Marcelin Joanis

Marcelin Joanis
CIRANO

About

41
Publications
7,593
Reads
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199
Citations
Citations since 2017
11 Research Items
90 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023051015
2017201820192020202120222023051015
2017201820192020202120222023051015
2017201820192020202120222023051015
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Full-text available
This paper empirically investigates the underlying determinants of the respective roles of different levels of government in expenditure functions, guided by recent theoretical developments on the political economy of partial expenditure decentralization. We adopt a theoretical framework in which the degree of expenditure decentralization is endoge...
Article
This paper estimates the causal effect of fiscal rules on political budget cycles in a sample of 67 developing countries over the period 1985–2007. We exploit the geographical pattern in the adoption of fiscal rules to isolate an exogenous source of variation in the adoption of national fiscal rules. Based on a diffusion argument, we use the number...
Research
Cette recherche présente une analyse des trajectoires dynamiques des individus entre les épisodes d’étude et de décrochage aux niveaux secondaire et postsecondaire. Nous évaluons l’impact des caractéristiques individuelles, du taux de chômage et de plusieurs variables de politique publique sur le taux (risque) de décrochage et sur celui de retourne...
Article
We analyze the allocaiion of a government transfer (the DGF) to cities in France. If the transfer is governed by rules, these rules are so complex that they may hide discretionary biases. Our empirical analysis reveals that such biases exist, and are used, favoring some electoral "fortresses.". © Presses de Sciences Po. Tous droits réservés pour to...
Research
Full-text available
The objective was to carry out a scientific literature review to identify economic and environmental impacts of circular economy, as well as the barriers and legislative levers that could serve in the transition toward a circular economy. The report includes five case studies of organizations active in Quebec's circular economy as well as a prelimi...
Article
This article adopts the perspective of second-generation fiscal-federalism theory to provide an empirical assessment of Canada’s intergovernmental fiscal arrangements. In the context of the literature on the political economy of intergovernmental grant programs, it examines the influence of political considerations on the evolution of the Canadian...
Book
Les finances publiques québécoises sont régies, depuis 1996, par la Loi sur l'équilibre budgétaire, et, depuis 2006, par la Loi sur la réduction de la dette. Dans la foulée de la dernière récession, plusieurs dispositions de ces deux lois ont été modifiées. Les règles budgétaires québécoises ainsi réformées pourront-elles demeurer en place à long t...
Article
This paper compares the public indebtedness of the Canadian provinces and the US states (including a share of the federal debt) over the 2000–2007 period. It presents rankings of the most indebted subnational jurisdictions based on five public debt concepts. Among the provinces, Quebec (with the lowest average rank) and Alberta (with the highest av...
Article
This paper empirically investigates the underlying determinants of expenditure decentralization, based on the predictions of a new political economy model of partial decentralization. The analysis is based on an agency model, in which two levels of government are involved in the provision of a public good and voters are imperfectly informed about e...
Article
Although local electoral accountability should be stronger when responsibilities are clearly assigned to local governments, the involvement of higher tiers of government is often associated with policies specifically designed to improve local accountability. This article investigates the impact of centralization on local electoral accountability in...
Article
This article documents the evolution of income inequality during Canada's major fiscal consolidation of the mid‐1980s to the mid‐1990s, one of the most spectacular fiscal turnarounds in recent economic history. Our main objective is to understand why overall market income inequality rose between 1986 and 1996, while that of disposable income did no...
Article
Recent decentralization reforms in developing countries have often lead to the coexistence of multiple tiers of government in given policy areas, triggering new accountability issues. This paper provides a novel theoretical treatment of the efficiency consequences of such ‘partial expenditure decentralization.’ It develops a political agency model...
Article
Full-text available
The economic literature has been investigating the positive relation between public infrastructure spending and the productivity of the private sector since Munnell (1992). We have introduced this relationship into a recursive dynamic computable general equilibrium model of the Quebec economy to investigate various funding schemes to scale up infra...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article fait le point sur la question des regles budgetaires, qui occupe une place centrale dans les debats de politiques publiques sur la resorption eventuelle des deficits herites de la Grande Recession. Il revient d’abord rapidement sur la litterature theorique relative aux regles budgetaires. Il dresse ensuite une nomenclature des regles bu...
Article
Fiscal decentralization is high on the agenda in policy fora. This paper empirically investigates the underlying causes of fiscal decentralization, based on the predictions of a simple political economy model. We argue that the likeliness that a central government engages in devolution of powers depends in important ways on the political forces tha...
