Marco Maiello

Marco Maiello
Università di Pisa | UNIPI · Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine

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20
Publications
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92
Citations

Publications

Publications (20)
Chapter
Substance Use Disorders (SUDs) are often associated with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in adult populations due to multiple neurobiological, genetic, and psychosocial risk factors. This chapter provides a picture of the clinical aspects of adults with both ADHD and SUDs at treatment entry into a Dual Disorder Unit introducing the...
Article
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Background: Transcranial photobiomodulation (tPBM) has recently emerged as a potential cognitive enhancement technique and clinical treatment for various neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders by delivering invisible near-infrared light to the scalp and increasing energy metabolism in the brain. Objective: We assessed whether transcran...
Article
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Background and Objectives: Emotional dysregulation is central to the problem of the overlap between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and cyclothymia. The aim of the study was to evaluate comorbidity rates between ADHD and cyclothymic disorder and to explore demographic and clinical differences among the groups, focusing on affective...
Article
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While the association between adult Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (A-ADHD) and Substance Use Disorders (SUDs) has been widely explored, less attention has been dedicated to the various substance use variants. In a previous paper, we identified two variants: type 1 (use of stimulants/alcohol) and type 2 (use of cannabinoids). In this stud...
Article
The main aim of this study was to examine the body of knowledge on the prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in “high-risk” children whose parents are diagnosed with ADHD. This knowledge could aid early identification for children presenting with ADHD symptoms at a young age. We conducted a systematic search of the literatur...
Article
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Background: Problematic Internet Use (PIU), which may otherwise be called excessive Internet use, is distinguished by excessive or poorly controlled preoccupations, urges, or behaviours regarding computer use and internet access; and shows high comorbidity associated with psychiatric disorders. In previous studies, our Research Group highlighted fi...
Article
The purpose of the study was to assess the prevalence and clinical correlates of Delayed Sleep Phase Disorder (DSPD) in adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Participants were 102 adults (Female= 27), aged 18-65 (mean age= 28.2 years), with ADHD diagnosed in adulthood. ADHD and DSPD diagnosis were made according to DSM-5 criteria. A...
Article
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Background: While a large amount of medical literature has explored the association between Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Substance Use Disorders (SUDs), less attention has been dedicated to the typologies of SUD and their relationships with ADHD-specific symptomatology and general psychopathology in dual disorder patients....
Article
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Background: The Mountain Activities Neuro-behavioural Research Programme is a research project born in the 2 nd Unit of Psychiatry, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine at the University of Pisa to investigate the effects of altitude on the mental and neuro-behavioural aspects of people performing activities in mountainous areas. Meth...
Article
Background: Problematic Internet Use (PIU), which may otherwise be called excessive Internet use, is distinguished by excessive or poorly controlled preoccupations, urges, or behaviors regarding computer use and internet access; and shows high comorbidity associated with psychiatric disorders. In previous studies, our Research Group highlighted fiv...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective Our objective was to assess whether transcranial photobiomodulation (tPBM) with near-infrared light (NIR) shows modulatory effects on cerebral electrical activity through electroencephalogram (EEG) and cerebral blood flow (CBF). Background tPBM has emerged as a novel intervention for several neuropsychiatric conditions due to its neuropr...
Article
Objective: Our aim was to test the anxiolytic effect of transcranial photobiomodulation (t-PBM) with near-infrared light (NIR) in subjects suffering from generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Background: t-PBM with NIR is an experimental, noninvasive treatment for mood and anxiety disorders. Preliminary evidence indicates a potential anxiolytic effe...
Article
Summary The use of dietary supplements and herbal medicines is spreading across many developed countries. Although patients without specific problems can administer most, relevant toxic- ities might occur with a reckless use of dietary supplements, especially when psychiatric or medical comorbidities are present. Limited research is available on th...
Article
Background. Using the SCL90 checklist, we previously showed that a cluster of five psychopathological symptoms could be found in Heroin Use Disorder patients. This aggregation demonstrated a high degree of stability, as it proved to be independent of addiction-related conditions such as treatment chosen, intoxication status, and presence of psychia...
Article
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Background Over-standard methadone doses are generally needed in the treatment of heroin use disorder (HUD) patients that display concomitant high-severity psychopathological symptomatology. A flexible dosing regimen may lead to higher retention rates in dual disorder (DD), as we demonstrated in bipolar 1 HUD patients, leading to outcomes that are...
Article
Background: In the USA, emergency room (ER) visits for Substance Use Disorders with or without Dual Diagnosis become more frequent in the last decade. This is particularly true of opioid overdoses and opioid withdrawal symptomatology, and also of psychotic episodes related to the use of cannabinoids and stimulants. Methods: To verify the degree to...
Article
Introduction: The severity of emotional responses to life events (PTSD spectrum) as part of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Substance Use Disorder (SUD) patients has often been considered from a unitary perspective. Light has also been shed on the possible definition of a specific psychopathology of SUD patients. This psychopathology has...

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