Marco Abbiati

Marco Abbiati
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Italy

PhD in Environmental Sciences (Marine Science)

About

159
Publications
35,807
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
4,742
Citations
Citations since 2017
47 Research Items
2111 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
Introduction
Marco Abbiati currently works at the Department of Cultural Heritage DBC, University of Bologna. Marco does research in Ecology, Evolutionary Biology and Marine Biology.
Additional affiliations
November 1998 - present
University of Bologna
Position
  • Professor (Full)
January 1991 - November 1998
Università di Pisa
Position
  • Project Manager
Description
  • After the PhD and 1-year post doc at the Biology Dept - Univ. of Oslo, the Univ. of Pisa employed me as research manager. I was leading the lab of population genetics of marine invertebrates, and collaborating with the lab of benthic and algal ecology.

Publications

Publications (159)
Preprint
The ability to gather genetic information from organisms obtained directly from environmental samples is crucial to determine biodiversity baselines and understanding population dynamics in the marine realm. While DNA metabarcoding is effective in evaluating biodiversity at community level, genetic patterns within species are often concealed in met...
Article
Full-text available
The by-the-wind sailor Velella velella is a cosmopolitan, pleustonic colonial hydrozoan, common in the Mediterranean Sea. It forms offshore aggregations that occasionally strand on the coasts, following strong wind conditions. Colonies are frequently discovered around Janthina pallida Janthina pallida, a pleustonic gastropod that feeds on them and...
Article
Savalia savaglia is an Atlantic-Mediterranean zoantharian species with a patchy geographic and bathymetric distribution. Due to its longevity, S. savaglia may form large-sized colonies which play a crucial role in the ecosystem as habitat formers. Despite its ecological importance, little is known about the population structure and intraspecific ge...
Article
Full-text available
The northern Adriatic continental shelf hosts several coralligenous reefs rising from the sedimentary bottom and characterized by three main benthic assemblages, respectively, dominated by algal turfs, encrusting calcareous rhodophyte (ECRs) or erect sponges. Bioconstruction and bioerosion processes have been investigated using recruitment traverti...
Article
Full-text available
A sediment bypassing plant based on innovative jet pump, ejectors, has been tested in the first-of-a-kind demo application at the harbor of Cervia (Italy, Northern Adriatic Sea). The ejector is a jet pump aimed to reduce sediment accumulation in navigation channels and coastal areas. Herein we present results of the first study assessing the potent...
Article
Full-text available
Marine biodiversity underpins ecosystem health and societal well-being. Preservation of biodiversity hotspots is a global challenge. Molecular tools, like DNA barcoding and metabarcoding, hold great potential for biodiversity monitoring, possibly outperforming more traditional taxonomic methods. However, metabarcoding-based biodiversity assessments...
Article
Full-text available
Oyster shells are substratum for different epibiontic and endobiontic organisms, including pests and parasites. Rocellaria dubia is endolithic and facultative tube-dwelling bivalve, boring in different calcareous substrates, including the shells of bivalves. In 2020, R. dubia was found as endolithic in the shells of the Pacific oyster Magalana giga...
Article
Full-text available
Antipathella subpinnata (Ellis and Solander 1786) is one of the most frequently observed black corals at mesophotic depths (60–200 m) of the Mediterranean Sea, particularly in the northwestern part of the basin, where its populations can reach high densities and create forest-like aggregations, both along the coast and in offshore locations such as...
Article
Full-text available
In June 2019, the research team of the LIFE MARINAPLAN PLUS project began operating the first-of-a-kind demonstration plant installation at the harbour entrance of Marina di Cervia (Italy). Fulfilling the project’s objective to apply at industrial scale a reliable technology for the sustainable management of sediment in marine infrastructures, this...
Article
Full-text available
Citizen science (CS) projects may provide community-based ecosystem monitoring, expanding our ability to collect data across space and time. However, the data from CS are often not effectively integrated into institutional monitoring programs and decision-making processes, especially in marine conservation. This limitation is partially due to diffi...
Article
• Explorations of the Mediterranean deep sea using remotely operated vehicles have shown that the sea bed hosts rich habitats, supporting high biodiversity. However, there have been only a few studies dealing with the southern part of the basin, leading to limited protection and conservation efforts in this area. • This study aimed to explore the s...
