Marco Di Renzo

Marco Di Renzo
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS

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511
Publications
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Publications

Publications (511)
Conference Paper
Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-assisted un-manned areal vehicles (UAV) communications have been identified as a key enabler of a number of next-generation applications. However, to the best of our knowledge, there is no generalized framework for the quantification of the throughput performance of RIS-assisted UAV systems. Motivated by thi...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we consider intelligent omni-surfaces (IOSs), which are capable of simultaneously reflecting and refracting electromagnetic waves. We focus our attention on the multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) broadcast channel, and we introduce an algorithm for jointly optimizing the covariance matrix at the base station, the matrix of reflect...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we analyze the performance of a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-assisted unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) wireless system that is affected by mixture-gamma small-scale fading, stochastic disorientation and misalignment, as well as transceivers hardware imperfections. First, we statistically characterize the end-to-end channel f...
Preprint
Massive Multiple-Input Multiple-Output systems with beamforming are key components of the 5th and the future 6th generation of networks. However, in some cases, where the BS serves the same user for a long period, and in some propagation conditions, such systems reduce their transmit power to avoid creating unwanted regions of electromagnetic field...
Preprint
This paper addresses a drawback of massive multiple-input multiple-output Maximum Ratio Transmission beamforming. In some propagation conditions, when the base station serves the same target user equipment for a long period, it reduces the transmit power (and degrades the received power) to avoid creating high exposure regions located in the vicini...
Preprint
The intelligent omni-surface (IOS) is a dynamic metasurface that has recently been proposed to achieve full-dimensional communications by realizing the dual function of anomalous reflection and anomalous refraction. Existing research works provide only simplified models for the reflection and refraction responses of the IOS, which do not explicitly...
Preprint
Reconfigurable surfaces (RS) have recently emerged as an enabler for smart radio environments where they are used to actively tailor/control the radio propagation (e.g., to support users under adverse channel conditions). If multiple RSs are deployed (e.g., coated on various buildings) to support different groups of users, it is critical to jointly...
Preprint
Increasing concerns on intelligent spectrum sensing call for efficient training and inference technologies. In this paper, we propose a novel federated learning (FL) framework, dubbed federated spectrum learning (FSL), which exploits the benefits of reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) and overcomes the unfavorable impact of deep fading chann...
Preprint
Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) is an emerging technology that is under investigation for different applications in wireless communications. RISs are often analyzed and optimized by considering simplified electromagnetic reradiation models. In this chapter, we aim to study the impact of realistic reradiation models for RISs as a function o...
Preprint
The fourth industrial revolution, i.e., Industry 4.0, is evolving all around the globe. In this article, we introduce the landscape of Industry 4.0 and beyond empowered by the seamless collaboration of communication technology (CT), information technology (IT), and operation technology (OT), i.e., CIOT collaboration. Specifically, CIOT collaboratio...
Article
Grant-free non-coherent index-modulation (NC-IM) has been recently considered as an efficient massive access scheme for enabling cost- and energy-limited Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices that transmit small data packets. This paper investigates the grant-free NC-IM scheme combined with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for applicant to unm...
Preprint
Full-text available
The problem of simultaneously optimizing the information rate and the harvested power in a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided multiple-input single-output downlink wireless network with simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) is addressed. The beamforming vectors, RIS reflection coefficients, and power split ratios...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we study an active IRS-aided simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) system. Specifically, an active IRS is deployed to assist a multi-antenna access point (AP) to convey information and energy simultaneously to multiple single-antenna information users (IUs) and energy users (EUs). Two joint transmit and reflect...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper investigates reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-assisted secure multiuser communication systems subject to hardware impairments (HIs). We jointly optimize the beamforming vectors at the base station (BS) and the phase shifts of the reflecting elements at the RIS so as to maximize the weighted minimum secrecy rate (WMSR), subject to...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we introduce a theoretical framework for analyzing the performance of multi-reconfigurable intelligence surface (RIS) empowered terahertz (THz) wireless systems subject to turbulence and stochastic beam misalignment. In more detail, we extract a closed-form expression for the outage probability that quantifies the joint impact of tur...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we analyze the performance of a reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-assisted unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) wireless system that is affected by mixture-gamma small-scale fading, stochastic disorientation, and misalignment, as well as transceivers hardware imperfections. First, we statistically characterize the end-to-end channel...
