Marcin Baranski

Marcin Baranski
Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology | NENCKI · Department of Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology

PhD

About

49
Publications
19,895
Reads
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1,561
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2018 - June 2020
Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW
Position
  • Lecturer
October 2010 - January 2018
Newcastle University
Position
  • Research Associate
June 2010 - February 2017
Newcastle University
Position
  • Research Associate
Education
May 2006 - August 2010
University of Warsaw
Field of study
  • Animal Physiology
September 2002 - June 2004
University of Warsaw
Field of study
  • Animal Physiology

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
The aim of the present study was to determine the concentrations of polyphenols and carotenoids by means of HPLC/UV-Vis in certified organic and non-organic carrots (Daucus carota L.) of two cultivars (Flacoro and Nantejska). The analyzed carrot root samples contained, on average, 4.29 ± 0.83 mg/100g f.w. of carotenoids (mainly β-carotene) and 9.09...
Article
Full-text available
The environmental and biodiversity benefits of organic farming are widely recognized, but there is still controversy about the effects of organic production methods on the nutritional composition of food and human health. In the first part of this article therefore, we critically review the evidence that organic farming methods improve the nutritio...
Article
Background Observational studies have linked pesticide exposure to various diseases, whereas organic food consumption has been associated with positive health outcomes. Organic farming standards prohibit the use of most pesticides, and organic food consumption may therefore reduce pesticide exposure. Objectives To determine the effects of diet (We...
Article
Full-text available
Organic agriculture is considered one of the elements of sustainable food production and consumption, mainly due to its limited impact on the natural environment. At the same time, the quality features of organically produced foods, especially sensory attributes and health promoting values, are important factors determining consumers’ interest, and...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Consumer demand for organic spelt wheat has increased rapidly and production has expanded into semi-arid regions, where it was not traditionally grown. Methods: Here, we report the results of a factorial field experiment designed to compare the performance of four spelt varieties grown in rain-fed and irrigated, conventional and organic...
Article
Full-text available
Here we report the results of a three-year replicated field trial on the effects of novel clover- and alfalfa-based fertilizer products (Ekofert® K and Ekofert® L), with the input levels equivalent to 120, 180, or 240 kg N ha−1, on the yield and selected sensory and nutritional quality parameters of onion. The study showed that Ekofert fertilizer a...
Article
Previous studies reported higher antioxidant and mineral micronutrient concentrations in organic compared to conventional wheat flour, but the reasons are poorly understood. Here we report results from a long-term, factorial field experiment designed to assess effects of variety choice, supplementary irrigation and contrasting fertilization regimes...
Article
Full-text available
The antioxidants found in grapes and wine have been linked to health benefits in humans, but may be affected by agronomic parameters, grape type/variety, and processing. Here, we report results of a farm survey which investigated the effects of production system (organic vs. conventional) and grape variety on fruit yield, total antioxidant activity...
Preprint
Full-text available
Many fundamental questions on addiction development are still unanswered. These questions are frequently difficult to address by examining a single brain structure, but can best be addressed at the systems level. Neurons create functional networks that change over time, since brain regions may work together differently in different contexts. We off...
Article
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Recent human cohort studies reported positive associations between organic food consumption and a lower incidence of obesity, cancer, and several other diseases. However, there are very few animal and human dietary intervention studies that provide supporting evidence or a mechanistic understanding of these associations. Here we report results from...
Article
Full-text available
Grapes contain high concentrations of secondary metabolites and antioxidants that have been linked to a reduction of several chronic diseases. Here, we report results of a UK retail survey, which investigated the effect of the production region (Mediterranean vs. South Africa), grape type (white vs. red vs. black) and variety, and production system...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, organic farming based on natural means and methods of production is gaining more and more popularity. It is due to the growing awareness of the society regarding the harmfulness of chemicals used in intensive agriculture, which influences the growing interest of both producers and consumers in organic food. Searching for plant cu...
Article
Full-text available
Courgette is a popular vegetable belonging to the Cucurbitaceae family. It is known for its good adaptation to different weather conditions, although it performs best in a warm and humid climate. Since the yield and various quality characteristics of vegetables are known to be strongly influenced by a number of weather, agronomic, and genetic (vari...
Article
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It has been frequently suggested that varieties bred/selected under conventional farming conditions lack important traits required for optimum performance under low agrochemical input conditions. However, there is limited scientific information about interactions between cultivars bred/selected for the low input vs conventional farming sector and i...
Article
Full-text available
During the last decade older (ancient) wheat species, such as spelt (Triticum spelta L.), emmer (Triticum dicoccon Schrank), and einkorn (Triticum monococcum L.) have been recognised as an interesting option to increase the biodiversity of cultivated cereals. The aim of this study was to compare polyphenols content in the ancient species of cereals...
Article
Full-text available
Courgette is considered as a low-calorie vegetable with health-promoting properties. However, scientific publications focused on the profile and content of bioactive compounds in courgette, as well as the potential fruit quality modulating factors, are rare. Due to the high adaptability of courgette to weather and agronomic conditions, it is produc...
Article
Full-text available
There is strong evidence for health benefits from whole-grain wheat consumption and these have been linked to their higher fibre, antioxidant/(poly)phenolic and mineral contents. However, there is still scientific controversy about the relative effect of wheat species (Triticum aestivum vs T. spelta) and production methods (conventional vs organic)...
Article
Wheat is one of the main dietary sources for mycotoxins that can cause adverse health effects in humans. Here we report results of a 3-year survey which compared the effects of flour type (whole-grain vs white), wheat species (common vs spelt), and farming system (organic vs conventional) on mycotoxin concentrations in UK and German wheat flour bra...
