# Marcia Ricci PinheiroIICSE

Marcia Ricci Pinheiro

PhD (Mathematics and Philosophy)

## About

120

Publications

157,869

Reads

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322

Citations

Introduction

Education: Teaching for Freedom and Learning Accelerators
Mathematics: S-convex functions (Real Analysis/Convex Analysis/Mathematical Modelling/Functional Analysis)
Philosophy: Paradoxes of Language
Psychology: Applications and developments of the new model for the human psyche
Religion: Toward a mathematical proof of the existence of the human soul

Additional affiliations

February 2016 - present

**IICSE University DE**

Position

- Lecturer

Description

- Usual online job No academic entitlements, none of the usual ones

August 2004 - February 2016

**Marcia R Pinheiro**

Position

- Researcher

Description

- I progressed as much as my existential conditions allowed me to. I solved the Russell's Paradox, and you can find this solution in a paper and in a book (Amazon.com). A new model for the human psyche and solved other problems, Monty Hall included.

## Publications

Publications (120)

In this piece, the paper Deterministic Small-world Communication Networks, a paper from the year of 2000 by Comellas, Ozon, and Peters, is discussed. From the introduction, where some mismatch between sigmatoids, and intended senses is identified, to the conclusion, where the same mismatch appears in the shape of wonder, the findings are of surpris...

Counter-examples to the 6-degree theory, starant graphs and cycles, comellas and circulants, and so on.

This poster describes our work in Graph Theory so far. This work is based on the work of Comellas et al., which is based, on its turn, on the work of Watts and Strogatz, which is based, on its turn, on the work of Milgram.
The so famous Six Degree Theory gets mentioned in it. The own Milgram had recognised it contained a fallacy.

A discussion on this so debatable and debated concept, Higher Order Vagueness. After going through the issues that make Higher Order Vagueness an object of scientific attention, we conclude that vagueness is undesirable in logical systems but desirable in language, and the Semiotics Universe splits into three other universes inside of the universe...

In this paper, we produce evidence on terrorism being a prevalent issue, present a few pros and cons of applying each one of three selected criminological theories (feminist criminology, cultural criminology, and rational choice theory) to determine reasons to perform a special type of terrorist act, the jihad, and, after weighting up pros and cons...

In this paper, we talk about the existence and influence of James Beard, a very respected expert in food critique and American cuisine. We try to show his impact on our history and society.

In this note, we present a few more important scientific remarks regarding the S−convexity phenomenon. We talk about examples and fixings. We sustain the example we gave in Really Short Note, but fix the way we presented one of the counterexamples to the existing theorem that we there mentioned. We also present another two generators of elements fo...

In this piece, we discuss several issues of major importance for a few disciplines that are usually associated with the Faculty of Arts (Philosophy, History, Writing, etc.). Namely: what posthumanism is as well as what it should be, how Kafka's short story, A Report to an Academy (1988), compares to the posthumanist pieces of a few other writers, a...

Abstract In this note, we copy the work we presented in Second Note on the Shape of S-convexity [1], but apply the reasoning to one of the new limiting lines, limiting lines we presented in Summary and Importance of the Results Involving the Definition of S-Convexity [2]. That line was called New Positive System in Third Note on the Shape of S-conv...

This is the last presentation of mine involving the shape of S-convexity, I believe. We now have a permanent choice of shape and definition. It is in the poster and it is also in the slides.

Convexity has captured the hearts of pure and applied mathematicians because it is a very geometric concept. Professor Stanley F. Gudder, already in 1977, discussed using convexity in studies that connect to social, behavioural, and physical sciences. Professor Robert E. Jamison-Waldner talked about mathematical methods that are based on the convex...

In this note, we introduce some concepts from Graph Theory in the description of the geometry of cybercriminal groups, and we use the work of Broadhurst et al, a piece from 2014, as a foundation of reasoning. We are also worried about suggesting or even creating, if necessary, mathematical jargon, so that also mathematicians, and those who have sim...

In this paper, we worry about investigating the use of Virtual Private Networks for the commission of crimes involving pedophilia. Recent political decisions in China seem to point at the world leaders connecting it to organized crime. The overall impression of professionals from Information Technology is that Virtual Private Networks are excellent...

In this essay, we worry about discussing the issue attribution: Who did what to whom? What looks silly and obvious may actually be the worst problem we have, and this is the case here: From stealing computerstoDarknets, we have a range of possibilities that may make attribution impossible, and we must still match those with gravity of cyber attacks...

