Marc Schmid

Marc Schmid
Universitäre Psychiatrische Kliniken Basel | UPKBS · Klinik für Kinder und Jugendliche

PD Dr. Dipl.-Psych.

About

283
Publications
59,189
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2,525
Citations
Citations since 2016
112 Research Items
1716 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (283)
Article
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According to Cloninger’s model, personality is conceptualized in temperament and character traits contributing to a child’s psychosocial development. Additionally, parent–child interaction is important for the child’s socio-emotional development. To date, the relationship between attachment and temperament and character for child mental health deve...
Article
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Background: The ongoing horrors of the war in Ukraine have led to enormous consequences: loss of life, severe injuries, and mass movements of civilians. Exposure to war, living in conflict zones, and forced displacement increase the risk of experiencing a broad spectrum of direct and indirect burdens towards physical and mental health, in particula...
Article
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Objective Within a longitudinal study (10-year follow-up), we aim to examine the role of anger/irritability and limited prosocial emotion/callous-unemotional traits in predicting externalizing symptoms and adjustment problems in individuals formerly in youth residential care institutions.Method These dimensions were assessed in 203 young adults, wi...
Article
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Background Childhood adversities (CAs), potentially traumatic exposures (PTEs), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are known to increase the risk for poor health outcomes, including diseases of aging and early mortality. Telomere length (TL) and hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) are biomarkers known to be associated with CA and PTEs, and PTS...
Article
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Chronic stress is associated with accelerated biological aging as indexed by short age-adjusted leukocyte telomere length (LTL). Exploring links of biological stress responses with LTL has proved challenging due to the lack of biological measures of chronic psychological stress. Hair cortisol concentration (HCC) has emerged as a measure of chronic...
Article
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Background The purpose of this study was to evaluate the self-reported stability of psychopathic traits in adolescents in residential care (both child welfare and juvenile justice placed juveniles) and potential influencing factors. Methods We applied the Youth Psychopathic traits Inventory (YPI) in a sample of 162 adolescents (M = 15.0 years, SD...
Article
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Background: Child welfare and juvenile justice placed youths show high levels of psychosocial burden and high rates of mental disorders. It remains unclear how mental disorders develop into adulthood in these populations. The aim was to present the rates of mental disorders in adolescence and adulthood in child welfare and juvenile justice samples...
Article
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Background With the implementation of the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) in early 2022, there will be a radical change in the framework and process for diagnosing personality disorders (PDs), indicating a transition from the categorical to the dimensional model. Despite increasing evidence that PDs are not as...
Article
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The infliction of war and military aggression upon children must be considered a violation of their basic human rights and can have a persistent impact on their physical and mental health and well-being, with long-term consequences for their development. Given the recent events in Ukraine with millions on the flight, this scoping policy editorial a...
Preprint
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Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the self-reported stability of psychopathic traits in adolescents in residential care (both child welfare and juvenile justice placed juveniles) and potential influencing factors. Method: We applied the Youth Psychopathic traits Inventory (YPI) in a sample of 162 adolescents (M=15.0 years, SD=1....
Article
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Zusammenfassung. Theoretischer Hintergrund: Fremdplatzierte Kinder und Jugendliche sind psychisch hoch belastet, jedoch ist der Verlauf von psychischen Problemen bis in deren Erwachsenenalter weitgehend unbekannt. Fragestellung: Die Prävalenz und der Verlauf von psychischen Problemen bei fremdplatzierten Kindern und Jugendlichen bis ins Erwachsenen...
Article
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Despite high rates of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and personality-related disturbances among delinquent juveniles, associations among ACEs, youth personality, and juvenile crime involvement are still unclear. High-risk samples of institutionalized youth are in specific need of a comprehensive assessment of ACEs and personality features in...
Article
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This paper examines the distribution of attachment representations among social work professionals using the Adult Attachment Projective Picture System (AAP; George, West, Pettem, 1997). In this sample, the influence of attachment on the occurrence of burnout syndrome is investigated, as this is considered as a trigger for further mental and physic...
Article
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Zusammenfassung. Theoretischer Hintergrund: Eine Reihe von Studien zeigen soziale Folgen von Misshandlung und Vernachlässigung in der Kindheit im weiteren Lebenslauf. Fragestellung: Diese Studie zielt darauf ab, die langfristigen Auswirkungen von Misshandlungs- und Vernachlässigungserfahrungen auf die soziale Teilhabe in einer Stichprobe von ehemal...
Article
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Zusammenfassung. Theoretischer Hintergrund: Studien zeigen, dass Persönlichkeitsstörungen (PS) weniger stabil und bei einer frühzeitigen Erkennung gut behandelbar sind. Fragestellung: Ziel dieser Studie ist, 1) die Prävalenz von PS bei ehemalig fremdplatzierten jungen Erwachsenen zu beschreiben, 2) die kategoriale Stabilität von PS vom Jugendalter...
