Marc Saner

Marc Saner
University of Ottawa · Department of Geography, Environment and Geomatics

MSc (equiv. 1986), PhD (1991), MA (1999)

About

56
Publications
9,856
Reads
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634
Citations
Citations since 2016
8 Research Items
265 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
Additional affiliations
July 2010 - July 2015
University of Ottawa
Position
  • Inaugural Director
January 2008 - January 2010
Carleton University
Position
  • Executive Director, Regulatory Governance Initiative

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
Full-text available
Scientific advice is given to governments through a variety of processes and structures. A key task is, thus, to understand the pros and cons of the various process design options. In this article, two very basic and abstract components of all process options are discussed: their temporal and spatial dimensions. The temporal axis is bracketed by pr...
Article
We chart the moral space of Earth measurement with the aim to develop practical tools to evaluate and improve Earth measurement frameworks (including environmental-economic accounting and ecosystem services). Based on a survey of environmental ethics, we develop four concepts that are fundamentally important to fostering agreement in debates over E...
Article
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Inclusive approaches have been applied in many areas, including human resources, international development, urban planning, and innovation. This paper is a systematic literature review to describe the usage trends, scope, and nature of the inclusive approach in the climate change adaptation (CCA) context. We developed search algorithms, explicit se...
Article
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The quantity and complexity of scientific and technological information provided to policymakers have been on the rise for decades. Yet little is known about how to provide science advice to legislatures, even though scientific information is widely acknowledged as valuable for decision-making in many policy domains. We asked academics, science adv...
Article
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For ecosystem measurement frameworks to be accepted, operationalised and implemented by diverse international communities, clear and agreeable concepts and classifications are essential. This paper analyses and develops two foundational typology challenges within ecosystem measurement: the classification of ecosystems and the classification of thei...
Article
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Ecological economists currently face an important opportunity to influence national policies and global awareness regarding ecosystems. Ecosystem services (ES) frameworks, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) and the System of Environmental Economic Accounting Experimental Ecosystem Accounting (SEEA E...
Article
For many innovations, oversight fits nicely within existing governance mechanisms; nevertheless, others pose unique public health, environmental, and ethical challenges. Synthetic artemisinin, for example, has many precursors in laboratory-developed drugs that emulate natural forms of the same drug. The policy challenges posed by synthetic artemisi...
Data
"Building the consensus: The moral space of earth measurement" suggests taking into account a broad range of human values, a long time frame, a precautionary approach and a view of "critical natural capital" would encourage a constructive dialogue among divers perspectives on environmental management.
Article
Full-text available
The current debate over technological unemployment sacrifices significant analytic value because it is one-sided, limited in scope, and sequential. We show that analyzing technological innovations in parallel with apparently independent socio-economic innovations and trends offers important analytical benefits. Our focus is on socio-economic innova...
Chapter
This chapter provides a framework for the Technoself that distinguishes six different processes by which emerging technologies may affect human identity. From a public policy perspective, one of these processes, the radical physical alteration of human bodies, is of prime interest. The authors discuss various technological approaches – the alterati...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The series is directed at public servants operating at the science/policy interface in Canada and abroad. It has been designed to bring forth some themes and findings in academic studies for the purpose of synthesis, knowledge transfer and discussion. This paper reports on a workshop that concludes by far, the greatest priority (with respect to imp...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The series is directed at public servants operating at the science/policy interface in Canada and abroad. It has been designed to bring forth some themes and findings in academic studies for the purpose of synthesis, knowledge transfer and discussion. This paper reviews what we know about how uncertainty is understood and communicated in the policy...
Article
The managerial, policy, technical and ethical decisions centred on emerging technologies are often hampered by a lack of consensus on what falls within the remit of such decisions. A lack of clarity and agreement on definitions is especially the case for nanotechnology. Given the potential of nanotechnology to underpin the next Schumpeterian econom...
Article
