Marcin Nobis

Marcin Nobis
Jagiellonian University | UJ · Institute of Botany

Professor

About

256
Publications
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2,774
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October 2005 - April 2022
Jagiellonian University
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (256)
Article
Full-text available
The genus Stipa L. comprises over 150 species, all native to the Old World, where they grow in warm temperate regions throughout Europe, Asia, and North Africa. It is one of the largest genera in the family Poaceae in Middle Asia, where one of its diversity hotspots is located. However, identification of Middle Asian Stipa species is difficult beca...
Article
Full-text available
Hybridisation in the wild between closely related species is a common mechanism of speciation in the plant kingdom and, in particular, in the grass family. Here we explore the potential for natural hybridisation in Stipa (one of the largest genera in Poaceae) between genetically distant species at their distribution edges in Mountains of Central As...
Article
Full-text available
Background The proper identification of feather grasses in nature is often limited due to phenotypic variability and high morphological similarity between many species. Among plausible factors influencing this issue are hybridisation and introgression recently detected in the genus. Nonetheless, to date, only a bounded set of taxa have been investi...
Article
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Citation: Nobis M, Krzempek M, Nowak A, Gudkova PD, Klichowska E (2022) Resurrection of Stipa tremula and taxonomy of the high-alpine species from the Stipa purpurea complex (Poaceae, Pooideae). PhytoKeys 196: 21-47. Abstract Stipa purpurea is a high-alpine species that occurs in cryophilous steppes, semi-deserts and stony slopes, from the Tian S...
Article
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In the last decades, biological invasions become the main driver of biodiversity loss. The changes can be noticed not only in the above-ground diversity but also in the underground, including seed banks of native vegetation. In this study, we focus on Rudbeckia laciniata, a species introduced to many European and Asian countries, to characterize it...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Stipa is one of the largest genera of Poaceae. The phylogeny of the genus is still poorly resolved, and one of the main problems is linked to the extensive inter and intrasectional hybridization. Disclosure of hybridization processes is a key to understanding relationships between species within the genus. During a floristic study in feat...
Article
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The search for the Garden of Eden has been going on for centuries. However, no one has yet attempted to associate it with the occurrence of a specific natural type of vegetation. We are also not aware what its current state and chances of survival are. In this work, we try to define the vegetation of Paradise, to visualize its past and predict its...
Article
The Altai Mountains of central Asia are biologically rich and comprise a wide diversity of ecosystems and lineages, including numerous endemic vascular plant species. Here we provide an updated checklist of the endemic vascular flora of the Altai Mountains with more taxa and higher geographic resolution than previously reported, as well as first mo...
Article
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This paper presents the results of research conducted on chasmophytic vegetation occurring within the alpine belt (approx. 1,850–4,000 m a.s.l.) in the eastern part of Middle Asia. We specifically focused on the diversity and syntaxonomy of rock vegetation as well as on environmental variables determining its distribution. Altogether, 242 relevés w...
Article
Grasslands are among the most dynamic and threatened plant communities, largely due to their dependence on management that has changed in recent decades. The intensity of human-induced disturbances (primarily removal of plant biomass by various methods) has decreased, leading to changes in plant species composition and declines in plant diversity i...
Technical Report
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Tajikistan is home to one of the world’s richest flora and harbours up to 4,500 vascular plants. A large part of them, more than 30%, are unique plants that occur exclusively in Tajikistan, nowhere else in the World. They are called endemic plants or simply endemics.
Technical Report
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In times of worldwide decline of biodiversity humans urgently undertake the actions to maintain the diversity of wildlife. Over thousands of years, human has been exploiting Earth’s natural resources, inhabited significant part of the planet’s surface and considerably changed the landscape. Only small areas have not been negatively changed or impac...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The flora of present Tajikistan for millennia has been considered as a cradle of essential economic plant products. This fact has been a common knowledge among ancient trades traveling alongside the Silk Road. Nowadays however, not many people are aware of the impact which Central Asian flora had on human development. Many of plant species which ar...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Олами набототи Тоҷикистони муосир дар тӯли ҳазорсолаҳо гаҳвораи муҳимтарин маҳсулоти растаниҳои хоҷагидорӣ ба ҳисоб мерафт. Ин далел байни ҳамаи тоҷирони қадима, ки бо Роҳи бузурги Абрешим сафар мекарданд, маълум буд. Аммо ҳоло кам касоне ҳастанд, ки доир ба таъсири набототи Осиёи Миёна ба рушди башарият маълумот доранд. Намудҳои зиёди растаниҳое,...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Флора современного Таджикистана на протяжении тысячелетий считалась колыбелью важнейших хозяйственных растительных продуктов. Этот факт был общеизвестным среди древних торговцев, путешествующих по Великому шелковому пути. Однако в настоящее время мало кто осознает влияние, которое флора Центральной Азии оказала на развитие человечества. Многие виды...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we present the first syntaxonomic classification for the thermophilous open wood and scrub vegetation in Tajikistan with some remarks on its environmental gradients. Altogether 143 relevés were sampled between 2014–2021 using the seven-degree cover-abundance scale of Braun-Blanquet. They were classified by the modified TWINSPAN method...
