Marco Almada

Marco Almada
European University Institute | EUI · Department of Law

LLM

About

44
Publications
12,397
Reads
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57
Citations
Citations since 2016
39 Research Items
57 Citations
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Introduction
Marco Almada is a doctoral researcher in Law at the European University Institute, with previous education from the University of São Paulo (LL.B.) and the University of Campinas (Bachelor in Computer Science, Masters in Computer Engineering). Marco researches the regulation of AI systems, with special attention to the integration between legal requirements and the software life cycle processes.
Additional affiliations
September 2014 - January 2015
University of Campinas
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Undergraduate TA for a Introduction to Information Systems class for pre-undergraduate students (PROFIS), designing coursework material for the online learning environment and lab activities.
January 2014 - July 2014
University of Campinas
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Undergraduate TA for the Algorithms and Data Structures class, teaching lab sections and designing assignments for students.
February 2013 - July 2013
University of Campinas
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Undergraduate TA for the Introduction to Probabilistic Models course.
Education
February 2018 - October 2018
University of Campinas
Field of study
  • Computer Engineering
January 2016 - December 2020
University of São Paulo
Field of study
  • Law
February 2010 - January 2015
University of Campinas
Field of study
  • Computer Science

Publications

Publications (44)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Computer simulations of social phenomena are used in academic and non-academic contexts as tools for decision-aiding. By combining social scientific knowledge, computational power, and large data sets, those systems may be involved in decisions that affect people who are not even aware of the existence of a simulation. This paper reviews topics fro...
Preprint
Full-text available
Concerns about “black box” machine learning algorithms have led many data protection laws and regulations to establish a right to human intervention on decision-making supported by artificial intelligence. Such interventions provide data subjects with means to protect their rights, freedoms, and legitimate interests, either as a bare minimum requir...
Chapter
Tax authorities worldwide make extensive use of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies to automate various aspects of their tasks, such as answering taxpayer questions, assessing fraud risk, risk profiling, and auditing (selecting tax inspections). Since this automation has led to concerns about the impact of non-explainable AI systems on taxpay...
Chapter
The words “judicial automation” invoke a broad range of images, ranging from time-saving tools to decision-aiding tools or even quixotic ideas of robot judges. As the development of artificial intelligence technologies expands the range of possible automation, it also raises questions about the extent to which automation is admissible in judicial c...
Chapter
Full-text available
Freie, öffentlichen Meinungsbildung ist das Herzstück der Demokratie. Doch digitale Kommunikation und datengetriebene Kuratierung von Inhalten verändern das der Demokratie eigene Konzept von Öffentlichkeit und erfordern neue gesetzliche Rahmenbedingungen. In diesem Sammelband führen Expert:innen der Rechts- und Politikwissenschaften, der Soziologie...
Conference Paper
Stop me if you have heard this one before: the increased social relevance of information and communication technologies (ICT) raises human rights concerns and requires special attention from human rights scholarship and practice. This paper does not intend to mock the growing body of literature that deals with such critical issues; instead, it cont...
Article
Full-text available
O desenvolvimento de tecnologias de inteligência artificial é relevante para o Direito por duas razões distintas, mas relacionadas. De um lado, a adoção de tecnologias inteligentes em aplicações no setor público e privado, em especial em contextos de tomada de decisão automatizada, atrai demandas regulatórias para o surgimento de um Direito da inte...
Conference Paper
Algorithms occupy a central place in the current debates on the ethics of computing. The term “algorithm”, however, is used to refer both to specific socio-technical systems and to the logical abstractions at the heart of these systems, and this ambiguity can mislead analyses of the ethical impact of real-world applications of AI systems. In this p...
Thesis
Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies play various roles in modern life. Some applications of these systems, such as the chatbots used for customer support, are directly visible to the public, while other applica-tions, such as fraud detection systems, remain hidden but are part of soci-ety’s technical infrastructure. Given the broad range of p...
Chapter
Inteligência artificial (IA) é uma tecnologia cada vez mais frequente no campo da saúde. Com os recentes avanços das metodologias e técnicas de extração, armazenamento e processamento de dados, sistemas inteligentes são hoje aplicadas em diversas tarefas, abrangendo desde chatbots capazes de fornecer informações1 a pacientes até sistemas robóticos...
Preprint
Full-text available
Artificial intelligence techniques have been used to automate various procedures in modern life, ranging from ludic applications to substantial decisions about the lives of individuals and groups. Given the variety of automat-ed decision-making applications and the different forms in which decisions may harm humans, the law has struggled to provide...
Article
• Ongoing research projects, among them the Brazilian SPIRA and SoundCov initiatives, seek to diagnose Covid-19 and severe respiratory insufficiency through the analysis of voice recordings. • The voice recordings may also be used to infer information about various personal traits, including some considered as sensitive by data protection law. •...
Thesis
Full-text available
Automated decision-making systems are becoming increasingly common in various public and private sector applications. Since many of the decisions made by such systems rely on personal data as input or generate outputs that can be associated to natural persons, the General Data Protection Law (LGPD) introduces specific rules for governing decision-m...
Preprint
O presente ensaio tem como objeto a Corporação CHOAM, empresa que ocupa papel importante no mundo da franquia de ficção científica Duna. Esta companhia é tida como uma das mais valiosas na ficção, e a descrição oferecida nos livros de sua estrutura e de suas práticas de mercado nos permite traçar paralelos com a organização do direito societário, o...
Preprint
Full-text available
O presente texto versa sobre o processo de transformação do Direito Internacional Público no período posterior à Segunda Guerra Mundial, marcado por desenvolvimentos geopolíticos como a descolonização e a transnacionalização de grupos econômicos, que tiveram impactos nas instituições e na prática do Direito Internacional. De forma a permitir alguma...
Preprint
Full-text available