Article
Full-text available
The apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) is one of the most widely cultivated temperate fruits globally, gaining scientific interest as a rich source of antioxidants with a demonstrated beneficial human health impact. Since a growing number of consumers are increasingly seeking safe and healthy food options, alternative fruit production systems such as o...
Article
Full-text available
Wheat is a major component of the Northern European diet and contributes significantly to dietary pesticide exposure. Here we report results of a 2- year retail survey, which compared pesticide residues in organic and conventional, whole-grain and white, common and Spelt wheat flour brands available in the UK and Germany. Pesticide residues were de...
Article
Agricultural intensification over the last 40 years has increased cereal yields, but there is very limited information on the effects of intensification practices (e.g. non-diverse rotations, mineral NPK fertiliser and pesticides) on crop health and quality. Results from the study reported here suggest that the use of mineral NPK fertilisers reduce...
Article
This study investigated the effect of, and interactions between, US Brown Swiss (BS) genetics and season on milk yield, basic composition and fatty acid profiles, from cows on low-input farms in Switzerland. Milk samples (n = 1,976) were collected from 1,220 crossbreed cows with differing proportions of BS, Braunvieh and Original Braunvieh genetics...
Article
Full-text available
Consumer demand for milk and meat from grass-fed cattle is growing, driven mostly by perceived health benefits and concerns about animal welfare. In a U. S.-wide study of 1,163 milk samples collected over 3 years, we quantified the fatty acid profile in milk from cows fed a nearly 100% forage-based diet (grassmilk) and compared it to profiles from...
Article
Full-text available
The most recent systematic literature reviews and meta-analyses have indicated significant and nutritionally-relevant composition differences between organic and conventional foods. This included higher antioxidant, but lower cadmium and pesticide levels in organic crops, and higher omega-3 fatty acids concentrations in organic meat and dairy produ...
Article
Full-text available
Reduced tillage is increasingly promoted to improve sustainability and productivity of agricultural systems. Nonetheless, adoption of reduced tillage by organic farmers has been slow due to concerns about nutrient supply, soil structure, and weeds that may limit yields. Here, we compiled the results from both published and unpublished research comp...
Article
Full-text available
Demand for organic meat is partially driven by consumer perceptions that organic foods are more nutritious than non-organic foods. However, there have been no systematic reviews comparing specifically the nutrient content of organic and conventionally produced meat. In this study, we report results of a meta-analysis based on sixty-seven published...
Article
Full-text available
Demand for organic milk is partially driven by consumer perceptions that it is more nutritious. However, there is still considerable uncertainty over whether the use of organic production standards affects milk quality. Here we report results of meta-analyses based on 170 published studies comparing the nutrient content of organic and conventional...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Excessive alcohol intake can directly inhibit the immune response. Ethyl alcohol affects changes of plasma cytokine concentrations and in various tissues disturbs the balance between the multifunctional proteins that play a pivotal role in immunological and inflammatory responses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of be...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Within the CORE ORGANIC II project, TILMAN-ORG, we have compiled data from ongoing trials and the published literature to conduct a meta-analysis on the effects of reduced tillage on yields, weed pressure and oil C in organic farming. The results indicate that replacing deep inversion tillage with some form of reduced tillage intensity results in y...
Article
Full-text available
Demand for organic foods is partially driven by consumers' perceptions that they are more nutritious. However, scientific opinion is divided on whether there are significant nutritional differences between organic and non-organic foods, and two recent reviews have concluded that there are no differences. In the present study, we carried out meta-an...
Article
Full-text available
Meta-analyses are methods to combine outcomes from different studies in order to investigate consistent effects of relatively small magnitude, which are difficult to distinguish from random variation within a single study. Several published meta-analyses addressed whether organic and conventional production methods affect the composition of plant f...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the large body of research in irrigated agriculture, it is still not clear which practices most effectively reduce nitrate leaching (NL) while maintaining crop yield. A meta-analysis (MA) of published experimental results from agricultural irrigated systems was conducted to identify those agricultural practices that have proven effective at...
Article
Very little is known about the effects of an organic or conventional diet on animal physiology and health. Here we report the effect of contrasting crop protection (with or without chemosynthetic pesticides) and fertilization (manure or mineral fertilizers) regimes on feed composition and growth and physiological parameters of rats. The use of manu...
Article
Full-text available
A dietary intervention study was conducted to analyse the effects of compound feeds based on crops produced in two consecutive growing seasons under four agronomic regimes that differed in crop protection (organic versus conventional) and fertilization (organic versus conventional) practices, on the growth, body chemical composition, haematological...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
TEFSI aims to develop, implement and widely disseminate innovative teaching approaches, materials, methods and tools on various aspects of sustainable food systems. It thereby aims to increase educators' awareness about the importance of including sustainability issues into their everyday lecturing in food science, human nutrition, agriculture, and related life science education.
Project
Organic Food Quality is not really a stand-alone R&D project, but a central research scheme/focus that was investigated as part of a wide range of NEFG contract R&D projects. The main objectives were to study impacts of: - rotation, fertilisation, crop protection and varieties used in organic and conventional systems on crop composition (e.g. protein profiles, antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, pesticides, toxic metals) - feeding regimes, livestock husbandry and breeds used in organic and conventional systems on milk and meat composition (e.g. antioxidants, protein and fatty acid profiles) - feeds made from organic and conventional crops on animal physiology, including hormonal balances and immune system responsiveness, and - trade-offs between crop and livestock health, productivity and food quality and safety parameters