Article
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Józef Warszewicz (1812–1864) was one of the first Polish naturalists to explore the flora of the tropical New World. During two expeditions to Central and South America (1844–1850 and 1850–1853) he collected and delivered to Europe up to twenty thousand plant specimens. To honour his service and his achievements in plant collections, different taxo...
Data
Rubus kaznowskii (Rosaceae), a new bramble species from south-central Poland. Supplementary materials
Article
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Based on field research in south-central Poland, supplemented with a review of herbarium materials, we identified a stable bramble biotype with a range large enough (190 km distance between the outermost stands) to be described as a new regional agamic species, Rubus kaznowskii sp.nov. It belongs to the series Subthyrsoidei(sect. Corylifolii). Alth...
Article
Full-text available
We validate eleven syntaxa (eight associations and three alliances) of tall-forb vegetation that were published earlier as nomina provisoria according to the International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature. The validation concerns syntaxa of tall-forb vegetation of the class Prangetea ulopterae Klein 1987 reported from Pamir-Alai and western T...
Article
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In a period of ongoing climate changes, identifying drivers of overall and endemic species diversity is a key element in constructing new ecological patterns and determining the main goals of conservation. Such studies are especially crucial if they concern biodiversity hotspot areas. In this study, we explore patterns and drivers of plant endemism...
Article
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Przedstawiono historię powstawania naukowych kolekcji okazów przyrodniczych Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego przechowywanych obecnie na Wydziale Biologii (Instytut Botaniki, Instytut Nauk o Środowisku, Instytut Zoologii i Badań Biomedycznych) i w Centrum Edukacji Przyrodniczej oraz obecny stan ich poznania, a także wkład przyrodników mających największ...
Article
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Jagiellonian University in Kraków, was one of the first plant collectors in the tropical regions of Central and South America. From his travels (1844–1850, 1850–1853) he sent and brought to Europe hundreds of previously unknown plants, primarily orchids, in addition to representatives of other families. One of the collected species was Warszewiczia...
Article
Knowledge of species richness patterns in plant communities is biased toward its hidden belowground part and is derived only from the part visible aboveground. Studies on the relationship of the above- to belowground parts of plant communities suffer from the lack of a consistent and uniform approach to assess their taxonomic composition, particula...
Article
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Aims Understanding fine-grain diversity patterns across large spatial extents is fundamental for macroecological research and biodiversity conservation. Using the GrassPlot database, we provide benchmarks of fine-grain richness values of Palaearctic open habitats for vascular plants, bryophytes, lichens and complete vegetation (i.e., the sum of the...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we complete the syntaxonomical scheme for halophytic vegetation and adjoining plant communities of the lowland, montane and alpine zones in the Pamir-Alai and western Tian Shan in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan with some remarks on its environmental predictors. A total of 217 relevés were sampled in 2014–2019 using the seven-degree cover-...
Article
Full-text available
The Eurasian plant Stipa capillata is the most widespread species within feather grasses. Many taxa of the genus are dominants in steppe plant communities and can be used for their classification and in studies related to climate change. Moreover, some species are of economic importance mainly as fodder plants and can be used for soil remediation p...
Article
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The Eragrostis pilosa complex (Poaceae) comprises five widely distributed and regionally invasive species— E. albensis , E. amurensis , E. imberbis , E. multicaulis , and E. pilosa , distinguished by tiny and variable morphological characters and with so far unknown phylogenetic relationships. Recently, some doubts have been raised about the status...
Article
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This paper presents the results of phytosociological research on scree vegetation of the Pamir and south-western Tian Shan. We collected 222 phytosociological relevés during field studies conducted in 2015–2019, applying the Braun-Blanquet approach. We identified 21 plant communities on mobile and stabilized screes of colluvial cones, aprons and fa...
Article
Mountain areas are very often considered to be biodiversity hotspots. Rocks are one of the most unique habitats and serve as a suitable biotope for many endemic and specialized plant species. Here we present the results of the vegetation studies conducted in central and eastern Pamir-Alai and the south-western Tian Shan mountains in 2013‒2019. Base...
Article
Full-text available
The Eragrostis pilosa complex (Poaceae) comprises five widely distributed and regionally invasive species—E. albensis, E. amurensis, E. imberbis, E. multicaulis, and E. pilosa, distinguished by tiny and variable morphological characters and with so far unknown phylogenetic relationships. Recently, some doubts have been raised about the status of an...
Article
Aims To develop the first comprehensive syntaxonomic classification for patchy montane mire and spring vegetation across the Irano‐Turanian phytogeographical region in Iran, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan and to explore the effects of the main environmental and geographic gradients on their distribution. Location Alborz Mountain range (Iran), Pamir‐Ala...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the raising preoccupation, the critical question of how the plant community is composed belowground still remains unresolved, particularly for the conservation priority types of vegetation. The usefulness of metabarcoding analysis of the belowground parts of the plant community is subjected to a considerable bias, that often impedes detecti...
