Marc Aurel Schnabel

Marc Aurel Schnabel
Victoria University of Wellington · Faculty of Architecture and Design

PhD, M Ed, Dipl Ing

About

206
Publications
111,125
Reads
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768
Citations
Introduction
Computational architecture, virtual/augmented environments, virtual design studio (VDS), computational design generation, parametric design, design learning, digital Manga. Digital Architecture Research Alliance, DARA. World16 CAADRIA ASA (ANZAScA) SmartGeometry Urban Digitalics
Research Experience
November 2016 - present
Victoria University of Wellington
Position
  • Dean
Description
  • The Faculty of Architecture and Design is a leading provider of innovative education across a wide selection of disciplines encompassing design and the built environment..
March 2015 - present
The University of Sheffield
Position
  • Professor (Visiting)
Description
  • The Digital Design and Performance (DD+P) research group investigates ways in which the performance of buildings and urban spaces can be captured, modelled and represented using digital software and devices.
January 2015 - present
Victoria University of Wellington
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Victoria’s School of Architecture has an internationally recognised reputation as a leading tertiary provider in the built environment. Our programmes span a range of disciplines at the core of the built environment.
Education
March 2006 - October 2008
The University of Sydney
Field of study
  • Higher Education
January 2000 - October 2004
The University of Hong Kong
Field of study
  • Architecture, Virtual Environments
September 1990 - June 1995
Universität der Künste Berlin
Field of study
  • Architecture

Publications

Publications (206)
Book
Full-text available
The volume contains the double-blind peer reviewed paper accepted for the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA) 2016, held at Melbourne School of Design, University of Melbourne, Australia. They provide a snapshot of leading research in the field by researchers from around the world.
Book
Full-text available
8448cubed is an architectural design exhibition showcasing creative digital design techniques. It explores how the coupling of architectural designs with digital modelling and manufacturing methods allow for a deeper comprehension and experience of space and form. The core of this collection is held together by the idea of spatial concepts within c...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the 1990s when Nicholas Negroponte published his infamous comparison between bits and atoms for Wired magazine, it was no longer strange to talk about a new concept for galleries, libraries, archieves and museums (GLAMs). Pointing to a new future for libraries, Negroponte was already aware that being digital had its own reality, which was to cre...
Article
Full-text available
This paper documents the process and outcomes of a digital design project with the aim of translating music into architecture. Parametric software has been used to generate 48 virtual forms from the preludes and fugues of Book I of The Well-Tempered Clavier (bwv 846-869), by Johann Sebastian Bach. The paper discusses historical connections between...
Article
Full-text available
By merging a range of digital and physical media, the architectural design pro-cess is enriched by different perceptions, comprehensions and conceptions of spatial volumes within both physical and virtual environments. With the inter-changing and crossing over of design environments from reality to virtuality the limits of each one are dismantled,...
Article
Full-text available
Local governments are responding to rising complexities in service delivery, governance, and civic stewardship with novel interdisciplinary discourses that converge previously separate disciplines. Smart Heritage, the novel convergence of smart city and heritage disciplines, is one interdisciplinary discourse that local governments utilise to addre...
Article
Full-text available
With the development of a large number of old industrial buildings, such as the relocation, transformation, demolition and other issues, how to reuse the building resources has become an urgent problem need to solve. This paper about architectural resources reuse, based on old industrial buildings in Changchun FAW, proposed using green technology t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Every new idea has some sort of precedent or echoes from the past. It is the same for the new residential buildings in Lingnan, China. In Lingnan, the vernacular knowledge of building design has been established over thousands of years. Whether it is suitable for use today should be verified. In this research, virtual simulations are employed to ar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In contrast to reductionist investigating of interrelation between emotion and architecture, we have proposed a new concept for creating an adaptive architecture system that employs biosensors and virtual reality (VR). We have generated a dynamic audio-visual Virtual Environment (VE) that has the potential of manipulating the emotional arousal leve...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The recent development in Virtual Reality (VR) allows for novel engagement in participatory urban design. Despite that any design approach cannot include and address all items that are relevant or needed during a design process, social VR design instruments offer additionality via their real-time generation and visualisation possibilities that are...
