Marcelo Masera

Marcelo Masera
European Commission | ec · Joint Research Centre (JRC)

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135
Publications
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Publications

Publications (135)
Technical Report
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This study addresses the regional dimension of electricity crises management in the European Union and elaborates on the national and regional rules and procedures that are relevant for the definition of target measures and regional cooperation agreements. In this context, we identify the essential elements for the prevention, preparation for and m...
Article
Full-text available
The worldwide spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 forced most countries to intervene with policies and actions—including lockdowns, social-distancing and smart working measures—aimed at mitigating the health system and socio-economic disruption risks. The electricity sector was impacted as well, with performance largely reflecting the changes i...
Conference Paper
In this paper, an approach on the Certification of Energy Origin in electricity distribution systems is elaborated. Initially, an introductory justification based on the current status of the legislative framework in the EU is provided. Relevant actors, among with their roles, are identified and use cases within which the actors interact, are intro...
Article
The European Commission has set a target of establishing an integrated Europe-wide electricity market for day-ahead and intraday transactions. However, there are still many open questions on the potential benefits of a Europe-wide intraday market integration and the harmonizing market rules. This paper intends to provide a precise insight into the...
Conference Paper
This paper proposes an assessment framework for the deployment of citizen energy communities (CECs) in cities using meta-data assisted clustering techniques. It elaborates a top-down approach that aims at capturing the “built intelligence” at the city level in order to specify the number of CECs in a given city. Specific types of CECs are proposed...
Article
Full-text available
The interest in modeling the operation of large-scale battery energy storage systems (BESS) for analyzing power grid applications is rising. This is due to the increasing storage capacity installed in power systems for providing ancillary services and supporting nonprogrammable renewable energy sources (RES). BESS numerical models suitable for grid...
Article
Full-text available
Demand response services and energy communities are set to be vital in bringing citizens to the core of the energy transition. The success of load flexibility integration in the electricity market, provided by demand response services, will depend on a redesign or adaptation of the current regulatory framework, which so far only reaches large indus...
Article
If energy markets are to remain the instruments that enable long-term policy and innovation initiatives, new regulatory arrangements are needed to reconcile the security and competitiveness of sustainable solutions. Promising reforms are outlined (e.g., in the electricity market time and spatial scales), with the objective of properly distributing...
Article
Full-text available
Interoperability is a challenge for the realisation of smart grids. In this work, we first present an interoperability testing methodology, which is substantial to perform interoperability tests for the smart grid. To show its applicability and facilitate its comprehension, we present an example by applying it on a Demand Side Management (DSM) use...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A new methodology for real-time management and control of smart grids is proposed. It exploits the full benefit of a multi-directional communication between all stakeholders in order to regularly provide efficient operations in case of emergency. The unique feature of the proposed methodology is that the techno-economic demands imposed by a policy...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Smart grid interoperability is the driving force for integrating new components and technologies into the electricity grid of the future. Interoperability is an essential requirement for the smart grid allowing different subsystems and services to produce the expected results. Advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) plays an important role as it pro...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, the power transmission system of the Baltic states is synchronized with the Integrated/Unified Power System (IPS/UPS), which includes the Russian grid, and the IPS/UPS provides frequency regulation and system security within the Baltic states. Since joining the European Union (EU) in 2004, the Baltic states have been following the EU's e...
Article
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Electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure rollout is well under way in several power systems, namely North America, Japan, Europe, and China. In order to support EV charging infrastructures design and operation, little attempt has been made to develop indicator-based methods characterising such networks across different regions. This study defi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper proposes an Absolute Scoring Scheme for interoperability testing purposes. The scheme has been created in the context of a Demand Side Management test case aiming to examine the capability of different components of interest to interoperate with each other. Here, the interoperability of smart meters with data concentrators has been studi...
Article
Full-text available
The modernization of the distribution grid requires a huge amount of data to be transmitted and handled by the network. The deployment of Advanced Metering Infrastructure systems results in an increased traffic generated by smart meters. In this work, we examine the smart meter traffic that needs to be accommodated by a real distribution system. Pa...
Article
Smart energy and electricity networks are a crucial component in building smart city architectures; their consistent and harmonized inclusion in the smart city design should be carefully considered through a detailed analysis of the impacts (environmental, energy, economic, societal) and the implementation of cost benefit analysis (CBA), not only i...
Article
Full-text available
One of the fundamental provisions of the European electricity directives is the so-called unbundling of structures and functions. Vertical disintegration with Full Unbundling (ownership unbundling or independent system operation) is considered an important step toward electricity market restructuring. While Full Unbundling (FU) models appear to be...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Smart grid interoperability is an important enabling aspect of electricity technology deployments. It involves all parts of the smart grid from generation to transmission and from distribution to consumption. Testing interoperability requires producing detailed test cases describing how smart grid components are intended to interact with each other...
Article
Full-text available
The framework for virtual integration of laboratories enables co-simulation and joint experiments that include hardware and software resources hosted at geographically distributed laboratories. The underlying concept of such framework is geographically distributed real-time (RT) co-simulation. To this end, digital RT simulators are interfaced over...