Article
Full-text available
UN PROGETTO DI RICERCA CONDOTTO DA PRIVATI E UNIVERSITÀ HA INSTALLATO IL PRIMO IMPIANTO A EIETTORI IN SCALA INDUSTRIALE PRESSO IL PORTO TURISTICO DI CERVIA (RA). LA TECNICA MANUTENTIVA È VALUTABILE COME PIÙ SOSTENIBILE DA UN PUNTO DI VISTA AMBIENTALE RISPETTO AL DRAGAGGIO DEI FONDALI, INTERVENTO PIÙ COSTOSO E INVASIVO.
Article
Abstract Aim: Topographic complexity is widely accepted as a key driver of biodiversity, but at the patch-scale, complexity–biodiversity relationships may vary spatially and temporally according to the environmental stressors complexity mitigates, and the species richness and identity of potential colonists. Using a manipulative experiment, we asse...
Article
Full-text available
Coralligenous assemblages are among the most species-rich and vulnerable habitats of the Mediterranean Sea. Nevertheless, data on connectivity patterns on species inhabiting these habitats, crucial to define management and protection priorities, are largely lacking. Moreover, unreliable species-level taxonomy can confound ecological studies and mis...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The paper aims to show the preliminary monitoring and field test results of the innovative technology tested in the framework of the MARINAPLAN PLUS LIFE project for sustainable management of sediment in harbour areas. The technology is based on a patented jet pump that will be able to keep the seabed at a certain level over the time throug...
Article
In this research, we report the presence of two ciliate protozoans of the subclass Peritrichia, Cothurnia amphicteis and C. peloscolicis, as epibionts on the chaetae of scaled polychaetes Malmgrenia lilianae, M. andreapolis (fam. Polynoidae) and Sthenelais boa (fam. Sigalionidae), from the north Adriatic (Mediterranean Sea). Both ciliate species ar...
Article
In this research, we report the presence of two ciliate protozoans of the subclass Peritrichia, Cothurnia amphicteis and C. peloscolicis, as epibionts on the chaetae of scaled polychaetes Malmgrenia lilianae, M. andreapolis (fam. Polynoidae) and Sthenelais boa (fam. Sigalionidae), from the north Adriatic (Mediterranean Sea). Both ciliate species ar...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Marine bioconstructions such as coralligenous formations are hotspot of biodiversity and play a relevant ecological role in the preservation of biodiversity by providing carbon regulation, protection and nursery areas for several marine species. For this reason, the European Union Habitat Directive included them among priority habitats to be pr...
Article
Gorgonians play an important structural and functional role promoting high diversity and biomass of associated fauna. Up to now, studies on gorgonian ecology in the Mediterranean Sea have been focused mainly on the SCUBA diving depth range. Although increased availability of remotely operated vehicles allowed access to the deeper areas, gorgonian a...
Article
The Adriatic Sea is an important foraging area for the loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta. Due to the increase of anthropogenic impacts, a growing number of individuals are captured as by-catch, found stranded or drifting at sea. Turtles mortality within the Adriatic Sea can affect Mediterranean populations, increasing the risk of losing genetic div...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Healthy coralligenous habitats may host dense populations of gorgonians, like Paramuricea clavata and Eunicella cavolini that build marine animal forests. According to recent studies, these forests appeared able to increase the resilience of coralligenous habitats and to enhance the structural complexity and bioconstruction processes. They are also...
Article
The Northeast Atlantic (NEA) is an important and complex biogeographic region with a very rich marine fauna. However, little is known about the role of the Macaronesian islands in the evolutionary history and diversification of marine invertebrates in the NEA. Among the amphipods, the members of the family Hyalidae are particularly common and abund...
Article
Marine bioconstructions are biodiversity-rich, three-dimensional biogenic structures, regulating key ecological functions of benthic ecosystems worldwide. Tropical coral reefs are outstanding for their beauty, diversity and complexity, but analogous types of bioconstructions are also present in temperate seas. The main bioconstructions in the Medit...
Article
Full-text available
Mediterranean gorgonian forests are species-rich habitats, and like many other marine habitats they are threatened by anthropogenic disturbances and mass mortality events. These mortality events have often been linked to anomalies in the temperature profiles of the Mediterranean region. On 5 September 2017, colonies of the gorgonians Eunicella sing...
