Marco Cherin

Marco Cherin
Università degli Studi di Perugia | UNIPG · Dipartimento di Fisica e Geologia

PhD

About

91
Publications
30,423
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Introduction
Marco Cherin currently works at the Dipartimento di Fisica e Geologia, Università degli Studi di Perugia. Marco does research in Paleontology and Paleobiology.
Additional affiliations
February 2013 - May 2015
Università degli Studi di Perugia
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (91)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Umbria represents one of the most interesting areas for studying Pleistocene mammal faunas in Italy thanks to the great richness of fossiliferous sites distributed in all its territory. Most of the local faunal assemblages (LFAs) have been found in the Tiberino Basin, which extends over a large portion of the regional territory. Instead, in this wo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Collecurti (Colfiorito Basin, Italy) is one of the few Early Pleistocene localities in Mediterranean Europe that records the Jaramillo subchron (1.07–0.99 Ma) and the core of the EMPT (Early-Middle Pleistocene Transition). The Collecurti mammal assemblage was selected as the reference for the homonymous Faunal Unit in the Italian large mammal bioch...
Article
Full-text available
Several porcupine taxa are reported from the middle Miocene to the early Holocene in the Old World. Among these, five species of the subfamily Hystricinae occurred in Africa approximately in the last 6 Ma: the extinct Hystrix makapanensis, Hystrix leakeyi, and Xenohystrix crassidens and the still living Hystrix africaeaustralis and Hystrix cristata...
Article
Despite being widely spread and a source of potential harm to host ecosystems and human activities, a review of the worldwide distribution of the fallow deer (FD, Dama dama) has been missing since 1980. In this study, we provide a review of the existing literature on the species distribution, integrating it with the available information on its fee...
Poster
Full-text available
The Pietrafitta (Middle Pleistocene, Central Italy) fossil fauna comprises more than 40 vertebrate taxa, including the remains of at least 50 individuals of the early mammoth Mammuthus meridionalis. Ongoing research of the Pietrafitta mammoth sample, together with other late Early Pleistocene mammoth findings from Italy such as those from Scoppito...
Article
Late Early Pleistocene vertebrate assemblages in the Mediterranean area have sparked the interest of the scientific community in the last two decades mainly thanks to the discovery of fossils and/or stone tools testifying to the presence of early Homo. However, our knowledge of most of these assemblages is biased by the lack of well-constrained chr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The pardel lynx, Lynx pardinus, is considered one of the most threatened living felids, currently distributed in restricted areas of the Iberian Peninsula. The evolutionary history of this medium-sized felid, as well as its relationships with the Middle-Late Pleistocene “cave lynx” from Mediterranean Europe, have fuelled a decades-long debate among...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Bison is one of the most common genera of artiodactyls of the Quaternary. Although during the last century a large number of Bison remains has been discovered and several species have been erected, the evolutionary history of this group remains unclear. Nowadays, it is commonly accepted that Bison is sister to Leptobos, a mid-sized bovine represent...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this study, we describe a new crocodile skull from the world-renowned palaeontological and archaeological site of Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania). The fossil, discovered and collected in 2016 during an annular solar eclipse and therefore nicknamed “Black Sun,” was found in a new trench excavated by the THOR (Tanzania Human Origins Research) team at sit...
Article
Full-text available
The Early Pleistocene site of Pietrafitta (central Italy) produced a rich vertebrate assemblage from the Late Villafranchian Land Mammal Age (late MN18). Geological and paleobotanical data from Pietrafitta indicate a lacustrine environment, surrounded by a humid deciduous broadleaved forest with a temperate climate. The vertebrate assemblage consis...
Article
Full-text available
Olduvai Gorge (northern Tanzania) is one of the best known and most iconic palaeontological and archaeological sites in the world. in more than a century of research it has yielded an impressive record of fossils and stone tools which stands as a compendium of human evolution in the context of environmental changes of east Africa in the last 2 Ma....
Article
Full-text available
The Miocene-Pliocene (Turolian-Ruscinian) transition represents a fundamental interval in the evolution of Euro-Mediterranean paleocommunities. In fact, the paleoenvironmental changes connected with the end of the Messinian salinity crisis are reflected by a major renewal in mammal faunal assemblages. An important bioevent among terrestrial large m...