Article
Full-text available
Regarding laypeople’s active participation with artefacts in the early stage of urban design, there is a certain difference between conventional urban design process and participatory urban design process. The design artefacts used in the conventional urban design process do not allow laypeople to take part actively in the early stages of the desig...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper explores the analogies between Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Feng-Shui by undertaking an analysis of natural ventilation in Jiangmen city, Southern China. Feng-Shui has been used to inform the orientation, layout, and design of buildings in China for thousands of years. The research questions if these concepts are still valid for...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite theoretical evidence about the capabilities of visual properties of space for manipulating inhabitants' emotions, a gap in knowledge exists for empirical studies in controlled environments. Interdisciplinary studies at the intersection of architecture, psychology, and neuroscience can provide robust guidelines and criteria for designers to...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays wind environment research usually requires lots of comparisons of simulations to study influences on wind environment of building shapes and arrangements. This research aims to develop a novel methodology by integrating computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation, parametric tools and evaluation criteria. The integration of multiple tool...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Due to lack of communication tools, the end-users in a participatory urban design process face difficulty to conceive and convey design ideas fully. Most often, the design ideas of participatory design process stay in conceptual form and do not provide enough information to conceive the whole environment. The research hypothesises that virtual medi...
Poster
Full-text available
Propagate Faculty of Architecture and Design PhD Symposium Thursday October 24th, 12-6.30pm Faculty of Architecture and Design, Te Aro Campus, Atrium + LT1 Victoria University of Wellington
Article
Full-text available
The article discusses design communication and participation of laypeople in a virtual participatory urban design process. We speculate that an immersive virtual environment facilitated instrument can allow laypeople to take part actively as designers in the early stage of urban design ideation and generation. We have developed a design communicati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Smart Heritage leverages the past to transform cities into smart cities. It bridges a theoretical framework between the existing smart cities and heritage discourses and can benefit both the smart and heritage of aspirations of cities. The recent increase in the preparation of smart city policies by local governments in Australia provides an opport...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the trilogy of virtual classifications, the speculative environment, the virtual inhabitant and the virtual built-form. These combine, generating a new realm of design within immersive architectural space, all to be designed relative to each other, this paper focuses on the speculative environment portion. This challenged comput...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Architects work with data daily. Spatial metrics, building codes and client requirements form the main considerations for many designers, yet new layers of data are impacting the way cities and inhabitants interact with each. This data can be used to more effectively analyse and predict patterns and behaviors to produce environments better suited t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In its ambitions, the paper aims to propose a proof of concept for a Virtual, Augmented and Mixed (VAM) environment that digitally overlays a multifaith space in order to optimize their use, essentially transforming itself to the spiritual needs of the user. In order to do so, a mixed reality experience was developed by investigating and interpreti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Technology inevitably evolves and develops rapidly in the modern era, industries and professions continue to strive in integrating, adapting and utilising these advancements to improve, optimise and improve the process of design to manufacture to the user experience. One such system that fits into this category is the advent of Virtual Reality and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes the method of establishing a tool, interconnecting a selection of hardware and computational software to design architecture, through the manipulation of forms using brain activities inside a Virtual Reality (VR) environment. This is achieved through the use of electroencephalography (EEG), detecting brain activities and live s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the past decade, urban researchers have paid significant attention to the emergence of computer science and urban planning. According to the literature, social media as a pool of real-time citizen feedback can be investigated to inform smart city synergies. However, the success factors of such an approach have not been thoroughly investigated. I...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper explores the ideas and mechanics through a case study which generated a reimagined means of inhabiting a speculative immersive environment. Currently, many users reside within virtual environments for their own leisure, work, or any other reason desired from short amounts of time to extreme lengths. This paper shows the generation direct...
Chapter
Full-text available
Fluctuating economies and changing family demographics have increasingly complicated the spatial requirements of contemporary housing.
Article
Full-text available
The concept of Form-Based Code is of central importance in American New Urbanism. There is an increasing concern on Form-Based Code’s components and adoptions in cities and countries in the USA. This paper aims to extend Form-Based Code’s study to high-density cities of Asia. It explores the methodology of embedding parametric thinking into the mul...
