Marcello Tiseo

Marcello Tiseo
University Hospital of Parma | AOUP · Reparto di Oncologia medica

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323
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Publications

Publications (323)
Article
Aim: Evaluating the incidence and course of COVID-19 in cancer patients treated with immunotherapy. Patients & methods: We reported the influenza-like illness events with diagnosis of COVID-19 within the patient cohort enrolled in the prospective observational multicenter INVIDIa-2 study in the single center of Parma. Results: Among 53 patients, ei...
Article
The microbiome is extremely important for human health; more recently its role in the context of cancer became clear. Microbial effects range from enhancing cancer immunity and cancer therapy efficacy, to promoting cancer progression and inhibiting treatment efficacy. These broad implications led researchers to investigate these specific interactio...
Article
PURPOSE Brigatinib, a next-generation anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor, demonstrated superior progression-free survival (PFS) and improved health-related quality of life (QoL) versus crizotinib in advanced ALK inhibitor–naive ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) at first interim analysis (99 events; median brigatinib follow-up,...
Article
Full-text available
Background Although immunotherapy with immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has profoundly changed the therapeutic scenario in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), trials of ICIs only enrolled NSCLC patients with common histology. Atezolizumab was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) in October...
Article
Introduction New therapeutic approaches in unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) are eagerly awaited. Trabectedin is an antitumor agent with an effect on cancer cell proliferation and a modulating action on tumour microenvironment. ATREUS study explored the activity and safety of trabectedin in patients with unresectable MPM. Methods E...
Article
Objective Currently, unlike earlier years, patients affected by multiple primary malignancies (MPM) are significantly increased, thus representing a clinical-pathologic category worthy of attention. Their clinical features and prognosis still need to be studied thoroughly, and this is the aim of our study. Methods Patients with MPM involving lung...
Article
LBA111 Background: Early reports on cancer patients infected with COVID-19 have suggested a high mortality rate compared to the general population. Patients with thoracic malignancies are considered high risk given their age, preexisting comorbidities, smoking, and pre-existing lung damage in addition to therapies administered to treat their illnes...
Article
Full-text available
The immune regulation of cancer growth and regression has been underscored by the recent success of immunotherapy. The possibility that immune microenvironmental factors may impact on clinical outcome and treatment response still requires intense investigations. Hereby, supporting data of the research article “Integrated CT Imaging and Tissue Immun...
Article
Background Early reports on patients with cancer and COVID-19 have suggested a high mortality rate compared with the general population. Patients with thoracic malignancies are thought to be particularly susceptible to COVID-19 given their older age, smoking habits, and pre-existing cardiopulmonary comorbidities, in addition to cancer treatments. W...
Article
Full-text available
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase tyrosine kinase inhibitors (ALK-TKIs) are the standard treatment for advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) allowing survivals up to 5 years. However, duration of responses is limited by the almost certain occurrence of drug resistance. Here, we report a case of a never smoker, 59-year-old female with me...
Article
Full-text available
This phase 1 trial (NCT01938846) determined the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the mTOR serine/threonine kinase inhibitor, BI 860585, as monotherapy and with exemestane or paclitaxel in patients with advanced solid tumors. This 3+3 dose-escalation study assessed BI 860585 monotherapy (5–300 mg/day; Arm A), BI 860585 (40–220 mg/day; Arm B) with 25...
Article
Background Single-agent pembrolizumab represents the standard first-line option for metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with a PD-L1 (programmed death-ligand 1) expression of ≥ 50%.Methods We conducted a multicenter retrospective study aimed at evaluating the clinicopathologic correlates of pembrolizumab effectiveness in patients...
Article
9004 Background. The RAMES Study (EudraCT Number 2016-001132-36) is a multicenter, double-blind, randomized phase II trial exploring the efficacy and the safety of the addition of ramucirumab to gemcitabine as the second-line treatment in MPM patients (pts) after platinum/pemetrexed regimens. Methods. The pts were assigned (1:1) to receive Gemcitab...
Article
9517 Background: Efficacy of ALK TKIs in patients (pts) with ALK+ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) varies. We evaluated the impact of EML4-ALK fusion variants and other baseline (BL) molecular and clinical variables on clinical efficacy of brigatinib (BRG) vs crizotinib (CRZ) as first ALK TKI therapy in pts with ALK+ NSCLC in the phase 3 ALTA-1L...