Resumo Trabalho submetido como parte da avaliação da disciplina Lógica I (FLF0258), ministrada pelo prof. Edelcio Gonçalves de Souza no primeiro semestre de 2020. Este breve ensaio tem por objeto a relação entre dois dos princípios associados à lógica clássica: o princípio da contradição (ou não-contradição) e o princípio do terceiro excluído. A pr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Many scientific domains use computer simulations as investigative tools (Winsberg 2010). This use presupposes that analysing the results of a simulation can directly or indirectly tell us something about the system represented by that simulation. But what, if anything, validates the inferences drawn from computer simulations? This question can be a...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper was originally thought as a brief chapter for a book in Portuguese, meant to introduce a generalist audience to ethical issues in data processing. It briefly mentions the relationship between ethics and data protection law, the issue of how to perceive the ethical ramifications of software processing, and some techniques for incorporatin...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper, currently available only in Portuguese, analyses the models of neurons used as building blocks within artificial neural networks. This draft provides a preliminary look into how artificial neurons can be understood as representational models of their biological inspiration, with the goals of providing support for a future reconstruction...
Preprint
A Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados Pessoais (LGPD) estabelece no caput do artigo 20 que o titular de dados tem direito a solicitar revisão de decisões automatizadas que afetem seus interesses. Na redação original da lei, havia a previsão expressa de que esta revisão deveria ser efetuada por pessoa natural, mas tal exigência foi posteriormente elimina...
Preprint
Full-text available
Artificial Intelligence-based systems capable of making decisions, with or without human involvement, are an ever more common element on the lives of people, many times without their knowledge. To allow the people affected by automated decision-making to contest those decisions that affect their rights and legitimate interests, regulatory proposals...
Presentation
Full-text available
Artificial Intelligence-based systems capable of making decisions, with or without human involvement, are an ever more common element on the lives of people, many times without their knowledge. To allow the people affected by automated decision-making to contest those decisions that affect their rights and legitimate interests, regulatory proposals...
Article
Full-text available
Systems based on artificial intelligence techniques are more and more important for the modern information society. Uses of artificial intelligence may violate rights of their users or of third parties, but the application of civil liability rules is complicated by the complexity of the relevant technical objects. Based on an analysis of the proces...
Conference Paper
Concerns about "black box" machine learning algorithms have influenced why modern data protection laws and regulations on their establishment of a right to human intervention on decision-making supported by artificial intelligence. Such interventions provide data subjects with means to protect their rights, freedoms, and legitimate interests, eithe...
Chapter
Full-text available
An English translation of the second chapter of my Master's thesis about the simulation of social phenomena. In this chapter, I argue that simulations are better understood as a sort of opaque thought experiment that can run on scales that are larger than the ones usually available to human cognition, and that simulation can be useful as a source o...
Presentation
Full-text available
A brief presentation, in Portuguese, about the current state of AI technology and its implications for legal practice and the social relations regulated by law.
Thesis
Full-text available
Computer simulations are used inside and outside of academia for modeling social phenomena. Still, there is a lack of specific discussion on the theoretical underpinnings of applying simulation to domains such as law, sociology, or management, as the academic literature on social simulation focuses on methodological questions, opening space to the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Technologies based in machine learning and artificial technology play a growing role in modern societies, altering existing social dynamics or even introducing new modes of interpersonal interaction. Those changes become relevant for legal philosophy as they transform social relations that are regulated by law or the ways in which legal systems fun...
Presentation
Full-text available
Slides for the conference paper "Ethical design of social simulations", also available on this profile.
Poster
Full-text available
Computer simulations of social phenomena are used in academic and non-academic contexts as tools for decision-aiding. By combining social scientific knowledge, computational power, and large data sets, those systems may be involved in decisions that affect people who are not even aware of the existence of a simulation. This poster presents a checkl...
Presentation
Full-text available
This presentation, made for graduate students in Electrical Engineering, presents an overview of the current literature on the nature and epistemic status of computer simulations, and anticipates some of the arguments that I develop on my M. Sc. thesis.
Preprint
Full-text available
Esboço sobre a questão da cientificidade do direito, discutida a partir da tópica de Theodor Viehweg e das modernas concepções de ciência.
Preprint
Full-text available
Armed conflicts between nation-states are an important topic in International Relations, with deep political, economical and social impacts. This work attempts to predict the result of armed conflicts by using a Support Vector Machine (SVM) on a data set about militarized interstate disputes, using information about the conflict itself but not abou...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper presents a short introduction of the uses of agent-based modelling on the study of problems in social science. As an example of the applications of evolutionary computing to such an endeavor, the paper analyzes the results obtained from the implementation of a variant of Epstein and Axtell's Sugarscape, discussing the changes that result...
Preprint
Full-text available
Códigos de Autenticação de Mensagem (MACs) são utilizados para ga-rantir a integridade de mensagens enviadas em um canal inseguro. Uma construção bem difundida de MACs é a HMAC, que utiliza funções de re-sumo para a geração de códigos de autenticação. Como o HMAC envolve o uso de uma chave compartilhada apenas entre as partes da comunicação como pa...
Article
Full-text available
This essay approaches the relationship between the Armed Forces and the environment, taking into account both the environmental impact of military operations and the environmentally-motivated changes in strategic calculi. Some environmental and occupational hazards of military activities are presented, followed by an analysis of some environmental...
Poster
Full-text available
O projeto explorou desdobramentos recentes na Teoria de Fluxos Inteiros: o artigo de Fan e Zhou fornece uma caracterização para a existência de 3-fluxos em grafos simples em função da soma de graus de vértices adjacentes. Já a demonstração de D.H. Younger e R. B. Richter para o Teorema de Grötzsch demonstra um caso particular da Conjectura dos 3-Fl...

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