Preprint
Full-text available
We seek a framework for engaging people in urban design decision-making process by employing virtual tools. We adopt our previously developed parametric tools for design communication as a bridging method between conventional and participatory urban design approaches. We hypothesise that a virtual participatory urban design platform can provide mor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We seek a framework for engaging people in urban design decision-making process by employing virtual tools. We adopt our previously developed parametric tools for design communication as a bridging method between conventional and participatory urban design approaches. We hypothesise that a virtual participatory urban design platform can provide mor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper discusses, examines and evaluates the 'five-dimensional' qualities of virtual reality environments to create an authentic, immersive virtual reality experience. Investigated within the paper are the methodologies, tangible and intangible components, architect's role, existing immersive virtual reality environments, and resulting critical...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Our paper questions the aspects of design communication in urban design practices of both conventional and participatory design approaches. We offer a virtual design methodology to generate urban form as a middle approach between conventional and participatory urban design processes. We hypothesise that a virtual participatory urban design platform...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A key but overlooked factor in user-oriented design system is participation. Many researchers have looked into system usability, design simplification or realistic visualization to provide an immersive experience for users to engage the design. This paper explores how digital interventions operate within the process of collaborative design for urba...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper evaluates, along with expert assessment, the novel, evolving and creative instruments employed for a digital design process. Applications within this paper derive outputs which are attention-grabbing. These include Agent Simulations, Artistic Image Processing, Realistic Site Geometry, Projected 3D Space Sketching, Immersive 3D Space Sket...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This research developed an immersive, multi-dimensional Virtual Experience of thèGordon Wilson Flats', a Modern apartment block constructed during the 1950s in Wellington, New Zealand. The project explored methods to virtually reconstruct the spatial qualities of the building and document the flats in both their current and original states within t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper begins to look at how human data can be collected via Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality alongside Eye Tracking data for design Verification. This paper presents preliminary testing and results from participants to demonstrate a data pipeline methodology and data processing to begin to understand and verify the impact of certain design...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the following paper, a description, a comparison, a series of reflections, and future directions of two successful Contextualized Digital Heritage Workshops (CDHW) will be presented. The workshops have been organized during the eCAADe and CAADRIA conferences. The importance of architectural heritage as an expression of a local history and identi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper aims to study the potential impact of Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Realities (VAM) technologies on the built environment and to understand how immersive environments can be used to enhance the human experience within the built environment. In order to investigate and test how these technologies may improve our experience of the city, an...
Article
Full-text available
Architectural designs are visualised on computer screens through arrays of pixels and vectors. These representations differ from the reality of buildings, which over time will unavoidably age and decay. How, then, do digital designs age over time? Do we interpret glitching as a sudden malfunction or fault in the computation of the design's underlyi...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents a framework to develop participatory urban design decision-making interfaces for the early stage of design. We produce a parametric integrated system to generate urban configurations that relate to functional areas, land-divisions, construction cost and possible revenue. We speculate this kind of interface can engage stakeholders...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper presents the experimental use of Form-Based Code (FBC), an alternative approach to urban planning and regulation, for volumetric morphology towards more flexible and predictable development in high-density cities. Quantitative analysis of the Tsim Sha Tsui (TST) area of Hong Kong results in a workflow for using FBC in high-density context...
Article
Full-text available
Contemporary use of Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) façades is increasing rapidly. However, A BIPV façade can impact natural lighting because of opaque solar cells in the panels. This paper explicates an approach for daylight calculation in an indoor environment with the BIPV facade system installed. A brief review of daylight calculation...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Virtual Reality (VR) is being revived in major disciplines, including architecture. VR is no longer only employed for basic operations, such as construction of 3D models, dynamic renderings, closed-loop interaction, inside-out perspective and enhance sensory feedback. This paper explains how over the past twenty years technologies and software have...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We question the recent practices of conventional and participatory urban design approaches and offer a middle approach by exploring computational design tools in the design system. On the one hand, the top-down urban planning approaches investigate urban form as a holistic matter which only can be calibrated by urban professionals. These approaches...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Transitioning away from traditional design methodology, for example, paper sketching, CAAD works, and 'flat screen' rendering, this paper proposes a new methodological ecosystem of which tests its validity within a studio-based case study. The focus will prove whether dynamic implementation and interconnectivity of evolving design tools can create...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The conventional Chinese lattice window is a widely-used architectural component in the Chinese classical garden. It provides the functions of illuminance, ventilation, decoration and organising the landscape. Conventional generation and fabrication require complex knowledge and skilful handicraft techniques respectively. Because emerging technolog...
