Marco Giuliani

Marco Giuliani
University of Milan | UNIMI · Department of Social and Political Sciences

PhD Political science - University of Florence 1990

About

37
Publications
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Introduction
Marco Giuliani currently works at the Department of Social and Political Sciences, University of Milan. Marco does research in Comparative Politics, Legislative Studies and Italian Politics. His current project is 'Politics and Policy in Europe in times of crisis: causes and consequences'.
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Scholars have started to estimate the effects of non-pharmaceutical interventions to reduce the health impact of COVID-19. However, the empirical evidence is highly contested, and since it is not known exactly what would have happened without those measures, political élites are left free to give credit to the voices that they prefer the most. We a...
Article
Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain went several times to the polls during the 2010-2019 decade. It was a period characterised by the strenuous effort to recover the economic situation before the onset of the Great Recession; an effort, however, often constrained by externally imposed austerity policies, and by a refugee crisis that contributed to th...
Article
The article assesses the impact of the Jobs Act, the labour market reform passed in Italy under Matteo Renzi's cabinet in 2014-2015. In doing so, the study has a twofold aim. First, it contributes to the scholarly debate on labour market flexibilization, offering fresh empirical evidence about the debated effects of deregulatory reforms on employme...
Article
Brexit has been at the centre of the last two British elections and the past legislative term. The UK's exit from the European Union was characterized by a series of parliamentary setbacks, with several government defeats, continuous rebellions and cross-party agreements made to secure control of the agenda. In the research reported in this article...
Article
Scholars agree that two major issues oriented voting behaviours during the Italian general election of 2018. The first was the state of the economy, which had not yet recovered from the lowest points reached during the Great Recession, but had nevertheless exhibited some marginal improvement. The second issue originated from another crisis, the ref...
Article
The Brexit process has shattered the foundations of British politics, with prime ministerial resignations, government defeats, continuous rebellions and floor-crossings. These phenomena seem at odds with the usual decisiveness of Westminster systems. However, the aforementioned departures from the British tradition could be interpreted as compatibl...
Article
During the Great Recession, exceptionally harsh economic conditions were often countered by austerity policies that, according to many, further worsened and protracted the negative conjuncture. Both elements, the poor state of the economy and the contractionary manoeuvers, are supposed to reduce the electoral prospects for incumbents. In this artic...
Article
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The Great Recession undoubtedly reduced the electoral prospects of incumbent parties, coherently with the expectations of the economic vote theory. Yet, the exceptionality of the period may have displaced other elements of that theory, such as, for instance, the moderating impact that globalization is supposed to have on the retrospective mechanism...
Article
Replicating the work of others is much more useful and challenging than is generally acknowledged. In this case study, I review the multiple replications that I had to perform to investigate the relationship between consensualism and corporatism that represented a constitutive element of Arend Lijphart’s analysis of the performance of opposite patt...
Article
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Pollsters have been recently accused of delivering poor electoral predictions. We argue that one of the reasons for their failures lies in the difficulty of including an updated deep understanding of electoral behaviour. Even if pollsters' predictions are not forecasts produced by models, the set of choices needed to produce their estimates is not...
Book
La crisi economica ha messo a dura prova la sopravvivenza dei governi nella maggior parte delle democrazie avanzate. Essa ha inoltre contribuito all’allontanamento dei cittadini dai processi di rappresentanza, alimentando la delegittimazione dei partiti tradizionali e favorendo la radicalizzazione della competizione politica così come il successo d...
Article
Most compliance studies share the epistemological assumption of the existence of a one-best-way assuring good transposition and implementation of EU norms, and, symmetrically, a set of variables that homogeneously produce problems and failures. Alternatively, in the article we will elaborate on the idea of different paths to (non-)compliance, adopt...
Book
Full-text available
The level of interconnectedness among economic, political and social systems is remarkable, and has become even more visible in the context of the Great Recession, with its evident domino effects. In this paper we seek to distinguish analytically three types of mechanism through which those effects are transmitted from country to country: benchmark...
Article
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The Italian 2013 election ended the period of bipolarism that characterized the so-called ‘Second Republic’, and paved the way for new parties such as the Five Star Movement. We investigate that election, which took place after the technocratic government led by Mario Monti, through the analytical lenses of the retrospective theory of economic voti...
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The Great Recession is a non-trivial test bed for the theory of economic voting, especially if its predictions are decomposed at the party level, as done in this article by analysing the electoral performances of parties competing in 89 national elections held in the 28 member states of the EU between 2003 and 2015. We acknowledge counterintuitivel...
Article
Lijphart's Patterns of Democracy, similar to most of his work, elicited fierce scientific debate. We replicate some of the analyses proposed in its second edition (2012) in the light of the critiques of the first edition (2009). We primarily examine the relationship between institutional setup and interest group representation, disentangling the ef...