This article provides, for the first time, a detailed map of the Canadian regulatory environment for nanomaterials. As the Government of Canada has not yet adopted a regulatory definition for nanomaterials, we developed a method to delineate the potential scope of nanomaterials regulation. We used a step-wise "translation" of the identity of thirte...
Article
The new renewable fuels standard (RFS 2) aims to distinguish corn-ethanol that achieves a 20% reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions compared with gasoline. Field data from Kim et al. (2009) and from our own study suggest that geographic variability in the GHG emissions arising from corn production casts considerable doubt on the approach used...
Article
This chapter provides a framework for the Technoself that distinguishes six different processes by which emerging technologies may affect human identity. From a public policy perspective, one of these processes, the radical physical alteration of human bodies, is of prime interest. The authors discuss various technological approaches - the alterati...
Article
Full-text available
Assisted migration has been proposed as one tool to reduce some of the negative ecological consequences of climate change. The idea is to move species to locations that could better suit them climatically in the future. Although humanmediated movements are not a recent phenomenon, assisted migration has lately been the source of debate, in particul...
Article
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The Regulatory Governance Initiative (RGI) at Carleton University held a Critical Conversation on the role of the federal government in place-based decision-making on March 22, 2010. The objective of the event was to have an open debate amongst a diverse group of experts on the following question: From the perspective of sustainable development, wh...
Article
This paper investigates best practices in the training and education of regulators in four jurisdictions: Australia, the European Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Each of these jurisdictions has in recent years launched reviews of their regulatory policies and practices and each has set out an agenda for regulatory reform. In order...
Article
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This brief provides a whole-systems perspective on two key elements of decision-making at regulatory agencies: risk and ethics. Risk management and ethics intersect in a number of ways but these intersections are not always obvious or explicit. I will argue that both risk management and ethics programs often suffer from an inward-looking focus–a fo...
Article
Le présent document présente les notions générales de l’utilisation que fait Santé Canada de la science dans l’évaluation et la gestion des risques pour la santé, particulièrement les risques associés aux produits réglementés par Santé Canada. Les risques organisationnels, éthiques, juridiques et économiques ne seront pas abordés dans le présent do...
Article
This Primer provides an introduction to how science is used at Health Canada to assess and manage health risks, particularly risks that may be associated with products regulated by Health Canada. Corporate, ethics, legal and economic risks are not covered in this Primer. The focus of the Primer is on the use of the natural sciences in decision maki...
Article
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Quantum dots (QDs), an important class of emerging nanomaterial, are widely anticipated to find application in many consumer and clinical products in the near future. Premarket regulatory scrutiny is, thus, an issue gaining considerable attention. Previous review papers have focused primarily on the toxicity of QDs. From the point of view of produc...
Article
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This report is an initial exploration into the question: "How have Canada and other jurisdictions reacted to the recent emergence of nanotechnology-based products in the marketplace (and what is the current state of affairs)" undertaken from the perspective of regulatory governance. The report is largely based on a literature review (up to March 20...
Article
The Top Ten Challenges in Regulation: Summary of an Exploratory Workshop.
Chapter
Black’s paper provides a broad, yet succinct survey of the environmental aspects of aquaculture. I will attempt to enrich this survey by first providing some analysis on the scope, completeness and coherence of the task that Black set out to do. In a second step, I will discuss implications of Black’s descriptions and propositions from the perspect...
Article
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In this brief, I will explore this linkage in its many manifestations - the interface of science and policy - with the goal to deepen the understanding of the challenges we are dealing with, in particular as they relate to scientists working for and with governments. The description of this lay of the land starts with the theoretical concepts (the...
Article
Increasingly, government officials are asked to take ethical considerations into account during regulatory decision-making and especially in the case of biotechnology products. It is also clear, however, that ethical issues arise throughout the planning, production and use of these products (i.e. the entire product life cycle) rather than just duri...
Article
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The purpose of this brief is to support the discussion on risk management within the current development of a Government of Canada Directive on Regulating. It presents some of the most interesting aspects of key international standards – aspects that are of interest to Canada because they are novel, different from Canadian traditions, or because th...
Article