Article
Full-text available
The mainly Australian grass genus Austrostipa (tribe Stipeae) comprising approximately 64 species represents a remarkable example of an evolutionary radiation. To investigate aspects of diversification, macro- and micromorphological variation in this genus, we conducted molecular phylogenetic and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses includin...
Article
Full-text available
Aims : To complete the syntaxonomic scheme for tall-forb vegetation of the montane and alpine belts in the Pamir-Alai and western Tian Shan Mountains in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan with some remarks on its environmental predictors. Study area : Middle Asia: Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Methods : A total of 244 relevés were sampled in 2013–2019 using th...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past two centuries, Altai krai, located in the southeastern part of Western Siberia, has undergone significant transformation as a result of the virgin lands development. The vast even territories of the krai, formerly occupied by steppes dominated by the feather grass, are now almost completely plowed up. Many types of steppe communities,...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of our study was to complete the syntaxonomical scheme for grassland vegetation of the lowland, montane and alpine zones in the Pamir-Alai and western Tian Shan Mts in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan with some remarks on its environmental predictors. A total of 198 relevés were sampled in 2013–2018 using the seven-degree cover-abundance scale of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Hybridisation in the wild between closely related species is a common mechanism of speciation in the plant kingdom and, in particular, in the grass family. Here we show the usefulness of integrative taxonomy as a tool for revealing hybridisation events in Stipa (one of the largest genera in Poaceae). We demonstrate the usage of the classical morpho...
Book
Full-text available
THE PAMIR-ALAI MOUNTAINS are extremely diverse in terms of climate, landscape and habitat conditions. With one of the largest altitudinal amplitudes in the world, long gradients of precipitation and temperatures, different soil substrates and a diverse geology, the Pamir-Alai promotes a great number of plant species and diverse vegetation types. Cu...
Article
Full-text available
Achnatherum на территории Алтайской горной страны. Установлено, что на данной территории род представлен 5 видами. Составлены карты распространения и оригинальный ключ для определе-ния видов рода на территории Алтайской горной страны. Ключевые слова. Алтайская горная страна, злаки, ключ, распространение, таксономия, Achnatherum. Summary. Here we pr...
Data
Supplemental information related to the article "Morphological and genome-wide evidence for natural hybridisation within the genus Stipa (Poaceae)"
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents new records for 39 vascular plant species from eight Eurasian countries. Aniselytron treutleri (Poaceae), Hackelochloa granularis (Poaceae), Melica kozlovii (Poaceae) and Melica nutans (Poaceae) are reported from China; Dichondra micrantha (Convolvulaceae) from Hungary; Orobanche serbica (Orobanchaceae) and Viscum album subsp. au...
Chapter
The Pamir-Alai Mountains are extremely diverse in terms of climate, landscape and habitat conditions. With one of the largest altitudinal amplitudes in the world, long gradients of precipitation and temperatures, different soil substrates and a diverse geology, the Pamir-Alai promotes a great number of plant species and diverse vegetation types. Cu...
Preprint
Full-text available
The mainly Australian grass genus Austrostipa with ca. 64 species represents a remarkable example of an evolutionary radiation. To investigate aspects of diversification, macro- and micromorphological variation in this genus we conducted a molecular phylogenetic and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis including representatives from all of i...
Article
Full-text available
Warszewiczia Klotzsch (1853: 497) is a Neotropical genus of the tribe Condamineeae (Rova et al. 2002, Duncan 2007, Bremer & Eriksson 2009, Kainulainen et al. 2010, Delprete 2019), family Rubiaceae. The genus comprises seven well-distinguished species (Pantoja 1994, Tropicos 1995+) distributed in southern Central America and northern South America (...
Article
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Central Pamir-Alai, which is located almost entirely within the area of Tajikistan, is one of the world hotspots of biodiversity, harbouring ca. 4,300 species and 1,400 endemic plants. The first application of the IUCN Red List criteria reveals that among all native species occurring in Tajikistan 1,627 taxa (38.11%) are threatened, including 23 ex...
Article
A new species from southeastern Poland, named Rubus oklejewiczii Wolanin & M. Nobis, is here described and illustrated. It is pentaploid deciduous plant, with morphological features most typical to the species representing Rubus ser. Rubus. The species is distributed in the northern foreground of the Polish Carpathians and has been observed mostly...
Article
Full-text available
GrassPlot is a collaborative vegetation-plot database organised by the Eurasian Dry Grassland Group (EDGG) and listed in the Global Index of Vegetation-Plot Databases (GIVD ID EU-00-003). Following a previous Long Database Report (Dengler et al. 2018, Phytocoenologia 48, 331–347), we provide here the first update on content and functionality of Gra...
Article
Increasing urbanisation has led to the fragmentation of natural habitats and biodiversity decline. In Central Europe, this fate has befallen semi-natural xerothermic grasslands. However, in the case of species well adapted to open habitats, urbanisation may positively affect dispersal. In many places specialised xerothermic species start to spread...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of different types of indumentum is regarded as a valuable taxonomic trait for describing and differentiating between species in many different families and genera. In Caryophyllaceae, however, this character is sometimes a subject of discussion and scientific conflicts. For instance, within Arenaria serpyllifolia sensu lato (s. l.), t...