In this paper, we talk about the Shining Path, previously known as SenderoLuminoso, The Senderos: They go from possible local hero to worst oppressor. American authorities list them as terrorists: In fact, they appear, in 2006, as number 41 in a list of top terrorist organisations. Some say the government copied them and did the same that they did...

We talk about how to best protect Australia against cyberterrorist attacks of the type in which the offenders use a computer to attack or in which the offenders attack computers. Our concern is phenomena like Stuxnet and Ransomware, but also any attack that has not yet happened, as for our official records, so say hacking of satellite and use of it...

The Sorites Paradox fascinates people because it has the shape of the mathematical induction, and Mathematics always makes us think of perfection. It is in reality an allurement to show how beautiful human language is, and how much it differs from Mathematics or the World of Mathematics, which is also the world of the Classical Logic. This problem...

We here propose a solution to the problem we have raised in (Pinheiro, 2016). Basically, the mathematical notion of entailment seems to be connected to the inferential rules from Classical Logic, so that if we have P: x belongs to the reals, and Q: x+2=5 => x=3, P |= Q. Notwithstanding, we would also have that if P: x belongs to the interval (7,10)...

It seems that we have all inverted in our heads because of the investment society makes in subliminal, sometimes without even noticing it in a conscious manner. Because we have all inverted in our heads, we start having it all inverted in our spirits. For having it all inverted in our spirits, we end up having a completely unfair and biased world,...

In this paper, we put two concepts together: Shortest paths and starant graphs. We calculate the costs involved in putting two randomly selected individuals in contact in a controlled network. That would be the costs in terms of public health. Disease spread became our main concern in what comes to the starant graphs in the year of 2002 because tha...

In this note we copy the work we presented on Second Note on the Shape of S-convexity [1], but apply the
reasoning to one of the new limiting lines, limiting lines we presented on Summary and Importance of the Results Involving the Definition of S-Convexity [2]. This is about Possibility 1, second part of the definition, that is, the part that deal...

In this paper, we try to provide a theory that explains human behaviour and thinking in their totality. We missed
the corporeal part when writing the theory about our new model for the human psyche: It was missing explaining that some things are physical, such as memories, involuntary organic movements, disease, etc. If we had developed a philosoph...

All looks like facts, but you decide. The author says that there is a chance the names are borrowed and the situations are invented.
(This series might be a logical exercise, a way to apply Logic and impress people)

In this paper, we create a logical system that is exactly the same as Classical Logic apart from the fact that, when we have a material implication, antecedent false and consequent true or antecedent false and consequent false do not result in true. This is thought of because of an argument presented by Doctor Corcoran, which seems to convince us....

Following our paper on Bloom's Taxonomy and translation assignments, and that was called Translation Techniques, and the lists of skills we presented in Interpretation and Translation, volume 1, and Your Mother Tongue Is Helping Me, we now present the skills that a chess player needs to succeed in their trade. This all connects to the research proj...

In 2000, Doctor Priest gave a talk at the Newcastle University where he claimed that perhaps something was
wrong with Combinatorics, since The Monty Hall Show proved to us that the mathematicians’ reasoning there failed. We watched his talk with our very eyes. The argument is that the statistics of the show would serve as evidence to the claim. Bas...

In this paper, we take the approach of the lexicon makers: We contemplate human language instead of trying to
resist its forces. Basically, some sigmatoids seem to have been created to be free of boundaries: We fence them as we please when we apply them to our assertions, but they are quite vague in the lexicon. We here identify at least two types...

This book is about the funny side of Science: How possibly outrageous things can go around for long, sometimes very long, and be actually copied ad nauseam.

It was as if Russell had had a dream about how imperfect Frege's theory was: He wrote to Frege when Frege was finishing his book and talked about that in the letter. Frege published Russell's letter in his book without hesitation. He also wrote a few remarks about it. Some people proposed that we had class and set as a solution for what they called...

Zeno was around about 500 years before Christ, yet had interesting ideas, which generate philosophical discussions of high level at good universities still nowadays. What is space? What is time? What is moving? Do we really move? See why Cathy Freeman is part of The Dichotomy and why Dr. Pinheiro is helping her save her sweet grandma from a disaste...

This book talks about a paradox called The Sorites. Some people lost their lives trying to solve this problem. It is a problem from before Christ. Some modern logicians got obsessed to the level of saying the problem was their lives to their postgraduate students. It enchants those who listen to it. Dr. Pinheiro is told to have solved the problem i...