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Judging from a perusal of the media, there appear to be two clusters of ethical issues before Canadian society. On the one hand are the stories of workplace corruption, fraud, influence peddling, cronyism, and so on. On the other hand are the stories on vexing ethical questions relating to policies on human rights, animal welfare, genetic engineeri...
Article
The Government of Canada has made ethics in the workplace an explicit consideration for quite some time. The development of a whole system of ethics codes, however, is a recent development. Each of the codes has been created on a set of principles with a specific function in mind. Less clear is the logic of the system overall – what are the underpi...
Article
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This paper develops a draft harm-based classification of so-called "potential reduced-exposure products" (PREPs) as a tool in the discussion of the utility of these products in harm reduction strategies, and in the broader discussions over nicotine and tobacco regulatory and policy development. To this end, the paper develops definitions of the ter...
Article
This diagram supports the paper "A Harm-Based Classification of Preps: In Support of an Effective Policy Debate on Potential Reduced-Exposure Products (Preps), Tobacco and Tobacco Replacement Products" (Saner, Capelli, Michaelian 2005) found at http://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=1559361
Article
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The comparative merit of values-based ethics codes vs. compliance-based ethics codes has become a perpetual theme in business and organizational ethics. In this paper, I argue that the convergence between the two is unavoidable in most contexts if one wants to achieve a truly effective code to guide an enterprise. The new concept of outcome-oriente...
Article
The term ‘stewardship’ has gained currency in a wide range of policy debates over the appropriate roles and responsibilities of industry, government, and citizens in various economic and environmental governance processes. But as the Institute On Governance discovered in a recent grey literature survey of what is being done around the world in the...
Article
The debate over the precautionary principle is intimately linked with values and worldviews. I examine how diverging conceptions of ''the good world'' affect the conceptualisation of the precautionary principle. Three complementary conceptualisations emerge; 1) a call for a change in attitude, 2) a prescription for formalistic action and 3) guidanc...
Article
Bryan Norton proposes a “convergence hypothesis” stating that anthropocentrists and nonanthropocentrists can arrive at common environmental policy goals if certain constraints are applied. Within his theory he does not, however, address the consideration of nonconsequentualist issues, and, therefore, does not provide an argument for the convergence...
Article
I argue that both the magnitude of the problem that introduction of ethics into the debate over modern biotechnology may cause and the potential of ethics to serve as a tool are commonly underestimated. I then use this clarification in support of the argument that (a) the consideration of ethics is unavoidable, (b) the ethical analysis of the probl...
Article
Using examples from different disciplines, I show that the dualism between "analytical" and "integrative" approaches to scientific investigation is not unique to ecology. I argue that the resolution of (1) the apparent conflict between the two cultures of ecology and (2) the problem of finding a sound direction during the transition of ecology woul...
Article
Full-text available
Yellow toadflax, Linaria vulgaris Mill. (Scrophulariaceae), is a weed of rangelands and agricultural crops. Introduced from Eurasia into North America more than 300 yr ago, it is now naturalized in all provinces and territories up to 60° northern latitude and beyond 2000 m altitude. It became a concern in the middle of this century when it invaded...
Article
Experiments with potted plants of the weed Li naria vulgaris Mill. (Scrophulariaceae) were carried out to evaluate the effects of root mining by Eteobalea (syn. Stagmatophora) spp. (Lep. Cos-mopterigidae). Attacked plants had a shorter flowering season and produced seeds of lower weight. Continuous mining during winter resulted in a doubling of the...
Article
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An experiment with potted Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill. was set up to test the effects of root‐feeding by Eteobalea (syn. Stagmatophora) intermediella Riedl (Lep. Cosmopterigidae) and stem‐mining by Mecinus janthinus Germar (Col. Curculionidae), as well as the interaction among the insects and the developmental stage of the host plant. During the su...
Article
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Plato's Phaedo contains several arguments for personal immortality. It, however, also contains ostensibly autobiographic information on Socrates and a myth about the nature of life after death. Consequently, it is not clear whether or not it was Plato's principal intent in the Phaedo to attempt the formal proof of immortality. Nevertheless, for the...
Article
Using examples from different disciplines, I show that the dualism between "analytical" and "integrative" approaches to scientific investigation is not unique to ecology. I argue that the resolution of (1) the apparent conflict between the two cultures of ecology and (2) the problem of finding a sound direction during the transition of ecology woul...

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