Marco Brandano

Marco Brandano
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Earth Sciences

PhD

About

143
Publications
43,648
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2,696
Citations
Additional affiliations
November 2005 - September 2015
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (143)
Article
Full-text available
This work focuses on the carbonate factories constituting the Pietra di Finale Fm cropping out in the Ligurian Alps. This unit constituted a mixed carbonate–siliciclastic coastal wedge developed during the Middle Miocene. The carbonate factories characterizing the coastal wedge of the Pietra di Finale clearly differ from those of the coastal mixed...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the causes of the formation of hardgrounds provides insights on the oceanographic evolution of a basin. Phosphate-rich hardground formation interrupted carbonate ramp deposition in the Mediterranean during the Miocene. We analyzed the εNd record of three central Mediterranean hardgrounds to identify the origin of the phosphate-rich wa...
Article
Changes in stacking patterns of facies, stratal architecture and shoreline trajectory along depositional strike are mainly dependent on along-strike differences in factors such as physical processes (rivers, waves, tides), tectonics, eustatic changes, sediment supply, and local physiography. The lower-upper Ordovician successions (Lashkerak Formati...
Article
The carbonate factories, their controlling factors and their palaeoecological and sedimentological signals recorded in sedimentary successions are key elements for understanding the evolution of carbonate platform systems. Luis Pomar has dedicated most of his academic life to the study of carbonate rocks and carbonate factories. The idea for this s...
Article
This work illustrates a combined modelling approach using digital photogrammetry and geological modelling to create a high detailed 3D facies model of the inner environment of the Monte Carrubba carbonate ramp outcropping in the South Sicily. The Monte Carrubba Formation (Tortonian-lower Messinian) is the youngest marine Miocene carbonate deposit o...
Article
Full-text available
Miocene is a key interval in the global climate evolution as well as in the geodynamic evolution of the Mediterranean basin. Therefore, global and regional factors controlled Miocene Mediterranean oceanography, which, in turn, affected carbonate production. In this work, we review the Miocene paleocenographic evolution of the Mediterranean starting...
Article
Full-text available
The small Plio-Quaternary volcanic centre of Cabezo Negro de Tallante in SE Spain includes a thick deposit of polymictic pyroclastic tuff-breccia, whose fragments are agglutinated by a carbonate-rich component. This feature is also observed in other monogenetic volcanic centres cropping out in the Tallante-Cartagena volcanic district. The carbonate...
Article
The characterization and comprehension of buried reservoirs receive remarkable benefits from detailed studies of outcropping analogues which help to define the architecture of the buried sedimentary units and their petrophysical features. In particular, modern 3D techniques of geological data analysis can better constrain the geological mapping pro...
Article
The stratigraphic evolution of the Guadagnolo Fm, developed on the transition between the Latium-Abruzzi Platform and the Umbria Sabina Basin (central Apennines), was studied through facies and stable isotope analysis. Calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy allows to identify the Burdigalian-Langhian boundary, constraining the sections to the lower...
Article
Despite data coming from fully developed oil fields are fundamental to validate reservoir models, they are rarely publishable because of confidentiality. In this work, we benefit from an exceptionally dense public dataset represented by 43 wells logs drilled in a carbonate-heavy oil-rich reservoir of the Majella Mountain (Central Italy) over a grid...
Article
The Eocene represents the last greenhouse interval before Present. The maximum warming during the early Eocene was followed by a long‐term cooling trend culminating in the Antarctica glaciation at the base of the Oligocene. Superimposed on this long‐term cooling trend there is a prominent transient warming event known as the middle Eocene climatic...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the factors controlling fracture frequency distribution can greatly improve the assessment of fluid circulation in fault damage zones, with evident implications for fault mechanics, hydrogeology and hydrocarbon exploration. This is particularly important for relay zones that are usually characterized by strong damage and structural co...
Article
The late Miocene is a crucial interval for global climate evolution as well as for the regional geodynamic evolution of the Central Mediterranean area. It spans the transition from the warm Mid Miocene Climatic Optimum, associated with the major Monterey Carbon Isotope Excursion, to the cooler Pliocene, characterized by a bipolar glaciation. Within...