Preprint
In this paper, we investigate the performance of an RIS-aided wireless communication system subject to outdated channel state information that may operate in both the near- and far-field regions. In particular, we take two RIS deployment strategies into consideration: (i) the centralized deployment, where all the reflecting elements are installed o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we introduce a theoretical framework for analyzing the performance of multi-reconfigurable intelligence surface (RIS) empowered terahertz (THz) wireless systems subject to turbulence and stochastic beam misalignment. In more detail, we extract a closed-form expression for the outage probability that quantifies the joint impact of tur...
Article
Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided wireless communications is a hot research topic in academic and industry communities since it can enhance both the spectrum and energy efficiency of wireless systems by artificially reconfiguring the wireless propagation environment. An RIS can configure tiny antenna elements or scatterers, which can b...
Article
Full-text available
Cell-Free Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) and reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) are two promising technologies for application to beyond-5G networks. This paper considers Cell-Free Massive MIMO systems with the assistance of an RIS for enhancing the system performance under the presence of spatial correlation among the engineer...
Preprint
Full-text available
Grant-free non-coherent index-modulation (NC-IM) has been recently considered as an efficient massive access scheme for enabling cost- and energy-limited Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices with small data packets. This paper investigates the grant-free NC-IM combined with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-ba...
Article
Full-text available
Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) empowered high-frequency (HF) wireless systems are expected to become the supporting pillar for several reliability and data-rate hungry applications. Such systems are, however, sensitive to misalignment and atmospheric phenomena including turbulence. Most of the existing studies on the performance assessm...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, with the aid of the mathematical tool of stochastic geometry, we introduce analytical and computational frameworks for the distribution of three different definitions of delay, i.e., the time that it takes for a user to successfully receive a data packet, in large-scale cellular networks. We also provide an asymptotic analysis of one...
Preprint
Full-text available
Reconfigurable surfaces (RS) have recently emerged as an enabler for smart radio environments where they are used to actively tailor/control the radio propagation (e.g., to support users under adverse channel conditions). If multiple RSs are deployed (e.g., coated on various buildings) to support different groups of users, it is critical to jointly...
Preprint
Reconfigurable surfaces (RS) have recently emerged as an enabler for smart radio environments where they are used to actively tailor/control the radio propagation (e.g., to support users under adverse channel conditions). If multiple RSs are deployed (e.g., coated on various buildings) to support different groups of users, it is critical to jointly...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the past as well as present wireless communication systems, the wireless propagation environment is regarded as an uncontrollable black box that impairs the received signal quality, and its negative impacts are compensated for by relying on the design of various sophisticated transmission/reception schemes. However, the improvements through appl...
Article
This paper aims to improve the error rate performance of the enhanced spatial modulation based orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (ESM-OFDM) systems by jointly optimizing the signal constellation and the antenna power allocation (PA). We derive the closed form of optimal PA of ESM-OFDM for some practical antenna setups and then implement an...
Preprint
Full-text available
Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RISs) are considered one of the key disruptive technologies towards future 6G networks. RISs revolutionize the traditional wireless communication paradigm by controlling the wave propagation properties of the impinging signals as required. A major roadblock for RIS is though the need for a fast and complex contr...
Preprint
Full-text available
This Roadmap takes the reader on a journey through the research in electromagnetic wave propagation control via reconfigurable intelligent surfaces. Meta-surface modelling and design methods are reviewed along with physical realisation techniques. Several wireless applications are discussed, including beam-forming, focusing, imaging, localisation,...
Chapter
The diverse and stringent requirements of 6G networks, detailed in the present book, give rise to fully flexible, end-to-end, software-defined network paradigm, where every part of the network can be configured and controlled via software. However, the wireless environment per se – i.e. the wireless medium or channel – is generally assumed uncontro...