Poster
Full-text available
Our research questions the aspects of design communication in urban design practices of both conventional and participatory design approaches. We offer a virtual design methodology to create urban form as a middle approach between conventional and participatory urban design processes. We hypothesise that a virtual participatory urban design platfor...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation follows the conference paper DIGITAL CULTURE and includes combinations of agent simulations, artistic image processing analysis, site photogrammetry, 3D immersive sketching both abstract and to site-scale, parametric design generation, and virtual reality style presentations. Enhancing the process of design with evolving techniques in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The products architects use to design, document and manage the building process have historically relied on off the shelf products from international corporations. These ‘one fit for all’ applications have often been criticised for forcing the hand of the designer, and ultimately, influencing the final output. This body of research outlines a numbe...
Data
The politics embodied within modern architecture is defined by the general public's unawareness of the period’s architectural and historical origins. Following such criticisms of modern architecture within the contemporary urban landscape; in order to make decisions about the fate of buildings from this era, it is important to present a range of in...
Presentation
Full-text available
The politics embodied within modern architecture is defined by the general public's unawareness of the period’s architectural and historical origins. Following such criticisms of modern architecture within the contemporary urban landscape; in order to make decisions about the fate of buildings from this era, it is important to present a range of in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The politics embodied within Modern architectural heritage is defined by unawareness of the period’s architectural and historical origins. As a result, the public overlooks technical and aesthetic innovations associated with Modernism, along with the times of social change these advances represent. Instead, the deterioration of these buildings, cau...
Book
Full-text available
This photobook portrays Kashgar, the westernmost city in China and once considered one of the best preserved examples of a traditional Islamic city in Central Asia. With a renewal project, nearly 80 percent of the old houses have been replaced with new ones that just look sufficiently old to make a visitor feel in a fictional world of Kashgar’s maz...
Article
Full-text available
With the development of parametric design practices in the larger built environment, this paper proposes to merge parametric methodology with Form-Based Code in high-dense cities. Form-Based Code is a recent place-making approach which critically response to conventional zoning. It aims to prescribe urban-rural environments and implement mixed used...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The focus of this work is on representing the surrounding of Masjid Wazir Khan in Lahore. It is explored how the computational tools and translations can promo te a participatory process to build up a digital archive. The concern for abandoned spaces in heritage sites is examined by observing user interaction with heritage displays through differen...
Book
Full-text available
This volume contains the double-blind peer reviewed papers accepted for the 51st International Conference of the Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA) held at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, during 29 November - 2 December 2017. They provide a current snapshot of leading research in the field by researchers from around the wor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This research has developed a participatory methodology to generate urban codes to achieve the desired configuration for neighbourhoods in New Zealand. Urban codes are the qualities inherent in the built environment which have either evolved by themselves or have been guided by rules and regulations. The work develops a novel decision‐making platfo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study seeks to develop a methodology to generate urban codes to achieve the desired configuration for neighbourhoods. Urban codes refer to the embedded quality of urban forms which either evolved by itself or is guided by rules & regulations. The novel instrument proposed in this paper brings together city level and local neighbourhood data to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper is part of a design-research project in the field of digital heritage. Contextualised around the authenticity issue of Kashgar, the westernmost city in China, the project investigates digital means for participation in processes of cultural heritage making. The focus of this paper is to characterise glitches that occur as part of the pho...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With the increasing use of virtual reality as a visualisation tool, questions are opening up about the scope of its usefulness within the architectural profession. This study explores the extent to which using virtual reality as an interactive design tool is effective for manipulating and understanding spatial geometries. In order to analyse the te...
Chapter
Full-text available
Association rule mining is one of several approaches in game design for discovering correlations among user-generated content items. This paper aims to aid the digital heritage field by analysing user preferences in interactive environments designed for participatory cultural heritage making. Textual and diagrammatic explication of the feedback mec...