Presentation
Fractures constitute the main pathway for fluids in fault damage zones hosted in low-porosity rocks. Understanding the factors controlling fracture distribution is hence fundamental to better assess fluids circulation in fault damage zones, with evident implications for fault mechanics, hydrogeology and hydrocarbon exploration. Being usually charac...
Article
The Eocene-Oligocene transition represents the latest greenhouse-icehouse shift faced by Earth, a major global climate change associated with carbon cycle perturbation. In this paper, we investigate the Massignano stratigraphic section (northern Apennine, Italy), GSSP of the Eocene-Oligocene boundary, by X-ray diffraction analysis of clay minerals...
Article
Appraisal of the volumes of fluid in a carbonate reservoir will typically require a reliable predictive model. This can be achieved by combining studies of well‐exposed carbonate successions with 3D models in order to obtain reliable quantitative data. In this paper, we present a detailed outcrop study and a 3D porosity model of a well‐exposed Olig...
Presentation
Fracture distribution controls fluids circulation in fault damage zones, with evident implications for fault mechanics, hydrogeology and hydrocarbon exploration. Being usually characterized by a strong damage and structural complexity, this is of particularly importance for relay zones. We investigated the fracture distribution within a portion of...
Article
During the Miocene, the upwelling is assumed to be important in the formation of many Mediterranean phosphate deposits in carbonate platform successions. There are different types of upwelling mechanisms such as equatorial upwellings, ice-edge upwellings and coastal upwellings. The carbonate platforms are mainly affected by wind-driven coastal upwe...
Article
In this work, we investigate the role of hydrocarbons in changing the petrophysical properties of rocks by merging laboratory measurements, outcrops characterization, and subsurface data focusing on a carbonate-bearing reservoir (Bolognano Formation) of the Majella massif. This reservoir represents an interesting analogue for subsurface carbonate r...
Article
Seagrasses are marine angiosperms that form extensive submarine meadows in the photic zone where carbonate producing biota dwell as epiphytes on the leaves or as infaunal forms, and act as prolific carbonate sediment factories. Because seagrasses have a low preservation potential and records of exceptionally well‐preserved and plant material from m...
Article
The drowning of carbonate platforms is a fascinating topic because it may be induced by several concomitant factors. A key setting to investigate carbonate platform drowning is a foreland basin. The Nummulitic Limestone ramp developed in the foreland of the western Alps during the Bartonian, while the Lithothamnion and Bryozoan Limestone ramp depos...
Chapter
Full-text available
The intra-conference field trip IM6 is centered on the physical/biological significance of the Sabellaria alveolata reefs in the intertidal and subtidal environments. Along the coastal area of Torre Caldara (Tyrrhenian Sea, Latium coastal area, about 60 km S of Rome, Central Italy), stunning bioconstructions of S. alveolata can be examinated in the...
Article
The Eocene-Oligocene Transition is a key interval in the evolution of the modern climate, representing the last greenhouse-icehouse transition faced by the Earth. Shallow-water carbonate systems hold essential information of the global changes related to the E-O Transition. In this work, we focus on the Majella Mountain carbonate ramp to identify t...
Article
Heavy oil and bitumens have been exploited in Italy during the past, in particular over the Maiella Mountain's northwest flank (Central Italy), where relatively undeformed, hydrocarbon-bearing carbonate-ramp reservoirs of the Bolognano Formation crop out. These reservoirs represent the exhumed analog of a wider petroleum system that has been invest...
Article
The aim of this work is to reproduce a metre-scale facies heterogeneity 3D model of the Chattian Porto Badisco Calcarenite carbonate ramp outcropping in the Salento Peninsula (southern Italy). However, in shallow-water carbonate systems, capturing metre-scale facies heterogeneity in three-dimensional models remains controversial due to the possibil...
Article
The Eocene-Oligocene transition marks a fundamental step in the evolution of the modern climate. This climate change and the consequent major oceanic reorganisation affected the global carbon cycle, whose dynamics across this crucial interval are far from being clearly understood. In this work, the upper Eocene to lower Oligocene δ13CCarb and δ13CT...
