general and task-specific) and justice perceptions in determining the expectations of success in personnel selection procedures. We hypothesized that personnel selection self-efficacy mediated the relationship between general self-efficacy and outcome expectations, and that justice perceptions moder...
Article
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Introduction: The research considers safety climate in a warehouse and wants to analyze the Leader–Member Exchange (LMX) role in respect to safety performance. Griffin and Neal’s safety model was adopted and Leader-Member Exchange was inserted as moderator in the relationships between safety climate and proximal antecedents (motivation and knowledg...
Article
Wearing personal protective equipment (PPE), such as gloves in the food sector is a safety behaviour which can protect hands and fingers of workers from bruises, abrasions, cuts and punctures and prevent occupational diseases. Previous research has shown that the use of PPE depends on individual factors such (as personality and perceived benefits/b...
Article
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Introduction: This research investigates the relation between impulsive purchases of clothing, personality traits and emotions of purchasers. It is also investigated if impulsive purchases differ across genders. Aim: The model hypothesizes that: impulsive clothing consumption is affected by extroversion, conscientiousness, negative emotions and pos...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the positive association between job resources, i.e. autonomy and co-workers support, and psychological capital (PsyCap). In addition, it is aimed to assess the mediational role of PsyCap in the relationship between job resources, on the one hand, and work engagement and psychological distress on th...
Article
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In recent years, online recruitment has become a prevalent human resource management practice worldwide. Although studies emphasized the importance of candidates' perceptions related to the recruiting web site attributes, there is no research focused on the effects of trust toward the IT technology during the online application process. Given the i...
Article
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Objectives: Meta-analyses and research have highlighted the importance of employees' participation in workplace safety. Methods: The present research designs an original model of proactive safety orientation which considers existing constructs of proactivity, adapted to organizational safety issues in the workplace. Qualitative data was obtained...
Article
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Nowadays organizations have to cope with two related challenges: maintaining an engaged and highly performing workforce and, at the same time, protecting and increasing employees’ well-being and job satisfaction under conditions of a generalized increase of job demand, in an increasingly growing older population. According to the motivational proce...
Article
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In the light of the relevance of workers’ participation and initiative in improving safety in the workplace, a new measurement tool is presented to assess multiple psychological drivers (proactive motivations; future orientations) which support a proactive orientation by individuals toward safety management and accident prevention in the workplace....
Article
The research undertaken for this article aims to analyse the correspondence between perceived employability and the actual national employment rate among Italian students and graduates undertaking different courses in a large Italian university. Data were collected through a cross-sectional survey of 2087 students in 19 faculties, and compared with...
Article
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Safety management in high-risk systems is based on safety rules that have to prescribe human action and interaction and should reduce errors and risks. The present case study want to report an organisational intervention aimed to improve a Safety Work Permits System (SWPS) in a chemical company through the employees’ involvement which daily use thi...
Article
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The present study proposes a scale for assessing the self-efficacy (PSSE) of applicants in the personnel selection process and tests its measurement properties. This construct is very important not only to study the applicant’s reactions (i.e., Truxillo, Bauer & Sanchez, 2001), but also to carry out a program of career guidance (i.e., Shantz & Lath...
Article
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Employees' engagement in safety is assumed to be a significant contributor to safety performance within the chemical industry. The current study tested this assumption by examining the role of prosocial safety behaviors (e.g., helping others) and proactive safety behaviors (e.g., seeking change) in predicting four safety performance outcomes: micro...
Article
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This study introduces a new reward system for enhancing safety during work activities, by improving workers’ motivation in performance and thereby reducing occupational accidents. The reward system is based on a safety incentive that can be defined by means of two parameters: the worker behavior, which is measured especially in terms of proactivity...
Article
INTRODUCTION Griffin and Neal's model is a useful model to understand workers' different safety behaviour (compliance and participation) starting from their mastery of safety procedures (safety knowledge) and the motivation to put them in place (safety motivation). Although the theoretical model has proven to be adequate and is widely used in resea...
Conference Paper
Safety training, over the last decades, has become a relevant topic, notably for its consequences on workers' health. Aiming to decrease injuries and occupational diseases, education and training could play an important role. Indeed, in most countries, companies are obliged to train their employees on safety skills and to maintain and reinforce tho...
Article
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Background: There is a growing body of literature demonstrating that employee's safety behaviour is largely influenced by their motivation to work safely. The Self-Determination Theory, which proposes a multidimensional conceptualization of motivation, is now established in various domains of the academic field (Healthcare, Education, Psychopathol...
Article
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We present a contribution to the Italian validation of the scale of Pierce Van Dyne e Cummings (1992) concerning the organizational ownership. This construct even internationally widely adopted is mostly absent in the scientific Italian debate. Using data from a sample of 598 Italian employees, was studied both the internal and external validity of...