Article
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Zusammenfassung. Theoretischer Hintergrund: Verschiedene Studien zeigen auf, dass ehemals ausserfamiliär platzierte Jugendliche, die viele biologische und psychosoziale Risikofaktoren akkumulieren, im weiteren Lebenslauf häufig eine geringere soziale Teilhabe aufweisen. Fragestellung: Dieser Themenschwerpunkt berichtet von einer Längsschnittstudie...
Article
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While children and adolescents placed in child welfare or juvenile justice out-of-home care show higher prevalence rates of mental disorders compared to the general population, it remains unclear whether this pattern persists into adulthood. A quantitative synthesis of existing studies is lacking. The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate the p...
Article
Junge Menschen, die während des ersten Lockdowns in einer Institution der stationären Kinder- und Jugendhilfe lebten, waren spezifischen – und im Vergleich zu familiär betreuten Gleichaltrigen – zusätzlichen Belastungen ausgesetzt. Dies verdeutlichen die Ergebnisse der Online-Umfrage CorSJH (»Die Corona-Krise aus der Perspektive von jungen Menschen...
Article
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Childhood adversity (CA) and adulthood traumatic experiences (ATEs) are common and unequally distributed in the general population. Early stressors may beget later stressors and alter life‐course trajectories of stressor exposure. Gender differences exist regarding the risk of specific stressors. However, few studies have examined the associations...
Article
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Background Although child welfare youth and juvenile offenders in residential care have different judicial placement reasons, there seems to be overlap in their demographic and psychosocial backgrounds. This could raise the question whether these adolescents should be placed in strictly separated institutions based on their judicial title (civil or...
Article
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Background: Professional caregivers in youth residential care institutions experience frequent verbal and physical aggression as well as multiple stressors as part of their everyday work, leading to high levels of burnout and staff turnover. Resilience might buffer against psychophysiological stress response and therefore be crucial for well-being...
Article
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Background: Adolescents in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems show high rates of substance-use disorders. Yet, little is known about the association between childhood adversities and impulsive behavior involving substance-use disorders in shared residential care in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. Objective: The aim of th...
Article
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The Influence of Personal Resources on Job Satisfaction Among Professionals in the Inpatient Care of Burdened Children and Adolescents Professionals in the inpatient care of burdened and partially traumatized children and adolescents are confronted with high demands in their everyday work. If these professionals do not have the necessary resources...
Article
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Background The aim of the current study is to examine the psychometric properties of the German Version of the Youth Psychopathic traits Inventory-Short Version (YPI-S). Methods A sample of 856 adolescents (age: 15–19) from the German-speaking part of Switzerland was included. All participants completed the 50-item YPI, of which we derived the 18...
Article
Children who experience child abuse and neglect are at high risk for developing emotional and behavioral problems as well as attachment disorder symptoms. Multisystemic Therapy for Child Abuse and Neglect (MST-CAN) is an evidence-based intervention for families experiencing child maltreatment. In a German-speaking environment, we aimed to investiga...
Article
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Die Corona-Krise aus der Perspektive von jungen Menschen in der stationären Kinder-und Jugendhilfe Erste Ergebnisse: Es war uns ein Anliegen, die Ergebnisse möglichst rasch und unkompliziert einem breiten Publikum zur Verfügung zu stellen. Bei diesem Bericht handelt es sich deshalb um eine erste Auswahl an Ergebnissen.
Article
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Background There have been numerous studies investigating the relationship between nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidality. On the one side, NSSI is an important risk factor for suicidality, including suicidal thoughts and behaviors. On the other side, it has been suggested that one function of NSSI might be as a coping mechanism that can he...
Chapter
Dieses Kapitel befasst sich mit komplex traumatisierten Kindern, Jugendlichen und Heranwachsenden mit unterschiedlichen Traumatypen. Neben Informationen zu Klassifikation, Epidemiologie, Ätiologie, Symptomatik, Diagnostik und Therapieverfahren finden sich auch zahlreiche praktische Tipps und Hilfestellungen für den Alltag in Praxis und Klinik wiede...
Chapter
Zwei Drittel bis drei Viertel der Kinder und Jugendlichen, die in Heimeinrichtungen oder in Pflegefamilien leben, leiden unter mindestens einer psychischen Störung. Bei der Mehrzahldieser Kinder besteht mindestens eine traumatische Erfahrungen in der Vergangenheit, z. B. in der Familie oder anderen Herkunftssystemen. Diese Belastungen und/oder Verh...
Article
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Background A substantial amount of youths living in youth residential care demonstrate clinical levels of aggression during the course of their placements, which poses a major risk to care continuity. Yet developmental trajectories of aggressive behavior can vary. Objective We investigated if changes in quality of life (QoL), psychopathological sy...
Article
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Background: Professional caregivers are exposed to multiple stressors and have high burnout rates; however, not all individuals are equally susceptible. We investigated the association between resilience and burnout in a Swiss population of professional caregivers working in youth residential care. Methods: Using a prospective longitudinal study de...
