Marcin Pietrzykowski

Marcin Pietrzykowski
University of Agriculture in Krakow | UR · Department of Forest Ecology and Reclamation

Ph.D., Ds.C., Professor

About

134
Publications
25,250
Reads
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1,642
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2016 - present
University of Agriculture in Krakow
Position
  • Professor
September 2013 - March 2014
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Position
  • Visiting Professor, Fulbright Scholar
Description
  • Visiting Professor, Fulbright Scholar (Advanced research grant avard 2013-2014)
October 1999 - August 2013
University of Agriculture in Krakow
Position
  • Associate Professor of Forest Ecology and Forest Land Reclamation

Publications

Publications (134)
Article
Soil carbon (C) storage affects many ecosystem properties and, consequently, is an important measure of reclamation success in sites where soil develops de novo. In this study, we have used the chronosequence of unreclaimed heaped post-mining sites (16-56 years old) after open cast coal mining near Sokolov (Czechia) in order to study C stock on the...
Preprint
Planted vegetation is considered one of the most important soil-forming factors in the reclamation of degraded post-mining lands for forestry. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of N-fixing tree species and non-N-fixing species on the organic phosphorus (P ) forms in technosols developing from various substrates. Samples were tak...
Article
In this work, we present the effects of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), common birch (Betula pendula Roth), and black alder (Alnus glutinosa Gaertn.) on the carbon (Cstock), nitrogen (Nstock), and phosphorus (Pstock) stocks and stoichiometry in the uppermost soil horizons (Oi + Oe, 0–5 cm) on afforested post-mining sand-pit and post-fire forest s...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to identify changes in the concentrations of elements in fir assimilation organs over the past 30 years in order to assess fir reactions as a bioindicator of changes in the functioning of Central European fir forest ecosystems under conditions of reduced anthropogenic emissions. In particular, we selected the example of th...
Article
The effect of tree species on properties of soils revegetated after serious disturbance may depend on the properties of the soil substrate and type of disturbance. We compared the microbial properties of reclaimed mine soils differing in texture (RMS Sands and RMS Loams, respectively), post-fire (Postfire) soils, and undisturbed natural soils (NAT)...
Article
Full-text available
The roles of different tree species and their impacts are key in assessing the dynamics of soil restoration in afforested post-mining sites. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), which is native to Central Europe and commonly used in afforestation, to that of the non-native black pine (Pinus nigr...
Article
Tree species forming a symbiosis with N-fixing bacteria (N-fixing plants) may alleviate P deficiency in afforested technosols by increasing activities of phosphatases. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of rhizobial and actinorhizal N-fixing tree species and non-N-fixing species on the activity of phosphatases in various technoso...
Article
Full-text available
This work evaluates current mercury (Hg) contamination in Poland, represented by the Hg concentrations in Scots pine foliage. Samples were collected over 295 investigation plots in monitoring grids throughout Poland, from pines aged between 12 and 147 years. Analyses were conducted with consideration of bioclimatic factors and soil properties. Conc...
Chapter
This chapter presents an analysis of current data on the impact of climate change on the biomass of fine roots. World forests store 44% of carbon in biomass, 11% in dead wood and litter, and 45% in soil. As a result of droughts and other extreme weather events, forest growth will be disrupted. It is important to understand the factors that control...
Chapter
The paper presents the impact of climate change on the process of range change and tree species dieback in European conditions. In southern Europe, the tree species range is expected to shrink, in particular in the case of Scots pine and Norway spruce. As a result of global warming, the processes of tree stand disturbance and dieback, especially du...
Article
In Upper Silesia in Poland, coal is still exploited intensively and mine dump reclamation and afforestation are important environmental mitigation activities. In this study, we analysed the survival rate and foliar nutrient (N, P, K, Ca, and Mg) supply status and their quantitative relationships of two-year-old Scots pine, Norway spruce, Common oak...
Article
For this study, we analyzed the increase in fine root biomass under pine, birch, and larch (Pinus sylvestris, Betula pendula, and Larix decidua, respectively) plantings growing in regenerated (postfire sites) and reconstructed (reclaimed mine soils) forest ecosystems. The control sites were located in natural habitats on podzolic soils in managed f...
Article
Many countries are having increased frequency and severity of wildfires, including mega‐fires. The revegetation of post‐fire sites and tree species selection are the most important counteracting measure. In this study, we analyzed the effect of tree species (Scots pine, European larch, common birch) on the C stock, macronutrient content and physico...