Article
Full-text available
The Miocene is a key interval in the geodynamic and oceanographic evolution of the Mediterranean marking the transition from a wide open basin to the modern closed basin. We used the Sr and Nd isotope records of two Miocene carbonate successions in the Adriatic to document that the evolution of the Mediterranean Basin controlled its seawater chemis...
Article
Full-text available
We would like to acknowledge Macreadie et al. (2017) for their interest in clarifying some key points on the processes involved in the balance of CO2 exerted by the seagrass ecosystems during the Cenozoic. However, their criticisms seem to be based on some misunderstandings regarding the biocalcification processes. So we take this opportunity to ma...
Chapter
During the Oligocene, extensive carbonate platforms developed in the central Mediterranean. These areas were colonized by different organisms, being the coralline algae one of the most important contributors to the carbonate production. Red algae produced sediments in shallow seagrass environments, however dominate the mesophotic and oligophotic zo...
Article
Sedimentary facies of seven Posidonia oceanica meadows of western Mediterranean Sea were investigated. Five meadows are located in the Tyrrhenian coast, two are placed in the western coast of Sardinia and Corsica. These meadows develop on soft and hard substrates, often forming “mattes”, in areas characterized by different oceanography, morphology,...
Article
The Latium-Abruzzi carbonate platform constitutes the sedimentary record from the Triassic to the late Miocene of the southern Tethyan margin outcropping in the Apennines. This sedimentary succession is punctuated by an important hiatus between the end of the Cretaceous and the early Miocene. This Paleogene hiatus has long been interpreted as the r...
Article
The 87Sr/86Sr isotope ratio has been widely used as a physical tool to date and correlate carbonate successions due to the long Sr residence time in comparison with the ocean mixing time. If this method works on oceanic successions, marginal basins may show different Sr isotope records in comparison with the coeval ocean one due to sea-level variat...
Article
The Oligocene-Miocene is a key interval that was characterized by a cooling trend associated with a progressive decrease of atmospheric CO2 concentrations that ends in the Present days.
Article
Full-text available
Marine seagrass angiosperms play an important role in carbon sequestration, removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and binding it as organic matter. Carbon is stored in the plants themselves, but also in the sediments both in inorganic and organic forms. The inorganic component is represented by carbonates produced by calcareous organisms livi...
Article
The middle Miocene is an important time to understand modern global climate evolution and its consequences on marine systems. The Mid-Miocene Climatic Optimum (between 17.0 Ma and13.5 Ma), was the warmest time interval of the past 35 million years during which atmospheric CO2 concentrations were lower than today. In the Mid-Miocene Climatic Optimum...
Article
Full-text available
Rift basins provide important sedimentary archives to reconstruct past tectonic and climatic conditions. Understanding their sedimentary history is, however, largely hampered by the competing influence of tectonic versus climatic forcing. The aim of this study is to comprehend the effects of local to regional tectonic and global climatic/eustatic c...
Article
The sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy of the central Apennine lower Miocene carbonate deposits (Guadagnolo Formation) are the goal of this paper. The Guadagnolo carbonate ramp deposits consist of a thick succession of three main lithofacies: marls, marly limestones and cross-bedded limestones. The lateral and vertical facies distribution, as...
Article
This work illustrates the evolution the Lower Jurassic shallow-water carbonates known as the Calcare Massiccio Formation in the Central Apennines (Italy). The Calcare Massiccio is characterized by lateral and vertical variability in the facies associations, related to an articulated physiography of the Triassic to Lower Jurassic carbonate platform...
Article
In this study, calcareous nannofossils have been used for refining the biostratigraphic classification and chronology of a neritic Paleogene sedimentary succession, outcropping in the Central Apennines (Italy) and belonging to the ,,Santo Spirito Formation". Calcareous nannofossils are typically found in deep-sea sediments, but proved to be consist...
Article
The Lithothamnion Limestone constitutes the uppermost carbonate unit of the Bolognano Formation outcropping in the Majella structure (Central Apennines, Italy). It represents the northern extension of the large Apulia Carbonate Platform and preserves an excellent record of the progressive decay of trophic conditions due to the approach of foredeep...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Heavy oil and bitumen in-situ resources, which provide today a large potential supply of the world's oil resource, have been extracted along the Italian peninsula since historical time, in particular in the Abruzzo Region. We carried out a Quantitative Reservoir Modelling on a partially outcropping and " frozen " Carbonate Oil Field, represented by...