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Full-text available
The Italian Law-Making Archive (ILMA) is a relational database that combines information on the legislation, legislative initiative, legislative processes, parliamentarians (MPs) and government members and policy positions of parties present in different legislatures and governments. It covers a period that extends from the beginning of the 10th le...
Chapter
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If there is some truth in the old saying that “you don’t marry someone you can live with but rather the one that you cannot live without,” one should not be too surprised by the firm resolve of the Italians (both at the elite and mass levels) to tie their country’s destiny to a strong and stable European Union. For most of its early Republican hist...
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The Italian legislature does not enjoy widespread trust. At least one of the reasons has to be the perception of its inefficiency. Comparatively, the Italian law-making process is slow and most policy-makers complain about the difficulties experienced in trying to speed up the process. In spite of the political relevance of the topic, the issue has...
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Nella sua vita di studioso, Arend Lijphart è passato dallo studio di caso all'analisi di N piccolo fino ad approdare, con Patterns of democracy, all'analisi comparativa di tipo quantitativo con un disegno di ricerca variable-oriented. In questo suo lavoro del 1999, Lijphart mette a frutto le riflessioni più qualitative dei decenni precedenti, intre...
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Almost 25 years ago, Di Palma portrayed the Italian political system as one in which parties, executives and political élites survived without governing. Much of his interpretation was based upon a careful empirical investigation of the actual functioning of the legislative process. We adopt the same perspective in order to evaluate if, after the m...
Article
The year 2009 was a period of uncertainty, during which the Italian political world appeared to be floundering and in need of a compass. As evidenced by the chronological overview, many events continued to beleaguer the political and social life in Italy. Some, such as the result of the European elections and the escalation of the economic crisis a...
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Towards the end of the '80s, the President of the European Commission Jacques Delors predicted that in a decade most of the domestic legislation would be decided in Brussels. Apart from the necessity to interpret more or less rigidly this "prophecy", the famous Delors' statement has the merit to raise an interesting empirical question: what is the...
Article
The transformation of the Italian political system, which began in the early 1990s, should have had an impact upon internal parliamentary dynamics, and in particular upon the degree of consensualism within the legislative process. In this article we are going to examine this hypothesis in the light of the new empirical evidence we have regarding th...
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This special issue of South European Society & Politics explores the transformation of Italy's law-making process, and presents fresh data and a series of original analyses, with regard to four key topics: the role played by the bicameral structure of parliament; the effects and dynamics of the amendment process; the overall level of consensualism...
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The consolidation of Italian democracy dates back to the early 1950s. This half-century – a rather long period compared to the other Southern European countries – is now traditionally perceived as being composed of two different time intervals. The first 40 years were marked by continuous crises but even more by an overall political stagnation, and...
Chapter
This chapter addresses the issue of whether the domestic institutional architectures of the fifteen member states of the European Union (EU) affect the way in which they react to the challenges of European governance. More specifically, it empirically tests two different models in order to assess whether macro institutional features are systematica...
Article
This article offers a synthetic review of the domestic effects of the EU integration process on Italian politics and policy. Although Italy has recently undergone a process of rapid transformations, the overall account of these changes is far from clear. It is argued that the Europeanization process passed through the window of opportunity opened b...
Article
L’ambiente – cosi come la sua difesa, la sua promozione ed il suo studio – soffre di numerosi paradossi. In quanto bene pubblico e senz’altro vittima del paradosso dell’azione collettiva: troppo costosa e la mobilitazione se i medesimi vantaggi – grandi o piccoli che siano – possono essere ottenuti grazie all’attivazione di altri (M. Olson, The log...
Article
This article has three different aims. Firstly, to identify the distinguishing features of Italian consociativismo, contrasting them with the characteristics of Lijphart's consociational democracies. Secondly, to introduce the main hypotheses which have been advanced in the literature to interpret this phenomenon; and thirdly to discuss them in the...
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Full-text available
In this paper, we will pursue the following line of reasoning. In the next paragraph we will contrast two different meanings of the concept of “Europeanisation”: the one that can be found in the specialized literature of political science, and the one that prevails in the political debate in Italy. Bearing in mind this double interpretation, the co...

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Project (1)
Project
This project aims to analyse the impact that the Great recession had on the political and policy dynamics in the European context. The three workpackages, that involve research groups ac ross 7 Italian universities, basically focus respectively on the input side of the political system (analysing the process of political representation, parties and movements, and electoral behavior), on the institutional black box (mainly legislatives and executives, and on their relationship in diverse settings), and on the output side (investigating the capacity to adopt structural reforms, and analysing more specifically taxation, labour, pension and health policies).