Marco Dal Maschio

Marco Dal Maschio
University of Padova | UNIPD · Department of Biomedical Sciences - DSB

Physics

About

61
Publications
11,977
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,671
Citations
Introduction
Marco Dal Maschio currently is Associate Professor at the Department of Biomedical Sciences of the University of Padua. Marco interests are Neuroscience, Neurobiology, Neurotechnology, Biophysics and Experimental Physics.
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - June 2018
Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2008 - January 2013
Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (61)
Article
Full-text available
The development of anxiety disorders is often linked to individuals’ negative experience. In many animals, development of anxiety‐like behavior is modeled by manipulating individuals’ exposure to environmental enrichment. We investigated whether environmental enrichment during early ontogenesis affects anxiety‐like behavior in larval zebrafish. Lar...
Article
Animals possess neuronal circuits inducing stress to avoid or cope with threats present in their surroundings, for instance, by promoting behaviors, such as avoidance and escape. However, mechanisms must exist to tightly control responses to stressors, since overactivation of stress circuits is deleterious for the wellbeing of an organism. The unde...
Article
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) constitute a useful model for studying memory function and impairment in vertebrates and are now widely used in translational research. On the one hand, the adoption of simple, fast and reliable tests such as novel object recognition (NOR) has increased our knowledge considerable about memory mechanisms in animals. On the ot...
Article
Full-text available
The LRRK2 gene is the major genetic determinant of familiar Parkinson’s disease (PD). Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) is a multidomain protein involved in several intracellular signaling pathways. A wealth of evidence indicates that LRRK2 is enriched at the presynaptic compartment where it regulates vesicle trafficking and neurotransmitter rel...
Article
Full-text available
Electroporation is a widely used non-viral technique for the delivery of molecules, including nucleic acids, into cells. Recently, electronic microsystems that miniaturize the electroporation machinery have been developed as a new tool for genetic manipulation of cells in vitro, by integrating metal microelectrodes in the culture substrate and enab...
Article
Full-text available
Optical recordings of neuronal activity at cellular resolution represent an invaluable tool to investigate brain mechanisms. Zebrafish larvae is one of the few model organisms where, using fluorescence-based reporters of the cell activity, it is possible to optically reconstruct the neuronal dynamics across the whole brain. Typically, leveraging th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Electroporation is a widely used non-viral technique for the delivery of molecules, including nucleic acids, into cells. Recently, electronic microsystems that miniaturize the electroporation machinery have been developed as a new tool for genetic manipulation of cells in vitro, by integrating metal microelectrodes in the culture substrate and enab...
Article
When navigating the environment, animals need to prioritize responses to the most relevant stimuli. Although a theoretical framework for selective visual attention exists, its circuit implementation has remained obscure. Here we investigated how larval zebrafish select between simultaneously presented visual stimuli. We found that a mix of winner-t...
Article
Direction-selective (DS) neurons compute the direction of motion in a visual scene. Brain-wide imaging in larval zebrafish has revealed hundreds of DS neurons scattered throughout the brain. However, the exact population that causally drives motion-dependent behaviors-e.g., compensatory eye and body movements-remains largely unknown. To identify th...
Article
Understanding brain-wide neuronal dynamics requires a detailed map of the underlying circuit architecture. We built an interactive cellular-resolution atlas of the zebrafish brain at 6 days post-fertilization (dpf) based on the reconstructions of over 2,000 individually GFP-labeled neurons. We clustered our dataset in “morphotypes,” establishing a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Visual objects naturally compete for the brain′s attention, and selecting just one of them for a behavioural response is often crucial for the animal′s survival ¹ . The neural correlate of such stimulus prioritization might take the form of a saliency map by which responses to one target are enhanced relative to distractors in other parts of the vi...
Article
The brain converts perceptual information into appropriate patterns of muscle activity depending on the categorization and localization of sensory cues. Sensorimotor information might either be encoded by distributed networks or by "labeled lines" connecting sensory channels to dedicated behavioral pathways. Here we investigate, in the context of n...
Article
Full-text available
Optical imaging approaches have revolutionized our ability to monitor neural network dynamics, but by themselves are unable to link a neuron’s activity to its functional connectivity. We present a versatile genetic toolbox, termed ‘Optobow’, for all-optical discovery of excitatory connections in vivo. By combining the Gal4-UAS system with Cre/lox r...