Article
Full-text available
The present research investigated the possibility of using PlanetScope imageries and LiDAR point clouds for land cover assessment, especially vegetation mapping, in degraded and reclaimed areas. Studies were carried out on the former sulfur mine of Jeziórko located in Southeast Poland. In total, more than ca. 2000 ha of this mine area were reclaime...
Chapter
The importance of plants in bioindicative assessment of environmental pollution is well known. Mosses and edible mushrooms, especially in the context of human health risk assessment, can be useful, as well. Contaminants generated by human activity and industrial pressure, including heavy metals, entering to the ecosystem by wet and dry deposition a...
Article
An understanding of the structural organisation and chemistry of the cell walls in woody tissues is crucial from the perspective of plant mechanical strength, water transportability, as well as subsequent commercial utilisation of the wood. Poplar trees (Populus sp.), grown on two reclamation substrates (“Humus” and “Sand”) under the extreme soil c...
Article
Full-text available
Intensified vehicular traffic causes increased heavy metal contamination of the environment. We investigated the heavy metal chemistry of soils located under silver fir stands in the vicinity of Poland's S7 roadway. Three sampling sites were located in fir stands in central Poland. Fieldwork included soil sampling of the organic (O) horizon and min...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of sulfur in the environment is an important macroelement for plant growth but becomes harmful in excessive amounts. The previous century saw rising levels of high SO 2 concentrations (stemming from fossil fuel combustion) and wet deposition from acid rain, causing the intensification of forest die-back. Air pollution can be controlled...
Article
Full-text available
Forest soils are the main source of mercury (Hg) in stream water. Stocks of Hg in forest soils are related to several factors, including forest species composition. In this study, the potential source of Hg pollution was a relatively new roadway traversing forested areas. We compared Hg accumulation in soils of two coniferous species: Scots pine (P...
Chapter
Full-text available
Wprowadzanie zautomatyzowanych systemów technologicznych sprzyja wyeliminowaniu ludzi z ciężkich prac w leśnictwie i jest nieuniknione wobec prognozowanych problemów demograficznych i społecznych, które prowadzą do trudności przy zatrudnianiu nisko wykwalifikowanych robotników i do wzrastających kosztów takich działań. Wspomniana automatyzacja wpis...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores how the chemistry of the Wilga River is affected by the sedimentation ponds at the former Soda “Solvay” Plant in Krakow. Despite the revitalization of the sedimentation ponds about 30 years ago, the chemistry of the samples was characterized by high EC (from 845 to 3000 µS cm−1), high concentration of Cl− (up to 800 mg L−1), Ca...
Chapter
High levels of heavy metals can lead to multiple toxic effects in plants. They have capability to influence plant growth and development by direct inhibition of molecular, biochemical, and physiological processes or through the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which can inhibit most cellular processes at various levels of metabolism. Pl...
Article
Full-text available
Research highlights: (1) Ecosystem development assessed in an afforested post-mining site. (2) Soil organic carbon (SOC) and total nitrogen (TN) stock reached close to the reference forest site after 25 years of afforestation. (3) Integrated mine soil quality index is developed to assess the reclamation success. Background and Objectives: Estimatio...
Book
Full-text available
Monografia obejmuje aktualne problemy naukowe, badawcze i rozwojowe, podejmowane przez pracowników Katedry Użytkowania Lasu, Inżynierii i Techniki Leśnej Wydziału Leśnego Uniwersytetu Rolniczego im. Hugona Kołłątaja w Krakowie.
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the contents of selected heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Cd, Pb, Cr, and Ni) and macroelements (C, N, K, P, S, Mg, Na, and Ca) were measured in wild mushrooms growing in a heavily polluted forest ecosystem in the northeastern part of the Upper Silesian Industrial Region. The research was conducted on 10 species of mushrooms belonging to three...
Article
Alders, as an N-fixing species, are widely used as a phytomelioration species at post-industrial sites. The paper presents the effects of litter decomposition of different alder species-black alder, gray alder, and green alder-on changes to the soil solution chemistry of Technosols developed from two types of substrates: lignite combustion waste an...
Article
Full-text available
Certain parts of global forests show elevated concentrations of trace elements as a result of industry processes, places such as wood depots and plant protection products, which together degrade the forest environment. This paper examines a timber depot that used wood preservatives in World War II located in the Warcino Forest Inspectorate (Poland)...
Article
Full-text available
N-fixing tree species, such as black locust, have achieved very promising results in the reclamation of technosols, especially those at combustion waste disposal sites, which have extremely poor nutrients and adverse physicochemical parameters. This paper presents an assessment of the survival rates, growth parameters, and quality and vitality of a...