Article
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Background: Despite the well-known deleterious health effects of childhood adversity (CA) and adulthood trauma (AT) and ageing of the global population, little is known about self-reported CA and AT in older populations. Existing findings are mixed due to methodological and sampling artefacts, in particular, recall and selection biases, and due to...
Article
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Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) lead to devastating long-term health consequences that are associated with a dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Children and adolescents living in institutional care have an increased risk to experience ACEs, particularly linked to missing continuity of care, and a higher risk for co...
Article
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Background: Professional caregivers working in child and youth welfare institutions are frequently faced with the complex mental health issues, emotional needs and challenging coping strategies of clients with cumulated traumatic experiences, leaving them prone to developing high levels of stress, burn-out and compassion fatigue. Trauma-informed c...
Article
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Introduction: Attachment disorder (AD), including reactive AD and disinhibited social engagement disorder, is a prevalent, yet underdiagnosed disorder in severely maltreated children. Because the condition is associated with significant psychiatric morbidity over the entire lifespan, a valid and economic screening tool to identify children with cl...
Article
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Purpose Children and adolescents living in youth welfare institutions often have a below average quality of life (QoL), for reasons that include developmental difficulties, history of traumatic experiences, and mental disorders. Youth welfare measures are needed that would have a positive impact, but there is a lack of longitudinal research on whic...
Article
Introduction: Currently, attachment quality and attachment disorder exist in parallel, but the mutual association is still insufficiently clarified. For policy makers and clinical experts, it can be difficult to differentiate between these constructs, but the distinction is crucial to develop mental-health services and effective treatment concepts...
Presentation
Childhood Trauma belongs to the most common and adverse risk factors for adverse health outcomes in adulthood. It is associated with adverse mental health outcomes, it also increases the risk for certain major medical illnesses across the lifespan. With these preliminary results, we are able to show traumatic experiences in childhood being associat...
Poster
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Professional caregivers working in residential youth care are exposed to multiple stressors, such as shift work and emotional and physical assaults, and show high burnout rates. However not all individuals are equally susceptible. The aim of the current study was to investigate the longitudinal association between the resilience measures (sense of...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been associated with poor mental and somatic health. Accumulating evidence indicates that accelerated biological aging—indexed by altered telomere-related markers—may contribute to associations between ACEs and negative long-term health outcomes. Telomeres are repeated, non-coding deoxyribonucle...
Article
The aim of the current study was to examine the influence of strain, anger-irritability problems and depressed-anxious symptoms on delinquent behavior problems as well as the moderating effect of depressed-anxious symptoms on the relationship between anger-irritability problems and delinquent behaviors in a sample of 248 institutionalized boys and...
Article
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Background Adolescents’ nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) leads to distress that affects the whole family system, and siblings are reported to suffer from disrupted family communication and functioning. So far, no studies have examined the quality of relationships between adolescents with NSSI and their siblings. The aim of the present study was to ex...
Article
Multisystemic Therapy for Child Abuse and Neglect (MST‐CAN) is an evidence‐based program for families with children who experience maltreatment. This clinical trial is the first evaluation of MST‐CAN in a German‐speaking area. Parental psychological problems and parental stress have been shown to be risk factors for child abuse and neglect. By the...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the sex-specific predictive value of age of onset of delinquent behaviors, callous-unemotional (CU) traits, and anger–irritability problems for externalizing behavior problems in institutionalized adolescents over the course of 1 year. A total of 118 girls and 240 boys from child welfare and juvenile justice...
Article
Background: Substance-use disorder (SUD) was found to be an aggravating factor to delinquency and is closely related to personality disorders (PDs). Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate sex differences in the relationship between PD traits and SUD in adolescents institutionalized in child welfare and juvenile justice institutions...
Chapter
Grenzverletzungen gegenüber Mitarbeitenden sind, obwohl sie in jedem Team fast täglich thematisiert werden, ein vernachlässigtes Thema in der Forschung und öffentlichen Fachdiskussion. Dieser Beitrag beschreibt die Häufigkeit und Folgen von Grenzverletzungen an Mitarbeitenden, fokussiert aber v. a. auf die Aufgaben und Bedürfnisse der Leitungskräft...
Article
Full-text available
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a frequent phenomenon in adolescents, however there is a lack of studies on the prevalence of NSSI in adolescents placed in youth welfare and juvenile justice group homes. The goal of the present study is to investigate the prevalence rates of NSSI and mental disorders in adolescents living in the youth welfare sys...
Article
Full-text available
Background Studies have shown that youths with high psychopathic traits have an earlier onset of delinquent behavior, have higher levels of delinquent behavior, and show higher rates of recidivism than youths with low psychopathic traits. Furthermore, psychopathic traits have received much attention as a robust indicator for delinquent and aggressi...
Article
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In numerous current studies, experts describe a need for improved cooperation between employees of youth welfare and child and adolescent psychiatry/-psychotherapy. The present study investigates how social pedagogues working in youth welfare institutions perceive psychiatrists or psychologists working in child and adolescent psychiatry. Benefits a...