Conference Paper
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This study focuses on the Task-Technology Fit model (TTF) of Goodhue and Thomson that analyzes the match between user task needs and the available functionality of the IT in workplace. Our research wants to study if a good Task-Technology Fit improves the employee’s job satisfaction and IT use. Moreover our model suggests two new different antecede...
Conference Paper
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It is generally believed that the more the growing global competition makes it strategically important to continuous improvement for all types of organizations, therefore different methods are geared to develop continuous improvement in production processes (such as Total Quality Management or more recently, Six Sigma ): although all that there are...
Conference Paper
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Justice Perceptions in Performance Appraisal Systems: A Study in the Italian Business Context Introduction: The results of organizational justice research show that if employees are provided with an opportunity to provide voice into procedures their perceptions of fairness are improved. Among the most important human resource management practices t...
Article
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Prevention of occupational injuries is an important task of Human Resource Management. Empiric research showed that risk perception, safety communication and worker’s participation in safety programs may have a relevant role in reducing accident and injury occurrence – see for example (Conchie, 2013). These considerations lead us to this study to p...
Article
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While Information Technology (IT) is undeniably useful in improving organizational efficiency, it is also vulnerable: a virus attack can interrupt the work of many employees. Human behaviours, practices and errors are possible causes of a computer virus attack and the consequent infections. Even if preventive behaviour is studied in health psycholo...
Article
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In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in the job performance as psychological construct. The paper reviews the literature concerning the frame of job performance and the specific aspect of adaptive performance on the workplace. After the introduction of primary theoretical frames about the domain of job performance, we proceed to d...
Article
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Purpose ‐ The purpose of this research is to study the role of the opportunity to receive job training in enhancing people's willingness to accept information technologies (IT) and in achieving employee satisfaction. The study aims to consider training opportunities as a predictor of IT self-competence, TAM model constructs and job satisfaction. De...
Article
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The organizational citizenship behaviors for safety (SCB) is an important emerging participation factor in working groups. The contribution is aimed at studying some predictors of this dimension in the light of a current of research that distinguishes between pro-social vs. proactive forms of organizational citizenship. The effect of the following...
Article
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This contribution examines linguistic discrimination toward women in the context of personnel selection. It has been analysed the level of language abstraction of the terms used to compose the evaluations of applicants for a job position advertised by an Italian bank group. Results showed that selectors describe female candidates with positive term...
Article
This contribution examines linguistic discrimination toward women in the context of personnel selection. It has been analysed the level of language abstraction of the terms used to compose the evaluations of applicants for a job position advertised by an Italian bank group. Results showed that selectors describe female candidates with positive term...
Article
Full-text available
The present study analyzed the psychometric proprieties of the Adult Inventory of Procrastination (AIP) by McCown and Johnson (1989) with an adult Italian sample (n = 305) by comparing three construct models. Models included: 1) the original uni-dimensional structure; 2) a Spanish model with two components—lack of punctuality and lack of planning (...
Article
The purpose of the present study is to investigate reliability and validity of the Italian version of Survey of Perceived Organizational Support (eight items). In a first study employees from three independent samples completed the questionnaire (total N = 550): private firms, public schools and private vocational training bodies. Confirmatory fact...
Article
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Trust is an important psychosocial dimension in the study of information technology. Trust in Information System Technology Model is the theoretical framework which has been examined in this study. According to this model, trust in information technology is a dynamic construct that is established and consolidated in progressive experiences with tec...
Article
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Background: Although procrastination is an important and widespread phenomenon (Ferrari et al., 1995), there are few scales which measure the construct. This study describes a psychometric assessment of the Italian version General Procrastination Scale (GPS) developed by Lay (1986). Methods: The Italian version of the GPS was administered to 454 ad...
Article
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Perspectives from 22 countries on aspects of the legal environment for selection are presented in this article. Issues addressed include (a) whether there are racial/ethnic/religious subgroups viewed as "disadvantaged," (b) whether research documents mean differences between groups on individual difference measures relevant to job performance, (c)...
Chapter
The main objective of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived organizational support (POS) and organizational commitment; more precisely, using a sample of 687 employees, we conducted a study to examine the relationship between POS and a) affective commitment and b) normative commitment; the study also aimed to examine the rela...

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Projects (2)
Project
The health and safety of all workers remains paramount across Europe. However, certain sectors, such as the construction industry, still lag behind in their implementation of safety procedures, with often fatal consequences. There is a critical need to deliver effective safety training – especially to low-skilled and migrant workers in high risk environments such as the construction industry. Arising from these challenges, the primary goal of ESTEEM is to maximise the quality and efficacy of safety training programmes provided in the EU taking a multi-national and multi-disciplinary approach.
Project
Analyse antecedents of training transfer concerning Non-Technical Skills in high risk companies