Article
Objectives To evaluate the incidence and clinical significance of pneumothorax (PTX) and pulmonary hemorrhage (PH) after CT-guided lung biopsy (CT-LB). To test correlations of PTX and chest tube insertion (CTI) with PH and other imaging and procedural parameters.Methods Pre-procedural CT and CT-LB scans of 904 patients were examined. Incidence of P...
Article
Full-text available
Background Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare cancer with a poor prognosis. Centralization of rare cancer in dedicated centers is recommended to ensure expertise, multidisciplinarity and access to innovation. In Italy, expert centers for MPM have not been identified in all regions. We aimed to describe the treatment patterns among MPM p...
Article
Background Pembrolizumab is the first-line standard of care for advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with a PD-L1 tumour proportion score (TPS) ≥ 50%. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (PS) 2 patients may receive pembrolizumab, despite the absence of sustaining evidence. Patients and methods GOIRC-2018-01 is a multicentr...
Article
Purpose of review: Describe the controversial aspects of hyperprogressive disease (HPD) definition, mechanisms, and biomarkers. Recent findings: Although immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) demonstrated a survival benefit in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), an acceleration of tumor growth during ICI, defined as HPD, was reported in ~ 13-26% o...
Article
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have improved survival in numerous types of cancer. However, a great number of unselected patients still do not respond to ICI. Moreover, there is a need to identify biomarkers that could predict the prognosis of immunotherapy-treated patients. The aim of our study is to evaluate the prognostic value of baseline p...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a highly lethal disease. During the past 20 years, the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been a relevant target for anticancer drug-design, and a large family of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) were designed, which improved therapeutic outcomes compared to conventional chemotherapy...
Article
Background ROS1 rearrangements define a subset of non–small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) that are susceptible to therapeutic ROS1 kinase inhibition. Despite most patients initially respond to the first-generation ROS1 tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) crizotinib, relapse invariably occurs and therapeutic options upon disease progression are limited. Me...
Preprint
Background: Single agent pembrolizumab represents the standard first line option for metastatic non-small-cell-lung-cancer (NSCLC) patients with a PD-L1 (programmed death-ligand 1) expression of ≥ 50%. Methods: We conducted a multicenter study aimed at evaluating the clinicopathologic correlates of pembrolizumab efficacy in patients with treatment-...
Article
Objectives: Tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are critically implicated in the clinical outcome and response to immunotherapy in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. The functional competence of lymphocyte subpopulations is strongly conditioned by their spatial arrangement within the tumour immune microenvironment. The aim of this stu...
Article
Objectives Qualitative and quantitative CT imaging features might intercept the multifaceted tumor immune microenvironment (TIME), providing a non-invasive approach to design new prognostic models in NSCLC patients. Materials and Methods Our study population consisted of 100 surgically resected NSCLC patients among which 31 served as a validation...
Article
Full-text available
Despite sensitivity to first-line chemotherapy, most small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients relapse. In this setting, topotecan demonstrated modest activity with significant toxicity. Paclitaxel was also active. This study was designed to evaluate activity and safety of nab-paclitaxel in relapsed SCLC. In this multicentre prospective Phase 2 trial,...
Article
Full-text available
Immunotherapy has significantly changed the treatment landscape for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with the introduction of drugs targeting programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1). In particular, the addition of the anti-PD-1 antibody pembrolizumab to platinum-pemetrexed chemotherapy resulted i...
Article
Objectives In advanced EGFR-mutated NSCLC patients who have progressed to first- and second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), liquid biopsy (LB) is routinely used to evaluate the presence of EGFR T790M as an acquired resistance mechanism. The objective of this study was to assess a real-life picture of EGFR T790M detection in LB. Mater...
Article
Aim: Programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) predicts response to immune checkpoint inhibitors in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Most NSCLCs are diagnosed at an advanced stage and using minimally invasive diagnostic procedures that yield small biopsies or cytological samples. Methods: Cytological smears and paired histological samples...
Article
Objective To evaluate the prognostic role of maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) measured by FDG–positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in patients with primary lung adenocarcinoma undergoing surgical resection. Methods All consecutive patients undergoing...
Article
Background: Several studies have found an association between higher body mass index (BMI) and improved clinical outcomes in cancer patients receiving programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) checkpoint inhibitors. In a previous study, we found that overweight/obese patients were significantly more likely to ex...