Behind each door there is a surprise. Sometimes the surprise is not so nice. Some say you get more if you swap on the second choice you have got. We here prove that you will have the same. Monty Hall fascinates everyone and here we show why, so open the book and see what will to your mind come. Once more, it is cheap only because it lacks professio...

We here talk about a study on possible solutions to The Sorites and each one of the solutions they there dealt with. Our aim is analysing the previous proposals, tell why they were not actual solutions, and then use the argument against the claim that they are solutions in a way to further prove that ours is an actual solution. Who performed the st...

We here try to apply the concept of Possible/Parallel Worlds from Logic, which came to our knowledge through the hands of Graham Priest, and through a French movie, to Psychiatry. We think this concept is ideal because we can make use of mathematical elements to draw theories of control, and diagnosis, and therefore also therapeutic theories. We wi...

We are now in the final stages of publication. You will find the last version close to this paper online. It is a supplementary resource. The Research Gate system now does not allow for us to delete files or update. Shame.

Each language we have on earth seems to possess peculiarities that could bring us a lot of joy if ever correctly isolated, since we could be associating those with skills, and some of those skills might be priceless for those pursuing careers in Science. It is impossible to deny that each people could be described through a set of unique characteri...

In this paper, we take the approach of the lexicon makers: We contemplate human language instead of trying to resist its forces. Basically, some sigmatoids seem to have been created to be free of boundaries: We fence them as we please when we apply them to our assertions, but they are quite vague in the lexicon. We here identify at least two types...

It seems that we must really discuss quality of translation more than we do, despite the number of sources that claim to do that. We must think, for instance, about the artistic value of the translated version of an artistic piece, since plenty believe that there is independent, and original, art involved in the work of conversion or there should b...

The Sorites Paradox fascinates people because it has the shape of the mathematical induction, and Mathematics always makes us think of perfection. It is in reality an allurement to show how beautiful human language is, and how much it differs from Mathematics or the World of Mathematics, which is also the world of the Classical Logic. This problem...

Entailment is an interesting sigmatoid: It should mean one thing, but it means another, just for starters. When used in Mathematics, it is usually with the sense of saying that something is definitely true. That would be the use in Classical Logic then. When used in Logic, it became something else. Now it was about how the logical system, which can...

In this paper, we investigate the concept of completeness. We studied the concept whilst still attending college, but that wasfrom a mathematical perspective. In 2000, we got to have contact with The Logicians' understanding of the concept through the hands of one of the most important modern icons of Philosophy, Dr. Graham Priest. We recently ment...

In this paper, we investigate the concept of Completeness. We studied the concept whilst still attending college, but that was from a mathematical perspective. In 2000, we got to have contact with The Logicians' understanding of the concept through the hands of one of the most important modern icons of Philosophy, Dr. Graham Priest. We recently men...

People normally believe that Arithmetic is not complete because Gödel launched this idea a long time ago, and it looks as if nobody has presented sound evidence on the contrary. We here intend to do that perhaps for the first time in history. We prove that what Stanford Encyclopedia has referred to as Theorem 3 cannot be true, and, therefore, if no...

In 2000, Dr. Priest gave a talk at the Newcastle University where he claimed that perhaps something was wrong with Combinatorics, since The Monty Hall Show proved to us that the mathematicians' reasoning there failed. We watched his talk with our very eyes. The argument is that the statistics of the show would serve as evidence to the claim. Basica...

In this paper, we talk about the importance of having a proper mathematical description when dealing with problems that originate in Engineering. We describe part of our work regarding the nonisothermal situation of film blowing with the intents of making engineers get an interest in proper mathematical modelling. We talk about how the history of t...

We here talk about worst mistakes in terms of determining the nature of the modelling work involved in
a certain situation. We use our results on a few paradoxes (Sorites, Liar, Hanging, and Russell’s) to
make a point on the nature of the work involved. It is easy to notice that the mentioned paradoxes
arise because people have committed mistakes i...

We are interested in creating a universal grammar structure, so that learning languages becomes a much
easier task than it is now. We obviously cannot dream of having all languages on earth adopting this
universal grammar, so that this is at most for those languages that are associated with our occidental style of
writing. The Brazilian and Portugu...

The International Journal of Philosophy has asked me to produce such a piece. It complies with their guidelines for the newsletter.

In this note, we try to summarize the results we have so far in terms of the
definition of the S-convexity phenomenon, but we also try to explain in detail the relevance
of those. For some of those results, we dare presenting graphical illustrations to make our
point clearer. S-convexity came to us through the work of Prof. Dr. Dragomir (2001) and...