Preprint
Ambient backscatter communication system is an emerging and promising low-energy technology for Internet of Things. In such system, a device named tag, sends a binary message to a reader by backscattering a radio frequency signal generated by an ambient source. Such tag can operate without battery and without generating additional wave. However, th...
Preprint
Ambient backscatter communications have been introduced as low-power communications for green networking. This technology is very promising as it recycles ambient radio frequency waves, however such systems have limitations and suffer from poor performance due to their low-power. In this paper, we present and evaluate the performance of an ambient...
Preprint
Ambient backscatter communication is an emerging and promising low-energy technology for the Internet of Things. In such a system, a tag sends a binary message to a reader by backscattering a radio frequency signal generated by an ambient source. The tag can operate without battery and without generating additional radio waves. However, the tag-to-...
Article
Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS), a recently introduced technology for future wireless communication systems, enhances the spectral and energy efficiency by intelligently adjusting the propagation conditions between base stations (BSs) and mobile equipments (MEs). An RIS consists of many low-cost passive reflecting elements that are optimiz...
Preprint
Full-text available
Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) have recently gained significant interest as an emerging technology for future wireless networks. This paper studies an RIS-assisted propagation environment, where a single-antenna source transmits data to a single-antenna destination in the presence of a weak direct link. We analyze and compare RIS design...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we develop an analytical framework for the statistical analysis of the battery recharging time (BRT) in reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs)-aided wireless power transfer (WPT) systems. Specifically, we derive novel closed-form expressions for the probability density function (PDF), cumulative distribution function, and moments...
Preprint
In this paper, we introduce the new concept of Crowd-Detectable Zero-Energy-Devices. Such devices harvest solar or ambient light energy to power themselves, backscatter ambient waves to communicate, and are detected simultaneously by a smartphone connected to the network, and the network itself, as long as the device is close to the considered smar...
Preprint
Full-text available
Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) represent a new technology that can shape the radio wave propagation and thus offers a great variety of possible performance and implementation gains. Motivated by this, we investigate the achievable sum-rate optimization in a broadcast channel (BC) in the presence of an RIS. We solve this problem by explo...
Preprint
Full-text available
A reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) is a planar structure that is engineered to dynamically control the electromagnetic waves. In wireless communications, RISs have recently emerged as a promising technology for realizing programmable and reconfigurable wireless propagation environments through nearly passive signal transformations. With the...
Article
Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS), one of the key enablers for the sixth-generation (6G) mobile communication networks, is considered by designers to smartly reconfigure the wireless propagation environment in a controllable and programmable manner. Specifically, an RIS consists of a large number of low-cost and passive reflective elements (...
Article
Full-text available
Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RISs) promise improved, secure, and more efficient wireless communications. One less understood aspect relates to the benefits of RIS towards wireless localization and positioning of mobile users and devices. In this paper we propose and demonstrate two practical solutions that exploit the diversity offered by R...
Preprint
div>Light fidelity (LiFi), which is based on visible light communications (VLC), is celebrated as a cutting-edge technological paradigm that is envisioned to be an indispensable part of 6G systems. Nonetheless, LiFi performance is subject to efficiently overcoming the line-of-sight blockage, whose adverse effect on the reliability of wireless recep...
Preprint
div>Light fidelity (LiFi), which is based on visible light communications (VLC), is celebrated as a cutting-edge technological paradigm that is envisioned to be an indispensable part of 6G systems. Nonetheless, LiFi performance is subject to efficiently overcoming the line-of-sight blockage, whose adverse effect on the reliability of wireless recep...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper considers Cell-Free Massive Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) systems with the assistance of an RIS for enhancing the system performance. Distributed maximum-ratio combining (MRC) is considered at the access points (APs). We introduce an aggregated channel estimation method that provides sufficient information for data processing. Th...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the sixth-generation (6G) era, emerging large-scale computing based applications (for example processing enormous amounts of images in real-time in autonomous driving) tend to lead to excessive energy consumption for the end users, whose devices are usually energy-constrained. In this context, energy-efficiency becomes a critical challenge to be...