Article
Full-text available
Energy supply disruptions highlight the need to study the design of energy infrastructure networks from the security of supply point of view. For this purpose, a Monte-Carlo simulation-based approach has been developed to analyse disruptions in the gas transmission network. The developed simulation model gives realistic results in several problems...
Article
Full-text available
Electricity security, generally referring to a system’s capability to provide electricity to its users, is a multi-faceted problem attracting mounting attention from policy makers and scientists around the world. Electricity security encompasses largely different properties based upon the time/geographical scales of the factors affecting electricit...
Article
Full-text available
Electricity is one of the crucial energies of modern society, but it is greatly threatened by various kinds of menaces, especially natural hazards. Although they rarely happen, their occurrence may hugely affect the operation of power system. In this paper, we firstly, according the impact on power systems, classify natural threats into two categor...
Article
In cyber-physical system (CPS), software components (i.e., computational elements) are tightly intertwined with physical entities to produce distinguishing behavioural modalities. CPS, as a field, is relatively new, emerging, and somewhat fragmented in development. There are multiple agencies, entities, and activities being undertaken to address a...
Book
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This report presents the proposal for the constitution of a European platform consisting of the federation of real-time modelling and simulation facilities applied to the analysis of emerging electricity systems. Such a platform can be understood as a pan-European distributed laboratory aiming at making use of the best available relevant resources...
Article
The next-generation electricity grid ("smart grid") is expected to integrate interoperable technologies - particularly in the energy, transport, information and communication fields - with the aim to increase reliability, affordability and sustainability considering at the same time, distribution systems and market operation. In order to gauge the...
Article
Full-text available
Electricity distribution system operators (DSOs) are expected to invest heavily in system innovation in the form of smart grids (SG) in order to help achieve energy policy goals. In this context, regulatory reforms to spur DSOs investments are considered a policy priority. Based on a review of the European regulatory status and using a dataset of 4...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Smart Grid Interoperability lab (SGILab) of the JRC is a testing facility on the interoperability of smart grid systems. Its aim is to assess technological implementations according to proposed standards, use cases and processes in conjunction with applicable reference architectures. The goal is to contribute to policy making and industrial inn...
Article
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The paper presents a probabilistic model to study security of supply in a gas network. The model is based on Monte-Carlo simulations with graph theory, and is implemented in the software tool ProGasNet. The software allows studying gas networks in various aspects including identification of weakest links and nodes, vulnerability analysis, bottlenec...
Article
Ettore F. Bompard received his Master and Ph.D. degrees in Electrical Engineering from Politecnico di Torino, Italy. In May 1997 he joined the Politecnico di Torino, Department of Electrical Engineering (presently Department of Energy), where he is Professor of Power Systems; in 1999 and 2000, he has been Visiting Assistant Professor at the Electri...
Chapter
This technical note aims at introducing Infranomics, as a crucial discipline for this century. Neither authorities, nor industrial or academic bodies could afford to ignore the advent of the convolution of opportunities and risks accompanying the implementation of the new generation of infrastructures. The shape of our society will be determined by...
Article
This chapter discusses the security of power transmission systems from a structural perspective. It introduces a systematic concept of structural analysis for power grids security assessment applying extended topological approaches based on an adaptation of the theory of complex networks modified to capture the physical behavior of transmission net...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Conflicts, geo-political crises, terrorist attacks, or natural disasters can turn large parts of energy distribution networks off-line, creating unexpected congestion in the remaining infrastructure. Given the importance of the security of natural gas supply, we need models that enable the management of network congestion, especially during crises....
Article
Full-text available
Human conflict, geopolitical crises, terrorist attacks, and natural disasters can turn large parts of energy distribution networks offline. Europe's current gas supply network is largely dependent on deliveries from Russia and North Africa, creating vulnerabililties to social and political instabilities. During crises, less delivery may mean greate...
Article
Several initiatives have been launched in the last decade in the European Union (EU) to align pan-European power grid development with the EU-s policy targets, particularly in the energy and climate change fields. The building of new infrastructures, initially driven mainly by the need for increased cross-border trading and integration of the whole...
Chapter
This chapter presents an approach to the analysis of Smart Grids based on a multi-layer representation of their technical, cyber, social and decision-making aspects, as well as the related environmental constraints. In the Smart Grid paradigm, self-interested active customers (prosumers), system operators and market players interact among themselve...
Article
•Electricity smart and super grids could undermine, rather than reinforce, one another.•Complexities shaping the future grid are more than those from within the grid itself.•The conceptual framework for assessing emerging electricity systems must shift.•Electricity policy makers and managers must take a holistic and complexity-based view.
Book
This book provides a rough entry into the interdisciplinary field of Infranomics. It enables better decision making in an increasing ambiguous, complex, emergent, interdependent, and uncertain world where we attempt to anticipate modern society trends and patterns in order to react appropriately. However, as with any emerging discipline, much resea...