In this paper, we will explain the relevance of the starant graphs, graphs created by us in the year of 2002. They were basically circulant graphs with a star graph that connects to all the vertices of the circulant graphs from inside of them, but they did not exist as a separate object of study in the year of 2002, as for all we knew. We now know...

In this paper, we talk about the importance of having a proper mathematical description when dealing with problems that originate in Engineering. We describe part of our work regarding the nonisothermal situation of film blowing with the intents of making engineers get an interest in proper mathematical modelling. We talk about how the history of t...

We here talk about worst mistakes in terms of determining the nature of the modelling work involved in a certain situation. We use our results on a few paradoxes (Sorites, Liar, Hanging, and Russell’s) to make a point on the nature of the work involved. It Is easy to notice that the mentioned paradoxes arise because people have committed mistakes i...

In this note, we try to summarize the results we have so far in terms of the definition of the S-convexity
phenomenon, but we also try to explain in detail the relevance of those. For some of those results, we dare
presenting graphical illustrations to make our point clearer. S-convexity came to us through the work of Prof.
Dr. Dragomir (2001) and...

Entailment is an interesting sigmatoid: It should mean one thing, but it means another, just for starters. When used in Mathematics, it is usually with the sense of saying that something is definitely true. That would be the use in Classical Logic then. When used in Logic, it became something else. Now it was about how the logical system, which can...

The aim of this paper is proving that our solution is better than the solution presented by the own Russell and what is today the most accepted solution to the Russell's Paradox, which is the solution of Zermelo and Frankael. We presented our solution a few years ago, and that is a solution that we believe should be considered to be the actual solu...

This book brings A Proof of God. In this work, the author talks about the fallacies found in the proofs of God presented by both Godel and Leibniz and presents her own proof. This book also brings Anima Est. In this work, the author seems to successfully prove, in a scientific, and almost mathematical, way the existence of the human soul. In the en...

We here discuss two cases of head implants: One leaves external signs of its existence and is easily acknowledged by medical
practitioners. The other does not leave any external sign of its existence. With the latter, the police have to play the role of
the medical doctors, given it is being used even, and mostly, for illegal purposes, including un...

In this article, we progress further into our semiological studies. We here sketch a procedure to include words in Science and a set of criteria to judge inclusion levels of those. Objectivity cannot be attained in Science if we do not choose our words extremely well: We choose the word heap and spend even millennia talking about the problem we hav...

In this paper, we discuss three translation techniques: literal, cultural, and artistic. Literal translation is a well-known technique, which means that it is quite easy to find sources on the topic. Cultural and artistic translation may be new terms. Whilst cultural translation focuses on matching contexts, artistic translation focuses on matching...

In this note, we discuss the definition of the S1-convexity Phenomenon. We first make use of some results we have attained for s K 2 in the past, such as those contained in [1], to refine the definition of the phenomenon. We then observe that easy counterexamples to the claim s K 1 extends K0 are found. Finally, we make use of one theorem from [2]...

The Unexpected Hanging Problem is also known as the Surprise Examination Problem. We here solve it by isolating what is logical reasoning from the rest of the human psyche. In a not-so-orthodox analysis, following our tradition (The Liar, Dichotomy, The Sorites and Russell’s Paradox), we talk about the problem from a perspective that is more distan...

This book brings unique information, knowledge, and insight. It is a great tool to introduce topics and teach important points to future or current professional translators and interpreters.

This book is about Sílvia and Ricardo, a couple of cariocas, and their adventures in Australia. There is a psychological plot, there is drama, there are thrills, there are cultural details about Brazil and Australia, and there is romance.

Este livro é para quem gosta de amar e se divertir. Três jogos são o assunto: Roleta Russa, Jogo da Verdade e Duplas Perfeitas. Estes jogos podem ajudar a prever o futuro, resolver o presente e distrair. O amor seria o tema central dos três jogos aqui apresentados, mas todos eles têm utilidade múltipla: Um deles, baseado na numerologia, pode ajudar...

We have identified serious problems involving transliteration and phonemic teaching, and we then suggest that we do not make use of the IPA or transliteration when teaching English. We present a draft of a method that makes use of our ears and knowledge instead.

This talk is about three translation techniques: literal, cultural, and artistic. Literal translation is a well-discussed technique, what means that it is quite easy to find sources on the topic. Cultural and artistic translation may be new terms, but the world objects that refer to these terms have been around for quite a while: Whilst cultural tr...