Article
Full-text available
Coral bioconstructions associated with mixed carbonate-siliciclastic settings are known to be strongly controlled by coastal morphology and paleotopography. A striking example is represented by the different types of coral bioconstructions and coral-rich deposits of the Cala di Labra Formation deposited in the coastal environment of the Bonifacio B...
Data
Full-text available
Article
Two stratigraphic sections located in the Latium-Abruzzi (Monte Porchio, Central Apennines, Central Italy) and in the Apulian carbonate platform (S. Cesarea-Torre Tiggiano, Salento, Southern Italy) were measured and sampled to document the sedimentological characteristic and the faunistic assemblages of Middle Eocene seagrass deposits.The faunistic...
Article
Full-text available
The stratigraphic architecture of the Bolognano Formation documents the evolution of the Majella carbonate platform in response to global and local changes that affected the Mediterranean area during the Oligocene–Miocene interval. The Bolognano Formation consists of a homoclinal rampthat developed in a warm, subtropical environment. Five different...
Article
Full-text available
This paper shows the environmental changes and high-frequency cyclicity recorded by Lower Jurassic shallow water carbonates known as the Calcare Massiccio Formation which crop out in the central Apennines of Italy. Three types of sedimentary cycle bounded by subaerial erosion have been recognized: Type I consists of a shallowing upward cycle with o...
Conference Paper
The Oligo-Miocene shallow-water succession outcropping in the Majella Mountain represents a case study for analyzing the sedimentary product from different global e regional events that characterized this time interval, providing that a well-constrained stratigraphic frame is available. With this intent we analyzed a succession belonging to the Bol...
Conference Paper
The Eocene-Oligocene boundary is a key interval for understanding modern climate, since it marks the onset of the Antartica Ice Cap (Lear et al., 2008) and the transition from a greenhouse period to the modern icehouse one. While the response of deep-sea systems has been widely studied, even within the Mediterranean area (Bodiselitsch et al., 2004)...
Conference Paper
This work focuses on the Bartonian to lower Rupelian interval of the Santo Spirito Formation (Danian-Rupelian) outcropping in the northern sector of the Majella Mountain (Central Apennines). In this sector the investigated deposits represent the sedimentation in middle to outer ramp environments. The outer ramp consists of marly, highly bioturbated...
Article
Full-text available
Sedimentary facies and foraminiferal assemblages of sediments sampled into seven Posidonia oceanica meadows from Western Mediterranean Sea were investigated. Six sampling sites are localised in Italy (Maratea, Ponza Island, Santa Marinella, Giglio Island, Osalla and Alghero), and one in France (Argentella, Crovani Bay, Corsica). The role of P. ocea...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sedimentary facies and foraminiferal assemblages of sediments sampled into seven Posidonia oceanica meadows from Western Mediterranean Sea were investigated. Six sampling sites are localised in Italy (Maratea, Ponza Island, Santa Marinella, Giglio Island, Osalla and Alghero), and one in France (Argentella, Crovani Bay, Corsica). The role of P. ocea...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Seagrass produce extensive submarine meadows in the euphotic zone along temperate to tropical coastlines worldwide. Seagrass meadows host a diverse array of organisms dwelling either as epiphytic forms or as infaunal forms. Many of these organisms possess a calcareous skeleton (i.e., echinoids, molluscs, bryozoans, foraminifers, red algae), which c...
Article
Oligocene carbonate ramps and platforms are widespread and though they are important carbonate reservoirs, detailed studies on the facies organization, platform type and internal architecture are scarce. Within this context, the Chattian carbonate units cropping out in Salento (southern Italy) allow detailed study of the distribution of skeletal co...
Article
Full-text available
This work discusses and interprets the factors responsible for the Oligocene–Miocene drowning of the Central Apennine platform deposits, based on facies and stable-isotope analyses of two representative stratigraphic sections. The Mediterranean carbonate platforms were affected during the Oligocene–Miocene boundary by a carbonate production crisis...