Article
We introduce a flexible method for high-resolution interrogation of circuit function, which combines simultaneous 3D two-photon stimulation of multiple targeted neurons, volumetric functional imaging, and quantitative behavioral tracking. This integrated approach was applied to dissect how an ensemble of premotor neurons in the larval zebrafish bra...
Article
Full-text available
Scientific Reports 7 : Article number: 40041; 10.1038/srep40041 published online: 05 January 2017 ; updated: 07 April 2017 . The Acknowledgements section in this Article is incomplete. “We thank J.
Article
Full-text available
Genetically encoded calcium indicators and optogenetic actuators can report and manipulate the activity of specific neuronal populations. However, applying imaging and optogenetics simultaneously has been difficult to establish in the mammalian brain, even though combining the techniques would provide a powerful approach to reveal the functional or...
Article
Animals use the sense of vision to scan their environment, respond to threats, and locate food sources. The neural computations underlying the selection of a particular behavior, such as escape or approach, require flexibility to balance potential costs and benefits for survival. For example, avoiding novel visual objects reduces predation risk but...
Article
This protocol is an extension to:Nat. Protoc. 1, 1552-1558 (2006); doi:10.1038/nprot.2006.276; published online 9 November 2006This article describes how to reliably electroporate with DNA plasmids rodent neuronal progenitors of the hippocampus; the motor, prefrontal and visual cortices; and the cerebellum in utero. As a Protocol Extension article,...
Article
Animals respond to whole-field visual motion with compensatory eye and body movements in order to stabilize both their gaze and position with respect to their surroundings. In zebrafish, rotational stimuli need to be distinguished from translational stimuli to drive the optokinetic and the optomotor responses, respectively. Here, we systematically...
Chapter
Abstract One of the goals of the modern research is to understand the signal processing and information propagation in biological systems clarifying the peculiar contribution of the different components in order to explore novel paradigms of computation and circuit wiring. For several years, the research in the field of neuroscience took advantage...
Article
One of the challenges for modern neuroscience is to understand the role of specific genes in the determination of cellular fate, and in the formation and physiology of neuronal-circuits. Techniques for genetic manipulation in vivo such as in utero electroporation are fundamental tools to address these issues. Here, we describe an established protoc...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic approaches to control DNA expression in different brain areas have provided an excellent system to characterize gene function in health and disease of animal models. With respect to others, in utero electroporation of exogenous DNA into progenitor cells committed to specific brain areas is the optimal solution in terms of simplicity and vel...
Article
Full-text available
The generation of 3D networks of primary neurons is a big challenge in neuroscience. Here, a novel method is presented for a 3D neuronal culture on superhydrophobic (SH) substrates. How nano-patterned SH devices stimulate neurons to build 3D networks is investigated. Scanning electron microscopy and confocal imaging show that soon after plating neu...
Article
Full-text available
The β2 auxiliary subunit of voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) appears at early stages of brain development. It is abundantly expressed in the mammalian central nervous system where it forms complexes with different channel isoforms, including Na(v)1.2. From the structural point of view, β2 is a transmembrane protein: at its extracellular N-term...
Article
Full-text available
In the absence of external stimuli, the mammalian neocortex shows intrinsic network oscillations. These dynamics are characterized by translaminar assemblies of neurons whose activity synchronizes rhythmically in space and time. How different cortical layers influence the formation of these spontaneous cellular assemblies is poorly understood. We f...
Article
Full-text available
In utero electroporation is a powerful tool to transfect and manipulate neural-precursor cells of the rodent parietal cortex and their progeny in vivo. Although this technique can potentially target numerous brain areas, reliability of transfection in some brain regions is low or physical access is limited. Here we present a new in utero electropor...
Article
The calcium ion is a fundamental second messenger that plays crucial roles in the pathophysiology of brain cells. In this chapter, we will focus on the measurement of calcium fluctuations as a reporter of cellular excitability of both neurons and glial cells in the intact central nervous system. We will first describe the methodological aspects of...
Chapter
Full-text available
The introduction of fluorescent probes and light-sensitive molecules and the recent development of optogenetics are tremendously contributing to our understanding of neuronal circuit function. In parallel with the development of these optical tools, new technologies for the illumination of neural tissue with complex spatiotemporal patterns have bee...