Article
Aim: INVIDIa was a retrospective, multicenter study, exploring the clinical efficacy of influenza vaccine in 300 cancer patients undergoing immunotherapy. Overall survival (OS) was immature at the initial report. Methods: We reported the final OS analysis from the original study population and within subgroups. Results: Both at the univariate and m...
Article
Full-text available
Background: We investigate the role of family history of cancer (FHC) and diagnosis of metachronous and/or synchronous multiple neoplasms (MN), during anti-PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapy. Design: This was a multicenter retrospective study of advanced cancer patients treated with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapy. FHC was collected in lineal and collateral li...
Article
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In the present study, the influence of purely palliative radiotherapy (pRT) on the outcomes of patients with advanced cancer undergoing immune checkpoint blockade was evaluated. Patients were stratified into three groups: Patients who had received pRT within 6 months prior to the initiation of immunotherapy (previous pRT); patients who received pRT...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Recent evidence suggested a potential correlation between overweight and the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in cancer patients. Patients and methods: We conducted a retrospective study of advanced cancer patients consecutively treated with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors, in order to compare clinical outcomes according to...
Article
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Background The third generation Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor (TKI) osimertinib has been initially approved for T790M positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) and more recently for first-line treatment of EGFR-mutant T790M negative NSCLC patients. Similarly to previous generation TKIs, despite the high respons...
Article
Objectives: Molecular diagnostics and care of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are continuously evolving. Few data document the current strategies to manage advanced NSCLC patients beyond progression in clinical practice. Patients and methods: Be-TeaM is an Italian multi-center observational study conducted on consecutive EGFR-mutated stage IV...
Article
Background: Osimertinib is a third-generation, irreversible tyrosine kinase inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR-TKI) that selectively inhibits both EGFR-TKI-sensitizing and EGFR T790M resistance mutations. A phase 3 trial compared first-line osimertinib with other EGFR-TKIs in patients with EGFR mutation-positive advanced non-s...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Bone metastases (BoM) are a negative prognostic factor in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Beyond its supportive role, bone is a hematopoietic organ actively regulating immune system. We hypothesized that BoM may influence sensitivity to immunotherapy. Methods: Pretreated non-squamous (cohort A) and squamous (cohort B) NSCLCs incl...
Article
Full-text available
Background Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) and PD-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors represent novel therapeutic options for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, approximately 50% of patients do not benefit from therapy and experience rapid disease progression. PD-L1 expression is the only approved biomarker of benefit to anti-PD-1/PD-L1 t...
Article
Full-text available
Concurrent chemotherapy and radiotherapy (cCRT) is considered the standard treatment of locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC). Unfortunately, management is still heterogeneous across different specialists. A multidisciplinary approach is needed in this setting due to recent, promising results obtained by consolidative immunotherapy...
Article
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Introduction: We report updated data from a phase 2 randomized study evaluating brigatinib in crizotinib-refractory anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: Patients were randomized 1:1 to oral brigatinib 90 mg qd (arm A) or 180 mg qd with 7-day lead-in at 90 mg (B), stratified by central nervous sys...
Article
Background: Nivolumab was the first immune checkpoint inhibitor approved for previously treated advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Before its introduction in the market, nivolumab was made available to NSCLC patients through an expanded access program (EAP). Here we present the Italian cohort of patients with non-squamous NSCLC enrolled...
Article
Background We report results of the first interim analysis (IA) of BRG vs CRZ in ALK TKI-naive, ALK+ NSCLC from ALTA-1L (NCT02737501). Methods This open-label, multicenter study enrolled pts with advanced ALK+ NSCLC who had ≤1 prior systemic therapy; asymptomatic CNS metastases were allowed. Pts were randomized 1:1 to BRG 180 mg QD with 7-day lead...
Article
Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) improved clinical outcome compared to chemotherapy in EGFR mutated advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Nonetheless, acquired resistance develops within 10–14 months and 20–30% of EGFR-mutated patients do not respond to EGFR-TKI. In order to delay or overcome a...
Article
Full-text available
Background Hyponatremia in cancer patients is often caused by the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH). The aim of this observational multicenter study was to analyze the medical and economic implications of SIADH in this setting. Methods This study included 90 oncological patients from 28 Italian institutions that deve...