Article
Full-text available
• In the Mediterranean Sea, dense populations of the gorgonian Paramuricea clavata shape marine animal forests, characterizing the seascapes of coralligenous habitats. Despite concerns for its health, with several anthropogenic threats and recent mass mortality events, mainly triggered by thermal anomalies, the understorey of its forests and the ec...
Chapter
Marine bioconstructions are biodiversity-rich, three-dimensional biogenic structures, regulating key ecological functions of benthic ecosystems worldwide. Tropical coral reefs are outstanding for their beauty, diversity and complexity, but analogous types of bioconstructions are also present in temperate seas. The main bioconstructions in the Medit...
Article
Full-text available
• Climate‐induced threats are increasingly affecting marine populations worldwide. In the last few decades, several gorgonian species have been affected by mass mortality events in the north‐west Mediterranean, putatively linked to local sea temperature increases during heatwaves. For many benthic sessile species, recovery after disturbances depend...
Article
Full-text available
Background. Larval settlement and intra-specific interactions during the recruitment phase are crucial in determining the distribution and density of sessile marine popu- lations. Marine caves are confined and stable habitats. As such, they provide a natural laboratory to study the settlement and recruitment processes in sessile invertebrates, incl...
Data
Graph showing the values of ΔK (Delta K) along the different K values
Data
Bar plot of Structure from K = 1 to K = 10
Data
Complete dataset Genotype of each individual, position of each individual on the tile, identification as juvenile or recruit, n. of polyps, diameter, height.
Data
Bayesian information criteria values for increasing values of K using DAPC
Article
Full-text available
Conservation of coastal habitats is a global issue, yet biogenic reefs in temperate regions have received very little attention. They have a broad geographic distribution and are a key habitat in marine ecosystems impacted by human activities. In the Mediterranean Sea coralligenous reefs are biodiversity hot spots and are classified as sensitive ha...
Article
Aim The Mediterranean Sea is a biodiversity hotspot, hosting a wide variety of habitats and organisms resulting from its complex past history and present‐day processes. Although several biogeographical areas are defined within the Mediterranean Sea, a comprehensive description of the main connectivity patterns among these areas is still lacking. In...
Article
Gorgonian corals play a structural role in temperate and tropical biogenic reefs, forming animal forests and creating biodiversity hot spots. In the Mediterranean Sea, slow-growing and long-lived gorgonian species are threatened by human disturbances and global environmental changes and concern about their conservation is rising. Alkaloid metabolit...
Chapter
Recent explorations of rocky habitats from 40 to about 6,000 m depth disclosed the role of gorgonian and scleractinian corals as habitat formers in tropical, temperate, and polar deep waters. Deep biogenic habitats host high species richness and complexity and their conservation requires a profound understanding of biological and ecological feature...
Article
Full-text available
The Manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum, introduced in the Venice lagoons in 1983 and rapidly spread to the nearby coastal lagoons represents one of the most important commercially- exploited resources of this area. Abundance, size-class and biomass distribution of the wild population living in the Pialassa Baiona lagoon were assessed and related...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The report includes and examines the list of taxonomists from IAMC (Institute for Coastal Marine Environment), IGG (Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources), ISE (Institute of Ecosystem Study), and ISMAR (Institute of Marine Sciences), who responded to the Taxonomy Census 2016, their scientific publications and the number of taxa described new...
Article
Full-text available
The precious octocoral Corallium rubrum has a long history of exploitation in the Mediterranean Sea. Historically, harvesting followed the “boom and bust” cycles whereby newly discovered beds were overexploited to depletion. In the past, most of the red coral harvesting came form France, Italy, and Spain. Today, landing data show that Tunisia is th...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous coralligenous rocky outcrops occur in the northern Adriatic Sea between 10 and 40 m in depth. Epibenthic assemblages were investigated on rocky outcrops scattered through an area of about 500 km2 offshore of Chioggia and Venice. Spatial distribution and temporal variation of epibenthic assemblages were annually studied by photographic samp...