Article
The evolutionary history of Bison is a matter of debate due to the scarcity of fossil remains from the earliest members of this clade and the close morphological similarities among species. To clarify the taxonomic status of the earliest stouter bison and their relationships to their putative ancestor, Leptobos, as well as other primitive forms tra...
Article
The pardel lynx Lynx pardinus is today restricted to small populations living in southern Iberian Peninsula. However, this endangered species was widely spread throughout Iberia until historical times and is currently the subject of intense conservation programs. Paleontological data suggest that its past geographical range was much wider, includin...
Chapter
Full-text available
Fossil footprints are very useful palaeontological tools. Their features can help to identify their makers and also to infer biological as well as behavioural information. Nearly all the hominin tracks discovered so far are attributed to species of the genus Homo. The only exception is represented by the trackways found in the late 1970s at Laetoli...
Article
Stenonine horses roamed across Eurasia for a long-time interval between the Early Pleistocene and the early Middle Pleistocene. These forms probably derived from North American Equus simplicidens and recent research suggests that they can be at the basis of the radiation of the extant African zebras. Equus stenonis is the most widespread stenonine...
Thesis
Full-text available
A new and articulated specimen of a pterosaur wing including upper arm, forearm, parts of the carpus and metacarpus, and a wing phalanx from Maastrichtian phosphatic deposits of Morocco are assigned to Tethydraco cf. regalis Longrich et al., 2018. The specimen comes from the village of Ouled Abdoun, close to the Oued Zem basin and its phosphatic mi...
Chapter
Evidence from various climate proxies provides us with increasingly reliable proof that only in the past 10 millennia were natural systems more or less as we see them at the present (without considering human impact). Prior to 10,000 years ago, natural systems repeatedly changed under the influence of an unstable climate. This is particularly true...
Article
The Vallparadís composite section (VCS) includes the nearby paleontological sites of Cal Guardiola and Vallparadís Estació (Vallès-Penedès Basin, northeastern Iberian Peninsula). The section spans from before the Jaramillo subchron to the early Middle Pleistocene (ca. 1.2-0.6 Ma). In this study, we describe the suid record from VCS and we review th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many cultural assets are in risky situations and they are destined to disappear. Sometimes problems are caused by the anthropic component (e.g. wars) or by natural disasters (e.g. earthquakes and landslides). At other times the cause of deterioration is due to the slow and inexorable action of atmospheric agents and other natural factors present in...
Chapter
Full-text available
Fossil footprints are of great interest. A number of features help to identify their makers and can be used to investigate on biological and ecological issues. This is of crucial interest in palaeoanthropology, particularly in view of the emergence of our peculiar pattern of posture and locomotion. However, hominin footprints are rare and most of t...
Article
Full-text available
Most of the research on fossil mammals from Umbria (central Italy) has been carried out in the southwestern branch of the Tiber basin, due to its paleontological richness. This portion of the basin extends from Perugia to Terni and corresponds to a well-defined half-graben filled with fluvial-lacustrine deposits. The paleontological sample presente...
Article
Full-text available
The extinct bovid Leptobos is one of the most characteristic elements of Eurasian faunal assemblages during most of the Villafranchian Land Mammal Age (i.e., from the late Pliocene to most of the early Pleistocene). Several species of this genus have been established since the end of XIX Century, but their taxonomic status and phylogenetic relation...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Vallparadís composite section includes the paleontological sites of Cal Guardiola and Vallparadís Estació, respectively located in the western and eastern bank of the Torrent de Vallparadís (Terrassa, Catalonia, NE Spain). The Vallparadís section spans from before the Jaramillo subchron to the early Middle Pleistocene (ca. 1.2–0.6 Ma). It inclu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this work we describe a partial cranium of a suid (Cetartiodactyla, Suidae) from the Messinian post-evaporitic deposits (5.55–5.40 Ma) of Verduno (Piedmont, NW Italy). The splanchnocranium from Verduno preserves almost complete upper tooth rows. The specimen is characterized by a relatively small size, wide snout, weak development of upper canin...