Three love games appear in this book: Truth or Command, Numerology and Perfect Matches, and Life Roulette. These games can predict the future, put people together or create conflict. They are certainly addictive, but will bring no harm: It is healthy entertainment.
(This book is about Brazilian culture, actually. All these games are played in Braz...

ABSTRACT:We present a new model for the human psyche in this paper. We support the thinkers from Philosophy of Science that believe that we should keep the theory that best explains our phenomena, and, therefore, we believe that we should keep the theory we here present for the human psyche. We present evidences as to why our theory explains the hu...

This note supplements First Note on the Shape of S-convexity. We here deal with the negative pieces of the real functions.

In this note, we present a few important scientific remarks regarding
the shape of S−convexity

As promised in Second Note on the Shape of S−convexity, we now discuss the exponent of the piece of definition for S−convexity that deals with negative images of real functions. We also present a severely improved
definition for the phenomenon.

In this note, we present a few important scientific remarks regarding the shape of S−convexity.

In this presentation, we talk about a comparative study made by us in the year of 2011, and updated in the year of 2012, involving three major countries (United States of America, Brazil, and Australia) and the professional classes Translators and Interpreters.
This session is part of a course that is currently being offered at Udemy.

Summary of results we attained in what regards S-convexity

We here solve one of the paradoxes of Zeno, The Dichotomy. We prove that the foundation of this paradox is the same as that of The Sorites and The Liar. Basically, the extraordinary difference between exclusively human and computer language seems to never be acknowledged by the people proposing the mentioned paradoxes. Yet, if such a difference had...

n this note, we analyze and propose solutionto the Russell's Paradox. We prove that the paradox is just an allurement to help us teach people the foundations of Mathematics properly. Everything in the world, in general, is relative. It would be expected that things in Mathematics, an extreme reduction of the natural world, would be relative as well...

In this note, we analyze the Liar Paradox. We re-write the problem in order to properly include it in the body of Science and prove that the problem is an allurement to show the complexity of the human mind in the same sense that the Sorites Paradox is an allurement to show the complexity of the human verbal expression

This rosary came via divine inspiration in 2012 and is supposed to substitute the Catholic rosary. Three days of holy fasting praying this rosary twice a day and you will get the miracle you want if your heart is pure and God likes your words.

In this paper, we propose a refinement in the analytical definition of the s 2-convex classes of functions aiming to progress further in the direction of including s 2-convexity properly in the body of Real Analysis.

In this paper, we present a discussion, on a scientific level, on both the viability of replacing the translator's figure with software for linguistic translation and the impact of such a replacement on the quality of the translated text.

In this paper, we review the results of the paper H-H inequalityforS-convex functions, published in the prestigious academic vehicle IJPAM.Substantial part of those results will have to be nullified. Most of the time,the mistakes have been inherited from other authors’ work, so that we are alsoproviding argumentation for the nullification of those...

## Questions

Questions (4)

There is a criminal gap in Science. Professor Jose Delgado publishes about his electrodes, and exposes recordings in YouTube that tell us about a bull whose brain is controlled via remote-action device. That happens at least 100 years after the Middle East started doing research on the same items. Freud and Jung already referred to practical results involving insertion of images, ideas, concepts, and so on without mentioning that when creating theories on dreams and collective 'hallucination'. 1900s. Only recently people start talking about what has caused at least hundreds of thousands of criminal deaths, and impairments in human kind for a century now, along with other phenomena, such as criminal premonitory dreams (Revonsuo). By doing research without advertising it, such as the AU bug, Brazilian Manchurian Candidate, horizontal, and vertical CIA bug, paedophile's pin, all sponsored by the private initiative, but out of the main circuit of Science, researchers get a chance of commanding human kind as an emperor would, so that they can make us believe any idea they want, say only disloyalty in competition makes sense, or organised crime, such as terrorism. Those sponsoring their research also get to shape human kind, say by creating a biological element that punishes bisexual men who prefer a woman's genitalia, such as the Brazilian stream of candida. If all results are immediately published in any way they come, say wrong English, badly written communications, everyone has immediate access to any result, so that both 'God's people', and 'The Demoniac' would have an equal chance of dominating human kind, what should keep this world fairest. Please expose your ideas, and present your arguments as to why unfair access (criminal gap in communications, as explained) would be better.

## Projects

Projects (15)

In the end of this study, we will provide a list of global strategies, a list of global paradigms, a global index that is formed of several subindices, and a few actual examples of application of this index.