Article
Background Osimertinib is a new third-generation, epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor highly selective for the epidermal growth factor receptor with both activating and T790M mutations. A recent phase III trial showed a statistically significant progression-free survival benefit with osimertinib vs. gefitinib or erlotinib as...
Article
Immunotherapy has prompted a paradigm shift in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment, by demonstrating superior efficacy to chemotherapy alone both in second- and in first-line setting. Novel insights on molecular mechanisms and regimens to enhance the efficacy of immunotherapy are warranted, as only a minority of patients (˜20%) re...
Article
Osimertinib is an irreversible, third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor that is highly selective for EGFR-activating mutations as well as the EGFR T790M mutation in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with EGFR oncogene addiction. Despite the documented efficacy of osimertinib in firs...
Article
Introduction: MET-deregulated NSCLC represents an urgent clinical need because of unfavorable prognosis and lack of specific therapies. Although recent studies have suggested a potential role for crizotinib in patients harboring MET amplification or exon 14 mutations, no conclusive data are currently available. This study aimed at investigating ac...
Conference Paper
Invasive Mucinous Adenocarcinoma (IMA) is a rare histotype of lung adenocarcinoma associated with an unfavorable prognosis due to the lack of effective treatment. The rearrangement is a new subtype-specific molecular feature of IMA and acts as a strong oncogenic inductor of the aberrant tyrosine kinase activity of ErbB2/ErbB3 heterodimers through P...
Article
Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess computed-tomography histogram analysis (CTHA) as prognostic and predictive factor in platinum-refractory non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) treated with immune checkpoint inhibitor Nivolumab. Method: One hundred and four patients were enrolled from 3 different centers. CT was performed using simila...
Conference Paper
Invasive Mucinous Adenocarcinoma (IMA) is a rare histotype of lung adenocarcinoma associated with an unfavorable prognosis due to the lack of effective treatment. The rearrangement is a new subtype-specific molecular feature of IMA and acts as a strong oncogenic inductor of the aberrant tyrosine kinase activity of ErbB2/ErbB3 heterodimers through P...
Article
Objectives: Despite the scant docetaxel's tolerability, second-line association with nintedanib still represents a standard-of-care for non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (nsNSCLC), giving to rapidly-progressing patients the greatest survival advantage. The SENECA trial is a phase IIb, open-label, study evaluating whether nintedanib/docetaxel...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a highly aggressive neuroendocrine tumour, and its outcome is strongly conditioned by the rapid onset of resistance to conventional chemotherapeutics. First-line treatment with a combination of platinum agents and topoisomerase inhibitors has been the standard of care for over 30 years, with disappoint...
Article
Full-text available
2559 Background: In the preliminary analysis of the FAMI-L1 study, we found a significant association between family history of cancer (FHC) and better clinical outcomes with anti-PD1/PD-L1 inhibitors. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated advanced cancer patients treated with single agents PD1/PD-L1 inhibitors. Patients were categorized as follow:...
Article
8547 Background: Since MPM is an uncommon neoplasia, its rarity has limited available data on molecular drivers. Methods: RAMES study evaluated the second-line efficacy of gemcitabine/ramucirumab treatment vs. gemcitabine/placebo. From December 2016 to July 2018 (end of enrolment), 164 patients (pts) were admitted to this study, which involved the...
Article
Introduction: Lung squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) typically harbor a strong activation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway. Since one of the most common resistance mechanisms against EGFR inhibition relies on the activation of cMET parallel signaling, we investigated the efficacy of a dual blockade with erlotinib and crizotinib in E...
Article
Background: Nivolumab has shown a survival benefit compared with docetaxel as second-line treatment for patients with previously treated advanced squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in a randomized phase III trial. The experiences of patients and physicians in routine clinical practice are often different from those in a controlled clinica...
Article
Background Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive disease with still limited therapeutic options. Despite being both a chemo- and radiation-sensitive malignancy, SCLC recurrence occurs in most cases and negatively impacts patients’ prognosis. Over the last few years, a deeper understanding of SCLC molecular aberrations has led to the identi...
Article
Computed tomography-guided lung biopsy is a valid and safe procedure for characterizing pulmonary nodules. In the past years, this technique has been mainly used to confirm the malignant nature of undetermined pulmonary lesions; however, today its role has been completely renewed. With the advent of target therapy and immunotherapy, it has arisen f...