Article
Full-text available
“In the next century, planet earth will don an electronic skin. It will use the Internet as a scaffold to support and transmit its sensations. This skin is already being stitched together. It consists of millions of embedded electronic measuring devices: thermostats, pressure gauges, pollution detectors, cameras, microphones, glucose sensors, EKGs,...
Article
Full-text available
There is a general need of elaborating energy-effective solutions for managing our increasingly dense interconnected world. The problem should be tackled in multiple dimensions -technology, society, economics, law, regulations, and politics- at different temporal and spatial scales. Holistic approaches will enable technological solutions to be supp...
Article
The security of System Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems is one of the most pressing subjects in industrial systems, particularly for those installations actively using the public network in order to provide new features and services. In this paper, we present an innovative approach to the design of filtering systems based on the state a...
Article
Although many studies address the security of Networked Industrial Control Systems (NICSs), today we still lack an efficient way to conduct scientific experiments that measure the impact of attacks against both the physical and the cyber parts of these systems. This paper presents an innovative framework for an experimentation environment that can...
Article
The European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity has been publishing network reliability data for major fault events in the European electricity transmission network since 2002. The work presented focuses on three reliability indicators provided for each major fault event: energy not supplied, total loss of power and restoratio...
Conference Paper
Storage to support RES integration and security of supply M. Masera, L.Debarberis and G.Fulli European Commission - Joint Research Centre Institute for Energy and Transport Abstract The demand of electricity will grow in the next decades and the share of RES will increase significantly. Several technical issues need to be addressed in order...
Conference Paper
Modern power systems are composed of several interacting national systems synchronously or asynchronously interconnected over large geographic areas, and in the European case on a continental basis. In each country several areas are put under the control of regional centers, connected and coordinated by a national coordination center. Among the var...
Conference Paper
Emulation testbeds are increasingly used in an effort to promote repeatable experiments in the area of distributed systems and networking. In this paper we are studying how different design choices, e.g. use of specific tools, can affect the repeatability of experiments of an emulation testbed (e.g. based on the Emulab software). Our study is based...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents an approach to the security assessment of the information systems of critical infrastructures. The approach is based on the faithful reconstruction of the evaluated information system in a computer security laboratory followed by simulations of possible threats against the system. The evidence collected during the experiments, s...
Article
A relatively new trend in Critical Infrastructures (e.g., power plants, nuclear plants, energy grids, etc.) is the massive migration from the classic model of isolated systems, to a system-of-systems model, where these infrastructures are intensifying their interconnections through Information and Communications Technology (ICT) means. The ICT core...
Conference Paper
The detection, coordination and response capabilities of critical infrastructure operators ultimately determine the economic and societal impact of infrastructure disruptions. Operational cyber security exercises are an important element of preparedness activities. Emulation testbeds are a promising approach for conducting multi-party operational c...
Article
Critical infrastructures and systems are today exposed not only to traditional safety and availability problems, but also to new kinds of security threats. These are mainly due to the large number of new vulnerabilities and architectural weaknesses introduced by the extensive use of information and communication technologies (ICT) into such complex...
Article
The increasing complexity of information and telecommunications systems and networks is reaching a level beyond human ability, mainly from the security assessment viewpoint. Methodologies currently proposed for managing and assuring security requirements fall short of industrial and societal expectations. The statistics about vulnerabilities and at...
Conference Paper
Considerable research has focused on securing SCADA systems and protocols, but an efficient approach for conducting experiments that measure the impact of attacks on the cyber and physical components of the critical infrastructure is not yet available. This paper attempts to address the issue by presenting an innovative experimental framework that...
Chapter
Full-text available
In spite of its critical role, energy security lacks a universally agreed definition, which given its complexity may well just be unrealistic. The concept is still used in a wide range of reports and documents, often without discussion of its dimensions and their significance. As a consequence, the literature is characterized by an almost overwhelm...
Article
This technical note aims at introducing Infranomics, as a crucial discipline for this century. Neither authorities, nor industrial or academic bodies could afford to ignore the advent of the convolution of opportunities and risks accompanying the implementation of the new generation of infrastructures. The shape of our society will be determined by...
Article
Full-text available
Railways are an important critical infrastructure because they transport commodities and goods (freight rail) and people (passenger rail). Like other critical infrastructures, the railway infrastructure is complex and geographically dispersed and has become increasingly dependent on information and communications technology (ICT). Therefore, the mi...
Chapter
Current trends in energy, like the increasing need to integrate renewable energy sources, the evolution of future smart grids and distributed generation, are likely to dramatically increase the dependence of the electricity infrastructure on ICT. This opens new possibilities but also creates new risks, both inherent risks and due to new opportuniti...
Conference Paper
Emulation test beds are increasingly used to study the Internet. In this paper we briefly review various characteristics of a test bed based on the Emulab software that are necessary to conduct scientifically rigorous experiments: experiment fidelity and repeatability as well as measurement accuracy and interference. Our results indicate that the c...
Conference Paper
Traditional cyber-security countermeasures are inadequate for protecting modern Industrial Critical Infrastructures. In this paper we present an innovative filtering technique for industrial protocols based on the state analysis of the system being monitored. Since we focus our attention on the system behavior rather than on modeling the behavior o...