Article
Full-text available
Combustion waste landfills are unfavorable for revegetation due to nitrogen deficiency, and therefore, the introduction of nitrogen-fixing organisms, such as alder species (Alnus sp.), may be promising for reclamation and restoration of these sites. We investigated the carbon and macronutrient stocks in the combustion waste technosols and biomass o...
Book
https://www.elsevier.com/books/climate-change-and-soil-interactions/prasad/978-0-12-818032-7
Article
The current air pollution by SO2 due to anthropogenic pressure in Poland was assessed based on sulfur concentrations in pine needles (Pinus sylvestris L.). On 308 monitoring sample plots located in pine stands distributed across Poland, measurements were conducted in mineral soil layers (0-10 cm, 10-40 cm, 40-100 cm) and in the soil organic layer (...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the possibility of using fusion Sentinel-2 imageries (2016, ESA) and light detection and ranging (LiDAR) point clouds for the automation of land cover mapping with a primary focus on detecting and monitoring afforested areas and deriving precise information about the spatial (2D and 3D) characteristics of vegetation for recl...
Article
Full-text available
This research estimates carbon sink and allocation in above- and below-ground biomass of a 12-year-old willow coppice plantation on fluvisol soil near the Vistula River (southern Poland). The plantation showed high C sink potential and sequestration rates. C sequestration by above-ground biomass was estimated at 10.8 Mg C ha⁻¹ a⁻¹. Accumulation in...
Article
Full-text available
In the study, we have analysed the impact of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr) and copper (Cu) on fine root biomass and the associated level of bioacumulation heavy metals in fine roots under alder plantings (Alnus incana, A. glutinosa and A. viridis) growing on technosols developed from combustion wastes and extremely poor quaternary sands ex...
Article
Various alder species may be used in the reforestation of post-mining barrens in order to supply developing mine soils with nitrogen, increase their organic matter content and biological activity. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of green alder (Alnus viridis) and black alder (Alnus glutinosa) on chemical and microbiological pr...
Article
Full-text available
Combustion of fossil fuels including coal is one of the sources of mercury pollution. Combustion waste from fly ash disposal sites poses a problem for the environment and constitutes a potential source of Hg, thus phytostabilisation is a crucial goal in the mitigation of fossil fuel impact. The paper presents mercury (Hg) concentration in technosol...
Article
The aim of the study was to determine quality of wood of 40-year old poplar cultivars introduced onto the external spoil dump of the Belchatow Field and subjected to various reclamation systems. The research was carried out on the 1/78 trial plot located on the northern slope of the external spoil dump of the Belchatow Field (central Poland). The d...
Article
Full-text available
Post-mining landscapes are examples of large-scale disturbances to ecosystems, and reclamation is of worldwide interest and concern. In central and eastern Europe, coal still plays a key role in the energy mix. In particular, open strip mining strongly influences the disturbance to the Earth's surface and hydrological conditions. Large portions of...
Poster
Full-text available
In the countries of Western Europe, Scandinavia and Canada, forest nurseries using the covered root system method (ball-planted seedlings), and then nurseries using containers, have appeared primarily for economic reasons. This technology allows for higher intensification of production as well as mechanisation and automation of work, which yields m...
Article
Enchytraeids and earthworms were studied in a reclaimed sand mine, at a combustion waste disposal site and in natural forest stands in the Bieszczady Mountains. The study verifies the influence of three alder species (Alnus incana, A. viridis, A. glutinosa), reclaimed mine soil substrates (RMS) and combustion waste (CW) on annelid communities. Eart...
Article
Full-text available
The study was performed on two former sulphur mines located in Southeast Poland: Jeziórko, where 216.5 ha of afforested area was reclaimed after borehole exploitation and Machów, where 871.7 ha of dump area was reclaimed after open cast strip mining. The areas were characterized by its terrain structure and vegetation cover resulting from the recla...
Article
Fine roots play an important role in organic matter accumulation in reclaimed mine soils. However, estimation of the increment of fine root biomass is difficult and none of the existing methods is universal. The paper examined two methods for measurement of fine roots biomass increment (FRBI): i) with using the root-ingrowth core method (RIC) and i...
Article
Editor: Mae Sexauer Gustin This study was performed to test the hypothesis that tree species significantly affects mercury (Hg) sequestration in forest soils. We analyzed the effect of seven dominant tree species (Scots pine, black alder, Norway spruce, silver birch, deciduous oak, silver fir, and European beech on the concentrations and pools of H...
Article
Full-text available
This review on current biotechnological methods in forestry for in vitro tissue cultures to define the effect of stress conditions on trees, concentrates on somatic embryogenesis. Callus tissue, the key product of somatic embryogenesis, grows over a tree wound under ex vitro conditions. Callus tissue can be used in research in areas such as pathoge...