Article
The acquisition of high-resolution images in three dimensions is of utmost importance for the morphological and functional investigation of biological tissues. Here, we present a laser scanning two-photon microscope with remote and motionless control of the focus position. The movement of the excitation spot along the propagation direction is achie...
Article
Full-text available
Regeneration of functional connectivity within a neural network after different degrees of lesion is of utmost clinical importance. To test pharmacological approaches aimed at recovering from a total or partial damage of neuronal connections within a circuit, it is necessary to develop a precise method for controlled ablation of neuronal processes....
Article
The present study is aimed to design a prototype of hybrid silicon-muscle cell junction, analog to an artificial neuromuscular junction prototype and relevant to the development of advanced neuro-prostheses and bionic systems. The device achieves focal Electric Capacitive Stimulation (ECS) by coupling of single cells and semiconductors, without ele...
Article
Full-text available
A key issue in the realization of retinal prosthetic devices is reliable transduction of information carried by light into specific patterns of electrical activity in visual information processing networks. Soft organic materials can be used to couple artificial sensors with neuronal tissues. Here, we interface a network of primary neurons with an...
Article
The understanding of brain function requires the development of new methods to perturb and track distinct neuronal populations in the developing and adult central nervous system. Over the past ten years, in utero electroporation (IUE) has arisen as an extremely powerful tool to transfect and manipulate neuronal precursor cells of the parietal-corte...
Article
Full-text available
Although astrocytes are increasingly recognized as important modulators of neuronal excitability and information transfer at the synapse, whether these cells regulate neuronal network activity has only recently started to be investigated. In this article, we highlight the role of astrocytes in the modulation of circuit function with particular focu...
Article
Full-text available
Holographic microscopy is increasingly recognized as a promising tool for the study of the central nervous system. Here we present a "holographic module", a simple optical path that can be combined with commercial scanheads for simultaneous imaging and uncaging with structured two-photon light. The present microscope is coupled to two independently...
Chapter
Electroporation is a widely used technique for the delivery of molecules in cultured cells. In the last years microchips have been developed for electroporating cells growing in adhesion to the chip substrate. Most part of these devices are based on metal electrodes. Here we show an innovative use of a silicon microchip featuring 64 insulated EOSCs...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to analyse the sarcolemma of Col6a1-/- fibers in comparison with wild type and mdx fibers, taken as positive control in view of the known structural and functional alterations of their membranes. Structural and mechanical properties were studied in single muscle fibers prepared from FDB muscle using atomic force microscopy (AFM) an...
Article
Antibodies anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD-Abs), an enzyme involved in the synthesis of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutiryc acid (GABA), are found in patients affected by several autoimmune diseases where they have been suggested to play an important role in the origin of neurological symptoms, including epileptic seizures. Alt...
Article
Anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies (GAD-Ab) are commonly considered the marker of autoimmune diabetes; they were first described in patients affected by stiff-person syndrome and recently, in ataxic or epileptic patients. The pathogenetic role of GAD-Ab remains unclear but inhibition of GABA synthesis or interference with GABA exocytos...
Conference Paper
Silicon biochips are used to study, stimulate and manipulate single (mammalian) cells, whose viability and adhesion are usually studied via subjective, non quantitative, microscope observations. In this work an accurate equivalent model of the biochip/cell system has been developed and successfully applied to experiments, which have permitted to qu...
Article
A protective role of the transient potential vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1) in intestinal inflammation induced by dinitrobenzene sulphonic acid (DNBS) has been recently demonstrated. Curcumin, the major active component of turmeric, is also able to prevent and ameliorate the severity of the damage in DNBS-induced colitis. We evaluated the possibility...
Article
An ion electron emission microscope (IEEM) to be installed at the SIRAD heavy ion irradiation facility at the 15 MV tandem accelerator of the INFN Legnaro laboratory (Italy) will be used to characterize the sensitivity of electronic devices to single event effects (SEE) to ion impacts with micrometric lateral resolutions. The secondary electrons em...
Article
The SIRAD facility at the 15 MV Tandem accelerator of the INFN Legnaro Laboratory is dedicated to charac-terizing the global sensitivity of electronic devices and systems to single event effects (SEE) due to energetic ion impacts. We are extending the SEE study program to include ion electron emission microscopy capabilities. The prototype system,...