Data
Examples of colonisation succession on travertine tiles at each study site. (PDF)
Data
Complete dataset with percent cover of sessile organisms and number of siphonal tubes of Rocellaria dubia per tile, adjusted to the total readable area of each image. (XLSX)
Chapter
Precious corals encompass various species belonging to three different orders (Alcyonacea, Zoanthidea and Antipatharia) of the Anthozoan class. These sessile cnidarians are one of the most valuable marine resources due to the use of their skeleton for jewelry and handcrafted artifacts. The exploitation of precious corals beds generally follows a bo...
Chapter
Among Mediterranean cnidarians, the octocoral Corallium rubrum is the most harvested species, mostly owing to the exploitation of its red skeleton for jewellery purposes. Red coral colonies can be found on vertical cliffs, in caves and in crevices from 20 to 100 m depths. Red coral also occurs in deeper water where it dwells on scattered boulders,...
Article
Full-text available
Gorgonian species show a high morphological variability in relation to the environment in which they live. In coastal areas, parameters such as temperature, light, currents, and food availability vary significantly with depth, potentially affecting morphology of the colonies and the structure of the populations, as well as their connectivity patter...
Data
Microsatellite data set. The allele sizes in 6 loci studied in 13 E. singularis populations. (XLS)
Data
Materials and Methods and Results. DNA extraction of the Eunicella species and PCR amplification of the three mitochondrial markers and their genetic variability. (DOCX)
Data
Pairwise genetic p distance among Eunicella species. Pairwise genetic p distance (Dp) among Eunicella species including the sampled populations of Eunicella singularis. (DOCX)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the Mediterranean biogenic habitat built by coralline algae (orders Corallinales, Hapalidiales and Sporolithales) show a great diversity and a large bathymetric extent. The genus Lithophyllum is the most species-diverse coralline genus and plays a key role in the formation of extensive bioconstructions, as the coralligenous concretions in the ci...
Chapter
Recent explorations of rocky habitats from 40 to about 6,000 m depth disclosed the role of gorgonian and scleractinian corals as habitat formers in tropical, temperate, and polar deep waters. Deep biogenic habitats host high species richness and complexity and their conservation requires a profound understanding of biological and ecological feature...
Article
Deep-sea reef-building corals are among the most conspicuous invertebrates inhabiting the hard-bottom habitats worldwide and are particularly susceptible to human threats. The precious red coral (Corallium rubrum, L. 1758) has a wide bathymetric distribution, from shallow up to 800 m depth, and represents a key species in the Mediterranean mesophot...
Conference Paper
Understanding the spatial patterns of species and genetic diversity has been one of the main focuses in ecology. It is important to explore the evolutionary processes related to the origin of a species, and the factors influencing its genetic structure. The use of a standard system, like the DNA barcode, can assist in the identification and discrim...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The management of the red coral, Corallium rubrum (L.), is an international issue still lacking of an effective solution in the Mediterranean Sea. The main goal of this research was the evaluation of the ROV efficiency as a monitoring non-destructive tool in studies concerning the conservation status of the deep red coral populations (living under...
Article
Full-text available
Mediterranean gorgonian forests are threatened by several human activities and are affected by climatic anomalies that have led to mass mortality events in recent decades. The ecological role of these habitats and the possible consequence of their loss are poorly understood. Effects of gorgonians on the recruitment of epibenthic organisms were inve...
Article
Full-text available
Biogeography investigates spatial patterns of species distribution. Discontinuities in species distribution are identified as boundaries between biogeographic areas. Do these boundaries affect genetic connectivity? To address this question, a multifactorial hierarchical sampling design, across three of the major marine biogeographic boundaries in t...
Data
Biogeography investigates spatial patterns of species distribution. Discontinuities in species distribution are identified as boundaries between biogeographic areas. Do these boundaries affect genetic connectivity? To address this question, a multifactorial hierarchical sampling design, across three of the major marine biogeographic boundaries in t...
Article
Coastal defence structures are proliferating as a result of rising sea levels and stormier seas. With the realisation that most coastal infrastructure cannot be lost or removed, research is required into ways that coastal defence structures can be built to meet engineering requirements, whilst also providing relevant ecosystem services—so-called ec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Northern Adriatic subtidal biogenic reefs host a large population of Geodia cydonium showing heterogeneous distribution with patches of high densities and large mean sizes. Its optimal distance from the coast, in terms of bio-volume, was 4-5 nm. The growth rate in diameter of G. cydonium has been estimated in 25.60 ± 11.15 % year-1 (± s.e.). Despit...