Article
In 1976 and 2014, scientists reported hominin footprints in Pliocene volcanic deposits at Laetoli, northeastern Tanzania. They hypothesized that the footprints belong to the extinct hominin species Australopithecus afarensis. Not only have the footprints shaped scientists' understanding of human biological evolution, but they have also placed Laeto...
Article
Full-text available
We present a systematic and phylogenetic revision of the Carboniferous–Permian subfamilies usually included within the family Globivalvulinidae (superfamily Biseriamminoidea), based for the first time on the interrelation between a morphological/structural approach (traditionally used for this fossil group) and a cladistic analysis (rarely applied...
Article
Full-text available
We describe here a partial skull with associated mandible of a large felid from Monte Argentario, Italy (Early Pleistocene; ~1.5 million years). Propagation x-ray phase-contrast synchrotron microtomography of the specimen, still partially embedded in the rock matrix, allows ascribing it reliably to Acinonyx pardinensis, one of the most intriguing e...
Data
Supplementary Note 1: Acinonyx pardinensis from Pietrafitta and Ellera di Corciano Supplementary Note 2: Institutional abbreviations Supplementary figures S1–S6 Supplementary tables S1–S4 Supplementary references
Poster
The "Natural Systems and Processes Poster Session 2018" was held on the 16th of April 2018 at the University of Bristol. This event is a yearly gathering of postgraduate students and taught students, from within the realm of Geosciences (i.e. Earth Sciences, Geography, Engineering/Hydrology and Life Sciences), that has the aim of strengthening inte...
Article
New insights into communities of benthic foraminifera and decapods, associated with whale-fall events (WFE) in a relatively shallow sea environment, are reported here for the first time from the early Pleistocene of Bargiano (southwestern Umbria, Italy). The inferred paleodepth of these WFEs is not greater than 100−150 m and, on the basis of more g...
Chapter
The origin and evolution of the cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus, have been the subject of considerable attention because of the species' highly unusual and specialized morphology. In this chapter we review current knowledge concerning its relationship to other living felids, as well as its evolutionary roots, as inferred from fossil, morphological, and g...
Article
Fossil mammal assemblages found in various localities of the Italian Peninsula provide significant information to create a detailed biochronological framework for the middle–late Villafranchian and Epivillafranchian of Europe and to reconstruct the evolution of early Pleistocene terrestrial ecosystems, when the earliest dispersal of Homo in Europe...
Article
Full-text available
Lutra lutra (Linnaeus, 1758) is the only otter living in Europe today, but the palaeodiversity of this group during the Pleistocene was much higher. Lutra simplicidens Thenius, 1965 is one of the best-known taxa from the European Quaternary fossil record, having been reported in at least eight localities in Central Europe, Britain, Italy and the Az...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The genus Bison includes two of the largest species of land mammals still living on our planet: the American bison (B. bison) and the wisent (B. bonasus). Their evolutionary history is probably rooted in the latest Pliocene and Early Pleistocene. The rich collection of bison fossils from Vallparadís (Terrassa, Spain) allows to shed new light on the...
Article
Full-text available
Laetoli is a well-known palaeontological locality in northern Tanzania whose outstanding record includes the earliest hominin footprints in the world (3.66 million years old), discovered in 1978 at Site G and attributed to Australopithecus afarensis. Here, we report hominin tracks unearthed in the new Site S at Laetoli and referred to two bipedal i...
Article
Full-text available
The Hyaenidae are today a small carnivoran family including only four monospecific genera, although their paleodiversity was very high from the Miocene to the Pleistocene, with a paleobiogeographic distribution spanning Eurasia, Africa and North America. The living species Crocuta crocuta, Parahyaena brunnea and Proteles cristatus are limited to th...
Article
Here we describe a well-preserved sub-complete lutrine cranium from the late Villafranchian (Early Pleistocene) of Pantalla (Italy) and we assign it to the new taxon Lutraeximia umbra, gen. et sp. nov. The new genus Lutraeximia is characterized by a relatively short and large cranium, with a peculiar shape of the postorbital area and a short and ve...
Article
Full-text available
A natural brain endocast from the Late Pleistocene site of Ingarano (Apulia, Southern Italy) has been investigated in detail using CT scanning, image processing techniques and Geometric Morphometrics to obtain information about the taxonomy and taphonomy of the specimen. Based on its characteristically felid shape, we compared several measurements...