Article
Full-text available
The main objectives of our study were to evaluate soil contamination on a zinc-lead spoil heap in the Upper Silesian Industrial Region in southern Poland using pollution indices, and to investigate the relation between soil properties and the natural succession of vegetation. Organic carbon and nitrogen, pH, soil texture, base cations, and heavy me...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents concentrations and correlations between Zn, Cd and Pb in the aboveground parts of purple moor-grass ( Molinia caerulea L.) in forest soils heavily contaminated with heavy metals around a zinc and lead ore tailing landfill at Mining & Metallurgy Enterprise “Bolesław” SA in Bukowno. Field observations have indicated that purple moo...
Article
Understanding changes in soil chemical and microbial properties under different vegetation types on post-mining sites is an important step in developing management practices to enhance ecosystem functions. Changes in soil carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) stock, pH, bulk density and microbial properties (microbial biomass, respiration and...
Article
Full-text available
A field study was carried out to assess the impact of revegetation on Technosol quality in the post-mining sites (Central Coalfield Limited, India). The study evaluated community structure, biodiversity, Technosol quality, and carbon (C) dynamics in the post-mining ecosystem (PME). The multivariate statistical tool was used to identify the key soil...
Article
This study presents an analysis of the relationships among tree species, the type of mine soil substrate vs. vegetation development and features of plant communities. The study was conducted on two types of afforested mine sites (open strip sulphur and sand pit mine) built from various parential rocks: mixed quaternary sands and Neogene clays (QsNc...
Article
Combustion waste disposal sites typically display unfavourable conditions for revegetation and are nitrogen deficient, therefore the introduction of alders may be promising due to their nitrogen-fixing abilities. We investigated the impact of alder species (Alnus glutinosa, A. incana and A. viridis) after ten years of growth on the physico-chemical...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the work was a comprehensive study of the soils (pH, EC, SOC, NT, ST), surface waters (pH, EC, Ca2+ Mg2+, Na+, NO3−, SO42−, Cl−, HCO3−), and reactions of trees and herbaceous plants in the restored forest ecosystem of a former sulfur mine. Common birch and Scots pine growth reaction, vitality (according to IUFRO standards- International...
Preprint
Sulfur contamination of topsoil, spatial distribution of contamination and surface water chemistry were investigated on an area of over 200 ha of a new forest ecosystem. Common birch and Scots pine growth reaction, vitality and nutrients supply, as well as wood small-reed (Calamagrostis epigejos (L.) Roth) chemical composition were assayed. The che...
Article
Full-text available
Combustion wastes are characterised by extremely low N contents. Therefore, introduction of nitrogen-fixing species at the first stage of their biological reclamation is required. This paper presents an assessment of the growth parameters of alders (Alnus sp.) 10 years after their introduction to a disposal site of lignite combustion waste in Centr...
Article
W pracy omówiono wpływ składu gatunkowego drzewostanów na cechy jakościowe próchnicy glebowej tworzącej się na zrekultywowanym i zalesionym wyrobisku popiaskowym KP Szczakowa. Skład frakcyjny i właściwości optyczne badano na próbkach pobranych z wierzchnich poziomów inicjalnych gleb (0-5 cm) w litych drzewostanach: sosny zwyczajnej, modrzewia europ...
Article
Full-text available
The research was conducted on the external spoil heap of the ‘Piaseczno’ Sulphur Mine (southern Poland). This paper is aimed to compare the selected properties of macrostructure and density of wood of Scots pine trees planted onto the external spoil heap of the mine, in the scope of forest reclamation, depending on the soil substrate and employed r...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of tree litter on soil chemistry leachate and sulfurous substrates of mine soils from former Jeziórko sulfur mine was investigated. Composites were used: soil substrate (less contaminated at mean 5090 mg kg⁻¹ S or high contaminated at 42,500 mg kg⁻¹ S) + birch or pine litter and control substrate (no litter). The composites were rinsed w...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the chapter characterization of the reclamation activity and implementation in the mine industry branches in Poland were presented. The reclaim practice legal grounds and standards in Poland and the resulting splits on various phases of reclamation and development stages were analyzed. The balance of the surface area occupied by the exploitation...
Chapter
Planting vegetation is a common practice for reclamation of mine spoils but can be hindered due to poor physical properties, nutrient deficiency, and the chemically hostile nature of the substrate. Sulfide-bearing minerals (e.g., pyrite) decompose to produce acid conditions when exposed and can result in elevated levels of metals and metalloids. Re...