Article
Full-text available
With assertion of collusive behavior in public construction projects, this report looks at the best practices meant to detect and to deter collusion in procurement. Based on regulatory frameworks, an overview of actual processes in public procurement and of construction industry regulation is explored. The economic analysis of tender as a bidding p...
Article
Full-text available
This paper empirically investigates the underlying causes of expenditure decentralization, based on the predictions of a new political economy model of partial fiscal decentralization. Under shared expenditure responsibility, the degree of decentralization is endogenous and depends on the relative political conditions prevailing at each level of go...
Book
En choisissant Le Québec économique 2009 comme titre, nous ouvrions volontairement la voie à une analyse en deux temps. D’une part, nous souhaitions évaluer l’économie québécoise en mesurant le chemin qu’elle a parcouru au cours des dernières décennies jusqu’à aujourd’hui. D’autre part, nous tenions à accorder toute l’attention nécessaire à une ann...
Article
Because they yield durable and visible benefits to voters, public infrastructure expenditures are an attractive instrument for politicians to build enduring electoral support in their constituencies. Static models of special-interest politics typically predict that public spending should be targeted at swing voters, at the expense of voters who dis...
Article
Decentralization of expenditure responsibilities from central to local governments is generally thought to increase overall government accountability by bringing the policymaking process closer to citizens. In practice, decentralization reforms tend to be partial in nature, leading to the coexistence of multiple tiers of government in public good p...
Article
Full-text available
Le constat n’est pas nouveau : le Québec est très endetté. Toutes proportions gardées, le Québec est la troisième province canadienne dont le gouvernement est le plus endetté. Les Québécois doivent également supporter le fardeau de la dette publique fédérale, qui est encore plus élevé. Malgré cela, le gouvernement du Québec ne s’est toujours pas do...
Article
Full-text available
Ce Rapport bourgogne présente une vue d'ensemble des enjeux de la dimension territoriale des politiques de développement économique au Québec. Si les problèmes des régions ressources ont beaucoup défrayé la manchette au cours des dernières années, la problématique du développement régional est loin d'être récente au Québec. Trois grandes approches...
Book
Sous la direction de Luc Godbout, Marcelin Joanis et Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin Avec la collaboration de Suzanne Bisaillon, Stéphanie Boulenger, Joanne Castonguay, Natalie Coyle, Benoit Dostie, Étienne Dumont, François Dupuis, Jim Engle-Warnick, Bernard Fortin, Pierre Fortin, Nicolas Jacquemet, Pierre Thomas Léger, Philip Merrigan, Claude Montma...
Article
Full-text available
This document presents a detailed analysis of the regional development issue in Quebec. First, it includes an analysis of the available regional economic data, which confirms the relative decline of "peripheral" regions versus "central" regions. A critical survey of regional policies enforced during the XXth century and of regional development theo...
Article
Full-text available
The positive social return on most health expenditure leads us to suggest a shift in Quebec to move away from attempts at restricting these outlays and towards a "growth management" attitude. Such an attitude also proves compatible with the conclusions of the numerous public reports recently published in Canada on healthcare and healthcare funding,...
Article
Full-text available
This paper first recalls the high level of public indebtedness in Quebec. A literature review and a description of the evolution of the problematics, carried out by the means of a retrospective analysis as well as a projection exercise, show (1) the "uncoupling" of the public finances that occurred from the mid-1970s to the early 1990s; (2) the cur...
Article
Full-text available
This document offers a synthesis of the papers presented at the Conference on the Econometrics of Education: Modeling Selectivity and Outcomes, held at CIRANO, April 26 and 27, 2002. The papers serve as a pretext to draw a non exhaustive survey of the state of research in the economics of education. The methods of the economics of education are tre...
Article
Full-text available
The paper examines the evolution of the inequality of family income in Canada during the 1986-1996 period. Our main objective is to understand why overall market income inequality rose, while that of disposable income did not. To analyze this question, we use data from the Survey of Consumer Finances and two distinct decomposition methodologies. Fi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the outline for a smart market geared to Quebec s woodchip industry. It aims to explain how such a market operates, and to show how it fits into or modifies the existing trading system. The proposed smart market has two main objectives. The first is to enhance the efficiency of the woodchip market. The electronic market is a fav...
Article
Full-text available
While electoral accountability should be stronger when responsibilities are clearly assigned to one political office, the involvement of higher tiers of government is often associated with policies specifically designed to improve local accountability. This paper investigates the impact of centralization on local electoral accountability in the con...

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Project (1)
Project
Research focusing on voting economics, partisan biases in transfers from central to local governments...